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Image 719 of Annual report. 1916

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

Hot Beds (md Cold Frames. 7 . few sash the double glass will be most satisfactory, for their use does away with the necessity of having mats or other forms of protection. In the warmer weather of April and May other materials such as oiled paper and waterproof cloth may be used as substitutes for sash, but due to shading they are apt to induce a spindling growth unless properly · managed. The single glass sash, are less expensive at first but in severe weather require some additional cover to insure sufficient protection. Home made covers may consist of straw or burlap mats. The double glass Sétsh although costing about one half more initially, are very convenient since with them no further protection is necessary. I Preparation of Manure. Horse manure is the best heating material for use in the _ hot bed and for most satisfactory results requires careful attention in its preparation. It is desirable that the manure be not too compact or loose though as a rule the presence of ” considerable litter is beneficial. Two parts of solid excre- ment to one part of litter makes a good mixture. Manure containing shavings should not be used. The manure is · taken fresh from the stable and placed in a f·lat—topped pile 5 feet high and of any length and width desired. If dry at the time of piling it should be moistened in order to start ` fermentation. Ordinarily the pile will begin to steam in two or three days. When fermentation is well under way · the pile should be turned so that the interior will form the exterior of the new pile. This will insure uniform heating and the entire mass will, after three or four days more, be ready for the pit. From the time of piling until it is ready for pitting requires from ten to twelve days. The prepara- tion should begin about two weeks previous to the time planned for sowing seed. , FILLING THE PIT. Before putting the manure into the pit it is advisable to cover the bottom with straw or litter to make it more heat tight. The manure is then thrown into the pit in successive layers of 5 to G inches and tramped \

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