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Image 38 of The Messenger (Madisonville) March 31, 2012

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A 6 | SATURDAY, 03.31.2012 THE LEDGER INDEPENDENT Spinach: Weapon against citrus scourge? producer Brazil. A study released earlier this year by the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences estimated the disease had cost that state’s industry $3.63 billion in lost revenues since 2006. By last year, more than 43 percent of Florida citrus trees had been infected with HLB and the rate is climbing so steeply that Jim Graham, a microbiCHRISTOPHER SHERMAN, ASSOCIATED PRESS ologist at the University of Plant pathologist Erik Mirkov is shown at the Texas AgriLife Florida’s Citrus Research Research and Extension Center in Weslaco, Texas, March 28. and Education Center, Mirkov has moved spinach genes into citrus trees that testing expects it to double in the has shown the genetically enhanced citrus trees are immune to next year or two. citrus greening, a disease that has ravaged the industry. “It won’t be long before Florida is 100 percent infected, Graham said. He ” glongbing, which growers mercial citrus groves. Mirkov is not alone in his said HLB has doubled the and researchers refer to costs of growing citrus in pursuit. He decided early as HLB. The bacterium is on to only work with genes Florida. carried from an infected In January, researchfrom foods that are already tree to healthy ones by commonly eaten. But oth- ers surveying groves in the Asian citrus psyllid, a South Texas found intiny dappled brown insect ers are pursuing research fected orange and grapewith honey bee venom, that showed up in Florida fruit trees in two groves a toxin from a beetle and in 1998. The bacterium across the street from each other compounds. Even reproduces and spreads Mirkov’s backer Southern other about 10 miles from through an infected tree’s Mirkov’s lab. California, Gardens Citrus is considvascular system making it second to Florida in U.S. ering other approaches, difficult to take up water production, hasn’t detectincluding one that would and nutrients. ed the disease in its citrus create insect-resistant Trees produce smaller groves. trees. fruit that drops to the Pete Timmer, professor Southern Gardens Citrus ground prematurely, and emeritus at the UniverPresident Rick Kress said eventually the trees die. sity of Florida’s Citrus they’re looking for trees In 2010, a panel conResearch and Education that are not only HLB revened by the National Center, was called a pessisistant, but also produce Academy of Sciences remist when he published an ported that the sort of ge- the fruit they need to be article two years ago on the commercially viable. netic engineering Mirkov future of that state’s citrus “The bottom line is the and others are doing citrus industry needs a so- industry. He predicted “holds the greatest hope” lution,” Kress said. “That’s among other things that for creating citrus trees genetically enhanced citresistant to the bacterium. what’s driving all of this.” rus trees resistant to HLB The disease was conBy that time greening was would be widely available already confirmed in every firmed in Florida in 2005 in 20 years, but by then Florida county with com- and is present in several there would be few small other southeastern states citrus growers left in the and around the world, business. including major citrus Even with aggressive CHRISTOPHER SHERMAN Associated Press WESLACO, Texas | In a lab not far from the Mexican border, the fight against a disease ravaging the worldwide citrus industry has found an unexpected weapon: spinach. A scientist at Texas A&M’s Texas AgriLife Research and Extension Center is moving a pair of bacteria-fighting proteins naturally occurring in spinach into citrus trees to fight a scourge commonly known as citrus greening. The disease hasn’t faced this defense before and intensive greenhouse testing so far indicates the genetically enhanced trees are immune to its advances. Next month, dozens of young sweet orange and grapefruit trees developed by Texas plant pathologist Erik Mirkov will be planted near Lake Okeechobee in South Florida to see how they fare in a commercial citrus grove. “Some of these growers in Florida, they say ‘If you can’t have something for us in five years, if you tell me it’s going to take eight we’re dead, Mirkov said. ’” To hurry along the process, Mirkov and Southern Gardens Citrus, a subsidiary of U.S. Sugar that is funding his research, are pursuing government regulatory approvals while their field testing continues. Citrus greening was first described in China in the early 1900s as Huan- WALL STREET control of pysllids, Florida has struggled to get a handle on HLB because so many trees are infected, he said. The problem is compounded because young trees planted to replace those already infected are more vulnerable than mature trees. “Once you get to 100 percent infection you’re dead,” Timmer said. Mirkov was drawn to the spinach proteins because as part of the plant’s innate immune system they shield it against a broad spectrum of threats. This sort of protein, known as a defensing, is found in plants, insects and mammals, he said. The trees that will soon begin field testing represent two generations of Mirkov’s research, each group carrying one of the two spinach genes. Those two generations of trees already spent 1½ years in a greenhouse packed with psyllids in Florida that exposed them to a concentration of infected insects that far exceeds what they would experience in a commercial grove. Six distinct lines of trees emerged from the third generation with zero infection and about six lines from the second generation passed that test with 10 percent or less infection. Unmodified trees had nearly 100 percent infection rates. “That pretty much sealed that we had something good,” Mirkov said. The two spinach genes are combined in each tree of a fourth generation that is undergoing psyllid house testing now and should outperform the others, Mirkov said. AEP Ohio submitting new rate plan BIG ON COMMITMENT®. Auto • Farm Home Renters • Health Life • Crop Insurance Business DEPENDENCY IS A MEDICAL, NOT A MORAL ISSUE •Medically - Monitored Detoxification •28 - Day Residential Treatment Program • Suboxone Outpatient Treatment Rick Pumpelly John DeLong Recovery is within reach: 513-381-6672 Kentucky Farm Bureau Insurance 830 Ezzard Charles Dr. Cincinnati, OH 545 Tucker Dr. • Maysville, KY 759-0544 CCATsober.org ered high bills to businesses, churches and schools while retaining a request to collect fees when customers switch COLUMBUS, Ohio | A rate proposal that Ameri- to competitors. The plan replaces one can Electric Power Co. is submitting to Ohio regu- rejected last month by the state Public Utilities Comlators on Friday discards several charges that deliv- mission and would run from June 2012 to May 2015. Residents would see rate See us for your increases of about 5 percent, meaning an average bill would rise about $6.24 to $7.40 monthly. Small business rates would inNew Construction & Replacement Windows crease 2 to 5 percent. Locally Manufactured, 7 Optional colors, The earlier plan had been Limited/Lifetime Warranty FREE in home estimates - Installation ONLY approved by the Utilities Commission and went into effect in January. But commissioners revoked it after weeks of criticism from customers. JOANNE VIVIANO Associated Press Windows, Vinyl Siding & Metal Roofs LOUIS D. RYAN, CWA David G. Perdue ▪ Brian M. Furby ® Senior Vice President Financial Consultant Free Initial Consultation ▪ Bankruptcy (Ch. 7 & 13) Maysville Location ▪ Foreclosure Defense 2202 Old Main Street ▪ Credit Card Defense 334 Beechwood Suite 302 Ft. Mitchell, KY 41017 859.426.7030 800.514.7410 fax 859.426.5270 Maysville 606.564.7711 www.perduelawoffice.com 859-745-1942 We are a debt relief agency. We help people file for relief under the bankruptcy code. Rising consumer spending boosted stocks on Friday as Wall Street closed its best first quarter since 1998. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 66 points to 13,211. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose six points to 1,409. The Nasdaq composite barely moved, down a point to 3,094. Friday is the last day of trading for the quarter, and stocks were on track for their best first quarter in years. The Dow was headed toward an 8 percent gain, and the S&P 500 was close to a 12 percent gain, for both the best in 14 years. The Nasdaq was up almost 19 percent for the year, which would be its best first quarter since 1991. The Commerce Department said consumer spending rose in February at the fastest rate in seven months. Strong hiring over the last three months has added up to the best jobs growth in two years, putting more people back to work. Americans spent more even though their income has stagnated for two months after counting taxes and inflation. Some of the increased spending has gone to gasoline, which is the most expensive on record for this time of year. Oil prices rose again on Friday, up 23 cents in New York. Nine out of 10 industry groups in the S&P 500 rose. — AP PARKER Golden Rule Vinyl Windows, LLC 606-845-8400 Perdue Law Offices STOCKS RISE, EXTENDING BEST START SINCE 1998 J.J.B. Hilliard, W.L. Lyons, LLC Member New York Stock Exchange, Inc., FINRA and SIPC FROM A5 Survivors include a son, Ricky G. (Rennie) Parker of Flemingsburg; grandchildren, Cindy Deem of Flemingsburg, Leigh Ann Greathouse of Lexington, Brian Parker of Seattle, Wash., Michael (Amy) Parker of Mount Carmel, and Miranda (Kyle) Saylor of Ocean Springs, Miss.; 10 great-grandchildren; several great-great grandchildren; siblings, Bonnie (Ronnie) Hickerson of Nicholasville, Geneva (Jim) Glanton of Edinburg, Ind., Junie (Nancy) Fearin of New White Castle, Ind., Wanda (Ervin) Gardner of Beechburg, and Thelma (Robert) Marshall of Beechburg; and several nieces and nephews. Services will be a 2 p.m., Monday April 2, 2012, at Boone-Nickell Funeral Home. Burial will follow in Mount Carmel Cemetery. Visitation will be 6-9 p.m., Sunday at the funeral home. Friends may sign the guestbook at www. boonenickellfuneralhome. com. THE MARKET IN REVIEW STOCK EXCHANGE HIGHLIGHTS u NYSE 8,206.93 +40.56 GAINERS ($2 OR MORE) Name Last Chg TrnsRty 2.41 +.47 XuedaEd 4.10 +.65 LizClaib 13.36 +1.53 Lubys 6.07 +.52 OwensC wtB2.70 +.21 BiPNG 3.80 +.29 JonesGrp 12.56 +.95 DrxIndiaBl 23.95 +1.78 McEwenM 4.44 +.33 E-CDang 8.10 +.59 %Chg +24.2 +18.8 +12.9 +9.4 +8.4 +8.3 +8.2 +8.0 +8.0 +7.9 LOSERS ($2 OR MORE) u AMEX 2,405.92 +1.52 GAINERS ($2 OR MORE) Name Last Bacterin 2.42 ExeterR gs 2.74 CT Ptrs 6.64 EllieMae n 11.16 GreenHntr 2.48 GranTrra g 6.29 CoastD 2.40 GoldRsv g 3.98 Electrmed 2.90 HMG 4.30 Chg %Chg +.21 +9.5 +.23 +9.2 +.54 +8.9 +.86 +8.3 +.18 +7.8 +.45 +7.7 +.15 +6.7 +.24 +6.4 +.17 +6.3 +.25 +6.2 LOSERS ($2 OR MORE) d STOCKS OF LOCAL INTEREST NASDAQ 3,091.57 -3.79 GAINERS ($2 OR MORE) Name SpanBrd rs PrincNtl ZaZaEngy CIFC Corp SunesisPh JeffersnB UCmntyFn CarverB rs OakRidgeF CybexIntl Last Chg 6.75 +2.04 3.69 +.75 4.67 +.76 6.20 +.84 2.87 +.39 2.39 +.32 2.44 +.31 7.50 +.94 3.92 +.48 2.53 +.30 %Chg +43.3 +25.5 +19.4 +15.7 +15.7 +15.3 +14.6 +14.3 +14.0 +13.5 LOSERS ($2 OR MORE) Chg %Chg -4.71 -22.9 -1.23 -16.3 -5.25 -9.5 -4.73 -9.1 -3.08 -8.1 -2.18 -8.1 -1.50 -7.7 -1.27 -7.0 -1.51 -6.1 -1.50 -6.0 Name Last Chg %Chg AdmRsc 57.18 -7.10 -11.0 MGTCap rs 2.86 -.29 -9.2 AmDGEn 2.12 -.18 -7.8 Aerosonic 2.46 -.16 -6.1 PernixTh 9.00 -.55 -5.8 TasmanM g 2.48 -.15 -5.7 QuestRM g 2.56 -.15 -5.5 Timmins g 2.24 -.12 -5.1 Servotr 10.00 -.53 -5.0 RareEle g 6.28 -.29 -4.4 Name Last Chg FinLine 21.22 -4.12 BostPrv wt 3.37 -.61 AsteaIntl 3.35 -.58 SmtHeat rs 2.73 -.33 Xyratex 15.91 -1.91 Cache Inc 7.00 -.78 IndBkMI 2.20 -.24 OptiBk rsh 3.52 -.38 Orexigen 4.10 -.44 IntegEl lf 3.85 -.40 MOST ACTIVE ($1 OR MORE) Name Vol (00) Last Chg BkofAm 2316038 9.57 +.04 S&P500ETF1188549140.81 +.58 SPDR Fncl582138 15.80 +.09 iShEMkts 454412 42.95 +.31 Bar iPVix 424143 16.78 -.46 SprintNex 417890 2.85 -.13 iShR2K 396713 82.81 -.27 GenElec 393666 20.07 +.12 FordM 355803 12.48 +.03 Pfizer 332520 22.65 +.23 MOST ACTIVE ($1 OR MORE) Name Vol (00) Last Chg CheniereEn57608 14.98 +.52 NovaGld g 33363 7.18 +.07 NwGold g 22847 9.88 +.15 Rentech 22551 2.08 -.02 RareEle g 20844 6.28 -.29 Bacterin 18101 2.42 +.21 GoldStr g 14261 1.86 +.01 NA Pall g 13308 2.62 -.08 GranTrra g 12644 6.29 +.45 LkShrGld g 12070 1.04 -.07 MOST ACTIVE ($1 OR MORE) Name Vol (00) Last Chg SiriusXM 1063970 2.31 +.10 RschMotn 831864 14.70 +.97 MicronT 497959 8.10 -.33 PwShs QQQ37877767.55 -.13 Intel 358192 28.12 -.05 Cisco 348294 21.15 +.12 Oracle 313367 29.16 -.14 Microsoft 308106 32.26 +.14 NewsCpA 276369 19.71 +.27 Apple Inc 250831 599.55 -10.31 Name Last Oi SA 15.90 Oi SA C 6.33 CascdeCp 50.12 GlobPay 47.50 Annies n 34.84 DrxIndiaBr 24.70 InvenSen n18.10 DB AgDS 16.98 VoceraC n 23.40 MillMda n 23.50 DIARY DIARY Advanced Declined Unchanged Total issues New Highs New Lows Volume 1,750 1,277 110 3,137 115 12 3,555,752,067 Advanced Declined Unchanged Total issues New Highs New Lows Volume %Chg -16.3 -15.3 -14.8 -10.8 -10.7 -10.0 -9.8 -9.7 -9.7 -9.4 DIARY 271 182 40 493 7 3 73,674,130 Advanced Declined Unchanged Total issues New Highs New Lows Volume 1,170 1,359 117 2,646 94 16 1,754,282,277 Name Ex AES Corp AT&T Inc AlcatelLuc Alcoa Altria AEP AmIntlGrp Annaly Apple Inc ArenaPhm Ashland BP PLC BkofAm Bar iPVix BestBuy BrownFB CBS B CSX s Chevron CinciBell Cisco Citigrp rs CocaCola Corning Deere Dell Inc DirSCBear DukeEngy EMC Cp EmersonEl ExxonMbl FifthThird FordM FMCG GenElec Goodyear Griffon HewlettP Humana iShChina25 iShEMkts iS Eafe iShR2K Intel IBM ItauUnibH JPMorgCh JohnsnCtl Kroger YTD Div Yld PE Last Chg %Chg NY ... .. NY 1.76 5.6 NY ... .. NY .12 1.2 NY 1.64 5.3 NY 1.88 4.9 NY ... .. NY 2.37 15.0 Nasd 10.601.8 Nasd ... .. NY .70 1.1 NY 1.92 4.3 NY .04 .4 NY ... .. NY .64 2.7 NY 1.40 1.7 NY .40 1.2 NY .48 2.2 NY 3.24 3.0 NY ... .. Nasd .32 1.5 NY .04 .1 NY 2.04 2.8 NY .30 2.1 NY 1.84 2.3 Nasd ... .. NY ... .. NY 1.00 4.8 NY ... .. NY 1.60 3.1 NY 1.88 2.2 Nasd .32 2.3 NY .20 1.6 NY 1.25 3.3 NY .68 3.4 NY ... .. NY .08 .7 NY .48 2.0 NY 1.00 1.1 NY .77 2.1 NY .81 1.9 NY 1.71 3.1 NY 1.10 1.3 Nasd .84 3.0 NY 3.00 1.4 NY .84 4.4 NY 1.20 2.6 NY .72 2.2 NY .46 1.9 20 13.07 +.05 47 31.23 +.02 ... 2.27 -.04 14 10.02 -.01 19 30.87 +.28 10 38.58 +.30 3 30.83 +.89 32 15.82 +.08 17 599.55-10.31 ... 3.08 +.04 12 61.06 .. 6 45.00 +.65 ... 9.57 +.04 ... 16.78 -.46 ... 23.68 -1.09 21 83.39 +.62 17 33.91 +1.08 13 21.52 -.07 8 107.21 +.36 17 4.02 -.03 16 21.15 +.12 10 36.55 +.04 20 74.01 +.20 8 14.08 +.05 12 80.90 +.41 9 16.60 -.01 ... 17.68 +.12 16 21.01 +.10 30 29.88 +.30 17 52.18 +.31 10 86.73 +.65 12 14.05 +.01 7 12.48 +.03 8 38.04 +.43 16 20.07 +.12 9 11.22 -.16 ... 10.70 -.18 8 23.83 +.32 11 92.48 +.94 ... 36.67 +.37 ... 42.95 +.31 ... 54.89 +.49 ... 82.81 -.27 12 28.12 -.05 16 208.65 +.38 ... 19.19 -.31 10 45.98 +.31 14 32.48 +.21 26 24.23 +.01 +10.4 +3.3 +45.5 +15.8 +4.1 -6.6 +32.9 -.9 +48.0 +64.4 +6.8 +5.3 +72.1 -52.8 +1.3 +3.6 +24.9 +2.2 +.8 +32.7 +17.4 +38.9 +5.8 +8.5 +4.6 +13.4 -33.2 -4.5 +38.7 +12.0 +2.3 +10.4 +15.9 +3.4 +12.1 -20.8 +17.2 -7.5 +5.6 +5.1 +13.2 +10.8 +12.3 +15.9 +13.5 +3.4 +38.3 +3.9 0.0 Name Ex DAILY DOW JONES YTD Div Yld PE Last Chg %Chg LeeEnt h NY .. LifePtH Nasd .. LizClaib NY .. MGM Rsts NY .. MarathnO s NY .68 McDnlds NY 2.80 MedcoHlth NY .. MicronT Nasd .. Microsoft Nasd .80 MorgStan NY .20 NewsCpA Nasd .17 NiSource NY .92 NokiaCp NY 1.26 NorthropG NY 2.00 Oracle Nasd .24 Penney NY .80 PepsiCo NY 2.06 Pfizer NY .88 PhilipMor NY 3.08 PwShs QQQNasd .49 PremFin Nasd .. ProctGam NY 2.10 RadioShk NY .50 RegionsFn NY .04 RschMotn Nasd .. ReynAmer NY 2.24 RiteAid NY .. S&P500ETF NY 2.64 Schwab NY .24 SearsHldgs Nasd .33 SiriusXM Nasd .. SprintNex NY .. SPDR Fncl NY .22 Staples Nasd .44 Supvalu NY .35 TenetHlth NY .. Textron NY .08 US Bancrp NY .78 UnvslCp NY 1.96 Vale SA NY 1.55 ValeroE NY .60 VangEmg NY .91 VerizonCm NY 2.00 WalMart NY 1.59 WellPoint NY 1.15 WellsFargo NY .88 Wendys Co Nasd .08 WmsCos NY 1.04 Zynga n Nasd .. .. .. .. .. 2.1 2.9 .. .. 2.5 1.0 .9 3.8 23.0 3.3 .8 2.3 3.1 3.9 3.5 .7 .. 3.1 8.0 .6 .. 5.4 .. 1.9 1.7 .. .. .. 1.4 2.7 6.1 .. .3 2.5 4.2 6.6 2.3 2.1 5.2 2.6 1.6 2.6 1.6 3.4 .. ... 1.28 12 39.44 10 13.36 2 13.62 8 31.70 19 98.10 19 70.30 ... 8.10 12 32.26 18 19.64 15 19.71 23 24.35 ... 5.49 8 61.08 15 29.16 22 35.43 16 66.35 18 22.65 18 88.61 ... 67.55 10 7.75 17 67.21 9 6.22 39 6.59 5 14.70 17 41.44 ... 1.74 ... 140.81 20 14.37 ... 66.25 18 2.31 ... 2.85 ... 15.80 12 16.19 ... 5.71 48 5.31 36 27.83 13 31.68 15 46.60 ... 23.33 7 25.77 ... 43.47 45 38.23 14 61.20 10 73.80 12 34.14 ... 5.01 21 30.81 ... 13.15 +.01 +81.6 +.29 +6.2 +1.53 +54.8 -.23 +30.6 -.05 +8.3 +.46 -2.2 +.11 +25.8 -.33 +28.7 +.14 +24.2 -.10 +29.8 +.27 +10.5 +.10 +2.3 +.07 +13.9 +.19 +4.4 -.14 +13.7 -.25 +.8 +.33 0.0 +.23 +4.6 +1.96 +12.9 -.13 +21.0 -.04 +76.0 +.20 +.7 -.09 -35.9 +.07 +53.3 +.97 +1.4 +.45 0.0 -.03 +38.1 +.58 +12.2 +.10 +27.6 -1.30+108.5 +.10 +26.9 -.13 +21.8 +.09 +21.5 -.33 +16.6 -.22 -29.7 +.15 +3.5 -.14 +50.5 +.13 +17.1 -.23 +1.4 +.31 +8.8 -.88 +22.4 +.45 +13.8 +.16 -4.7 +.38 +2.4 +2.18 +11.4 +.20 +23.9 +.05 -6.5 +.22 +14.3 +.31 +39.7 Stock Footnotes: g = Dividends and earnings in Canadian dollars. h = Does not meet continued-listing standards. lf = Late filing with SEC. n = New in past 52 weeks. pf = Preferred. rs = Stock has undergone a reverse stock split of at least 50 percent within the past year. rt = Right to buy security at a specified price. s = Stock has split by at least 20 percent within the last year. un = Units. vj = In bankruptcy or receivership. wd = When distributed. wi = When issued. wt = Warrants. Gainers and Losers must be worth at least $2 to be listed in tables at left. Most Actives must be worth at least $1. Volume in hundreds of shares. Source: The Associated Press. Sales figures are unofficial. Dow Jones industrials 13,320 Close: 13,212.04 Change: 66.22 (0.5%) 13,140 12,960 13,600 10 DAYS 12,800 12,000 11,200 10,400 O N D J F M MUTUAL FUNDS Total Assets Name Obj ($Mlns) NAV PIMCO TotRetIs CI 149,075 11.09 Vanguard TotStIdx LB 68,078 35.19 Vanguard InstIdxI LB 65,810 128.94 Fidelity Contra LG 59,470 77.54 American Funds GrthAmA m LG 57,936 32.92 American Funds CapIncBuA m IH 56,945 51.34 Vanguard 500Adml LB 56,336 129.78 American Funds IncAmerA m MA 54,945 17.49 Vanguard TotStIAdm LB 54,525 35.19 American Funds CpWldGrIA m WS 47,952 35.57 American Funds InvCoAmA m LB 45,635 29.96 Dodge & Cox IntlStk FV 40,102 32.96 American Funds WAMutInvA m LV 40,038 30.42 Dodge & Cox Stock LV 39,840 114.63 Vanguard InstPlus LB 38,580 128.94 FrankTemp-Franklin Income A m CA 37,556 2.18 Vanguard TotStIIns LB 34,626 35.20 Vanguard TotIntl d FB 32,880 14.62 American Funds EurPacGrA m FB 31,784 39.47 American Funds SmCpWldA m WS 13,849 38.79 Lord Abbett AffiliatA x LV 5,878 11.83 Putnam GrowIncA m LV 4,408 14.43 Putnam MultiCapGrA m LG 3,094 56.71 INVESCO ConstellA m LG 2,497 24.95 Federated EqIncA m LV 369 19.46 FrankTemp-Franklin KY TF A mSL 190 11.56 Pioneer RealEstA m SR 79 23.88 Total Return/Rank Pct Min Init 4-wk 12-mo 5-year Load Invt 0.0 +6.0/D +8.3/A NL 1,000,000 +3.1 +7.1/B +2.4/B NL 3,000 +3.3 +8.3/A +2.0/B NL 5,000,000 +3.8 +9.4/B +5.2/B NL 2,500 +2.4 +3.5/D +1.9/D 5.75 250 +0.9 +4.7/A +1.4/D 5.75 250 +3.3 +8.3/A +2.0/B NL 10,000 +1.1 +5.8/B +2.3/D 5.75 250 +3.1 +7.2/B +2.5/A NL 10,000 +0.9 -1.1/C +0.7/B 5.75 250 +2.1 +4.3/D +1.0/C 5.75 250 +0.2 -8.0/C -2.1/A NL 2,500 +1.9 +8.3/A +1.4/B 5.75 250 +2.6 +2.2/D -2.0/D NL 2,500 +3.3 +8.3/A +2.1/B NL 200,000,000 +0.5 +3.0/D +3.2/D 4.25 1,000 +3.1 +7.3/B +2.5/A NL 5,000,000 -0.7 -7.3/D -2.0/B NL 3,000 -0.1 -6.3/C +0.3/A 5.75 250 +1.6 -2.3/D +1.5/B 5.75 250 +2.7 -1.8/E -1.7/D 5.75 250 +3.0 +2.2/D -1.8/D 5.75 500 +3.3 +5.8/D +2.4/D 5.75 500 +3.4 +2.3/E -1.2/E 5.50 1,000 +2.4 +10.3/A +1.8/A 5.50 1,500 -0.2 +12.6/C +4.6/B 4.25 1,000 +5.2 +13.6/B -0.7/C 5.75 1,000 CA -Conservative Allocation, CI -Intermediate-Term Bond, ES -Europe Stock, FB -Foreign Large Blend, FG -Foreign LargeGrowth, FV -Foreign Large Value, IH -World Allocation, LB -Large Blend, LG -Large Growth, LV -Large Value, MA -Moderate Allocation, MB -Mid-Cap Blend, MV Mid-Cap Value, SH -Specialty-heath, WS -World Stock, Total Return: Chng in NAV with dividends reinvested. Rank: How fund performed vs. others with same objective: A is in top 20%, E in bottom 20%. Min Init Invt: Minimum $ needed to invest in fund. Source: Morningstar.

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