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Page 205 of Nineteenth century and after : a history year by year from A.D. 1800 to the present (vol. 1)/ by Edwin Emerson, Jr. and Marion Mills Miller ; illustrated with eight colored plates and sixteen full-page engravings and two maps.

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DAVOUST OUTFLANKS AUSTRIANS along the front of his battle line, and repeated his last in- structions to his marshals. The artillery opened the battle from the heights. The Austrians received the French ad- vance with a hail of grape-shot and musketry. The first attack of MIassena's corps was repulsed. The whole left wing of the French army was outflanked at Sissenbrunn and pressed back toward Wagram and the Danube. On the French right wing, on the other hand, Davoust outtlauked the Austrians at Markgraf-Neufchatel. It was the greatest flanking manceuvre of all the Nlapoleonic campaigns. The Austrian corps of Rosenberg was overthrown, and Mont- brun's squadrons of chasseurs-a-cheval were sent out to inter- cept a possible support from Archduke John. The Austrian centre swerved over to the rescue of Rosenberg's left wing. In the meanwhile, _Massena's men, fighting stubbornly, had been forced back as far as the bridge of Aspern. Several officers of his staff were cut down at his side. M assena him- self suffered severely from a fall with his horse. In despera- tion he despatched his aide-de-camp, the Margrave of Baden, to the Emperor. The young prince galloped to the very cen- tre of the square of guardsmen, where Napoleon was crouch- ing on the ground sticking pins into his map of battle. He reported that Mass6na could no longer hold his lines, and held the battle for lost. Napoleon looked up and said: "What time is it, Berthier " That marshal, resplendent ill the yel- low uniform of his ducal bodyguard of Neufchatel, looked at his watch and said: "Twelve o'clock, Sire." "Tell the Prince of Rivoli," replied Napoleon, "that the battle is won. It is noon and Archduke John has not yet come." Dumfiounded, the young prince rode off. Napoleon gave instant orders to Beauharnais to advance his strong corps on Wagram with those of Marmont and Grenier, while Oudinot was to advance between Wagram and NeufhbAtel. The Emperor's guards swung in behind 205 1 809

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