Andrew F. Baker
Kentucky High School Athletic Association Records
Eastern Kentucky University ArchivesRichmond, Kentucky 40475-3102
This collection is open for research.
[Identification of item], Kentucky High School Athletic Association Records, 1982-1994, University Archives, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond.
The Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) was organized in Louisville in April 1917, when a small group of male educational leaders met by appointment during the annual meeting of the Kentucky Educational Association to discuss the regulation of inter-high school athletic contests. The writing of a constitution and by-laws was left to the organization's governing body, to be known as the Board of Control. The original board consisted of President Moses E. Ligon, prinicipal of Lexington High School, W.O. Hopper of Mt. Sterling and John H. Way of Carrollton. The Board's initial meeting on September 22, 1917 established the KHSAA's purpose--to purify athletics and codify basic rules of player eligibility and athletic conduct. Although the Association's Secretary, John H. Way, in his first letter to high school principals, declared that high schools had long felt the need for the influence of such an association only eighteen schools were sufficiently interested to join it. Charter members were: Frankfort, Louisville Male, Owensboro, Carrollton, Lexington High School, Carlisle, Anderson County, Monticello, Somerset, Ashland, Stanford, Paris, LaGrange, Norganfield, Danville, Clark County, Cynthiana, and Covington.
Enthusiasm for membership in the Association was slow to develop. By 1918 only twenty-one schools had paid their $1.50 annual dues. During the 1920s and 1930s high school sports achieved greater popularity which in turn led to the rapid growth for the KHSAA. The Association grew in part because it continued to adhere to its original purpose of developing and regulating high school athletics by the adoption of uniform rules of player eligibility and by making the school's prinicipal responsible for their observance. Other contributing factors included the improvement of the status of the coach, and the promotion of boy's and girl's post-season championship tournaments in basketball.
To be eligible for KHSAA membership, a school was required to be listed in the Kentucky Public School Directory. By 1938 over 600 schools had joined the Association, and the KHSAA's authority to impose penalties and sanctions against member schools violating rules and regulations had been upheld by the Kentucky Court of Appeals. In addition to determinating player eligibility the organization performed many other functions such as determining tournament sites, managing the state high school championships, establishing rules and regulations of competition, controlling game officials sanctioning All-Star and out of state games, resolving scheduling conflicts, investigating player and crowd misconduct, and administering the Player's Protection Fund which paid claims to injured athletes.
From its inception in 1918 the Boy's State Basketball Tournament has been the Association's major source of revenue. The initial tournament was held at Centre College in Danville. It moved to Lexington and the University of Kentucky's Alumni Gymnasium in 1919 and remained there until 1941 when it moved to the Louisville Armory which had a larger seating capacity. The KHSAA did not begin to make significant revenue until the late 1930s when increased attendance made the Sweet Sixteen tournament one of the premiere sporting events in Kentucky. This attendance coupled with increased revenue from radio broadcasting rights, assured the financial success of the Association. From the 1940s on the boy's tournament site has been located either in Louisville or Lexington. The girl's basketball tournament began in 1921 and continued until 1932 when basketball was abandoned as a high school sport. The tournament was reinstituted in 1975. Other sport championships were gradually added to the KHSAA's sanctioned list of athletic contests which presently includes 29 championships in twelve sports.
The Association's structure also changed through the years in part as a reponse to various changes which have occurred within society. In 1935 the Board of Control's membership increased to five. Four years later another man was added. In 1937 a delegate assembly of school representation was established. Instead of each member school sending a voting member to the annual meeting (always held in Louisville to coincide with the meeting of the Kentucky Educational Association) sixty-four districts were established in the state with each member school allowed to vote for a delegate from the district to attend the annual meeting.
Until 1947 the Association's chief administrative officer had been the President who was selected every year. Only four men, with M.S. Ligon and W.F. O'Donnell of Carrollton having the longest tenure, served as president prior to the beginning of World War II. The war seriously interrupted high school sports scheduling due to the rationing of gasoline and the inability of schools to acquire buses for team transportation. Shortly after the end of the war, the Board of Control voted to hire a full time commissioner to oversee all the Association's activities. Longtime board member Theodore A. Sanford of Henderson was selected. Under Sanford's direction the Association grew and prospered, with revenues from the boy's basketball tournament showing a substantial increase. Sanford negotiated the KHSAA's television contract for the 1955 boy's basketball tournament and during his tenure, the Association moved to its first permanent location on Rose Street in Lexington. Additionally, the integration of all black high schools into the KHSAA in the late 1950s occurred during his presidency. Sanford retired in 1972 and was replaced by his longtime assistant Joe Bill Mansfield who was succeeded by Tom Mills in 1976. In 1991 Mills retired and was replaced by assistant commissioner Billy Wise. Wise retired in 1994 and the KHSAA's first black commissioner, Louis Stout, was selected.
The 1970s saw the KHSAA continue to prosper and experience many other significant changes. In response to a federal court order in 1971, the Association added a black assistant commissioner (Louis Stout) in 1972, as well as two black members to the Board of Control. In 1976 the organizations first female assistant commissioner (Diane Caines) was selected following the return of the Girl's State Basketball Tournament in 1975. The composition of the Board of Control has changed to its current total of twelve members two of which must be black and two of which must be female. Another significant change to the KHSAA's structure was the passage of SB60 by the 1978 Kentucky General Assembly which placed control of interscholastic athletics under the Kentucky Department of Education. The Education Department has delegated authority to the KHSAA to manage athletics and is only involved in the appeals procedure. In response to dwindling attendance at the boy's basketball tournament in Louisville in the early 1970s, the Association moved the championship to Rupp Arena in Lexington for several years. Attendance, as well as revenue, increased dramatically. In 1992 the KHSAA moved into its new headquarters on Executive Drive in Lexington.
The Association has continued to grow with the addition of championships in soccer and softball, the continued growth of both boy's and girl's basketball tournaments, and the inception of a program to help with substance abuse.
|1918||First Boy's State High School Basketball Tournament|
|1920||First State Track Meet|
|1921||Ten District Tournaments Held / First Girl's State High School Basketball Tournament|
|1922||State divided into 16 Districts|
|1924||State divided into 18 Districts|
|1927||State Divided into 24 Districts, 6 Regions / A and B Classification Adopted For All Tournaments|
|1928||State Divided into 32 Districts, 8 Regions|
|1931||State Divided into 64 Districts, 16 Regions / A and B Classification Discontinued for State Tournament / First State Tennis Tournament|
|1932||Girl's State Basketball Tournament Discontinued|
|1933||A and B Classification Discontinued for All Tournaments|
|1934||Eight Semester and Twenty-Year Age Limit Rules Put Into Effect|
|1935||Board of Control Membership Increased to Five|
|1938||Plan for Registering and Training Officials Adopted / Officials' Clinics in Football and Basketball Begun / Board of Control Membership Increased to Six / Secretary Takes Over Management of State Basketball Tournament / Printing Association Magazine The Athlete Authorized / Regional Track Meets Made Part of State Program|
|1939||National Federation Basketball Rules Adopted / KHSAA Protection Fund Incorporated / First State Golf Tournament|
|1940||Association Joins National Federation / First State Baseball Tournament|
|1942||Board of Control Membership Increased to Seven|
|1943||Number of Districts Doubled, With 16 Regions and 4 Sections|
|1944||Sectional Tournaments Discontinued|
|1945||Number of Districts in Region Reduced to 4|
|1946||First KHSAA Sponsored State Swimming Meet|
|1947||Full-Time Commissioner Elected / Board of Control Membership Increased to Eight / Rules Re-Codified|
|1948||Number of Basketball Games Limited / Sanction Rule Strengthened / Commissioner Authorized to Determine Regional Tournament Sites|
|1949||Assistant Commissioner Added to Association Office Staff|
|1950||Classes Adopted for State Swimming Meet|
|1951||Regional Golf and Tennis Tournaments Made Part of State Program|
|1952||Awards Rule Adopted|
|1953||First KHSAA Sponsored Cross Country Run|
|1954||District and Regional Basketball Trophies Standardized|
|1955||First Televised Basketball Championship Game|
|1956||Regional Cross Country Made Part of State Program|
|1957||Coaches Required to Attend Rules Clinic|
|1958||Board Given Authority to Set Up Football Championship Plan|
|1959||First Football Championships / Requirements of Coaches Increased|
|1960||First State Tennis Tournaments for Girls|
|1961||First Football Districts Established|
|1962||First State Swimming Meet for Girls / First State Rifle Championship|
|1963||Wrestling Made Part of State Program|
|1964||Delegate Assembly Adopts Age Limit of 19 / New Rule to Take Effect in 1968|
|1965||First State Golf Tournament For Girls|
|1966||First State Track Meet for Girls / Classes Adopted for Boy's Track|
|1967||First State Gymnastics Meets for Boys and Girls / First Required Registration of Baseball Officials / Classes Adopted for Cross Country Run|
|1968||Regional Wrestling Tournaments Made Part of State Program|
|1969||Classes Adopted for Girls's Track / Age Rule Modified / Second Assistant Commissioner Added to Association Office Staff / First Registration of Wrestling Officials|
|1971||New Office Building Erected|
|1972||Board of Control Membership Increased to Ten / Third Assistant Commissioner Added to Association Office Staff / First State Soccer Tournament|
|1974||First State Fencing Tournaments|
|1975||Girls' State Basketball Tournament Revived / First Girls' Cross Country Run|
|1976||First Woman Assistant Commissioner Added to Association Office Staff|
|1978||State Board Of Education delegated authority to KHSAA for management of inter-scholastic athletic program of the secondary schools|
|1979||First Volleyball Tournament|
|1980||Registration of Track Officials|
|1981||Change to Meters in Track|
|1982||Limitation of Season Placed on All KHSAA Sponsored Events|
|1983||First Girls Softball Tournament - Registration of Softball Clinics|
|1984||Sports Information Director added to Association Office Staff|
|1986||Kentucky-Indiana Championship - "Mid-American Classic" Begun|
|1987||First Consultant for Corporate Sponsors Hired by Association Office / Agreement Reached with Dawahares to sponsor Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Sports Hall of Fame|
|1988||26 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributors inducted as the first class of inductees for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame|
|1989||25 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributers inducted as the second class of inductees for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame|
|1990||15 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributers inducted as the third class for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame / Ground is broken for the new KHSAA Headquarters, which will house the offices of the Association, as well as nearly 15,000 square feet of space for the KHSAA/Dawahares Hall of Fame and Museum|
|1991||21 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributors inducted as the fourth class of inductees for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame / Billy Wise named KHSAA's fourth commissioner|
|1992||Dawahares agrees to a 4-yr contract extension as sponsor of the Hall of Fame. In return, the family provides the new furniture for the KHSAA office building and Hall of Fame / 21 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributers inducted as the fifth class of inductees for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame / The KHSAA moves into its third headquarters building, located on Executive Drive off Winchester Road near the junction of I-75 and 64 / First Girl's State Soccer Tournament held|
|1993||26 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributors inducted as the sixth class of inductees for the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame|
|1994||19 former participants, coaches, officials, and contributors inducted as the seventh class of inductees of the Dawahares KY High School Athletic Association Hall of Fame / Louis Stout named KHSAA's fifth commissioner Board of Control closes on a refinancing package designed to stabilize the finances of the / Association|
In October 1980, the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) Board of Control voted to deposit the historical files and records of their organization at the Eastern Kentucky University Archives. The records were transferred to the Archives in the summer of 1981. Shortly thereafter they were placed in a state of temporary arrangement with a preliminary finding guide prepared. Arranging and describing the records in a formal and complete manner began in 1984. Careful attention was given to maintaining the records in the original order in which they were received; however, it became necessary once processing commenced to establish several new series, especially among the earliest records, since there was no discernible pattern of arrangement. The finished processed collection consists of 167 boxes and over 50 films and videotapes which are divided into twelve series. According to provisions of the Agreement of Deposit the entire collection is open for research, but permission to quote extensively or make copies of audio-visual materials must be received from the KHSAA.
The KHSAA records are an excellent source for historical information on the Association's activities in particular and twentieth-century Kentucky high school sports in general. Of particular interest is the relationship of high school athletics and local and state political activities. The records, especially the Minutes of the Board of Control and the Tournament Correspondent Series, document the intense personal and economic rivalry between Louisville and Lexington to attract the Boy's Sweet Sixteen basketball championship games to their respective cities. The Schools Series is of vital interest to those doing genealogical research, along with researchers concerned with the effect of the integration of black schools into the KHSAA in the 1950s, and the effect of the school consolidation movement in the 1950s and 1960s on small, rural high schools. Significant information on the development, decline, and resurgence of girl's athletic competition is adequately chronicled in the records. Statistical information concerning scores and best records abounds in the materials. Unfortunately, however, many films of previous KHSAA-sponsored championship events, especially boy's basketball tournament games, have been either lost or destroyed. In addition, the collection of photographs is very limited.
This is an updated inventory which covers mostly the years 1970-1990. The Audio-Visual Series is very strong with 224 different tapes or film covering primarily the mid-1980s and early 1990s. The Presidential Series, covering several years in the 1930s, was discovered too late to include in the first inventory, and it is included in this inventory.
All of the processing of the records, typing of the inventory, box labels, and other items was performed by a student assistant assigned to the Archives. The diligence and promptness in completing this project is deeply appreciated. Additionally, the Archives is indebted to the KHSAA for depositing their records at Eastern Kentucky University for permanent preservation.
The Audio-Visual Series Consists of 255 16mm films and 1/2 ² VHS and 3/4² U-matic video cassette tapes of KHSAA-sponsored championship boy's and girl's athletic contests covering the years 1982 - 1993. Materials are arranged alphabetically by sport and chronologically within the sport. In this there is information on the participants, game score, date of event, location, and information medium. The majority of the films and tapes are concerned with the Boy's and Girl's Sweet Sixteen basketball tournaments. For a guide to earlier games see inventory number 31. The tapes are available for use only in the Eastern Kentucky University Archives Department.
The Newspaper Clipping Series consists of one box of original and photocopied clippings covering the years 1979, 1986-1994. The Lexington Herald Leader is the primary source of most of the clippings, with a few clippings from the Louisville Courier-Journal. The package contains the State Boy's Basketball Tournament from 1979. The folder contains various sports between the years 1986 to 1994. All clippings are arranged chronologically.
The Presidential Series consists of five boxes (2 - 6) of letters between primary Kentucky high schools and the president of the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) between the years 1929 - 1950. The materials deal primarily with overseeing eligibility of individual players. Most of the eligibility conflicts that developed concerned issues such as: the 21-year-old rule, the preceding-semester rule, transferring from one school to another without corresponding change in address, passing the minimum number of academic credit hours, and being eligible as a war veteran.
The Presidential Series is arranged chronologically by year and then alphabetically in folders according to the first letter of the school's name. In researching cases between two schools, it is recommended that both schools be researched since that case could be under either or both schools. This series should be used in conjunction with the schools series and, if needed, the subject
The official publications of the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) compose seven boxes (7-13) of material containing magazines and tournament programs between 1955 and 1994. The records are organized in alphabetical order by publication and chronologically within the publication. The series consists of four basic publications. The first is the Kentucky High School Athlete which began publication in 1938. Designated the official organ of the KHSAA, the Athlete contains minutes of meetings, financial transactions of the association, ratings of officials, and a summary of the sports action that took place in the previous month. The second publication is the Constitution, By-laws and Tournament Rules. These are the official "laws" of athletic regulation. The next publication is the Directory. It contains all the addresses of each school in the Association along with addresses and phone numbers of each official in the organization from coaches to the commissioner. There are also statistics of past KHSAA championship tournament winners contained in the Directory. The final section is the State Tournament Programs. These are the official guides to the championship tournaments and games in each sport sponsored by the KHSAA.
The official records of the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) comprise twelve boxes (14-25) of records from KHSAA-sponsored sports activities between the years 1943 and 1992. The records are arranged alphabetically by sport and chronologically within the sport. The series consists mainly of scorebooks from state tournaments, mostly basketball sweet sixteen tournaments. One of the boxes consists of regular season results of all football teams in the state between 1986 and 1988. In some folders there are pictures from state tournaments.
The Schools Series (formerly known as the Eligibility Lists and Correspondence Series) consists of 34 boxes (26-59). Files are arranged alphabetically by school and then chronologically within each school. Records exist from this project of 452 school no earlier than 1963 and no later than 1990. For earlier records, refer to the Eligibility Lists and Correspondence Series in Inventories Number 31, Record Group 135.
A typical eligibility list contains useful information, including players' dates of birth, city, county, and/or state of birth, and number of semesters in high school. These lists could be useful to those doing genealogical research.
Most of the correspondence in this series consists of letters to and from the KHSAA and member schools. The letters discuss such topics as eligibility of players, problems that occurred during the games played, punishment from the KHSAA to the player/team due to problems in a game, and much more. The discussions inside these letters give a good example of the closing of schools and urbanization in the 1960s and 1970s.
The Sports Series consists of 22 boxes (60-81) of the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA) sponsored games between the years no earlier than 1931 and no later than 1987. The Sports Series could be used in conjunction with the Tournament Correspondence Series. The Sports Series goes into greater detail than the tournament correspondence series and has along with it financial reports, regular season play, and occasionally pictures that were taken during games. The collection is organized alphabetically by sport and chronologically within the sport.
The Subject Series consists of four boxes (82-85) of materials covering the years 1944 to 1981. Files are arranged alphabetically by subject and chronologically within the subject. Much of the information in this series is from the National Federation of High School Athletics Association meetings. In this series a researcher could find trophies given in each sport between the years 1968 and 1981.
The Tournament Correspondence Series consists of ten boxes (86-95) of records covering the years no earlier than 1972 and no later than 1987. The materials document the history of boy's and girl's district, regional, and state tournament games and the correspondence with the Kentucky High School Athletic Association (KHSAA).Correspondence concerns such activities as voting for tournament sponsors and sites, assignment of tournament managers, the voting of all-tournament teams, and the payment of traveling expenses by the KHSAA. The files are arranged alphabetically by sport and chronologically within the sport.
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