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Page 8 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 03 no. 1 April, 1927

Part of Mountain Life and Work

Page 8 MOUNTAIN LIFE AND WORK April, 1927 These pictures were salesmen for the type of cash crops we believed should be adopted for our county. At the same time the people were told that township representatives for a County Board of Agriculture would be elected a month later, and this Board, composed of farmers and business men, would make plans for the agricultural development of the county. After these fifteen men had been elected by the people a meeting was called. The Jackson County Board of Agriculture was organized, and a plan of work for the coming year as well as a foundation plan for years to come was made. The plan of work was centered largely around the accept~d slogan: "Five Cows, A Hundred Hens, Thirty Ewes and a Brood Sow, we say, with Lime and Legumes make Farming Gash Pay." Cows For our dairy work we decided to lay the foundation for furnishing the excellent market we already had with a high quality butterfat. It was planned to place ten purebred dairy bulls and one hundred high producing cows in the county. During the past year twenty purebred dairy bulls have been placed in the county and forty-three scrub bulls exterminated. One hundred and forty high producing dairy cows and heifers have been brought into the county and in the process one hundred and forty-seven scrub cows have gone out. A definite plan of growing feed for our dairy cattle has been very successful. Our market is paying fifty cents per pound for butterfat this week, and the Tennessee Jersey cows which we have had a year, have already paid for themselves. We gave our business men and two bankers a part in planning our program of work. When we decided the county needed twenty fine dairy bulls, these men furnished the backing for buying them and paid 25 per cent of the cost. We placed one of these bulls in each community of the county where dairy cattle should be kept, and we did such a thorough job of disposing of our scrub sires that Jackson County led the State in the Purebred Dairy Sires Campaign during the past year. The farmers show that they appreciate the part our business men have taken in this work. The business men also gladly supported the drive which enabled us to have a county-wide tubercular test of all our cattle, and this cooperation has done a great deal toward uniting our farmers and business men in working to make Jackson County a better place in which to live. Hens Our Board of Agriculture planned to place ten thousand standard-bred baby chicks with fifty farmers in order to standardize these fifty farm flocks last year. Eleven thousand chicks were paced on forty-seven farms. With standard brooders and brooder houses eighty per cent of these chicks were raised. In October of the past fall, practically every farm had its seventy-five to one hundred pullets, housed well and beginning to lay when eggs were fifty cents per dozen. During the winter these hens have been at work, yielding to their owners a real profit. As one farmer says-"All winter long my hens at work in their house have cleared every day more than any day's wage I could earn." We have held cooperative car-lot poultry sales during the past year with fair success for a baby poultry county. Over $6,000 worth of poultry was marketed this way during the year by the County Poultry Association. Our farmers and business men have already realized that the 20,000 standard-bred chicks which we must have for this year should be produced at home from our own flocks. In order to do this a firm of three, composed of two business men and a farmer, have established a county hatchery, which is now busy turning out chicks; thus our money is kept at home to develop our county. Ewes A cooperative car-lot wool sale and the production of more and better sheep were the objectives for sheep work in the county for the past year. Our wool sale was a real success, and many of our farmers are taking more interest in sheep growing. Sow Our goal in hog production for 1926 was to have thirty farms each with a purebred brood sow, with a hog house and pasture. Twentythree farmers completed the project and the pigs they produced are bringing in cash now.

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