LIVE STOCK, HORTICULTURE,
BOTANY, AND THE KINDRED ARTS AND SCIENCES.
Agriculture is the most Healthful, most Useful, and most Noble Employment of Man. Washington.
LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY, AUGUST
eat when in that exhausted condition, vision for their daily needs. The men
and bathe daily, using much friction, who have been trying to live by their
wits must go to work at the bench or in
NEWS. they would have little rheumatism."
the field ; of these the soil offers the
most accessible and at first the most reCLARK COUNTY CORRESPONDRecorder : J. J. Weaver sold seven four year
old cattle last week that averaged 1,700 lbs,
of the unemployed must seek susteFine rains fell in this county Editor Farmers' Home Journalat 5c per lb.
A family near Gainesville
The people of Clark county are re nance from the bosom of mother earth.
raised 800 chickens from fifteen hens. They
joicing once more, now that fall grass Land is cheap, and there is a wide area
hatched the eggs by means of a stove,
that awaits the tiller. The back may
S. Terrill, Flickertown, raised 160 bushels of and an abundant corn crop are reduced
to a certainty by the heavy rains of the ache, and the skin blister in the sun,
wheat on five acris of land.
past few days. Farmers had a just cause but the bread can be made without fear
Alex. McClintock has purchased from John for their gloomy and doubtful feelings, of failure, if the laborer will be faithful
Mcllvaine forty head of fine Cotswold ewes.
to his calling. It needs less wisdom
They are intended for Vis Missouri trade. for the whole country seemed parched and forethought than patient industry,
and dried up, and but for the late rains
W. B. Rogers, North Middleton, has
Cale and Ed. Brown corn and fall grass would have been a and the man with a common mind may
400 No. I lambs.
eat his harvest in peace.
have sold to J. T. and William Wood.ord complete failure.
twenty head of yearling Cotswold rams at
The sheep sale at Col. Coleman's
For Farmers' Heme Journal.
The Kiser Brothers, at
$25 per head.
had a good local attendance, but was
Kiser, are running a thresher twenty-fou- r
THE BASE OF FERTILIZING.
broken up by a heavy storm, having
years old, and doing good work.
The average of plants only take 5 lbs
no shelter in which to hold the people;
Some varmint has killed twenty pigs for consequently can not give a very full of mineral substances from the soil for
Mr. Bosworth, near Slickaway. It sucked report. Those that were sold were at every 100 lbs of crop carried off the
the blood, and h.ft the carcass. What is it ?
ground. Tobacco is an exception to
Elder S. S. Moore has bought the Will prices ranging from $8 to $17.
R. E. E.
Winchester, Ky., Aug. 9.
this rule, and takes 21 lbs for every 100
Gaines farm, near Donerail, 130 acres at $85
lbs of tobacco plant, including roots,
per acre, growing crop included.
THE OUTLOOK FOR WHEAT.
stem and leaves. This average 5 lbs is
Wet weather is injuring some badly shocked
In less than thirty days wheat has de- composed of the following mineral and
A very heavy rain last week
helped the corn, and makes the ground fine clined in Chicago nearly 25 per cent., organic elements, which are of imporfor plowing for fall wheat sowing.
and all other American markets have tance in the order in which they are
fallen in a less degree.
The decline in named :
Stock hogs averaging 150 lbs sell at 3 cents
Nitrogen (a gas found in. either com
has naturally exceeded that at
at Payne's Depot, and traders there offer 3 Chicago
bination as ammonia or feitric acid),
Wm. other markets, because the situation
cents for fat hogs for fall delivery.
Mulberry, near Sadieville, burned all his hay there was an artificial one. But the de- phosphoric acid (principally furnished
potash, magnesia, soda,
last week, when he nly meant to burn some cline in the general market is very im- by bone),
portant. It is caused by the fact that lime, soluble silica, sulphuric arid,
chlorine, iroi.-nr.ni t;:';;-"Sale.-- , of wheat were made last week at So all the farmers in the United States are
The reason that some of these ele
breaking their necks to sell. They all
cents a decline of 5 cents per bushel.
Barley is not selling rapidly, 75 cents being seem eager to sell the same day or week ments are said to be more important
than others is, that the plants require,
the price offered, and farmers declining to or month.
Large crops of small grain will
Dearly beloved brethren, permit us to naturally, different proportions of this
remind you that there are three hundred mineral food, but if the soil is deficient
days in the year, and like- in any one of them, the plants will be
The Sentinel says that many farmers of the and sixty-fiv- e
It might be
county are raising flax seed as a crop, claim- wise twelve months.
Spare vourselves imoerfect and defective.
ing very remunerative prices and easy sales of this haste. There is no doubt that wheat said that there is no soil that does not
At a sale of sheep made by J. will be wheat
throughout the year. contain a sufficient quantity of the last
W. and J. N. Bell at the fair grounds last
There is also no doubt that it will com- three elements, and, therefore, they need
evening, common ewes brought $2. 10
not be applied as a necessary fertilizer.
3.10 per head. Some Tennessee Southdown mand good prices. If there were an asewes, more or less pure, in low flesh, brought sured market at $125 in January, the Sometimes one or two of the first men$2. 7S3-2Per head. Southdown rams from present scale of deliveries would spoil tioned elements are lacking in the soil,
Woodford and Franklin counties sold well.
the spot market, be the undertone how- and this lack makes the soil seem so perHENRY.
fectly barren that sometimes the addiA Carrollton mill owner ever strong.
American crop is generally esti- tion to the soil of just one of deficient
has bought around Harper's Ferry several
hundred thousand feet of logs at $4 per 1,000 mated to be at least 50,000,000 bushels elements acts like magic, and a splen
board measure, in the tree.
Mr. less than last year, while the wants of did crop will be produced.
Bondurant is building a large tobacco drying
We give an instance that will illustrate
foreign consumers are estimated to be
house at Harper's Ferry.
nearly 100,000,000 bushels greater. On the above facts :
Mr. Philip B. Cooper, of Elizabeth,
A thresher, near Chaplin, threshed forty the other hand, wheat has to pay higher
crops in one day. The forty farmers brought tolls to railroads and steamships than a Harrison county, Ind., in the fall of
their wheat to one yard and they ran from 2
field that he wanted
year ago, for which, of course, due al- 1876 had a
to 100 bushels.
Fairfield claims the tallto put in wheat. He measured off one
lowance must be made.
est corn in the county.
acre o'n the best end of the field, on
which he drilled in with the wheat 600
Mr. J. P. Lane tried drilling wheat both
KEEP ON THE FARM.
lbs of dry wood ashes. On the other
ways last year, and concludes that it don't pay
In these dull times, when scores of three acres he drilled 111 200 lbs of
to put it in that way.
Mr. J. W. Smith,
a good farmer at Glendale, has put in a large young men are out of employment, and Skene's Pure Raw Bone Dust to the
crop of bricks this year. His kiln stands the others are crowding in from other places, acre,
in 1877, when harvested, the
dry weather well.
Mr. J. L. Nail has re- seeking for
"genteel" situa- one acre fertilized with the wood ashes
moved from the Rineyville neighborhood to
tions, it is well to give wide publicity produced six bushels to the acre, while
Jasper county, Mo.
to such facts as are set forth in the fol- the three acres fertilized with the bone
Extra mule colts sell at Salvisa at $45 per lowing extract from the New York dust produced sixty bushels, or twenty
T. Cunningham, Salvisa, sold to
Journal of Commerce :
bushels to the acre, being fourteen
M. Cecil a lot of fat sheep, averaging 150 lbs,
One of the great problems of our day, bushels to the acre more than the wood
at $3.50 per cwt.
The Shakers at Pleas
ant Hill made an average of 18 bushels per too little discussed by those who have ashes produced.
acre on 188 acres of wheat; also claim a the ear of the public through the press
But in 1878 he put 200 lbs of Raw
growth of 88 lbs in 30 days for a sucking calf. or at the forum, is to furnish the young Bone Dust on this one acre, where so
Mr. J. T. Curry has exchanged, with men of this generation with remuneramuch wood ashes had been put, and got
Rev. W. P. Harvey, his farm near Harrods-burg- , tive
The professions are forty bushels from that one acre, which
of 214 acres, at $1,300, for land in
The shop keepers only produced six bushels the year beTexas.
are by far too numerous.
Agencies of fore, and this yield was twenty bushels
Jerry Maxwell, of Tennessee, sold to Mr. all classes are so multiplied that the oc- more than the three acres produced per
Stout, of New Jersey, 500 mountain sheep at cupants tread on each other's toes and
acre, without any wood ashes, although
$1.70 per head.
A very dull court'day
they had the same quantity of bone
in Stanford last week. No stock sales were are a bore and a nuisance to the gen
eral public. Clerks out of employment dust.
and willing to serve for a pittance, are
Now, what made the difference ?
Rain never fell on Kentucky soil that was to be reckoned by their tens of thou Good wood ashes contain all
more appreciated than that of the last three sands. Book
keepers with hungry eyes food elements, except nitrogen ; and
days. Our last rains before this were in June.
are reading the advertising lists in the its supply of phosphoric acid is not
Robertson Station, Aug. 7.
vain hope of an opening for their ap- enough for a wheat crop. Now, Raw
Some of the farmers around Bristow do not plication. Collectors, messengers, doorBone Dust contains two of the principal
expect to m ike more than a barrel of corn to
phosphoric acid lime
the acre. Good rains quenched a fizzing dry keepers, watchmen, conductors and the mineral elements
spell in many parts of Warren county last great variety of others, already expert, and four per cent, of ammonia.
seeking employment in kindred callings, three elements seemed to be especially
are waiting anxiously for some one to wanting in this soil, and brought out all
The Science of Health says : "If farm- engage them.
the good that was in the wood ashes,
ers would avoid suddenly cooling the
Every possible form of service that which made it double the crop over the
body after great exertion, if they would can be reckoned in the list of genteel same quantity of bone dust without
be careful not to go with wet clothing occupations is anxiously sought after the wood ashes.
or wet feet, and if they would not over- - by multitudes who have no other pro
Louisville, Aug. 12, 1879.
with the same heat and lack of wind.
Then I had to lie down to it, and was
Editor Farmers' Home Journal :
I am endeavoring to procure the hardly sensible when helped to the
house. Then came the chills. Curmost reliable information in regard to
rents of air blown through bellows
the comparative merits of broadcast
worked at the North Pole could not
and drilled wheat in Kentucky clay have inflicted
crueler cold. My physisubsoil land. I have a report from a
cal thermometer must have registered
very large wheat grower that is adverse
below zero, the rattle of my teeth
to the use of the drill, and greatly in 5000
might have made the "bones" of the
favor of broadcast sowing : his estimate
minstrels envious, and the agitation of
being a difference in favor of broadDRILL AGAINST BROADCAST.
cast of five bushels to the acre, although the wheat drilled had the best
land in the same field, and under circumstances as favorable to one as the
Please give us the general experience
and summing up of your farmer correspondents upon this subject. J. W. P.
Newtown, Scott County, Ky., Aug. 9.
The weight of testimony is so far in
favor of drilling.
We shall be glad to
have our readers, who have tried experiments, give us the result. Of course
one should not come to a definite conclusion from a single trial, but from the
result of a series of years. Ed. F. H. J.
KENTUCKY A. AND M. COLLEGE.
The trustees of Ogden college have
made a bid for the location of the Agricultural and Mechanical College at this
place, distinct from and in addition to
that made by the city authorities. They
engage to organize an agricultural and
mechanical department, with course as
broad and liberal as the law requires.
They engage to furnish grounds, buildings, apparatus and land for farming
purposes to the extent of two hundred
acres. They engage to receive and instruct free of tuition and without charge
of any kind as many students as are now
admitted under the law from the various
districts of the State free of tuition.
They agree that the State shall appoint
a board of visitors, who shall inspect
the workings of the institution, and upon
whose adverse report the contract with
the State may be at any time revoked
by an act of the Legislature.
In return for all this they simply ask
that the present income of the Agricultural and Mechanical College be paid
over to the regent of Ogden college to
be expended in the educational work.
This plan, it seems to us, is the most
feasible yet devised, and is free from
complications which might arise in any
other. Bowling Green Democrat.
New York Sunday News.
HOW IT FEELS TO HAVE THE
The saffron fiend whose chosen abodes
are on the west coast of Africa and the
West Indies, whence he occasionally
stretches a lean finger to our happy
land, once got hold of me. Why he
let go, I don't know. It was a terrible
shake up, although being at the end of
a very severe season, the people of
Belize, British Honduras, where I experienced the delicate attentions of the
tropical Beelzebub, said it was "a mild
It had been a bad year for yellow
fever. Sixteen out of the few white
residents had succumbed ; in fact, every
case was fatal. But in the latter end of
my frame might have worked the sewing machines for the largest shirt making establishment
in New York. I
shook and shivered and shivered and
shook, and felt deathly sick, when all
of a sudden came flushes of intolerable
heat. There were a few alternations of
extreme cold, and then the
of Satan was fired up to its fullest
The tortures I endured for the short
space left me of reason are indescribable by any pen short of Milton's. And
then ensued insensibility.
I was like a
log for a fortnight, and was unconscious
of, or at any rate I have not the smallest recollection of, the slightest pain ;
but to the lookers on the log was not
like one on the peaceful woodpile, but
rather the hissing, crackling, glowing
brand on the hospitable Christmas
hearth. My recovery from this active
stupor seemed to me as sudden as my
fall into it. They told me I had been
given up by the doctors, and, as it could
do no harm, had had champagne poured
down my throat, which I seemed to like
I do yet. This treatment, then considered very unorthodox, no doubt saved my life. I slept, perspired, and
awoke as lively as an infant, and as
weak, yellow, shriveled, like a bag of
old parchment filled with bones.
Bone Dust. Bone dust, like barnyard manure, does not immediately
yield up its nitrogen and phosphoric
acid to plants. The bone phosphate of
lime is insoluble in water, and but very
slightly soluble in water containing carbolic acid. The gelatine of the bones
would soon decompose in a moist, porous, warm soil, provided it was not
protected by the oil and the hard matter of the bones. Steaming removes
the oil, and reducing the bones to as
fine a condition as possible is another
means of increasing their availability.
Another good method is to mix the
bonedust with barnyard manure and let
both ferment together, and I am inclined to think this is the best, simplest,
and most economical method of rendering bones available. The bone dust
causes the heap of manure to ferment
more rapidly, and the fermentation of
the manure softens the bones. Both
the manure and the bones are improved
and rendered richer and more available
by the process. One ton of good bone
dust contains about as much nitrogen
as 8)4 tons of fresh stable manure, and
as much phosphoric acid as no tons of
But one ton of
fresh stable manure.
manure contains more potash than five
tons of bone dust. Harris' Talks on
THE GEORGIA CROPS.
The agricultural department at AtSeptember no one supposed it possible lanta, in its report dated August , gives
there could be any more of the scourge. the condition of the corn crop as 72,
However, whether I contracted the against 83.5 on July 1. A considerable
germs in New Orleans from the
hull of a filibustering schooner,
or directly where I was, I got my first
warning while slowly sailing in a yacht
one calm Saturday in October.
frightfully hot and our little yacht, the
Breeze, wooed the zephyrs to little purpose, and I soon had a bad headache,
which a substantial lunch (a " second
breakfast," as they call it out there),
washed down with Bass' ale, no doubt
didn't improve. However, I felt all
right soon after landing, a little languid
or so, and the same the day after.
On Monday we started on our return
deficiency is evident.
Cotton is reported at 85.8, and indications point to
a falling off as compared with the crop
of 1878. A long continued drought in
the early part of the season has nad its
effect. Farmers are urged to sow liberally of fall oats to meet the demand for
food for stock, which the short corn
crop will create.
A proposition was made in all seriousness to Congress, to let the waters
of the Gulf of Mexico into Hudson's
Bay, with a view to creating a climatic
change that shall be a favorable one.