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Image 1 of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789), August 7, 1800

Part of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789)

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Ui iamJUKMiiueJbiiJBMiLiae immmmmmwivtiXSiFmm Hiijmm&ttwwmtumti&J&axpfzxssim MJMtimm V.uaagSftStfWtj THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE. wm ctiTj d nftw THURSDAY, August 7, 1800. No. 734. LEXINGTON: Printed a JOHN BRADFORD, (On the Editor of the Kentucky Gazette. JTo Mn. Printer, I expected to have Seen in Kentucky a public advocate for Mr. in preference to Mr. JefferSon. Such an one however I find in the Palladium, of July the 17th. He profeflls indeed, to Hand aloof from both the republican and s anftocratical party : but whilst hia savor so evidently the views of the latter, the republicans will not consider him as a less dangerous enemy, because he has chosen an indirect mode of.attack, and prefers the ambush to the open field. He wiflies to perSuade us that Mr. Adams is pr6Jjttlnn Mr. a amoreppijcr J ifi.rfon, because, he is a believed in revealed religion. BjIT surely to make it the main enquiry in fdecting a public officer, what religious creed he profefles, is acting very differently from the manner in which a prudent man would act in the common concerns of life. Is I want to have a house built, or an estate managed. Idonot advertift for a christian Carpenter , or a believing overseer, but aim at ootain-in- f a man expert and ikilful in his line of business, and wliofe character has been such that Lean depend upon his fulfilling his engagements. Every one would regard it as a weak 8c foolish Sacrifice of my est to my prejudices, is I employed an indifferent workman because he held the right faith, or put' my estate under the management of a slothful or capricious & t lannical overseer, because he had from profeffed himself a chriflian! t"v hy ftVuld we adopt different maxims in the appointment of a chief magistrate ? Must church and ftatc forever,be united i Shall we in spite of our aversion to religious establishments, still act dn those very principles, from which all such sprung Certainly in the appointment of a public as well as of a r- :v ate agent the great question ought to be, who best understands the business of the agency, and whofc past conduct affords the best security that he will faithas refully discharge it.' 'I lating to afupfeme execQtive iifchide a regaid to political principles, which are in fact nothing more than a man's ideas of the best methods of managing public concerns: and I confess that I have no better opinion ofentrufting theadminiftration of a republican, reprefentive government to the advocate and panegynft of king, lords and commons, than I fliould of employing an architect to erect a plain country house, who hid been uniformly in the of studying fliow more than and of Sacrificing c venience to Having satisfied myself, howSplendor. ever, upon these points, Having sound the man who to accuracy and justness of political principles, who to an ardent attachment to the rights and liberties of the people, who to regular y of life, amiable-nes- s andreSpectabiluy of character, adds a comprehensive knowledge of public bufinsfs and experience in the practice of it ; I look no further : I pretend not to penetrate into the recefjils of his heart, nor to analize his religious creed. But the writer in the Palladium, Philan, it seems, t, will not be satisfied with this. A Scarcely exer-tion- man-Coc- in-t- ei e ? i! fub-f'anc- e, prefi-den- he says, fliould be a man who " has test of reiigion," meaning I that he must b. a believer in divine revelation. Would he then, reject a man who has every qualification neceSfary for the hih o'fie'e, because he is not a believer ? Or would he accept a man who is partially or questionably qualifiedjoecaufe he is a believer? In other woids, are considerations of immediate and effential importance, to be iacrificed in savor of those which arc only remote and indirect ? I ask where is the neceffity for this flagrant violation of the common and principles of action ? I fliall be perhaps, that a man's believing him-Is to be accountable to God, in the fcrip-tur- e sense of the word, affoids a greater security for his integrity. How true this may be ; universal observation and experience has efhbliflied the principle, that the best of all securities which a man can give for his suture fidelity, is the uprlghtnefs of his past conduct. Where this car. be appealed to, I want no better security. Where this is wanting, no excellent of belies can inspire confidence. The fact is, that in every Situation a man js governed more hy his habits than by his speculative principles, and it is on a knowledge of those habits, that all rational calculation s mu1 bs sounded. Is an nude a sup-pos- e, fi er VdL. XII. price Two JIollarst per Main Street) Aknum, ambitiousmanbe elevated to a post of high the question; is it poflible to hesitate t dignity and power ; his religious theory which of the two candidates for the office will not long ftandm the way of his ambiofprefident we fliall give the preference : tion. It will be made to bend and ac- la Mr. Adams a republican ? Whenc commodate itself to the object nearest to then are his extravagant and unqualified his heart ; and so common, indeed has panegyrics on the English constitution, been the practice of rendering religion which he represents as " being thi subservient and instrumental to the pro- MOST SOLID AND DURABLE GOVERNjects of men grafpine atlawlefs dominion, MENT AS WELL AS THr MOST FREE." that the ambition of churchmen, has even Whence his great mortification that the become proverbial , and it i& by the union Americans had not imitated it " in givthat the ing a negative ugon their' legislature, to of priefUcxaft..with fjyokegf tyranny hasbeen often so fuccsfs- - tne p sccajtive power,'' and that they Had given ".the choice of some militia officers, itully placedon the neck ot man. ,to the nose .'"f And" whence his. 'rth the "The fligbtftft Jacquaiiltance i and evulctrrnqpes tnat they ihiftory of modern Europe, isifitfikifent to :tt hAve iieTedii'arV. Presidents afford aeon vj&5 oB of the truth of these & governors & senators? Aster oLferving observations. By whom have ancient they ihould not securing at leafl fomc political that it was so rights in fevcral countries of that quarter be at the time he was writing (viz. Jan. , of the glebe, been abolished, atd the. li- 7, 1787) he adds-- " inTuture ages is the present States become great nations, rich, berties of the people utterly subverted, but by christian kings and conquerors ? powerful an4 luxurious, as well as numeWho harraffed the valiant people of the rous ; their own feelings and good sense would dictate to thtm what' to do : they low countries with a war of half a century in order to reduce there, to a state of maj( make transitions to a nearer of the British constitution, by a the most odicus oppreflioh,but"the cathoj lic christian king" of Spain ? Who tool up jirelh convention, without the Imalleft arms against the peoples representatives, terxjuptioq to libcrtj-- V i Mr. Adams we were governed by a king in order to eftablifhan uulinmted monarchy lut the blefled maityr of the English and a whole host of lords, would still church, Charles the firlt, of pious memo- call Amerira a republic, " A simple mo- -' ry.' Who erected, in the name of the ncrcby (says he) is it could in reality be Lord, a tyrannj as detestable as that what it pretends to be, a government of laws, might bjultly denominated a rev. hich he had demohfhed, but the Prefby-teria- n Cromwell? And who, by an eight public. A limited n cnarcby, therefore, whe lin.tited by two indepenveai's Struggle sought to trample on the necks of the American people but the dent branchee, an ariffocratical and a preknt, reigning, defender oftlefaitbi democratieal powjr jn; the constitution, may with sttjcl propriety be called by that I mention not thele iacls to uifcrcdit rencme."$ So much for Mr. Adamj' religion : Ibelievethat religion had nopublicanism. As to his " moderation, and thing to do with them : but 3S the actors in them were professsrs of religion ; coojnefs," which Philan very projoprly resuch facts are ftanaing monuments of the gards as qualifications neceSTarfor a ; we Should be enabled to apprecifolly offuppoling that the profession of will secure an officer created by ate them rightly, is we were to recur to the laws from becoming an usurper and a his answers to the numerous addreSfes lately prelentpd to him, not to speak of tyrant in defiance oflaw. his official pommunications'to Congress, The history of Greece and Rome to the introduction of chriftianity which sis we except the firffi have disco- at tlie lame wine, evidence- in a jj vatd 'ery little of that spirits modera bundance, that a belies in revealed religi tion which merits the appiaule of his on is not neceffary in order to render great, men, gooa patriots tor , it tne ennr-tia- n Mr. JefFerfon, on the other hand, has world has had her Alfred and her uniformly borne a different character. Walhington ; the hetthen world could Philan, Speaks o"f it withapprobation.-Calumnboast her Ariftides, her Regulus and her indeed has never, that I Cato. No doubt, a natural love of justice, recollect, called in queftio'n his patrio-tifm- , long habits of rectitude, ahd a regard to his love of liberty, his republican-ism- , honorable same and fubltantial glory, his integrity, or the equanimity aifd and preserved have formed luch characters eduthem in the paths of integrity. It is the moderation of his temper. He was cated a member of the church of England, poff"ffion of these qualifications, that hut was an early advocate for the religiought chiefly to be looked for : and is we ous right? and liberties of the diffenters fuller ourselves to go fuither, and to enFrom that chrfrch, on ter into an examination of the speculative Virginia, has most and in 'his Notes tnoft eloquently and principles of a candidate for public savor ; savor of the removal there is no saying where we are to slop. forcibly pleaded in of every restraint on the freedom of opiniAt firtt the mere belies of chriftianity on and of cOnfcience. may be thought Sufficient : but by and by, the nature and tendency of particular " Slave to no feet, he take no private systems of chriftianity will be examined road, into, andon every man's discovering or he has discovered, in the " But look's thro' nature up to nature! imagining that print iples of his opponent something, SuGod." bversive of the vital influence Of the faith once delivered to the saints ; he will reI fliould not have trefpaSTed so much on gard the profeffion of his own particular you, Mr. printer, had I not viewed the creed, as equally nectffary with that of subject as of considerable importance. It revelation in generil, and the catholic, involves, I think the honor of religion, as the protestant, the prefbyterian and the well as the intereftsof civil liberty. For baptift, will each consider the dogmas of my own part I am a chriflian, I speak of his own church, as affording the only genuspeculation meiely, for as to the Spirit ine security for a patriotic discharge of and practice, sew of us, alas! have much public duties. I knoW not to how great a to boast. I am in principle a christian, degree of nicety Philan mav already have and I am sorry when I see any occasion carried his ideas on this Subject ; but given for a reflection which unbelievers doubt not, there are many, who, is Mr. are always ready to cast on their opAdams really' be as he has been reputed ; ponents, that they are narrow-minde& an unitarian christian, would have obintolerant, and perpetually Striving to jections to him no less insurmountable, fjpport their cause by the terrors or the than those which they have to Mr. allurements of the world. It is indeed I am not indeed informed,' what too trus : but the error I am persuaded mav precisely be the sentiments of Mr. is not in the iyltem, buj in the men. I he TefferSbn : but is he be, as Philan rechristians of Kentucky, I hope will give presents him, a deist ; the probability it no countenance. certainly is, that he does consider himself I am, Sir, as "accountable to the Supreme governor both of heaven and earth." That lust & Your humble'fcrvant, Sublime ideas of moral duty and of the A FREEMAN. entertained by deists greatGod, have been must be known to every one who is Franklin county, ") with the writings of Chubb, and July 29th, 1800. J Tindal, and Shaftfbury arid others, who without acknowledging the. divinity of See the preface to the book which he revelation, have at the same time perhaps Seen materially indebted to it for much uhimfically entitle " A LVfence of thConftittitions of Government of tlis United of what is valuable in their theological States 01 America. speculations. t lb. Lett. XX. Leaving .digitus opinions, then, out of 4 Ibt Preface, state-craf- t, -- very-prope- r m-- pre-lide- nt n, pre-viouf- lv s. E-v- y hej-fel- f -- d Jef-ferfo- n. con-vrrfa- nt - taid in Ar3VAfccEt European Intelligence. England. ifONDON.May.p. juauena s rorces in and Tlf nr Genoa T. .. Inr ii nFtU .... . ll(C aiweu iianans, are Hill cuiiiiawaat between 20 and 25,000 men. kvery thing depends on the quantity of prowfcotis Which Mafftna has in Genoa. He is still in hopes of reinforcements, which general Stuchet expects from trance, on the weftemfdn of flnnh, 'r !his reliefi Ixiithilv'k, , 'iSeneraT-meTasaster his tro. ASil i,M Weccveed frofn th,f fatiglus, toll' mt remain inactive, Rhich je abfolutefy uc cellar) for the conqiitft of Genoa. In Bohemia and Moiavu.hew corps of Chaffeurs is forming 11 v. Genttaiy '" VIENNA, AplilafiC Private Corresponcece; resent-blarc- e fellow-citizen- sd J '- - & J2 " 1 t By Several Couriers lent hither by gSrwj Melas we have received the followingi'rj telligence refpectihg the further opperaw tions of his armv : From thcisth to tlje 17th the,engage tnents continued without interupjioruj Geiieral MaSfena made five1 different tacks upon the flowei of his atinyA Corps of 6000 grenadiers, lyHiy him ir, iperfon, had 30Q killed and 00 made prir, liofiers. M.iffena s alio in the hancfa-'o- f an ImperiJlrchalTv.ur, whom a ,Ftench itthafTeur fhet and thus librraud,h.js Gen- jeraL Maflepa seeing that hi, tiooga,. beaten in even quarter, withdrew 'to Gehoa with ic,cco n.en, the remain Kder of his army of 29,000 men,, and ja now entirel) blockaded, lie attempted to escape by Sea, but was forced by tha. jcngnui to return, when he nude propo- Sals to Gen. Mclas tocanuiLte, demanding the free departure of himklf and his army ; hia offers were rejt ced and h3 was informed, that from the Ctuation oF affairs. ajtUt4OTirccdriTntT;e'tfint ?:r "iimiiin uc muii luiieiiuer ji Cllicttf- tion ; a coiiflei U now hrmrlv enri with intelligence of the sin render of MaS--t fena and the rest of his army, which is said' to uutergreatlv trom want ct provilions. The obstinacy and inveteracy of the contending armies furDaffed tlm't ,v,;k they had evinced in the buttles of NVvi (and on the Trebbia. 1 h lr,fo r,e ,i, French, who sought like desperate mem, has been very great ; lut our own lias' likewise not been inconSidemble. Bv Sea' Admiral Lord Keith blockades Genoa ip." Such a manner, that during the da) thfe' liis sleet is always drawn up in order of battle, and at night the whole sleet (even the Smallest veffels) are illuminated, .and stationed in Such a manner as to make it entirely impoflible even for Maflena to " i escape in person. May 3. (From the Cow t Gazette.) "Since our lafl accounts, general J,fe las reportsfrom his head quarters at Sef--tridiPonente, under the head of 22d op April, that, aster so many faticuimr ches and operations, it Wds his intfminn to grant Some renoSe to the ttoos en- -' camped before Genoa, and by throwing' up entrenchments, to render his pof.uon " ' S atf 1 u-- I rj 1 .;. ,is..' .j i , m-- r. still Stronger. "General count St. Julian, ' ith tfe brigade under his command, is charged with the blockade of Savona, the ninth, brigade of Stuart, which had been in that business, having oVders to join the army. " The Englifli admiral, lord Keith, ha Sent togert. Melas thphapp) intelligence,' that the division of his Squadtoh cruizing off Malta had taken the Ship of the line the William Tell,of8oguns,.md 1000 men, among whom is an ddmiral,. aster a Severe engagement. em-plo)- ed Italy. MILAN. April 26. On the 23d the French made a fortla from Genoa, and Surprised the neighbor . . . r:....!ii nig vmage ot ivivarona, winch they de privedof all its provisions. On the following day they were expelled from the village by the Auftrinhs. The latter hail 'made themfelve3 matters of the important pon 01 ot. Maria degli Angeli, and of all the onemy's artillery at that place, A battery was raised there imrr.pdi.itplv. J commart4sd by St. TUwafio, for St. 8a -- rr: 11 m '

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