THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE.
wm ctiTj d
THURSDAY, August 7, 1800.
Printed a JOHN BRADFORD, (On
the Editor of the Kentucky Gazette.
expected to have Seen in
Kentucky a public advocate for Mr.
in preference to Mr. JefferSon. Such
an one however I find in the Palladium,
of July the 17th. He profeflls indeed, to
Hand aloof from both the republican and
anftocratical party : but whilst hia
savor so evidently the views of the
latter, the republicans will not consider
him as a less dangerous enemy, because he
has chosen an indirect mode of.attack, and
prefers the ambush to the open field. He
wiflies to perSuade us that Mr. Adams is
J ifi.rfon, because, he is a believed in revealed religion. BjIT surely to make it
the main enquiry in fdecting a public officer, what religious creed he profefles, is
acting very differently from the manner
in which a prudent man would act in the
common concerns of life. Is I want to
have a house built, or an estate managed.
Idonot advertift for a christian Carpenter ,
or a believing overseer, but aim at ootain-in- f
a man expert and ikilful in his line
of business, and wliofe character has been
such that Lean depend upon his fulfilling
his engagements. Every one would regard
it as a weak 8c foolish Sacrifice of my
est to my prejudices, is I employed an
indifferent workman because he held the
right faith, or put' my estate under the
management of a slothful or capricious &
t lannical overseer, because he had from
profeffed himself a chriflian!
t"v hy ftVuld we adopt different maxims
in the appointment of a chief magistrate ?
Must church and ftatc forever,be united i
Shall we in spite of our aversion to religious establishments, still act dn those very principles, from which all such
sprung Certainly in the
appointment of a public as well as of a
r- :v ate agent the great question ought to
be, who best understands the business of
the agency, and whofc past conduct affords the best security that he will faithas refully discharge it.' 'I
lating to afupfeme execQtive iifchide a
regaid to political principles, which are
in fact nothing more than a man's ideas of
the best methods of managing public concerns: and I confess that I have no better
opinion ofentrufting theadminiftration of
a republican, reprefentive government
to the advocate and panegynft of king,
lords and commons, than I fliould of employing an architect to erect a plain country house, who hid been uniformly in the
of studying fliow more than
and of Sacrificing c venience to
Having satisfied myself, howSplendor.
ever, upon these points, Having sound
the man who to accuracy and justness of
political principles, who to an ardent attachment to the rights and liberties of the
people, who to regular y of life, amiable-nes- s
andreSpectabiluy of character, adds
a comprehensive knowledge of public bufinsfs and experience in the practice of it ;
I look no further : I pretend not to penetrate into the recefjils of his heart, nor to
analize his religious creed. But the writer in the Palladium, Philan, it seems,
will not be satisfied with this. A
he says, fliould be a man who
test of reiigion," meaning I
that he must b. a believer in divine
revelation. Would he then, reject a man
who has every qualification neceSfary for
the hih o'fie'e, because he is not a believer ? Or would he accept a man who is
partially or questionably qualifiedjoecaufe
he is a believer? In other woids, are
considerations of immediate and effential
importance, to be iacrificed in savor of
those which arc only remote and indirect ? I ask where is the neceffity for this
flagrant violation of the common and
principles of action ? I fliall be
perhaps, that a man's believing him-Is to be accountable to God, in the fcrip-tur- e
sense of the word, affoids a greater
security for his integrity. How true
this may be ; universal observation
and experience has efhbliflied the principle, that the best of all securities which a
man can give for his suture fidelity, is the
uprlghtnefs of his past conduct. Where
this car. be appealed to, I want no better
security. Where this is wanting, no excellent of belies can inspire confidence.
The fact is, that in every Situation a man
js governed more hy his habits than by
his speculative principles, and it is on a
knowledge of those habits, that all rational calculation s mu1 bs sounded. Is an
price Two JIollarst per
ambitiousmanbe elevated to a post of high the question; is it poflible to hesitate t
dignity and power ; his religious theory which of the two candidates for the office
will not long ftandm the way of his ambiofprefident we fliall give the preference :
tion. It will be made to bend and ac- la Mr. Adams a republican ? Whenc
commodate itself to the object nearest to then are his extravagant and unqualified
his heart ; and so common, indeed has panegyrics on the English constitution,
been the practice of rendering religion which he represents as " being thi
subservient and instrumental to the pro- MOST SOLID AND DURABLE GOVERNjects of men grafpine atlawlefs dominion, MENT AS WELL AS THr MOST FREE."
that the ambition of churchmen, has even Whence his great mortification that the
become proverbial , and it i& by the union Americans had not imitated it " in givthat the ing a negative ugon their' legislature, to
fjyokegf tyranny hasbeen often so fuccsfs- - tne p sccajtive power,'' and that they Had
given ".the choice of some militia officers,
itully placedon the neck ot man.
,to the nose .'"f And" whence his.
"The fligbtftft Jacquaiiltance
i and evulctrrnqpes tnat they
ihiftory of modern Europe, isifitfikifent to
:tt hAve iieTedii'arV. Presidents
afford aeon vj&5 oB of the truth of these
& governors & senators? Aster oLferving
observations. By whom have ancient
they ihould not
securing at leafl fomc political that it was
rights in fevcral countries of that quarter be at the time he was writing (viz. Jan.
of the glebe, been abolished, atd the. li- 7, 1787) he adds-- " inTuture ages is the
present States become great nations, rich,
berties of the people utterly subverted,
but by christian kings and conquerors ? powerful an4 luxurious, as well as numeWho harraffed the valiant people of the rous ; their own feelings and good sense
would dictate to thtm what' to do : they
low countries with a war of half a century in order to reduce there, to a state of maj( make transitions to a nearer
of the British constitution, by a
the most odicus oppreflioh,but"the cathoj
lic christian king" of Spain ? Who tool up jirelh convention, without the Imalleft
arms against the peoples representatives, terxjuptioq to libcrtj-- V i Mr. Adams
we were governed by a king
in order to eftablifhan uulinmted monarchy lut the blefled maityr of the English and a whole host of lords, would still
church, Charles the firlt, of pious memo- call Amerira a republic, " A simple mo- -'
ry.' Who erected, in the name of the ncrcby (says he) is it could in reality be
Lord, a tyrannj as detestable as that what it pretends to be, a government of
laws, might bjultly denominated a rev. hich he had demohfhed, but the Prefby-teria- n
Cromwell? And who, by an eight public. A limited n cnarcby, therefore,
whe lin.tited by two indepenveai's Struggle sought to trample on the
necks of the American people but the dent branchee, an ariffocratical and a
preknt, reigning, defender oftlefaitbi democratieal powjr jn; the constitution,
may with sttjcl propriety be called by that
I mention not thele iacls to uifcrcdit rencme."$ So much for Mr. Adamj' religion : Ibelievethat religion had nopublicanism. As to his " moderation, and
thing to do with them : but 3S the actors in them were professsrs of religion ; coojnefs," which Philan very projoprly resuch facts are ftanaing monuments of the gards as qualifications neceSTarfor a
; we Should be enabled to apprecifolly offuppoling that the profession of
will secure an officer created by ate them rightly, is we were to recur to
the laws from becoming an usurper and a his answers to the numerous addreSfes
lately prelentpd to him, not to speak of
tyrant in defiance oflaw.
his official pommunications'to Congress,
The history of Greece and Rome
to the introduction of chriftianity which sis we except the firffi have disco- at tlie lame wine, evidence- in a jj vatd 'ery little of that spirits modera
bundance, that a belies in revealed religi tion which merits the appiaule of his
on is not neceffary in order to render
great, men, gooa patriots tor , it tne ennr-tia- n
Mr. JefFerfon, on the other hand, has
world has had her Alfred and her
uniformly borne a different character.
Walhington ; the hetthen world could
Philan, Speaks o"f it withapprobation.-Calumnboast her Ariftides, her Regulus and her
indeed has never, that I
Cato. No doubt, a natural love of justice,
recollect, called in queftio'n his patrio-tifm- ,
long habits of rectitude, ahd a regard to
his love of liberty, his republican-ism- ,
honorable same and fubltantial glory,
his integrity, or the equanimity aifd
have formed luch characters
eduthem in the paths of integrity. It is the moderation of his temper. He was
cated a member of the church of England,
poff"ffion of these qualifications, that
hut was an early advocate for the religiought chiefly to be looked for : and is we
ous right? and liberties of the diffenters
fuller ourselves to go fuither, and to enFrom that chrfrch,
ter into an examination of the speculative Virginia, has most and in 'his Notes tnoft
principles of a candidate for public savor ;
savor of the removal
there is no saying where we are to slop. forcibly pleaded in
of every restraint on the freedom of opiniAt firtt the mere belies of chriftianity on and of cOnfcience.
may be thought Sufficient : but by and by,
the nature and tendency of particular " Slave to no feet, he take no private
systems of chriftianity will be examined
into, andon every man's discovering or
he has discovered, in the " But look's thro' nature up to nature!
print iples of his opponent something, SuGod."
bversive of the vital influence Of the faith
once delivered to the saints ; he will reI fliould not have trefpaSTed so much on
gard the profeffion of his own particular you, Mr. printer, had I not viewed the
creed, as equally nectffary with that of subject as of considerable importance. It
revelation in generil, and the catholic, involves, I think the honor of religion, as
the protestant, the prefbyterian and the well as the intereftsof civil liberty. For
baptift, will each consider the dogmas of my own part I am a chriflian, I speak of
his own church, as affording the only genuspeculation meiely, for as to the Spirit
ine security for a patriotic discharge of and practice, sew of us, alas! have much
public duties. I knoW not to how great a to boast. I am in principle a christian,
degree of nicety Philan mav already have and I am sorry when I see any occasion
carried his ideas on this Subject ; but given for a reflection which unbelievers
doubt not, there are many, who, is Mr. are always ready to cast on their opAdams really' be as he has been reputed ; ponents, that they are narrow-minde&
an unitarian christian, would have obintolerant, and perpetually Striving to
jections to him no less insurmountable, fjpport their cause by the terrors or the
than those which they have to Mr.
allurements of the world. It is indeed
I am not indeed informed,' what too trus : but the error I am persuaded
mav precisely be the sentiments of Mr. is not in the iyltem, buj in the men. I he
but is he be, as Philan rechristians of Kentucky, I hope will give
presents him, a deist ; the probability it no countenance.
certainly is, that he does consider himself
I am, Sir,
as "accountable to the Supreme governor
both of heaven and earth." That lust &
Sublime ideas of moral duty and of the
entertained by deists
greatGod, have been
must be known to every one who is
Franklin county, ")
with the writings of Chubb, and
July 29th, 1800. J
Tindal, and Shaftfbury arid others, who
without acknowledging the. divinity of
See the preface to the book which he
revelation, have at the same time perhaps
Seen materially indebted to it for much uhimfically entitle " A LVfence of thConftittitions of Government of tlis United
of what is valuable in their theological States 01 America.
t lb. Lett. XX.
Leaving .digitus opinions, then, out of
4 Ibt Preface,
juauena s rorces in and Tlf nr Genoa
Inr ii nFtU ....
aiweu iianans, are Hill
cuiiiiawaat between 20 and 25,000 men.
kvery thing depends on the quantity of
prowfcotis Which Mafftna has in Genoa.
He is still in hopes of reinforcements,
which general Stuchet expects from
trance, on the weftemfdn of flnnh, 'r
!his reliefi Ixiithilv'k,
'iSeneraT-meTasaster his tro. ASil i,M
Weccveed frofn th,f fatiglus, toll' mt
remain inactive, Rhich je abfolutefy uc
cellar) for the conqiitft of Genoa.
In Bohemia and Moiavu.hew corps of
Chaffeurs is forming
VIENNA, AplilafiC Private Corresponcece;
By Several Couriers lent hither by gSrwj
Melas we have received the followingi'rj
telligence refpectihg the further opperaw
tions of his armv :
From thcisth to tlje 17th the,engage
tnents continued without interupjioruj
Geiieral MaSfena made five1 different
tacks upon the flowei of his atinyA
Corps of 6000 grenadiers, lyHiy him ir,
iperfon, had 30Q killed and 00 made prir,
liofiers. M.iffena s alio in the hancfa-'o- f
whom a ,Ftench
itthafTeur fhet and thus librraud,h.js Gen- jeraL Maflepa seeing that hi, tiooga,.
beaten in even quarter, withdrew
'to Gehoa with ic,cco n.en, the remain
Kder of his army of 29,000 men,, and ja
now entirel) blockaded, lie attempted
to escape by Sea, but was forced by tha.
jcngnui to return, when he nude propo- Sals to Gen. Mclas tocanuiLte, demanding the free departure of himklf and his
army ; hia offers were rejt ced and h3
was informed, that from the Ctuation oF
"iimiiin uc muii luiieiiuer ji Cllicttf- tion ; a coiiflei U now hrmrlv enri
with intelligence of the sin render of MaS--t
fena and the rest of his army, which is said'
to uutergreatlv trom want ct provilions.
The obstinacy and inveteracy of the
contending armies furDaffed tlm't ,v,;k
they had evinced in the buttles of NVvi
(and on the Trebbia. 1 h lr,fo r,e ,i,
French, who sought like desperate mem,
has been very great ; lut our own lias'
likewise not been inconSidemble.
Admiral Lord Keith blockades Genoa ip."
Such a manner, that during the da) thfe'
liis sleet is always drawn up in order of
battle, and at night the whole sleet (even
the Smallest veffels) are illuminated, .and
stationed in Such a manner as to make it
entirely impoflible even for Maflena to
i escape in person.
(From the Cow t Gazette.)
"Since our lafl accounts, general J,fe
las reportsfrom his head quarters at Sef--tridiPonente, under the head of 22d op
April, that, aster so many faticuimr
ches and operations, it Wds his intfminn
to grant Some renoSe to the ttoos en- -'
camped before Genoa, and by throwing'
up entrenchments, to render his pof.uon
"General count St. Julian,
brigade under his command, is charged
with the blockade of Savona, the ninth,
brigade of Stuart, which had been
in that business, having oVders to
join the army.
" The Englifli admiral, lord Keith, ha
Sent togert. Melas thphapp) intelligence,'
that the division of his Squadtoh cruizing
off Malta had taken the
the line the William Tell,of8oguns,.md
1000 men, among whom is an ddmiral,.
aster a Severe engagement.
MILAN. April 26.
On the 23d the French made a fortla
from Genoa, and Surprised the neighbor
nig vmage ot ivivarona, winch they de
privedof all its provisions. On the following day they were expelled from the
village by the Auftrinhs. The latter hail
'made themfelve3 matters of the important
pon 01 ot. Maria degli Angeli, and of all
the onemy's artillery at that place, A
battery was raised there imrr.pdi.itplv.
by St. TUwafio, for St. 8a