THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE.
from the fabric of the body,
but evident from observation of the
practice of mankind ; who, for the
preservation of health, in those whose
rank or wealth exempts them from the
neceffity of lucrative labour, have invented sports and diversions," which, though
not of equal "afe to the world with manual trades, are yet of equal fatigue to
those that pra6lifc them, and differ from
the drudgery of the husbandman or manufacturer, only as'they are a6ts of choice
and therefore performed without the
painful sense of compulsion. The hunts-ma- n
riles early, pursues his game through
all the dangers and obftruclions of the
chase, swims rivers, & scales precipices,
till he returns home no less haraffed
than the soldier, and has perhaps
incurred as great hazard of wounds
death; yet he has no motive to incite
his ardour ; he is neither fubjecl to the
commands of a 'general, nor dreads any
penalties for neglect and disobedience ;
lie has neither profit nor honor to
from Jiis perils and his conquests,
but toils without the hope of mural or
civic garlands, and mud content himself j!
with the prane ot his tenants ana companions.
But such is the constitution of man,
that labour may be fliled its own reward;
nor will any external incitements be
is it beconfidered how much
is gained, and how much misery
escaped by frequent and violent agitations of the body.
Ease is the utmost that can be hoped
from a sedentary and 'unaclive habit ;
ease, a neutral state between pain and
The dance of spirits, the
bound of vigour, readiness of enterprise,
and defiance of a fatigue, arc reserved
for him that braces his nerves, and hardens his fibres, that keeps his limbs pliant with motion, and, by frequent
fortifies his frame against the com- -'
mon accidents of cold and hoat.
With ease, however, is it could be
many would be content ; but noterrestrial can be kept at aftartd.
Ease is it is notrifmg into pleasure, will
be falling towards pain ; and whatever
hope the dreams of speculation may
observing the proportion between
nutriment and labour, and keeping the
body in a healthy state by supplies exactly equal to its waste, we know, thai, in.
effecl, the vital powers unexcited by
motion, grow gradually languid ; that as
their vigor sails, obftruclion; are renera-ted- ;
and that from obftruclions proceed
most of those pai"s which wear us away
slowly with periodical tortures, and
which, though they suffer life to be long,
condemn it to he useless, chain us down
to the couch of misery, and mock us with
the hopes of death.
Exercise cannot secure us from that
diffolution to which we are decreed ; but
while the soul and body continue united,
it can make theaffociation pleasing, and
give probable hopes that they shall be
disjoined by an easy separation. It was
a principle among the ancients, that acute
diseases are from heaven, and chronical
from ourselves. The dart of death indeed falls from heaven,but wepoifon it by
our own miscondudl: to die is the sate of
jnan; but to die with lingering anguish is
generally his folly.
It is neceffary to that perfe&ion of
which our prefenl state is capable, that
the mind and body Ihould both be kept in
a&ion : that neither the faculties of the
one nor ef the other be suffered to grow
lax or torpid for want of use ; that neither health be purchafedby voluntary
to ignorance, nor knowledge
cultivated at the expense of that health,
which must enable it either to give pleafure to its poffeffororaffiftance to others.
It is too frequently the pride of students
to difpife those amusements and recreations which give to the rest of mankind strength of limbs and cheerfulness
Solitude and contemplation
indeed fcldom confident with such
skill in common excrcifes or sports as is
neceffary to raake them be praclifed with
delight ; and no man is willing to do that
of which the neceffity is not preffing and
immediate when he knows that his
must make him ridiculous.
Thus the man of learning is often refined, almost by his own consent, to
Vigour and pain ; and while in the pro
by JOHN BRADFORD, (On Main Street
of his studies he suffers the
weariness of labour, is fubjecl by his
courfeof life to the maladies of idleness.
I have always admired the wisdom of
those by whom our female education was
instituted, for having contrived that every woman of whatsoever condition
ihould be taught fonie arts of manufacture, by which the vacuities of recluse
and domestic leisure may be filled up.
These arts are the more neceffary as the
weakness of their lex and the general
i'yftem of life debar ladies from many
employments, which, by diversifying the
circumstances of men, preserve them
from being cankered by the rust of their
own thoughts. I know not how much of
the virtue and happiness of the world
may be the confequencc of this judiciPerhaps the most powous regulation.
erful fancy might be unable to figure the
confusion and (laughter that would be
produced by so many piercing eyes and
vivid underllandings, turned loose at once
upon mankind, with no other business
than to sparkle and intrigue, to perplex
and to destroy.
For my part, whenever chance brings
within my observation a knot of mifles
busy at their needles, I consider myself
as in the school of virtue ; and though I
have no extraordinary skill in plain work
or embrodery, look upon their operations
with as much fatisfaclion as their
because I regard tqt.m as providing a security againlt the molt dangerous lhares of thcloul, by enabling
to exclude idleness from their so- litary moments, and with idleness her
attendant train ot pallions, fancies, and
chimeras, sears, sorrows, and desires.
Ovid and Cervantes will inform them
that love has no power but over those
whom he catche unemployed! & Heclor,
in the Iliad. when i)fe sees Andromache
overwhelmed $vith terrors, sends her for
confolatunfto the loom and the diftalT.
It is certain that any wild wifli or vain
imaginatian never takes such firm pos-feflion of the mind, as when it is sound
empty and unoccupi&d. The old perina- tetic principle, thatnature abhors a va- cuum, may b'e properly applied to the in- teliecl, which will embrace any thing,
however absurd or criminal, rather than
be wholly without an objecl. Perhaps
every man may date- the predominance
of those desires that dulturb his hie and
contaminate rus confeience, from some
unhappy hour when too much liefure ex- poied him to their lncurnons j lor he has
lived with little observation either on
himself or others, who does riot know
that to be idle is to be vicious.
NECESSITY AND ADVANTAGE
The ncceffity of a5lion is not only
The Editors of the
The Friends of science, and cfpecially
the Physicians iri.thc United States, are
invited to attend to the progress of an
work, entitled ' The MedicalHe-positorand Review of American publications on Medicine, Surgery, and the
auxiliary branches of Philosophy"
by Samuel L. Mitchell, M. D.
Profeffor of Chemistry in the College of
&c. andEdward Miller, M. D.
The first department of this work is
devoted to original effays, chiefly writt;n
in America, on various fubjecls of practical medicine and Surgery on medical
on chemistry, and its appli- -'
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on argiculture, natural history, and useful
projcdls and inventions in America in
ching particularly an account ot a
large share of our natural produclionSj a
great body of fadls and documents rela
tive to our epidemic diiqaies, cipecialty
the yellow sever, and an interesting che
mical dilcuuioii, as carried on m this
country, concerning the points in
between the Phlogyfiians and their
opponent. The second department is
to a review of the more refpedla-bl- e
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above mentioned fubjecls ; exhibiting the
substance of the works, extracls from
their contents, and opinions on their objects and value. And the third department contain a large mass of medical and
philosophical intelligence, collecled from
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hints,facls,doclrines, discoveries, invent
price Two Dollars per annum, paid in advance.
ions, &c. extracled from periodical and
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The number of communications from
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oldell and most enlightened countries.
Nor have these communications been received only from physicians.
clergy and lawyers, as well as other claff-e-s
of citizens, are sound contributions of
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rcfpedl and approbation.
Large portions of its contents are tranfla-te- d
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it one of the best vehicles for publifliing
the effays of such phyficans and other
friends of science in this country, as are
willing occasionally to lend the aid of
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N. B. It is refpedlfully suggested to
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of the 18th
the second of dismounted huffars, were
turned and made prisoners on the occafi-o- n
When the last accounts from Italyrea-che- d
Paris, that army had advanced into
the upper Engadjne as far as Pont'e, "and
remained in quiet poffeffion of the communication through the valley of Pufcha-vi-
The Paris Journals also contain more
letters lately received from A. Menou.
He continues to state, that the country is
in the most flourishing condition,' and that
it bids defiance to the combined efforts of
there is a long '
interrogatory of the Mameluke whd murdered gen. Kleber.
By the Lilhon mail which arrived
we learn that all npprelierjfions of
invasion of Portugal had subsided ; but it
has been thought prudent by government
to continue the fortifications of the fron- tier towns of Bregenza, and Miranda. It
Was generally believed, by the best informed men in Lisbon, that an amicable arrangement was on the point of being conA
cluded between Spain and Portugal.
courier from Madrid, with dispatches for
the prince of Brazil, arrived at Lisbon 3
days- before the King George lest TagU's.
Sir J.M.Pultney came over in the packet.
From the language which dropped 'frdfh
some of the members in parliament last
night, we are not led to form any very
sanguine hopes on the fubjecl of peace.
all the enemies of France
NASSAU, (N. P.) January 27.
Yesterday arrived the private veffel bE
war, Swift, capt. Henderfon, by whom
we are informed of the following
The Swift on the nth inft. in the Old
Straits, gave chase to a veffel, which on.
coining near, they sound to be a ship o
war under American colours. The
Swift then flood for R.ock harbour oh the
Cuba coast, and came to anchor ih five
The American pursued,
but they difrcgarded her, knowihg- ihe
was under friendly colours.
The" American came to an anchor also
at.about half gun fliot from the Swift.
She then sired a fliot into the Swift, and!
another and another till five guns were
sired, the fliot of which did some damage
to the Swift.' Captain Henderfon then
got under way, and flood to the
American ; and when he got along side,
demanded to know the reason why they
sired into a veffel under the Britilh slag.
The Captain of the American veffel ordered him to drop his anchor, which
captain Henderfon said he would do as
soon as he could bring his veffel to the
wind. At this instant he heard the captain of the fliip give orders to pour z.
broadside into the schooner which was
immediately complied with.
Henderfon luffed under the ship's quarter, and in his own defence, gave the ship
his broadside, and at the same time puc
his veffel in slays, and gave the ship his
other broadfidejand made off. While the
schooner was under the ship's quarter,
the marines (40 in number) belonging, to
the latter, annoyed them very much.
Captain Henderfon received a shot thro
his hand, and another through his thigh j
one man was killed, and two or three
On Monday last, a decent
woman went into aftore in this city, and
army of Italy, relates the extraordinary enquired for chintzes and Irish linens
exertions and consequent hardlhips which The store keepers handed down those arthat army has experienced, in making its ticles The woman, aster examining
way through the mountains of snow that them for some time, said she did not wane
impeded the march through the paffage them for herself, but for a lady in
and would thank the gentlemen
of SpUlgen ; the energy of the French
troops, according to this official account, to send them over for her infpedlion ; one
of whom immediately took up three piecould only be equalled by the indefatigan
ble industry of general Macdonald, who ces of chintz and one of Irish linen
by this woman, & set out accompaniseen in every direclion animating
his men, by holding forth to them the ed by her for the residence of this premost praiseworthy and foldier.like exam'-pie- . tended lady. Aster they had proceeded
It appears that this army has open- some considerable distance, the woman
ed a communication between the Enga-din- e slopped suddenly, and said she had lest her
glove at the store and wanted to return
and the Valtcline by
for it. The young gentleman conceivand the Valley of Pufchiava ; thia
however, was not performed ing her to be a jy,and thereby knowing
without some loss ; a strong detachment himself bound by the rules of politeness
LONDON, December 30.'
A letter from general Borthier, of the