klgarulrar042Inventory of the papers of Murray B. Atkins Walls, 1866-1980Peggy MuddUniversity Archives and Records CenterUniversity of LouisvilleEkstrom LibraryLouisville, Kentucky40292 USAPhone: (502) 852-6674Fax: (502) 852-6673Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgURL: http://louisville.edu/library/uarc/University Archives and Records Center1981Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, May 2000.ENGInventory of the papers of Murray B. Atkins Walls, 1866-1980Contact InformationUniversity Archives and Records CenterUniversity of LouisvilleEkstrom LibraryLouisville, Kentucky40292Phone: (502) 852-6674Fax: (502) 852-6673Email: email@example.comURL: http://louisville.edu/library/uarc/Processed by: Peggy MuddDate Completed: 1981Encoded by: Apex Data Services Copyright 2000 University of Louisville. All Rights Reserved.Walls (Murray B. Atkins) papers, Spring 1981ULRAR04262 items, 3.17 linear ft.Walls, Murray B. AtkinsUniversity Archives and Records CenterLouisville, Kentucky 40292Open to researchersCopyright has been transferred to the University of Louisville and there are no additional restrictions.[Identification of item], Murray B. Atkins Walls Papers, 1866-1980, University Archives and Records Center, University of Louisville, Louisville. Gift of Murray B. Atkins and John H. Walls, 1979Summary of Significant EventsMurray B. Atkins Walls1899Born in IndianaRaised in Indianapolis, Indiana1920Graduated from Butler University, member Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority1927-1936Taught at Crispus Attucks High School, Indianapolis1920's-30'sActive in Y.W.C.A., Indianapolis1935Married John H. Walls1930'sWorked as volunteer at Louisville Red Cross Hospital1937-1944Worked as Supervisor of Tenant Selection, Louisville Municipal Housing Commission1940-1979Active in Louisville Council of Girl Scouts, helping to integrate its program in 19541940'sMember Louisville Housewive's LeagueMember Women's Auxiliary to Falls City Medical Society1941-1952Leads fight to desegregate Louisville Free Public Library1944Hired as Personnel Director for Negroes, Kaufman-Strauss Department Store, Louisville1950'sMember of Women's Auxiliary to Kentucky Bluegrass Medical Association1956-1957Served on Louisville Mayor Broaddus' "Committee of 100"1956-1963Member Kentucky State Board of Education1960'sWorked as family re-location advisor for Urban Renewal and Community Development Agency1961Appointed to Louisville Mayor Hoblitzell's Civic-Religious Advisory Committee1964Made a member of Louisville and Jefferson County Human Relations Commission1979Moved to Berkeley, California1982Returned to LouisvilleDr. John H. Walls1889Born in Mason, Tennessee1913Entered Meharry Medical School1913-1917Worked as Pullman porter during summer breaks1917Graduated from Meharry Medical School1917Worked for Sears & Roebuck in Chicago to pay off school debts1917Commissioned 1st Lieutenant in Medical Reserve Corps1918Established an office in Louisville, Kentucky as a general practitioner1918Joined Falls City Medical Society1920'sElected President of Falls City Medical SocietyMember of Louisville Health CouncilEstablished "Well-Baby" Clinics in Louisville's West End1925-1971Active member of Executive Board of Louisville chapter of NAACP1930'sStudied at Louisville General Hospital during summers1935Married Murray B. Atkins1936Joined surgical staff of Louisville Red Cross Hospital1941Elected President of Alpha Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, hosting national convention in Louisville1942-1957Member of Governing Board of Louisville Red Cross Hospital1968Retired from private practice1968-1970Worked on staff of Duvalle Health Center1979Moved to Berkeley, California1982Returned to Louisville1983Died in Louisville, March 29The papers of Murray B. Atkins Walls, (1899-) date from 1866 to the present. The bulk of the material relates to the lives and careers of Murray Atkins Walls, a civil-rights activist, and her husband, Dr. John H. Walls, (1889-) a prominent Louisville black physician. Most of this material dates from 1929 to 1980. Also included are records dealing with Mrs. Walls' father, Dr. C.R. Atkins, a noted Indianapolis physician, as well as records concerning others in the Atkins family. These Atkins family records date from 1866 to 1938.The papers occupy approximately 1.25 linear feet. Donated by Mrs. Walls in 1979, the papers have been arranged into series according to individuals, types of material, and topics. There are no restrictions on access.The Murray B. Atkins Walls, 1866-1980, papers mainly document her career as a leader in the struggle for integrated facilities, open housing and civil rights in Louisville, Kentucky from the mid-1930's through the 1970's. Less fully-documented is the life and career of her husband, Dr. John H. Walls, a black physician who practiced in Louisville for over 50 years, who was also very active in the cause of civil rights. The papers also include a small series on the Atkins family and Mrs. Walls' father Dr. Calvin R. Atkins, a prominent physician in Indianapolis during the period 1898 to 1923.The record material consists basically of newspaper clippings, civic and personal correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, texts of speeches, newsletters, programs, awards and citations, all of which were collected and saved by Murray Walls throughout the years, The materials are arranged by subjects in a manner similar to Mrs. Walls' original arrangement.The best documented aspect of Murray Walls' career is her long-time leadership of the Louisville Council of Girl Scouts (1940-1979) which she helped to achieve integration in 1954. Other activities of hers are sketchily outlined, such as her teaching career at Crispus Attucks High School in Indianapolis (1927-1936) her employment as Tenant Supervisor for Louisville Municipal Housing Commission (1937-1944) her crusade to provide adaquate public housing and open housing legislation, her long fight to desegregate the Louisville Free Public Library (1941-1952) and her memberships on the Kentucky State Board of Education (1956-1963) and the Louisville-Jefferson County Human Relations Commission (1961-1970.)The collection provides a brief, incomplete picture of the life and career of Dr. John H. Walls from 1918 to 1980. Some of his activities as an executive board member of the Louisville chapter of the NAACP (1925-1971)are outlined. His early life in Mason, Tennessee, his school years at Meharry Medical College and his summers spent working as a Pullman porter (1913-1917?) while a student are discussed in a 1973 Courier-Journal article. The collection does document the highpoints of his civic and professional career, but contains little detail.Also included in the collection are a few letters and telegrams from notables such as W.C. Handy, Langston Hughes from the 1930's and from Whitney Young, Jr. during the 1960's. Mrs. Walls also has collected newspaper clippings and autographs of several prominent black entertainers, artists and civil rights leaders such as Paul Robeson, Paul Lawrence Dunbar and Roy Wilkins. She has also included some genealogical material on the Atkins family and some scant biographical information on her father, Dr. Calvin R. Atkins. The collection contains many photographs, mainly of the Atkins family, of Mrs. Walls Girl Scout and public housing activities and of her and Mr. Walls friends and associates.The bulk of the Walls' papers cover the years 1927 to 1965 and are an enlightening source for the the history of the civil rights movement in Louisville during that time period. The history of blacks in medicine is also touched briefly.**Note to researchers: The University of Louisville Archives and Records also possesses a set of oral history interviews done with Murray and John Walls in 1977 which supplement and clarify much scattered information contained in the Walls' papers.Container ListingATKINS FAMILY RECORDS, 1866-1938Box 1, .25 linear feetArranged by type of materialLetters, postcards, geneological records, newspaper clippings, church record book from Hardinsville CME Church, Hardensville, Ky. (1891-96 & 1901,) Howard University Commencement invitation (1894,) texts of speeches mentioning or eulogizing Dr. Calvin R. Atkins.1f.1Speech by Dr. Aldridge Lewis mentioning Dr. Calvin R. Atkins (1938?)1f.2"My Old Kentucky Home" Songbook, inscribed by M.A.W. (copyright-1853, inscription-1933)1f.3Dr. Calvin R. Atkins miscellaneous papers (1898-1923)1f.4Atkins family correspondence--birthday cards, postcards (1914-1918)1f.5George W. Murray, invitation to commencement, Howard University Pharmaceutical School (1894)1f.6Church Record Book, Hardensville CME Church Hardensville, Ky. (1891-1901)1f.7Biographical material, Atkins family (1866-1923)MURRAY ATKINS WALLS PROFESSIONAL AND CIVIC RECORDS, 1929-1980Box 1, .50 linear feetArranged by subjectNewspaper clippings, correspondence, texts of speeches, printed materials and photographs, collected by Mrs. Walls, concerning her career as a teacher in Indianapolis (1927-1936) her marriage to Dr. Walls and her work as Tenant Selection Supervisor for the Louisville Municipal Housing Commission (1937-1944.) Her involvement during the 1950's and 60's in the Open Housing fight in Louisville and the movement to desegregate the Louisville Free Public are both documented. The most complete file is that concerning her work to integrate the Louisville Council of Girl Scouts during the 1950's. Included also are her various civic awards and citations.2f.1Biographical material, Murray A. Walls2f.2Award from Y.W.C.A. and National Council of Jewish Women (1962)2f.3Wheatley School Dedication (1962)2f.4Louisville Jefferson-County Human Relations Commission (1961-1970)2f.5Mayor's Civic-Religious Advisory Committee (1961)2f.6"Committee of 100" (1956-1957)2f.7Kentucky State School Board (1956-1963)2f.8Auxiliary to Kentucky State Blue Grass Medical Association (1950's)2f.9Alpha Kappa Alpha (1945-1979)2f.10Kaufman-Straus Co., Black employment (1944 and 1976)2f.11Housewives' League (1943-1949)2f.12Public Library Integration (1941-1958)2f.13Girl Scouts' Activities (1954-1978)2f.14Girl Scouts' Activities (1940-1954)2f.15Public Housing Scrapbook (1938-1943 and 1966)2f.16Auxiliary to Falls City Medical Society (1940)2f.17Open Housing/Public Housing speeches, clippings (1937-1966)2f.18Personal correspondence and clippings, Attucks High School (1934-1977)2f.19Y.W.C.A. Indianapolis (1929-1934)2f.20Awards and CitationsDR. JOHN H. WALLS PROFESSIONAL AND CIVIC RECORDS, 1926-1980Box 1, .25 linear feetArranged by subjectsCorrespondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, printed materials concerning Dr. Walls career as a physician in Louisville and his leadership in the Louisville chapter of the NAACP (1925-1971.) Included also are his various civic awards and citations.3f.1Biographical Material, Dr. John H. Walls3f.2Correspondence about Courier-Journal article (February 11, 1973)3f.3NAACP Award (1971)3f.4Civil Rights correspondence (1955-1959)3f.5National Medical Association Convention (1946)3f.6Civic and Professional Correspondence and Awards (1940-1978)3f.7Alpha Phi Alpha (1926-1961)MURRAY AND JOHN WALLS PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND MEMORABILIA, 1860's? to 1980Box 1, .25 linear feetArranged by types of materials and names of correspondents or subjectsPhotographs of Atkins family, of Murray and John Walls, their associates and friends. Quite extensive photographs of the Walls' trip to Europe in 1951. Correspondence between Mrs. Walls and W.C. Handy, Langston Hughes and Whitney Young, Jr. Newspaper clippings about prominent black entertainers and civil rights leaders. Personal letters from friends and acquaintances also included.4f.1Personal correspondence, Walls family (1938-1979)4f.2Charlotte Hawkins Brown4f.3Mattwilda Dobbs4f.4Frederick Douglass4f.5W.C. Handy4f.6Richard B. Harrison4f.7Langston Hughes4f.8Charlayne Hunter-Gault4f.9James Meredith4f.10Helen Mill-Lamptey4f.11Isaiah Montgomery4f.12Paul Robeson4f.13Alex Quaison-Sackey4f.14Jane Vialle4f.15Walter White4f.16Roy Wilkins4f.17Whitney Young, Jr.4f.18Walls family trip to Europe (1951)4f.19Atkins and Walls miscellaneous photographsOVERSIZED MATERIALS5Certificates 5Class Pictures 6Newspaper Clippings Unprocessed newsclippings from Louisville Newspapers on the civil rights movement in the 1960's and 70's.U of L Archives PhotographsD.W. Griffith Film Festival, RG 31 V21XVIII1) "West Texas" writer-director, Alan Gadney, blocks action for veteran actress, Florence Lake, during an opening sequence.1XVIII2) "West Texas" - Cast of Western portion standing in front of a sod house constructed on location near Riverside, California...1XVIII3) "West Texas" U.S.C. Cinema Department student crew filming on location of Western farm set built near Riverside, California...1XVIII4) "West Texas" - Students from Dept. Of Cinema, Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, film ending scene set in 1920...1XVIII5) MOMA Film Library #1 (street scene)1XVIII6) MOMA Film Library #6 (little girl with a cow)1XVIII7) MOMA Film Library #8 (people lined up for provisions)--All seven prints are 8'x 10'.Virginia T. Chance, RG 196 - 1962 ca.1XVIII-- #1 Scrapbook - Along with many newspaper photographs, this scrapbook contains one 5'x 7', thirty-two 8'x 10', and five 4'x 5' gelatin silver prints; all of these show the children and teachers in the daycare working in class as well as outside. Many of these photographs are credited to Robert Steinau.1XVIII-- #2 Scrapbook - This scrapbook contains twenty-two 4'x 5' prints, and thirteen 8'x 10' prints. All of them concern the daycare.John H. and Murray Atkins Walls, RG 169318 & 19- Photographs in folder #19 are in the Photographic Archive's collection. (79.11) Proofsheets should be found in this folder.5 (OVERSIZE)- (7'x 19') Photograph of the Central Community Conference YWCA, Lake Geneva 1925.