THE OLD DOMINION
the agricultural interest; and the people of the
South began to experience the awakening of hope.
The machinery, however, had hardly got
started when new factors injected into the new
conditions began to make themselves felt. The
treatment in prison of the ex-President, who
was put in irons and subjected to the constant
presence of a sentinel, aroused bitter resent-
ment at the South. A very considerable faction
there had always been opposed to Mr. Davis.
But he had done no more during the Secession
period than half the people of the South had
done, and no more during the war than all of
them had done, and his treatment now was
taken as an intention to humiliate them. It
had, moreover, as an object lesson, a disastrous
effect on the Negro population, who drew from
it the not unnatural inference that the North
was able and willing to go to any lengths.
The severity visited on Mr. Davis at once de-
stroyed every vestige of resentment in those
who had opposed him, and from that time to his
death he stood to the South as a vicarious vic-
tim, sacrificed for her act.
Unhappily, the work of a madman cut down,
in the very hour of success, the leader who had
brought the country safely through the war,