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Page 7 of City of Louisville and a glimpse of Kentucky / Young Ewing Allison.

has spread at her own pleasure. The streets are broad, being from sixty to one hundred and twenty feet in width, all well drained, paved, and beautified with a profusion of fine shade trees. There are few cities in the world with such finely shaded streets as Louisville possesses, and none where the streets are wider. The residences are, as a rule, provided with spacious yards and gardens, and in the spring of the year a drive oxver the city past the miles of great yards, filled with flowers and shrubbery, and under the shade of trees, rich with foliage and blossoms, is like a trip in fairyland. The average number of residences to the hundred feet in Eastern cities is about five; in Louisville it is about two. The favorite residence quarter, for many years, was south from Broadway, which divides the city parallel with the river. South Fourth, Third, Second, First, and Brook streets are lined with lovely and costly houses in which the taste of the archi- tect and the landscape gardener vie with each other for expression. Magnolia avenue, Kentucky, Oak, and St. Cather- ine streets, which intersect the others at right angles, running parallel with Broadway, are within this charming district and present the same lovely spectacle. South of Broadway, and practically within the district outlined above, there were 260 residences built in 1885 at a cost of i,6ooooo, or an average cost of 6, 15o each. The pride of home, united with good taste and a constant study of the most effective architecture, has thus produced in Louisville a city of remarkably attractive homes. The effect of the change of domestic condition of the people is nowhere more distinctly shown than by comparing the residences built since the war with those of ante-bellum times. One absolute necessity of slavery was an intense conserva tism. The incomes of a people being dependent upon a class whose condition long experience demonstrated must be unchangeable and unprogressive in order to be safe, all change and innovation were discouraged. This habit ex- tended insensibly in many directions. Under this social aspect, therefore, the architecture of old Louisville was mo- notonous and plain. The chief beauty of the houses of the old regime was merely suggestive. They were spacious and suggested great halls and airiness, hut theywereplain and angular in exterior. In strik- ing contrast with these are the picturesque modern structures of Swiss and Queen Anne style that now render every street at- tractive and striking. But the handsome residences are not alone confined to Broadway and the quar- ter south. They have extended east, and have beautified " The Highlands," made of Clifton a charming suburb, and are al ready building in large numbers in the West End and the residence suburb of Parkland. Of the many hundreds of fine residences no one, however, could be selected as be- DIYPRAPDRIWYSAIN ing of extraordinary cost. ASt XAT ) RAUlWAY STALL No other city of similar size in the world has half as many miles of street railway track as Louisville. To this must be added the steam suburban railway lines that connect the suburbs of New Albany and Jeffersonville, Ind., by way of the Louisville Bridge and the new Kentucky and Indiana Steel Cantilever Bridge. These steam lines also 7

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