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Pine Mountain Settlement School Records,1864-1984 (bulk 1913-1949)

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Processed by: staff; machine-readable finding aid created by:M. Plarr


Pine Mountain Settlement School Records


1864-1984 (bulk 1913-1949)


Berea College Special CollectionsBerea, Kentucky 40404

Conditions Governing Access note

Copyright has not been assigned to Berea College.

Preferred Citation Note

[Identification of item], Pine Mountain Settlement School Records, KYSX274-A, 1864-1984 (bulk 1913-1949)Special Collections, Berea College, Berea, Ky.


95 microfilm reels; 3,685 items


Pine Mountain Settlement School was founded in 1913 by Katherine Pettit and Ethel deLong Zande on land donated by William and Sally Dixon Creech, two Harlan Countians who wanted to provide wider educational opportunity for Pine Mountain area children. Pine Mountain Settlement School sought not only to provide conventional education but intellectual, industrial, and moral "training," as well as to serve as a social center for the surrounding neighborhood. In addition, the School sought to preserve mountain culture, particularly traditional music and dance. It also provided important health care services including vaccinations, dental and trachoma clinics, even delivery of babies. Extension centers at Line Fork Settlement and Medical Settlement at Big Laurel assisted in health education and provided homemaker's groups, community recreation, sunday schools, and some educational instruction.

Despite its efforts, however, the 1940s found the School in acute financial difficulties. In 1949, it came under the direction of the Berea College Board of Trustees and, in cooperation with the Harlan County Board of Education, became a consolidated public school. The 1960s brought about a reevaluation of the School's mission in light of the county's need for a larger public school. In 1972, Pine Mountain became an environmental education center, and provided space for workshops and other special programs.

Scope and Content

These materials document the work and administration of Pine Mountain Settlement School in Harlan County, Kentucky, and its extension centers at Line Fork and Medical Settlements.

Guide to the Pine Mountain Settlement School Collection. Berea, Kentucky: Berea College, 1986.


  • Harlan County, Kentucky -- Education, environmental
  • Pine Mountain, Kentucky -- Pine Mountain Settlement School
  • Schools, settlement -- Pine Mountain Settlement School
  • Harlan County, Kentucky -- Schools, settlement
  • Appalachia -- Schools, settlement
  • Appalachia -- Education
  • Appalachia -- Culture
  • Appalachia -- Health care
  • Harlan County, Kentucky -- Trachoma
  • Harlan County, Kentucky -- Education, health
  • Organizations, social service -- Medical Settlement

User Restrictions

Permission to publish from the microfilmed records must be secured from Pine Mountain Settlement School or its assigns. Permission to reproduce photographs must be secured from Special Collections, Berea College.

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