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Page 9 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 32 no. 1 1956

Part of Mountain Life and Work

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9 the family cannot produce a garden and cash crops. It means that the Extension Service must assist them in utilizing conservation practices that will enable them to produce the maximum amount with a minimum amount of erosion. The livestock program is brought into balance with the crops grown, available labor, and markets, taking into account the person al likes and dislikes of the family. The family plans a budget of all income and expenses. Expens es include such items as food to be purchased, clothing needs, home furnishings, household operations (electricity, fuel, telephone, etc. ) personal needs, health needs, savings, educational require ments, recreation, church and community welfare, insurance, taxes, fertilizer, seeds, and other farm operating expenses. In order to make the budget balance, it is often necessary to choose between productive expenditures and consumptive expenses. The entire fam ily participates in the decision. Farm families who have participated in the Kentucky Farm and Home Development program have stated that it is the greatest Lg- service ever offered by Extension. e It is the family's plan; the members make it and carry it out 1 when they wish. They agree to make a practical application of the recommendations of the College of Agriculture and Home Economics. They also are encouraged to secure all help possible from reliable sources such as the Agricultural Stabilization Committee, Production 't Credit, Soil Conservation Service, Farmers' Home Administration, and others. Once each year the families get together to revise rk- their plans using the outlook information as a guide. A survey of seven families in Estill County who havetaken part in the program for two years indicates the possibilities of the pro gram. The Crooked Creek community where these families live is w in the knob region of the Appalachian Chain. Hillsides are steep, from 30 to 70% slope; valleys are narrow, and bottom land is poorly drained. County Average Average of Devel e (Ky. official) opment Families ie - Corn yield per acre 33 bushels 68 bushels m Tobacco 1211 pounds 2200 pounds ukd'%-e Wheat 16 bushels 31 bushels Alfalfa 1.9 tons 4.2 tons Clover 1.25 tons 2.6 tons Iespedeza 1. 05 tons 1. 6 tons Barley 18 bushels 32 bushels

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