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Image 1 of Farmers' home journal, August 14, 1879

Part of Farmers' home journal

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gf&SS rx&m .CSsS? fc3 I s i : A RECORD LIVE STOCK, HORTICULTURE, OF AGRICULTURE, BOTANY, AND THE KINDRED ARTS AND SCIENCES. . Agriculture is the most Healthful, most Useful, and most Noble Employment of Man. Washington. J LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY, AUGUST Volume XXVII. eat when in that exhausted condition, vision for their daily needs. The men and bathe daily, using much friction, who have been trying to live by their wits must go to work at the bench or in NEWS. they would have little rheumatism." KENTUCKY FARM the field ; of these the soil offers the BOONE COUNTY. most accessible and at first the most reCLARK COUNTY CORRESPONDRecorder : J. J. Weaver sold seven four year ENCE. The mass munerative employment. old cattle last week that averaged 1,700 lbs, of the unemployed must seek susteFine rains fell in this county Editor Farmers' Home Journalat 5c per lb. A family near Gainesville last week. The people of Clark county are re nance from the bosom of mother earth. raised 800 chickens from fifteen hens. They joicing once more, now that fall grass Land is cheap, and there is a wide area hatched the eggs by means of a stove, that awaits the tiller. The back may S. Terrill, Flickertown, raised 160 bushels of and an abundant corn crop are reduced to a certainty by the heavy rains of the ache, and the skin blister in the sun, wheat on five acris of land. BOURBON. past few days. Farmers had a just cause but the bread can be made without fear Alex. McClintock has purchased from John for their gloomy and doubtful feelings, of failure, if the laborer will be faithful Mcllvaine forty head of fine Cotswold ewes. to his calling. It needs less wisdom They are intended for Vis Missouri trade. for the whole country seemed parched and forethought than patient industry, and dried up, and but for the late rains W. B. Rogers, North Middleton, has Cale and Ed. Brown corn and fall grass would have been a and the man with a common mind may 400 No. I lambs. eat his harvest in peace. have sold to J. T. and William Wood.ord complete failure. twenty head of yearling Cotswold rams at The sheep sale at Col. Coleman's For Farmers' Heme Journal. The Kiser Brothers, at $25 per head. had a good local attendance, but was Kiser, are running a thresher twenty-fou- r THE BASE OF FERTILIZING. broken up by a heavy storm, having years old, and doing good work. The average of plants only take 5 lbs no shelter in which to hold the people; FAYETTE. Some varmint has killed twenty pigs for consequently can not give a very full of mineral substances from the soil for Mr. Bosworth, near Slickaway. It sucked report. Those that were sold were at every 100 lbs of crop carried off the the blood, and h.ft the carcass. What is it ? ground. Tobacco is an exception to Elder S. S. Moore has bought the Will prices ranging from $8 to $17. R. E. E. Winchester, Ky., Aug. 9. this rule, and takes 21 lbs for every 100 Gaines farm, near Donerail, 130 acres at $85 lbs of tobacco plant, including roots, per acre, growing crop included. THE OUTLOOK FOR WHEAT. JESSAMINE. stem and leaves. This average 5 lbs is Wet weather is injuring some badly shocked In less than thirty days wheat has de- composed of the following mineral and A very heavy rain last week wheat. helped the corn, and makes the ground fine clined in Chicago nearly 25 per cent., organic elements, which are of imporfor plowing for fall wheat sowing. and all other American markets have tance in the order in which they are SCOTT. fallen in a less degree. The decline in named : Stock hogs averaging 150 lbs sell at 3 cents Nitrogen (a gas found in. either com has naturally exceeded that at at Payne's Depot, and traders there offer 3 Chicago bination as ammonia or feitric acid), Wm. other markets, because the situation cents for fat hogs for fall delivery. Mulberry, near Sadieville, burned all his hay there was an artificial one. But the de- phosphoric acid (principally furnished potash, magnesia, soda, last week, when he nly meant to burn some cline in the general market is very im- by bone), brush. portant. It is caused by the fact that lime, soluble silica, sulphuric arid, . WOODFORD. chlorine, iroi.-nr.ni t;:';;-"Sale.-- , of wheat were made last week at So all the farmers in the United States are The reason that some of these ele breaking their necks to sell. They all cents a decline of 5 cents per bushel. Barley is not selling rapidly, 75 cents being seem eager to sell the same day or week ments are said to be more important than others is, that the plants require, the price offered, and farmers declining to or month. take it. Large crops of small grain will Dearly beloved brethren, permit us to naturally, different proportions of this be sown. remind you that there are three hundred mineral food, but if the soil is deficient SHELBY. days in the year, and like- in any one of them, the plants will be The Sentinel says that many farmers of the and sixty-fiv- e It might be county are raising flax seed as a crop, claim- wise twelve months. Spare vourselves imoerfect and defective. ing very remunerative prices and easy sales of this haste. There is no doubt that wheat said that there is no soil that does not At a sale of sheep made by J. will be wheat the crop. throughout the year. contain a sufficient quantity of the last W. and J. N. Bell at the fair grounds last There is also no doubt that it will com- three elements, and, therefore, they need evening, common ewes brought $2. 10 not be applied as a necessary fertilizer. 3.10 per head. Some Tennessee Southdown mand good prices. If there were an asewes, more or less pure, in low flesh, brought sured market at $125 in January, the Sometimes one or two of the first men$2. 7S3-2Per head. Southdown rams from present scale of deliveries would spoil tioned elements are lacking in the soil, Woodford and Franklin counties sold well. the spot market, be the undertone how- and this lack makes the soil seem so perHENRY. fectly barren that sometimes the addiA Carrollton mill owner ever strong. Constitutionalist : American crop is generally esti- tion to the soil of just one of deficient The has bought around Harper's Ferry several hundred thousand feet of logs at $4 per 1,000 mated to be at least 50,000,000 bushels elements acts like magic, and a splen board measure, in the tree. feet, Mr. less than last year, while the wants of did crop will be produced. Bondurant is building a large tobacco drying We give an instance that will illustrate foreign consumers are estimated to be house at Harper's Ferry. nearly 100,000,000 bushels greater. On the above facts : NELSON. Mr. Philip B. Cooper, of Elizabeth, A thresher, near Chaplin, threshed forty the other hand, wheat has to pay higher crops in one day. The forty farmers brought tolls to railroads and steamships than a Harrison county, Ind., in the fall of four-acr- e their wheat to one yard and they ran from 2 field that he wanted year ago, for which, of course, due al- 1876 had a to 100 bushels. Fairfield claims the tallto put in wheat. He measured off one lowance must be made. est corn in the county. acre o'n the best end of the field, on HARDIN. which he drilled in with the wheat 600 Mr. J. P. Lane tried drilling wheat both KEEP ON THE FARM. lbs of dry wood ashes. On the other ways last year, and concludes that it don't pay In these dull times, when scores of three acres he drilled 111 200 lbs of to put it in that way. Mr. J. W. Smith, a good farmer at Glendale, has put in a large young men are out of employment, and Skene's Pure Raw Bone Dust to the crop of bricks this year. His kiln stands the others are crowding in from other places, acre, in 1877, when harvested, the dry weather well. Mr. J. L. Nail has re- seeking for "genteel" situa- one acre fertilized with the wood ashes moved from the Rineyville neighborhood to tions, it is well to give wide publicity produced six bushels to the acre, while Jasper county, Mo. to such facts as are set forth in the fol- the three acres fertilized with the bone MERCER. Extra mule colts sell at Salvisa at $45 per lowing extract from the New York dust produced sixty bushels, or twenty T. Cunningham, Salvisa, sold to head. Journal of Commerce : bushels to the acre, being fourteen M. Cecil a lot of fat sheep, averaging 150 lbs, One of the great problems of our day, bushels to the acre more than the wood at $3.50 per cwt. The Shakers at Pleas ant Hill made an average of 18 bushels per too little discussed by those who have ashes produced. acre on 188 acres of wheat; also claim a the ear of the public through the press But in 1878 he put 200 lbs of Raw growth of 88 lbs in 30 days for a sucking calf. or at the forum, is to furnish the young Bone Dust on this one acre, where so Mr. J. T. Curry has exchanged, with men of this generation with remuneramuch wood ashes had been put, and got Rev. W. P. Harvey, his farm near Harrods-burg- , tive employment. The professions are forty bushels from that one acre, which of 214 acres, at $1,300, for land in all overcrowded. The shop keepers only produced six bushels the year beTexas. are by far too numerous. Agencies of fore, and this yield was twenty bushels LINCOLN. Jerry Maxwell, of Tennessee, sold to Mr. all classes are so multiplied that the oc- more than the three acres produced per Stout, of New Jersey, 500 mountain sheep at cupants tread on each other's toes and acre, without any wood ashes, although $1.70 per head. A very dull court'day they had the same quantity of bone in Stanford last week. No stock sales were are a bore and a nuisance to the gen eral public. Clerks out of employment dust. made. and willing to serve for a pittance, are HARRISON. Now, what made the difference ? Rain never fell on Kentucky soil that was to be reckoned by their tens of thou Good wood ashes contain all the plant more appreciated than that of the last three sands. Book keepers with hungry eyes food elements, except nitrogen ; and days. Our last rains before this were in June. are reading the advertising lists in the its supply of phosphoric acid is not Robertson Station, Aug. 7. D s. WARREN. vain hope of an opening for their ap- enough for a wheat crop. Now, Raw Some of the farmers around Bristow do not plication. Collectors, messengers, doorBone Dust contains two of the principal expect to m ike more than a barrel of corn to phosphoric acid lime the acre. Good rains quenched a fizzing dry keepers, watchmen, conductors and the mineral elements spell in many parts of Warren county last great variety of others, already expert, and four per cent, of ammonia. These seeking employment in kindred callings, three elements seemed to be especially week. are waiting anxiously for some one to wanting in this soil, and brought out all The Science of Health says : "If farm- engage them. the good that was in the wood ashes, ers would avoid suddenly cooling the Every possible form of service that which made it double the crop over the body after great exertion, if they would can be reckoned in the list of genteel same quantity of bone dust without be careful not to go with wet clothing occupations is anxiously sought after the wood ashes. W. Skene. or wet feet, and if they would not over- - by multitudes who have no other pro Louisville, Aug. 12, 1879. ftSEICUlTUfrU. d y Cou.-Journ- . fWk ratr ffflr 'l Number 14, 1879. 33 with the same heat and lack of wind. Then I had to lie down to it, and was Editor Farmers' Home Journal : I am endeavoring to procure the hardly sensible when helped to the house. Then came the chills. Curmost reliable information in regard to rents of air blown through bellows the comparative merits of broadcast worked at the North Pole could not and drilled wheat in Kentucky clay have inflicted crueler cold. My physisubsoil land. I have a report from a cal thermometer must have registered very large wheat grower that is adverse below zero, the rattle of my teeth to the use of the drill, and greatly in 5000 might have made the "bones" of the favor of broadcast sowing : his estimate minstrels envious, and the agitation of being a difference in favor of broadDRILL AGAINST BROADCAST. cast of five bushels to the acre, although the wheat drilled had the best land in the same field, and under circumstances as favorable to one as the other process. Please give us the general experience and summing up of your farmer correspondents upon this subject. J. W. P. Newtown, Scott County, Ky., Aug. 9. The weight of testimony is so far in favor of drilling. We shall be glad to have our readers, who have tried experiments, give us the result. Of course one should not come to a definite conclusion from a single trial, but from the result of a series of years. Ed. F. H. J. KENTUCKY A. AND M. COLLEGE. The trustees of Ogden college have made a bid for the location of the Agricultural and Mechanical College at this place, distinct from and in addition to that made by the city authorities. They engage to organize an agricultural and mechanical department, with course as broad and liberal as the law requires. They engage to furnish grounds, buildings, apparatus and land for farming purposes to the extent of two hundred acres. They engage to receive and instruct free of tuition and without charge of any kind as many students as are now admitted under the law from the various districts of the State free of tuition. They agree that the State shall appoint a board of visitors, who shall inspect the workings of the institution, and upon whose adverse report the contract with the State may be at any time revoked by an act of the Legislature. In return for all this they simply ask that the present income of the Agricultural and Mechanical College be paid over to the regent of Ogden college to be expended in the educational work. This plan, it seems to us, is the most feasible yet devised, and is free from complications which might arise in any other. Bowling Green Democrat. New York Sunday News. HOW IT FEELS TO HAVE THE YELLOW FEVER. The saffron fiend whose chosen abodes are on the west coast of Africa and the West Indies, whence he occasionally stretches a lean finger to our happy land, once got hold of me. Why he let go, I don't know. It was a terrible shake up, although being at the end of a very severe season, the people of Belize, British Honduras, where I experienced the delicate attentions of the tropical Beelzebub, said it was "a mild attack." It had been a bad year for yellow fever. Sixteen out of the few white residents had succumbed ; in fact, every case was fatal. But in the latter end of my frame might have worked the sewing machines for the largest shirt making establishment in New York. I shook and shivered and shivered and shook, and felt deathly sick, when all of a sudden came flushes of intolerable heat. There were a few alternations of e extreme cold, and then the of Satan was fired up to its fullest capacity. The tortures I endured for the short space left me of reason are indescribable by any pen short of Milton's. And then ensued insensibility. I was like a log for a fortnight, and was unconscious of, or at any rate I have not the smallest recollection of, the slightest pain ; but to the lookers on the log was not like one on the peaceful woodpile, but rather the hissing, crackling, glowing brand on the hospitable Christmas hearth. My recovery from this active stupor seemed to me as sudden as my fall into it. They told me I had been given up by the doctors, and, as it could do no harm, had had champagne poured down my throat, which I seemed to like I do yet. This treatment, then considered very unorthodox, no doubt saved my life. I slept, perspired, and awoke as lively as an infant, and as weak, yellow, shriveled, like a bag of old parchment filled with bones. blast-furnac- Bone Dust. Bone dust, like barnyard manure, does not immediately yield up its nitrogen and phosphoric acid to plants. The bone phosphate of lime is insoluble in water, and but very slightly soluble in water containing carbolic acid. The gelatine of the bones would soon decompose in a moist, porous, warm soil, provided it was not protected by the oil and the hard matter of the bones. Steaming removes the oil, and reducing the bones to as fine a condition as possible is another means of increasing their availability. Another good method is to mix the bonedust with barnyard manure and let both ferment together, and I am inclined to think this is the best, simplest, and most economical method of rendering bones available. The bone dust causes the heap of manure to ferment more rapidly, and the fermentation of the manure softens the bones. Both the manure and the bones are improved and rendered richer and more available by the process. One ton of good bone dust contains about as much nitrogen as 8)4 tons of fresh stable manure, and as much phosphoric acid as no tons of But one ton of fresh stable manure. manure contains more potash than five tons of bone dust. Harris' Talks on Manures. THE GEORGIA CROPS. The agricultural department at AtSeptember no one supposed it possible lanta, in its report dated August , gives there could be any more of the scourge. the condition of the corn crop as 72, However, whether I contracted the against 83.5 on July 1. A considerable 1 d germs in New Orleans from the hull of a filibustering schooner, or directly where I was, I got my first warning while slowly sailing in a yacht It was one calm Saturday in October. frightfully hot and our little yacht, the Breeze, wooed the zephyrs to little purpose, and I soon had a bad headache, which a substantial lunch (a " second breakfast," as they call it out there), washed down with Bass' ale, no doubt didn't improve. However, I felt all right soon after landing, a little languid or so, and the same the day after. On Monday we started on our return fruit-saturate- deficiency is evident. Cotton is reported at 85.8, and indications point to a falling off as compared with the crop of 1878. A long continued drought in the early part of the season has nad its effect. Farmers are urged to sow liberally of fall oats to meet the demand for food for stock, which the short corn crop will create. A proposition was made in all seriousness to Congress, to let the waters of the Gulf of Mexico into Hudson's Bay, with a view to creating a climatic change that shall be a favorable one.

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