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Oneida Baptist Institute Records,ca. 1906-1983

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Processed by: staff; machine-readable finding aid created by:M. Plarr


Oneida Baptist Institute Records


ca. 1906-1983


Berea College Special CollectionsBerea, Kentucky 40404

Conditions Governing Access note

Copyright has not been assigned to Berea College.

Preferred Citation Note

[Identification of item], Oneida Baptist Institute Records, KYSX343-A, ca. 1906-1983Special Collections, Berea College, Berea, Ky.


44 microfilm reels; 401 items


Oneida Baptist Institute was founded in 1899 by James Anderson Burns, an eastern Kentucky native who had attended Denison University in Ohio. He wanted to use the school at Oneida to eradicate feuding in the mountains through Christian love and through development of innate intelligence.

In 1916, the Institute began operating branch schools in nearby communities. The next year, the Institute started to focus on community development by teaching better farming methods. After James Burns retired and the school was in difficulty, Associate President Sylvia Russell was appointed as director in 1922. She made the Institute solvent, increased the confidence of the community, developed a full staff, and filled the school to capacity with students.

During the next few decades, the Institute remained dedicated to providing an education emphasizing academics, manual labor, and religious instruction. In the 1960s, the Institute started admitting some students from outside the Appalachian area, although most students still came from the region. Although enrollment dropped in the early 1970s, it was revived through upgrading the academic program and continuing a strong emphasis on religious instruction.

Scope and Content

These document the Institute, which is located at Oneida in Clay County, Kentucky.


  • Schools, religious -- Oneida Baptist Inst
  • Schools, religious -- Oneida Baptist Inst
  • Oneida, Kentucky -- Oneida Baptist Institute
  • Clay County, Kentucky -- Community development
  • Clay County, Kentucky -- Farming
  • Appalachia -- Schools, religious
  • Curriculum -- Oneida Baptist Institute

Related Material

Other titles: Guide to the Oneida Baptist Institute Collection. Berea, Kentucky: Berea College, 1986.

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