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Page 6 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 03 no. 1 April, 1927

Part of Mountain Life and Work

Page 6 MOUNTAIN LIFE AND WORK April, 1927 which the bees like even better. Thus the family can easily have honey for its table as well as some to sell. On many mountain farms there are sugar trees, the product of which is delicious to eat and easy to sell. Where there is no maple product, a small sorghum patch will provide molasses for eating and cooking purposes. , Thus the mountain farmer by making the most of his garden, orchard, p o u I t r y, milk cow, hogs, bees, and sugar grove or sorghum patch can produce seventy-five to ninety percent of his living, and a mighty good living at that. Then the surplus from these sources does, in not a few cases, provide all the money that is needed to buy the few remaining supplies, pay taxes, etc. Mountain markets A Pmrebred Slaontlaoon Cow and Calf By Courtesy of the Southern Agriculturist are daily growing better. There is a demand for all kinds of things to eat at the mines, lumber camps and saw mills, vacation resorts, summer camps and hotels. There are a number of sources of cash income aside from the surpluses of the "live at home" program. Among these is timber. Trees flourish in the mountain region. The woodland will furnish the farmer all of his building material-except possibly a small amount of finished lumber for inside work- his fence posts, and his fuel from the waste. If the woodland is of some size, it will provide timber to sell from time to time, and this source of income is one that will amount to more and more as the years pass. The fruits of some forest trees are also valuable. If black walnuts are not already there, the finest specimens should be planted on every mountain farm, choosing places where hogs do not run much of the time, as the hard shells injure the teeth of stock hogs. Choice hickory nuts should be planted and cared for. Japanese chestnuts should be set out, as this variety is said to be resistant to the chestnut anthracnose which is killing the native chestnut. Some of the more hardy pecans may well be planted, and hazel nuts set out in waste places. Hardy English walnuts are doing well in parts of the mountains and might be planted more generally. These will make beautiful trees, and their pro ducts will add to the 4ood things for fam ily use. Markets can be found locally and by shipping. Today there is an increasing demand for shelled nuts. Sometimes there will be land available for a h3arket crop, such as Irish potatoes, or tobacco, but ordinarily the main use of level land will be to produce feed for the farm stock. Cattle and sheep are other important items of cash income. The mountain pasture can be handled so that it will carry cattle seven to nine months of the year. The writer has seen cattle do well on pastures until Christmas in West Virginia at an altitude of three thousand feet. The wintering qualities of the mountain pasture are important for they reduce the needed amount of winter feed in barn and stack. With such pasture, good stock cattle and fine grass-fattened cattle can be produced by the use of very little grain and only a moderate amount of roughage. If a good breed of calves is raised and proper care is taken, a high priced finished product will be produced whether the calf is sold to some farmer in the valley to finish or a little grain is fed and the animal is finished at eighteen to thirty months as young beef. Since sheep can live practically all the year round on permanent pastures, they are well(Continued on Page 10)

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