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Page 16 of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.21 n.1

Part of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal

ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES TO MEET PUPILS' NEEDS By WILLIAM M. COOPER Director of Adult Education, Hampton Institute To the Principals and Supervisors of the Negro Schools in Kentucky: It is'a pleasure to bring greetings from Hampton Institute and from Virginia where we, too, are concerned with the major problems confronting youth, namely how to equalize educational opportunities for all the children of our respective states. You are to be congratulated for the splendid effort you are making in this direction and you must realize that we, over in Virginia, are thoroughly in accord and are pulling with you toward the early realization of your dreams. Today we, who are school administrators, are confronted with a number of new significant developments in public education. We must pay attention to them because they are the components of the new program of public education which is just evolving and which we will be called upon to administer. Within these new developments are to be found the following: The first of these late present-day developments is that of studying the child as well as the subject matter. The second is that of home-community study and resource use. The third emphasis in education today is on world understanding and appre- ciation whereby we will not only acquaint our children with the locality, the state and the country in which they live, but also with people who live in other coun- tries, to the end that they may understand these people and appreciate their contributions that they have to make; particularly those contributions that come with human progress because of the diversity of cultures of people in differ- ent parts of the world. The fourth emphasis is that of adult education in which we are realizing for the first time that it is impossible to pre-educate a person for life. In other words, changes are taking place so fast and so drastic these days that even if a person were given the fullest education he could take before he entered the world of work, he would not have enough to meet the new conditions which require new understandings, new knowledge and new skills. The fifth phase of education that is receiving a tremendous amount of atten- tion is that of guidance of pupils in the light of the child's nature, in the light of the community in which he lives and in the light of the world in which he lives. The sixth emphasis is that of evaluation. Criteria and principles are being worked out whereby we can continuously evaluate what is being done in the schools to the end that we can know whether we are achieving our purposes or not and then revise our programs so that the pupils' learning will be improved. Now all of these developments are important. It is for us who are educators to organize them in a compact, workable plan that we can use in working with our teachers and in helping them to improve the opportunities of the pupils. However, there is one basic element which must underlie all of the foregoing emphases; that element is, the sincere desire of the teacher and adminis- trator to see their pupils grow into the very best of which they are capable. Does this sincere desire lead us to study the pupils? Yes, but in terms of poten- tials rather than in terms of limitations, in terms of appreciation for what the pupil is and has rather than condemnation because he is not what we thought he ought to be. It is only human that teachers and parents respond better to praise and encouragement than to scorn and denunciation. Both teachers and parents are what they are and do what they do for very good reasons. It is our job as administrators to understand them sympathetically and with this understanding to help them obtain their best as they work directly with the children. SPECIFIC ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURES RECOMM3IENDED FOR MEETING PUPILS' NEEDS A. The Investigative Measures. These measurf's consist of finding in- formation about conditions in the community in which the pupils live and mnak- 16

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