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Image 24 of Lexington Herald-Leader, June 19, 2012

Part of Lexington Herald-Leader

B4 TUESDAY, JUNE 19, 2012 LIFE + HEALTH Sleep expert seems to be editing his words a range of outcomes (from during toddlerhood. He also claims to have found that young adults who bed-shared ing on the overall circumas infants and young children stances within which the were more satisfied with their co-sleeping takes place.” bodies and had more secure In a response at gender identities., McKenna Nonetheless, a 2002 says he firmly believes study by researchers at the co-sleeping is beneficial, as University of California, Los supported by his and others’ Angeles, and published in the refereed published scientific Journal of Developmental and research. He has even written Behavior Pediatrics found a blog titled Cosleeping and that by age 18, children who Biological Imperatives: Why had slept with their parents Human Babies Do Not and as youngsters showed no Should Not Sleep Alone, also advantage over children who available at the above Web had slept alone. The factors site. looked at included social McKenna lists a number skills, drug and alcohol use, of benefits to co-sleeping, antisocial behavior, and overincluding breast-feeding all psychological well-being. advantages, superior cognitive Since the late 1970s, I’ve ability at age 6 and greater been advising through this problem-solving independence column that parents use what JOHN potentially beneficial to ROSEMOND dangerous and risky) dependSYNDICATED COLUMNIST It looks like the Sleep Wars have begun. Several weeks ago, in a column on attachment parenting, I wrote “James J. McKenna, director of the Mother-Baby Sleep Laboratory at the University of Notre Dame, says that he has yet to find any benefit to parents and children sleeping together.” I arrived at that conclusion after reading an online Q&A in which he wrote “The truth is that there is no one outcome (good or bad) that can be associated with co-sleeping in the form of bed-sharing, but rather is now known as “graduated extinction.” This involves periodically calming the crying child and increasing the comforting interval over successive nights. Although the research doesn’t affirm the superiority of this method, I think most parents prefer it over letting children “cry it out.” When one looks at the total body of research into infant and child sleep, the contention that co-sleeping or bed-sharing is superior to solo sleep seems impossible to defend objectively. LEXINGTON HERALD-LEADER | KENTUCKY.COM Movies AMERICAN REUNION (R) DR. SUESS’ THE LORAX (PG) THE FIVE-YEAR ENGAGEMENT (R) ROCK OF AGES (PG-13) THE LUCKY ONE (PG-13) THAT’S MY BOY (R) MIRROR MIRROR (PG) MADAGASCAR 3: EUROPE’S MOST WANTED (PG) THE THREE STOOGES (PG) MADAGASCAR 3: EUROPE’S MOST WANTED 3-D (PG) Movie Tavern MCCLATCHY-TRIBUNE INFORMATION SERVICES 859-266-4645 PROMETHEUS 3-D (R) MADAGASCAR 3 (PG) SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN (PG-13) MEN IN BLACK 3 (PG-13) MEN IN BLACK 3 (PG-13) PROMETHEUS (R) THE BEST EXOTIC MARIGOLD HOTEL (PG-13) Family psychologist John Rosemond answers parents’ questions on his Web site, PROMETHEUS (R) BATTLESHIP (PG-13) MARVEL’S THE AVENGERS (PG-13) ROCK OF AGES (PG-13) SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN (PG-13) THAT’S MY BOY ( R ) MADAGASCAR 3 3-D (PG) RIO (G) (WEDNESDAY) MEN IN BLACK 3 3-D (PG-13) THAT’S MY BOY ( R ) CC PROMETHEUS 3-D ( R ) ROCK OF AGES (PG-13) CC SWEETENERS From Page B1 “I drink diet soda. I don’t need the calories. My favorite is Fresca, and actually I don’t know what’s in it.” Part of Williams’ confidence about safety is that the artificial sweeteners are much more intensely sweet than sugar, so people consume very little of them. Most of the white stuff in the packets is filler, not sweetener. Safety tests in animals looked at doses that were hundreds or thousands of times higher. But critics — particularly of aspartame, sold as Equal or NutraSweet — say health problems like headaches, neurological disorders and cancers are occurring but that regulators are ignoring them. The Center for Science in the Public Interest, a health advocacy group, slaps an “avoid” label on saccharin and aspartame, but deems sucralose and neotame — a newer, more intense sweetener that is chemically similar to POOL From Page B1 said. And, it makes other places that serve food to kids consider increasing the nutritional value of what they offer. “Every step that we takes makes it easier for the next person,” she said. This Friday, the coalition, in conjunction with the Good Foods Coop, is offering Veggin’ Out at the Pool dinner. Featuring a Kentucky Proud menu, the dinner includes burgers, brats, veggie burgers, side dishes, and dessert. DAVIS From Page B1 of recommendation from a school official, wrote an essay and have no less than a 2.0 GPA. Coles said inner city youth were targeted because of their need. The youth work and learn Wednesdays and Thursdays at Locust Trace AgriScience Farm, an 82-acre working farm and public school off Leestown Road. Classroom subjects include plant and land management, and veterinary science for small animals. On Fridays, the group goes to Berries on Bryan Station, an organic family farm, to learn about organic farming. And then, from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturdays, they sell their produce at the East End market. “They get paid for three days of work and they keep their net profits from what they earn on Saturday,” Coles said. The youth also are accepting donations of bumper crops from farmers to sell at the market. Although the youth have been working since June 5, the program will have its celebratory launch Thursday, with free food and a concert. The young people will be aspartame — to be safe. The center also warns against acesulfame potassium, a less common sweetener that is rarely found in tabletop packets but is combined with other sweeteners in soda and baked goods for a more sugarlike taste. Williams’ favorite soda, Fresca, for example, is sweetened with acesulfame potassium and aspartame, as are Halls sugar-free cough drops. For those who turn to stevia, a sweetener derived from a plant, the center gives it a “caution” because cancer studies were conducted in only one species of lab animals. (“Just because a substance is natural does not mean that it is safe,” the center’s Web site warns.) Dr. Walter Willett, chairman of the nutrition department at the Harvard School of Public Health, says people can make rational decisions, taking into account risks and uncertainty. “What is most important,” he said, “is to avoid risks that are large and clear, like smoking, obesity and regular consumption of full-strength soda.” “Veggin’ Out at the Pool is summer at its best — swimming and a delicious, locally grown dinner at an affordable price,” Courtney said. Last year, Lexington Parks and Recreation and the coalition created a Better Bites Menu at Southland and Woodland pools. This year, Courtney said, the healthier menu is being offered at the pools at Castlewood and Shillito also. In addition to normal pool fare, the menu gives swimmers the option to buy grapes, apples, bananas, strawberries, yogurt, and there selling their produce as well. Critical analytical thinking, math, science, budgeting, entrepreneurship and conducting business with the public are just some of the skills the youth are earning, Coles said. And it doesn’t hurt to have 15 youth gainfully employed during the summer. There is more. Some of them gained an appreciation for sugar snap peas. “They are learning to eat healthier,” Coles said. “They are learning the benefits of healthier eating habits.” The experience is another way to get fresh fruits and SUBSTITUTE From Page B1 Even though artificial sweeteners are estimated to be a $1.5-billion-ayear business, not many companies are searching for new ones. The path to the supermarket can be long, winding and littered with regulatory and commercial obstacles. Scientist and engineer Gilbert V. Levin, who developed the experiment that reported life on Mars, also discovered a substitute that tastes like sugar and is mostly devoid of calories. The sweetener, tagatose, is in fact a sugar that occurs naturally, in minute quantities, in milk and beets. Clinical studies indicate that it even works as a drug to treat adult diabetes. But Levin was never able to get it manufactured in quantity at a viable cost, and efforts to have it approved as a diabetes drug also have foundered. Another approach is not to replace sugar but to look for other molecules chicken salad on whole wheat bread at the concession stands. “Because pool concession stands are like kids’ refrigerators and pantries in the summer, stocking them with healthy food can affect their eating habits. Given that Kentucky has the third highest rate of childhood obesity in the country, it’s important that we make healthy food the norm for our kids everywhere possible,” said Courtney. Mary Meehan: (859) 231-3261. Twitter: @bgmoms. Blog: vegetables on the dinner tables of families living in the East End, which has been called a food desert. It is amazing to watch how engaged the youth are in the process and how interested they are in where things come from, Coles said. “It has sparked in them the understanding they can grow things and sell them in the marketplace,” he said. It’s a concept most country folk already have learned. Merlene Davis: (859) 231-3218. Email: Twitter: @reportmerle. Blog: m PROMETHEUS IN REALD 3-D ( R ) that magnify its sweetness. It takes a lot of sugar to activate a sweetnessreceptor, and Senomyx, a company in San Diego, thinks it can find compounds that would reduce the amount needed. PepsiCo is one of the companies with which Senomyx is working. Ordinary table sugar is sucrose, which consists of two smaller sugars, fructose and glucose. (Highfructose corn syrup is also a combination of fructose and glucose, in almost the same proportions.) Sweetness enhancers could prove important if it turns out that the fructose portion of sugar is the core cause of ills like diabetes, heart disease and cancer. Because fructose has to be broken down in the liver, the surge of sugar might be overworking the liver. With soda, “you’re just pouring fructose into your liver,” Breslin said. Glucose is broken down by many cells in the body and by itself would not put as much strain on the liver. But glucose alone is not nearly as sweet. GREASE (1978) TUESDAY & THURSDAY PROMETHEUS IN STANDARD 2-D ( R ) MADAGASCAR 3 IN REALD 3-D (PG) MADAGASCAR 3 IN STANDARD 2-D (PG) SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN (PG-13) BEST EXOTIC MARIGOLD HOTEL (PG-13) COOL HAND LUKE (PG) (WEDNESDAY) WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN YOU’RE EXPECTING (PG-13) 859-264-7469 ROCK OF AGES (PG-13) THAT’S MY BOY (R) PROMETHEUS (R) PROMETHEUS IN REAL D 3-D (R) MADAGASCAR 3 (PG) DARK SHADOWS (PG-13) MADAGASCAR 3 IN REAL D 3-D (PG) THE DICTATOR ( R ) MADAGASCAR 3 (PG) MEN IN BLACK 3 IN REALD 3-D (PG-13) SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN (PG-13) MEN IN BLACK 3 IN STANDARD 2-D (PG-13) MEN IN BLACK 3 (PG-13) MARVEL’S THE AVENGERS IN REALD 3-D (PG-13) THE DICTATOR (R) MARVEL’S THE AVENGERS IN STANDARD 2-D (PG-13) MARVEL’S THE AVENGERS (PG-13) THE HUNGER GAMES (PG-13) HYSTERIA (R) THAT’S MY BOY (R) FIRST POSITION (NR) (MONDAY & TUESDAY) ROCK OF AGES (PG-13) GHOSTBUSTERS (1984) (WEDNESDAY) MADAGASCAR 3 (PG) MULBERRY CHILD (NR) (THURSDAY) PROMETHEUS (R) MADAGASCAR 3 3-D (PG) PROMETHEUS 3-D (R) SNOW WHITE AND THE HUNTSMAN (PG-13) MEN IN BLACK 3 (PG-13) DARK SHADOWS (PG-13) THE CABIN IN THE WOODS (DIGITAL) (R) THE AVENGERS (PG-13) 21 JUMP STREET (R) HUNGER GAMES (PG-13) TIMES AND SHOWS VARY. PLEASE CALL THEATRES FOR COMPLETE LISTINGS AND TIMES.

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