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Image 1 of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789), April 13, 1801

Part of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789)

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annua smMOxmM'M nmamjLamL.9imvmiaimimLm99mit,3xvirxmTaixiU!jLlvJ JoaaxnKiiTTsmsm-yj- i iJ.,'wiLtiJMfgttM.Aiiaiyjg..'gvtjPM?t ffi iv ttttt aqmetsfifiSH THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE. MONDAY, No. 760. LEXINGTON': Printed from the fabric of the body, but evident from observation of the practice of mankind ; who, for the preservation of health, in those whose rank or wealth exempts them from the neceffity of lucrative labour, have invented sports and diversions," which, though not of equal "afe to the world with manual trades, are yet of equal fatigue to those that pra6lifc them, and differ from the drudgery of the husbandman or manufacturer, only as'they are a6ts of choice and therefore performed without the painful sense of compulsion. The hunts-ma- n riles early, pursues his game through all the dangers and obftruclions of the chase, swims rivers, & scales precipices, till he returns home no less haraffed than the soldier, and has perhaps incurred as great hazard of wounds death; yet he has no motive to incite tir his ardour ; he is neither fubjecl to the commands of a 'general, nor dreads any penalties for neglect and disobedience ; lie has neither profit nor honor to from Jiis perils and his conquests, but toils without the hope of mural or civic garlands, and mud content himself j! with the prane ot his tenants ana companions. But such is the constitution of man, that labour may be fliled its own reward; nor will any external incitements be is it beconfidered how much is gained, and how much misery escaped by frequent and violent agitations of the body. Ease is the utmost that can be hoped from a sedentary and 'unaclive habit ; ease, a neutral state between pain and pleasure. The dance of spirits, the bound of vigour, readiness of enterprise, and defiance of a fatigue, arc reserved for him that braces his nerves, and hardens his fibres, that keeps his limbs pliant with motion, and, by frequent fortifies his frame against the com- -' mon accidents of cold and hoat. With ease, however, is it could be many would be content ; but noterrestrial can be kept at aftartd. thing Ease is it is notrifmg into pleasure, will be falling towards pain ; and whatever hope the dreams of speculation may observing the proportion between nutriment and labour, and keeping the body in a healthy state by supplies exactly equal to its waste, we know, thai, in. effecl, the vital powers unexcited by motion, grow gradually languid ; that as their vigor sails, obftruclion; are renera-ted- ; and that from obftruclions proceed most of those pai"s which wear us away slowly with periodical tortures, and which, though they suffer life to be long, condemn it to he useless, chain us down to the couch of misery, and mock us with the hopes of death. Exercise cannot secure us from that diffolution to which we are decreed ; but while the soul and body continue united, it can make theaffociation pleasing, and give probable hopes that they shall be disjoined by an easy separation. It was a principle among the ancients, that acute diseases are from heaven, and chronical from ourselves. The dart of death indeed falls from heaven,but wepoifon it by our own miscondudl: to die is the sate of jnan; but to die with lingering anguish is generally his folly. It is neceffary to that perfe&ion of which our prefenl state is capable, that the mind and body Ihould both be kept in a&ion : that neither the faculties of the one nor ef the other be suffered to grow lax or torpid for want of use ; that neither health be purchafedby voluntary to ignorance, nor knowledge cultivated at the expense of that health, which must enable it either to give pleafure to its poffeffororaffiftance to others. It is too frequently the pride of students to difpife those amusements and recreations which give to the rest of mankind strength of limbs and cheerfulness Solitude and contemplation of heart. indeed fcldom confident with such are skill in common excrcifes or sports as is neceffary to raake them be praclifed with delight ; and no man is willing to do that of which the neceffity is not preffing and immediate when he knows that his must make him ridiculous. Thus the man of learning is often refined, almost by his own consent, to Vigour and pain ; and while in the pro some-tim- al es ex-pe- cl hap-pine- fs ' expo-sur- e, fug-geft- fub-raiiT- awk-wardne- fs 13, 1801. by JOHN BRADFORD, (On Main Street of his studies he suffers the weariness of labour, is fubjecl by his courfeof life to the maladies of idleness. I have always admired the wisdom of those by whom our female education was instituted, for having contrived that every woman of whatsoever condition ihould be taught fonie arts of manufacture, by which the vacuities of recluse and domestic leisure may be filled up. These arts are the more neceffary as the weakness of their lex and the general i'yftem of life debar ladies from many employments, which, by diversifying the circumstances of men, preserve them from being cankered by the rust of their own thoughts. I know not how much of the virtue and happiness of the world may be the confequencc of this judiciPerhaps the most powous regulation. erful fancy might be unable to figure the confusion and (laughter that would be produced by so many piercing eyes and vivid underllandings, turned loose at once upon mankind, with no other business than to sparkle and intrigue, to perplex and to destroy. For my part, whenever chance brings within my observation a knot of mifles busy at their needles, I consider myself as in the school of virtue ; and though I have no extraordinary skill in plain work or embrodery, look upon their operations with as much fatisfaclion as their because I regard tqt.m as providing a security againlt the molt dangerous lhares of thcloul, by enabling to exclude idleness from their so- litary moments, and with idleness her attendant train ot pallions, fancies, and chimeras, sears, sorrows, and desires. Ovid and Cervantes will inform them that love has no power but over those whom he catche unemployed! & Heclor, in the Iliad. when i)fe sees Andromache overwhelmed $vith terrors, sends her for confolatunfto the loom and the diftalT. It is certain that any wild wifli or vain imaginatian never takes such firm pos-feflion of the mind, as when it is sound empty and unoccupi&d. The old perina- tetic principle, thatnature abhors a va- cuum, may b'e properly applied to the in- teliecl, which will embrace any thing, however absurd or criminal, rather than be wholly without an objecl. Perhaps every man may date- the predominance of those desires that dulturb his hie and contaminate rus confeience, from some unhappy hour when too much liefure ex- poied him to their lncurnons j lor he has lived with little observation either on himself or others, who does riot know that to be idle is to be vicious. session NECESSITY AND ADVANTAGE OF EXERCISE. The ncceffity of a5lion is not only uni-verf- April ihem-felv- es - Johnson. The Editors of the MEDICAL REPOSITORY, to The public. The Friends of science, and cfpecially the Physicians iri.thc United States, are invited to attend to the progress of an work, entitled ' The MedicalHe-positorand Review of American publications on Medicine, Surgery, and the auxiliary branches of Philosophy" by Samuel L. Mitchell, M. D. Profeffor of Chemistry in the College of &c. andEdward Miller, M. D. The first department of this work is devoted to original effays, chiefly writt;n in America, on various fubjecls of practical medicine and Surgery on medical on chemistry, and its appli- -' philosophy cation to the materia medica, to phifiolo-pto public oeconomy, and to the arts on argiculture, natural history, and useful projcdls and inventions in America in ching particularly an account ot a large share of our natural produclionSj a great body of fadls and documents rela tive to our epidemic diiqaies, cipecialty the yellow sever, and an interesting che mical dilcuuioii, as carried on m this e country, concerning the points in between the Phlogyfiians and their opponent. The second department is to a review of the more refpedla-bl- e publications made in America on the above mentioned fubjecls ; exhibiting the substance of the works, extracls from their contents, and opinions on their objects and value. And the third department contain a large mass of medical and philosophical intelligence, collecled from Europe as well as America , especially new modes of treating diseases ; new remedies introduced into pradlice ; and new hints,facls,doclrines, discoveries, invent . y, con-duel- New-Yor- k, y, vari-enc- ) LVol. XIV. price Two Dollars per annum, paid in advance. ions, &c. extracled from periodical and other publications ; together with all the information the Editors can obtain by an extensive correspondence, foreign and domsftic : The whole forming a full and regular exhibition of the state and progress of medical and philosophical knowledge in Europe and America. The number of communications from all parts of the United States seems to confer on the Medical Repository the stamp of a National Work. Many of these communications exhibit an extent of learning, and talents for observation and enquiry, which would do honor to the oldell and most enlightened countries. Nor have these communications been received only from physicians. Among the clergy and lawyers, as well as other claff-e-s of citizens, are sound contributions of great merit, whose papers not only refleel credit on the authors, but indicate the zeal of those profeflions, and of the community in general, for the promotion of liberal science. In a young ibciety whose literary scientific resources are yet only beginning to be explored, these examples must produce the best effedls ; and it is with patriotic pride as wellas grateful sensibility that the editors review such a mass of correspondence, which while it greatly enriches the work, afford to themselves a flattering proof of the savour of their country. The Medical Repository is received on the other side of the Atlantic, with rcfpedl and approbation. Large portions of its contents are tranfla-te- d into foreign languages, and the many of our countrymen are thereby diftufed over all Europe. This advantage, in addition to its general circulation in the United States, will render it one of the best vehicles for publifliing the effays of such phyficans and other friends of science in this country, as are willing occasionally to lend the aid of their researches in promoting the public welfaie, and a profpeel of a more enlarged intercourse with Europe, which present appearances hold out, must greatly enhance the value of this medium, for dif-rfeminating American discoveries and im provements throughout the learned world. This work is published in quarterly numbers, sour numbers annually forming an oclavo valume of between 4 and 500 Three complete volumes, and pa,ges. two quarterly numbers of the fourth volume, are already before the public. The copies of the two first volumes having become scarce some time ago, a second edition of them was undertaken and is now finiflied ; so that complete sets of the volumes may hearafterbe readily obtained. And the editors are determined to spare no exertions in the support and improvement of their plan, and in their endeavors to defervc that extraordinary degree of public' patronage which they have uniformly experienced. Meffrs. P. & J. Swords, in the printers and publifliers of this work, will be careful speedily to transmit a number of sets to booksellers in all the principle towns in the United States, in order to facilitate its general circulation. N. B. It is refpedlfully suggested to the editors of newspapers in the United States, that they will materially aid the progress of science by inserting this notice once or oftener in their refpeclive gazettes. of New-Yor- k, European Intelligence. of the 18th another of the second of dismounted huffars, were turned and made prisoners on the occafi-o- n When the last accounts from Italyrea-che- d Paris, that army had advanced into the upper Engadjne as far as Pont'e, "and remained in quiet poffeffion of the communication through the valley of Pufcha-vi- a. The Paris Journals also contain more letters lately received from A. Menou. He continues to state, that the country is in the most flourishing condition,' and that it bids defiance to the combined efforts of there is a long ' interrogatory of the Mameluke whd murdered gen. Kleber. By the Lilhon mail which arrived we learn that all npprelierjfions of invasion of Portugal had subsided ; but it has been thought prudent by government to continue the fortifications of the fron- tier towns of Bregenza, and Miranda. It Was generally believed, by the best informed men in Lisbon, that an amicable arrangement was on the point of being conA cluded between Spain and Portugal. courier from Madrid, with dispatches for the prince of Brazil, arrived at Lisbon 3 days- before the King George lest TagU's. Sir J.M.Pultney came over in the packet. From the language which dropped 'frdfh some of the members in parliament last night, we are not led to form any very sanguine hopes on the fubjecl of peace. all the enemies of France ; ye-fter- day - American Intelligence. Neiv-Providetic- e. NASSAU, (N. P.) January 27. Yesterday arrived the private veffel bE war, Swift, capt. Henderfon, by whom we are informed of the following tranfaclion. The Swift on the nth inft. in the Old Straits, gave chase to a veffel, which on. coining near, they sound to be a ship o war under American colours. The Swift then flood for R.ock harbour oh the Cuba coast, and came to anchor ih five The American pursued, fathom water. but they difrcgarded her, knowihg- ihe was under friendly colours. The" American came to an anchor also at.about half gun fliot from the Swift. She then sired a fliot into the Swift, and! another and another till five guns were sired, the fliot of which did some damage to the Swift.' Captain Henderfon then got under way, and flood to the American ; and when he got along side, demanded to know the reason why they sired into a veffel under the Britilh slag. The Captain of the American veffel ordered him to drop his anchor, which captain Henderfon said he would do as soon as he could bring his veffel to the wind. At this instant he heard the captain of the fliip give orders to pour z. broadside into the schooner which was immediately complied with. Captain Henderfon luffed under the ship's quarter, and in his own defence, gave the ship his broadside, and at the same time puc his veffel in slays, and gave the ship his other broadfidejand made off. While the schooner was under the ship's quarter, the marines (40 in number) belonging, to the latter, annoyed them very much. Captain Henderfon received a shot thro his hand, and another through his thigh j one man was killed, and two or three dangerously wounded. difa-greea- - Maryland. England. BALTIMORE, Ferbirarya?. On Monday last, a decent woman went into aftore in this city, and army of Italy, relates the extraordinary enquired for chintzes and Irish linens exertions and consequent hardlhips which The store keepers handed down those arthat army has experienced, in making its ticles The woman, aster examining way through the mountains of snow that them for some time, said she did not wane n, impeded the march through the paffage them for herself, but for a lady in and would thank the gentlemen of SpUlgen ; the energy of the French troops, according to this official account, to send them over for her infpedlion ; one of whom immediately took up three piecould only be equalled by the indefatigan ble industry of general Macdonald, who ces of chintz and one of Irish linen by this woman, & set out accompaniseen in every direclion animating Was his men, by holding forth to them the ed by her for the residence of this premost praiseworthy and foldier.like exam'-pie- . tended lady. Aster they had proceeded It appears that this army has open- some considerable distance, the woman ed a communication between the Enga-din- e slopped suddenly, and said she had lest her glove at the store and wanted to return and the Valtcline by for it. The young gentleman conceivand the Valley of Pufchiava ; thia however, was not performed ing her to be a jy,and thereby knowing without some loss ; a strong detachment himself bound by the rules of politeness LONDON, December 30.' A letter from general Borthier, of the plain-dreffe- d Old-Tow- cho-fe- Mount-Beru-in- a,

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