Robert Anderson Papers
Kentucky Historical Society. Special Collections & Archives.Frankfort, Kentucky 40601-1931
Access at KHS only. Use microfilm, transcriptions or images when available.
For microfilmed copies see Family Collection: Robert Anderson Papers.
Associated Materials / Related Records
[Identification of item], Robert Anderson Papers, 1861, 97SC179,Library Special Collections and Archives, Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort.
Robert Anderson, born in Jefferson County, Kentucky, in 1805, was the commander of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor at the outbreak of the Civil War. The Union commander held out against Confederate forces for four months, without supplies from the North. When the Confederate troops deiscovered that a shipment of supplies was on the way, they demanded that Anderson surrender. He refused and the bombardment of Fort Sumter commenced. After 34 hours of almost continuous shelling, when food supplies had reached the vanishing point, Anderson surrendered to P. G. T. Beauregard. Anderson immediately became a hero of the North. He was commissioned a brigader general following the fall of Fort Sumter, and returned to Kentuky to recruit men for the United States Army. Ill health forced his retirement in October of 1861. He died in 1871. Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. ?.
This collection consits of two items pasted onto a single piece of paper. The first item is a picture of Robert Anderson taken in full military uniform. The second is a note written by Anderson while at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, in 1861. The note reads "respectfully your servant" followed by his signiture and military rank. The reverse side of the document explains that Amilee F. Haviland wrote Anderson for his autograph and that the note and picture were sent to her because of her request.
Arrangement: Correspondence is arranged chronologically.
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