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Image 1 of Farmers' home journal, December 25, 1879

Part of Farmers' home journal

- "S 'M ram in PT Si5 A RECORD OF AGRICULTURE, Agriculture i LIVE STOCK, HORTICULTURE, BOTANY, AND THE KINDRED ARTS AND SCIENCES Subscription $1.50 per iumum, in advance. 8ee Premium Club list in another place. SPECIAL 1T0TICET0 ADVEKTISEKS. A recent large addition to the regular list of Subscribers to the FARMERS' HOME JOURNAL, should recommend it to ALL BUSINESS MEN who have any thing for sale to the country trade. eurThe paper circulates among thousands of Farmers and Dealers, who ship their live stock, tobacco and other farm products to Louisville for sale, and who invest the proceeds in supplies of all kinds for farm and family use, and who, too, are buyers of fine stock for breeding purposes. WAn advertisement in these columns will also be read every week by CASH BUYERS of fine stock, farm implements, and family supplies, not only in Kentucky, but throughout the whole of the SOUTH AND SOUTHWEST, where the Farmers' Home Journal largely circulates. who have lived in .Persia and Syria that BARREN. NELSON. FAYETTE COUNTY. Col. John Allen sold, in Lexington, 30 tons Capt. Phil "of hemp at $6 per 112 lbs. Kidd has purcnVsfcd a car load of young Short- horn bulls, which he will winter and sell at his Kansas City sale next spring. Jacob Hostetter sold 112 head of cattle, averaging to Kennedy & Co., at $4.75 per 1,846 lbs, cwt. Mr. Hostetter has also sold his crop of '',1';,. for 1SS0 and l88r, at $ 5 per cwt. J. T. Y.'ood has rented of Mrs. West 100 acres of land near Dog Fennel, to go in hemp, at $10 per acre. BOURBON. . HENRY. Eminence Grange No. 320 has been reor ganized with fifty members, electing J. J.Rees master, and Henry J. T. Wilson secretary. McElwain, near Eminence, cultivated two acres of'tobacco and got At S. H. $451 for the crop. Calloway's sale 16 feeding cattle brought $50.75 per head; 10 head oats, T.o(o $34 ; milch cows, $53 33cper "dozen bundles ; corn $2.30" per shock. Eighty gallons of soup were served to the crowd at dinner. 4c JEFFERSON. Mr. W. B. Crawford has missed a fine horse from his farm on the Bardstown pike, and thinks it was stolen. The parties also took a wagon and some turkeys from W. O. Armstrong, and geese from another party. Dogs have of late made such bold raids on the sheep and calves in the southern part of the county that farmers have to take to shotguns and strychnine to rid the county of them. The stock men about Oakland are grieved because they have but one stock yard to ship stock to in Louisville. When there was a proposition to establish another one, they were S. D. Ardery not heard from bought of J. S. Claypool twenty-twmules at $86 per head. He also purchased from W. W. Merrett twenty head of extra mules at $102.50 per head ; also some good horses at $IOO to $225. 3c. 12.0 7.0 Total 100.0 When from any causd there appears difficulty in getting a supply of the best oats, an excellent mixture may be made of crushed n maize and beans, in the s of maize of and one of beans, which exactly affords the proportions of flesh food. forming and Bran is a very valuable food in a stable for reducing the inflammatory effect of oats and beans. Made into mashes, it has a cooling and laxative effect; but used in excess, especially in a dry state, it is apt to form stony se '. tL'.iii. vn the JiaweKs of the horse. Stones produced from the excessive use of bran have been taken out of horses ft. after death, weighing many pounds. When sawn through, they appeared to be composed of a hard, crystalline mass, deposited in regular annual rings, resembling in appearance the concentric yearly rings of wood; they prove to be composed of phosphate of magnesia and ammonia. Millers' horses are particularly subject to this malady. The best way to guard against it is to add half a pint of lin seed, boiled until quite soft, to the mash of each horse. This treatment has been known to relieve bad cases of a most distressing complaint in horses ; but as prevention is better than cure, owners of valuable animals, in regions where bran is extensively used as a part of the ration of work horses, should not neglect so simple a precaution as may be found in the use of linseed. Among human animals, a stone formation within, from whatever cause, is well known to give utmost distress, and no expense is considered too great for the purchase of relief. The faithful creatures who do our labor upon the roads and farms should not be treated with indifference when an easy and convenient method is known for not only easing their pain, but prolonging their useful lives. g r: o - ; - . V 1)1: SIMPSON. The farm of William Craft, of 100 N acres, near Black Jack church, was " sold last week for $535. At the Enterprise corn show there were thirteen entries of white and three oi yellow corn. S. C. McWhirter took first, and Taylor McCarley second on white corn. John H. Grainger, THE POUTER PIGEON. o( Tennessee, took first, and H. J. Duncan second on yellow corn. On court Now, although no men can understand day in Franklin, mules were in demand at better or so well how to get blood A hand advanced prices. Medium 14 to horses into galloping condition as stock brought $70 to $90. HARDIN. CLARK. Dr. Wash Miller is wintering 300 cattle and Sales: 30 shoats, average 900 sheep. Robert Scobee & Son 110 lbs, at One dealhave over 600 acres in wheat. er bought 9,600 turkeys in this county this Hemp seed sells at $1 per bushseason. W. D. Sutherland sold 103 fat sheep, el. C. W. Gaitskill averaging 150 lbs, at 4c. fold 100 sheep, averaging 180 lbs, to James Ford at 4c too cheap by a half cent. Woody fiber Mineral matter (ash) two-third- 40c. WARREN. V. Muir sold sixteen heifers, averaging Thos. Current, I400lbs, at $4.25 per cwt. & Co., five Ruddle's Mills, sold to Kennedy per cwt. cattle, averaging 1,625 s at $4-Will. S. Kerr sold John Evans a lot of s at 4c. feeding cattle, averaging 1,285 Henry Bryant sold fifty mules, medium in Wm. Gibson, quality, at $85 per head. near Flat Rock, raised 12S bbls corn on eight Sales: by R. Hopkins & Son to acres. ; Oilman, of 99 sheep,averaging 172 lbs, at W. L. Gibson to Esquire Tho.mpson, lot of W. H. II. shoats, 60 to 75 lbs, at 3'c. Johnson has bought the Purnell farm, of 1 50 acres, near Millersburg, at $60 per acre, cash. J. Number 25, 1879. race-hors- Wm. Sternbergcr, near Tracy, killed a hog the change of food from barley to oats that dressed 532 lbs, and J. M. M. Ellis one often, when imported, produces a conBuck Pedigo that made 516 lbs dressed. 7 has sold his farm on Beaver creek to Al dition of blindness in .Arabian horses. Thomas Baker, for $4,550. Dickey sold to Curd. Owen & Co. 140 acres, near Cave Ctty, for $1,400. At the Elizabethtown Newi corn show, the first premium was awarded to John. A. Wil liams ; second to John C. Bogard, and third to C. C. Carey. 1 J. W. Smith shipped from Glendale a car load of hogs, of his own raising, that averaged 321 lbs. Half of them were onlv twelve months old. HENDERSON. English grooms, they do not, and few of their masters do, know the reason why oats and beans are the best food for putting muscular flesh on a horse. The agricultural chemist steps in here, makes the matter very plain, and shows that if you want pace, Indian corn, although normnally cheaper, is not cheap at all. According to Dr. Voelcker's and other chemists' analysis, we find, in round numbers, in oats, beans, barley and maize, the following Cherry Hill Grange, near Robards' Station, is being reorganized and taking new life. ames I. Buckman. near Cervdon. sold SCOTT. to Henderson packers thirty-twhogs that Dr. C. J. Graves has purchased of Z. P. Herriott his farm of 100 acres, near Payne's averaged 514 lbs, and for which he got four constituents : E. P. cents per pound. Depot, at $70 per acre, cash. OHIO. Oats. Beans. Barley. Gaines sold to W. Z. Thompson 45 yearling Dogs got four sheep belonging to A. C. Water 5 14.3 N. Estes, near mules at $95 per head. Nitrogenous or Sadieville, raised two pigs that weighed an Ellis, near Hartford, and Mr. Ellis got one of compounds... 13. o 95 F. W. Pirtle killed eleven Starch and other aggregate f 485 lbs at four months and thir- the dogs. heat and hogs that averaged 328 lbs. teen days old. o M-- Maize 14-- g JESSAMINE. Crop of old hemp sold in Nicholasville at The $6 per cwt ; new, quoted at $5. County court wants 200 acres of good land on which to locate the poor house. J. C. Ferrell, Little Hickman, has a five weeks old stock. pig that weighs 50 lbs. Poland-Chin- a Thomas Roberts is erecting a new barn on a very high point. Look out for high About Keene some thieves are winds. raiding on the hog pens. Last year, owners would almost let down the fences for them, but now they stand guard. MARION. Mr. Joseph Spaulding shipped a car load of horses and mules to New Orleans last week. Thomas Durham bought seven head of and 16 hands high, at $100 per mules, 15 head. MADISON. of C. C. Chrisman EFFECT OF LARGE CITIES UPON AGRICULTURE. Mr. Mechi, the agriculturist, deplores the agricultural loss involved in river pollution, and recalls the words of Liebig : "The sewers of Rome en gulfed in the course of centuries the prosperity of the Roman farmer ; and, when the fields of the latter would no longer yield the means of feeding her population, the same sewer devoured the wealth of Sicily, Sardinia, and the fertile lands on the coast of Africa. " He adds : "Large towns, like bottomless pits, gradually swallow up the conditions of fertility of the greatest coun Mr. Mechi estimates that it tries. takes the annual produce of 20,000 acres to feed London one day. Dr. Faris has bought eighty acres of land, without a house, near Isaac N. Kirksville, at $70 per acre. Card well sold to Cyrus Fox 122 acres three miles from Richmond, at $60 per acre cash. Congress adjourned At the sale of the Jason Walker property, horses of all ages brought from $25 to inst. for the holidays. on compounds. ready-mad- e fat... Indigestible wootiy fiber Mineral matter ( ash ) Oil, as Total 54.4 43.0 ao 10 3 n-- 8.0 64.1 6t.o 2.5 7.0 3.0 3.5 70 26 100.0 100 o 100.0 HARDY FIG TREE. 10.5 55 2.1 100 o It was a common saying in Leicestershire, before deep draining, clean cut fences and increased sheep feeding had improved agriculture at the expense of fox hunting, after one of those runs at best pace that are now so rare, "It found out the horse that ate old beans and best oats." In fact, they made experiments they did not understand, which it was left for the modern chemist to explain. When we feed a bullock, a sheep, or a pig for sale, after it has passed the store stage we want to make it fat as quickly and as cheaply as posible ; but with a horse for work the object is to give him muscle in common language; the iqth hard flesh. There are times when it is profitable to make a horse fat, as, for Xc ;4 $140; 142 commou sheep, $2.85 per head; OF KOODS. FEEDING VAl-Uinstance, when he is going up for sale 58 Cotswolds, $4.05 to $6.20; two year old after a severe hunting season. For heifers, good stock, $3.32 per cwt; 57 two Every good groom knows that sound this purpose, an addition of about a year old steers, $41.50 per head; stock hogs, oats and beans, in due proportion and pound and a half o'f oilcake to his ordi$4.06 per cwt. at least a year old, are the very best nary food has a good effect. It is esBOYLE. Mule traders say the prices are getting too food for a galloping horse the only-foo- pecially useful when a horse that has high for them to make anything by taking on which it is possible to get the been closely clipped or singed is in low them South. Mr. W. L. Caldwell e condition out of a condition. It helps on the change to bought, last week, five small blocky mules at very best A Mr. Nelson Kimberton or a hunter. It has also recently be- the new coat by making him fat. $55 per head. lost 26 hogs, from suffocation, in one of his come known that horses do slow work horse in low condition changes his coat Danville court day: and get fat indeed, too fat on maize, very slowly. recent shipments. Now, oil cake is comthere were 400 cattle on the market ; the best Indian corn, which is frequently one posed of 2 to t. 4c, common brought 4C. medium to third cheaper than the best oats. In Moisture 12 o 3J2C ; 10 head ordinary mules sold at $59.50 ,,.5 per head. The range for mules was as high the East, horses are fed on barley, and Oil Nitrogenous 29.7 it is a popular idea with English officers Mucilage and compounds. as $125 per head for the best. digestible fiber 27.8 A. J. Yewell, near Betland, sold to Alfred Xall 900 bushels of corn at KENTUCKY FARM NOTES. 5 the most Healthful, most Useful, and most Noble Employment of Man. Washington. LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY, DECEMBER Volume XXVII. v- In a private letter from Dr. J. H. D. Bowmar, of Vicksburg, Miss., he informs us that he has a new fig tree that he thinks will be hardy in Kentucky. He says : "I have a fig that I believe will stand the climate of Kentucky. It differs from the ordinary figs, in its fruitinp only once a year, and that in July. After the fruit ripens, the tree stops growing, loses its sap, and is like any ordinary tree. The common figs bear three crops a May and June crop, a July, and an October crop, and the tree is green and full of sap when winter sets in. This new fig is of the finest quality." Over 6,000,000 acres of Irish land is owned by less than 300 individuals, twelve of whom are in possession of 1,297,888 acres between them, while 5,000,000 of the Irish people own not a solitary acre. 52 THE POUTER PIGEON. The cut on this page represents the pouter pigeon with the crop inflated with air. This breed of fancy birds is very popular with fanciers, and generally bred in yards, when there is any attempt to keep up a variety. Except the power which they possess of inflating the crop until its s.ze equals the whole body, we know of nothing remarkable about them, and this is of no practical value. However, when you go to buy them, the price will be high enough. THE FEEDING OF CALVES. At a recent meeting of the Elmira Farmers' Club, the subject of feeding calves was discussed as follows : Dr. Cuddeback I find trouble with my calves. If any person can tell me how to treat calves dropped in April or May, to insure growth and hardy constitution, I shall be very glad. What food shall I give? How shall I manage the calves ? My practice has been to feed skimmed milk after the first few days, and then buttermilk mixed with it, say after the calves are three or four weeks old. I have added wheat middlings or shorts, with but poor success. J. S. Van Duzen I would not expect to fail with such food and good care. T beH ffeding ground 'raiii when the calves are not more than a fortnight old, and have no trouble in raising them. Mr. Lyon When dairy products are as low as they are now, it is a good way to put two calves on a cow and let them run with her, feeding on her milk and what grass they can graze. W. A. Ward I think Dr. Cuddeback attempted to force growth. That will not do with calves. It causes many failures. In' my judgment, Colonel Hoffman calves designed for dairy purposes should be fed only lor good, healthy growth no forcing. For show purposes heavy feeding may be admissible. My calves are put on buttermilk and skimmed milk early when they are forty-eigh- t hours old for it is less difficult to get them to take sour milk early, than after they have had sweet milk a long time. With such feeding they make all the growth that I think profitable. If I feed too liberally, sometimes they make too much growth. I have had calves gain eighty pounds in a month. If I were feeding steers I For the thoroughmight prefer grain. bred bull calves the same treatment that the heifers have is satisfactory until about this time of year, when I add a handful of chopped stuff for each. Mr. Wixom, of Schuyler county I feed sweet milk, and after the calves are a month old, I add a little oil meal with very fair success. You will say, I suppose, that I should have fine calves from such feeding. J. S. Van Duzen I have seen Mr. Wixom's stock, and can assure you that he has very fine animals. There is a reason for his success, which you have not heard. He feeds only Shorthorn grades, for he procures the best Shorthorn bull he can find; and besides the care in breeding, he feeds liberally. President Hoffman Colonel Piollet has informed me that the whole corn fed to his calves through the first winter has given good satisfaction. Mr. Belles Would it not be better soaked six or eight hours ? Lewis Fitch No; the best way is to fee? whole and dry. Last season I had ten calves and I sold milk, so I could not feed that. The calves had the new milk for two or three days, and then anything I could get them to eat, with very little milk. Of course they did not look very well in the fall. I gave each a gill of whole corn a day, with good fodder, all they would eat, and they came out in spring good, strong calves.

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