LIVE STOCK, HORTICULTURE,
BOTANY, AND THE KINDRED ARTS AND SCIENCES
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SPECIAL 1T0TICET0 ADVEKTISEKS.
A recent large addition to the regular list
of Subscribers to the FARMERS' HOME
JOURNAL, should recommend it to ALL
BUSINESS MEN who have any thing for
sale to the country trade.
eurThe paper circulates among thousands
of Farmers and Dealers, who ship their
live stock, tobacco and other farm products
to Louisville for sale, and who invest the
proceeds in supplies of all kinds for farm
and family use, and who, too, are buyers of
fine stock for breeding purposes.
WAn advertisement in these columns
will also be read every week by CASH
BUYERS of fine stock, farm implements,
and family supplies, not only in Kentucky,
but throughout the whole of the SOUTH
AND SOUTHWEST, where the Farmers'
Home Journal largely circulates.
who have lived in .Persia and Syria that
Col. John Allen sold, in Lexington, 30 tons
"of hemp at $6 per 112 lbs.
Kidd has purcnVsfcd a car load of young Short-
horn bulls, which he will winter and sell at
his Kansas City sale next spring.
Hostetter sold 112 head of cattle, averaging
to Kennedy & Co., at $4.75 per
cwt. Mr. Hostetter has also sold his crop of
'',1';,. for 1SS0 and l88r, at $ 5 per cwt.
J. T. Y.'ood has rented of Mrs. West 100 acres
of land near Dog Fennel, to go in hemp, at
$10 per acre.
Eminence Grange No. 320 has
been reor ganized with fifty members, electing J. J.Rees master, and
J. T. Wilson secretary.
McElwain, near Eminence, cultivated two acres of'tobacco and got
At S. H.
$451 for the crop.
Calloway's sale 16 feeding cattle
brought $50.75 per head; 10 head
$34 ; milch cows, $53
33cper "dozen bundles ; corn $2.30"
per shock. Eighty gallons of soup
were served to the crowd at dinner.
Mr. W. B. Crawford has missed a fine
horse from his farm on the Bardstown pike,
and thinks it was stolen. The parties also
took a wagon and some turkeys from W. O.
Armstrong, and geese from another party.
Dogs have of late made such bold raids
on the sheep and calves in the southern part
of the county that farmers have to take to
shotguns and strychnine to rid the county of
The stock men about Oakland are
grieved because they have but one
stock yard to ship stock to in Louisville. When there was a proposition
to establish another one, they were
S. D. Ardery
not heard from
bought of J. S. Claypool twenty-twmules at $86 per head. He also
purchased from W. W. Merrett
twenty head of extra mules at $102.50
per head ; also some good horses at
$IOO to $225.
When from any causd there appears difficulty in getting a supply of
the best oats, an excellent mixture may be made of crushed
maize and beans, in the
and one of beans, which exactly
affords the proportions of flesh
Bran is a very valuable food
in a stable for reducing the inflammatory effect of oats and
beans. Made into mashes, it
has a cooling and laxative effect;
but used in excess, especially in
a dry state, it is apt to form
stony se '. tL'.iii. vn the JiaweKs
of the horse. Stones produced
from the excessive use of bran
have been taken out of horses
after death, weighing many
pounds. When sawn through,
they appeared to be composed
of a hard, crystalline mass, deposited in regular annual rings,
resembling in appearance the
concentric yearly rings of wood;
they prove to be composed of
phosphate of magnesia and ammonia. Millers' horses are particularly subject to this malady.
The best way to guard against
it is to add half a pint of lin
seed, boiled until quite soft, to
the mash of each horse. This
treatment has been known to
relieve bad cases of a most distressing complaint in horses ;
but as prevention is better than cure,
owners of valuable animals, in regions
where bran is extensively used as a part
of the ration of work horses, should
not neglect so simple a precaution as
may be found in the use of linseed.
Among human animals, a stone formation within, from whatever cause, is
well known to give utmost distress, and
no expense is considered too great for
the purchase of relief. The faithful
creatures who do our labor upon the
roads and farms should not be treated
with indifference when an easy and
convenient method is known for not
only easing their pain, but prolonging
their useful lives.
The farm of William Craft, of 100
acres, near Black Jack church, was
sold last week for $535.
Enterprise corn show there were thirteen entries of white and three oi yellow corn. S. C. McWhirter took
first, and Taylor McCarley second
on white corn. John H. Grainger,
THE POUTER PIGEON.
o( Tennessee, took first, and H. J.
Duncan second on yellow corn.
On court Now, although no men can understand
day in Franklin, mules were in demand at better or so well how to get blood
advanced prices. Medium 14 to
horses into galloping condition as
stock brought $70 to $90.
Dr. Wash Miller is wintering 300 cattle and
Sales: 30 shoats, average
Robert Scobee & Son
110 lbs, at
One dealhave over 600 acres in wheat.
er bought 9,600 turkeys in this county this
Hemp seed sells at $1 per bushseason.
W. D. Sutherland sold 103 fat sheep,
C. W. Gaitskill
averaging 150 lbs, at 4c.
fold 100 sheep, averaging 180 lbs, to James
Ford at 4c too cheap by a half cent.
Mineral matter (ash)
V. Muir sold sixteen heifers,
I400lbs, at $4.25 per cwt.
& Co., five
Ruddle's Mills, sold to Kennedy
cattle, averaging 1,625 s at $4-Will. S. Kerr sold John Evans a lot of
s at 4c.
feeding cattle, averaging 1,285
Henry Bryant sold fifty mules, medium in
quality, at $85 per head.
near Flat Rock, raised 12S bbls corn on eight
Sales: by R. Hopkins & Son to
Oilman, of 99 sheep,averaging 172 lbs, at
W. L. Gibson to Esquire Tho.mpson, lot of
W. H. II.
shoats, 60 to 75 lbs, at 3'c.
Johnson has bought the Purnell farm, of 1 50
acres, near Millersburg, at $60 per acre, cash.
Wm. Sternbergcr, near Tracy, killed a hog the change of food from barley to oats
that dressed 532 lbs, and J. M. M. Ellis one often, when imported, produces a conBuck Pedigo
that made 516 lbs dressed. 7
has sold his farm on Beaver creek to Al dition of blindness in .Arabian horses.
Baker, for $4,550.
Dickey sold to Curd. Owen & Co.
140 acres, near Cave Ctty, for $1,400.
At the Elizabethtown Newi corn show, the
first premium was awarded to John. A. Wil
liams ; second to John C. Bogard, and third
to C. C. Carey. 1
J. W. Smith shipped
from Glendale a car load of hogs, of his own
raising, that averaged 321 lbs. Half of them
were onlv twelve months old.
English grooms, they do not, and few
of their masters do, know the reason
why oats and beans are the best food
for putting muscular flesh on a horse.
The agricultural chemist steps in
here, makes the matter very plain,
and shows that if you want pace, Indian corn, although normnally cheaper,
is not cheap at all. According to Dr.
Voelcker's and other chemists' analysis,
we find, in round numbers, in oats,
beans, barley and maize, the following
Cherry Hill Grange, near Robards' Station,
is being reorganized and taking new life.
ames I. Buckman. near Cervdon. sold
to Henderson packers thirty-twhogs that
Dr. C. J. Graves has purchased of Z. P.
Herriott his farm of 100 acres, near Payne's averaged 514 lbs, and for which he got four
E. P. cents per pound.
Depot, at $70 per acre, cash.
Oats. Beans. Barley.
Gaines sold to W. Z. Thompson 45 yearling
Dogs got four sheep belonging to A. C. Water
N. Estes, near
mules at $95 per head.
Sadieville, raised two pigs that weighed an Ellis, near Hartford, and Mr. Ellis got one of
compounds... 13. o
F. W. Pirtle killed eleven Starch and other
aggregate f 485 lbs at four months and thir- the dogs.
hogs that averaged 328 lbs.
teen days old.
Crop of old hemp sold in Nicholasville at
$6 per cwt ; new, quoted at $5.
County court wants 200 acres of good land on
which to locate the poor house.
Ferrell, Little Hickman, has a five weeks old
pig that weighs 50 lbs. Poland-Chin- a
Thomas Roberts is erecting a new barn
on a very high point. Look out for high
About Keene some thieves are
raiding on the hog pens. Last year, owners
would almost let down the fences for them,
but now they stand guard.
Mr. Joseph Spaulding shipped a car load of
horses and mules to New Orleans last week.
Thomas Durham bought seven head of
and 16 hands high, at $100 per
of C. C. Chrisman
EFFECT OF LARGE CITIES UPON
Mr. Mechi, the agriculturist, deplores
the agricultural loss involved in river
pollution, and recalls the words of
Liebig : "The sewers of Rome en
gulfed in the course of centuries the
prosperity of the Roman farmer ; and,
when the fields of the latter would no
longer yield the means of feeding her
population, the same sewer devoured
the wealth of Sicily, Sardinia, and the
fertile lands on the coast of Africa. "
He adds : "Large towns, like bottomless pits, gradually swallow up the conditions of fertility of the greatest coun
Mr. Mechi estimates that it
takes the annual produce of 20,000
acres to feed London one day.
Dr. Faris has bought
eighty acres of land, without a house, near
Kirksville, at $70 per acre.
Card well sold to Cyrus Fox 122 acres three
miles from Richmond, at $60 per acre cash.
At the sale of the Jason Walker property, horses of all ages brought from $25 to inst. for the holidays.
Indigestible wootiy fiber
Mineral matter ( ash )
HARDY FIG TREE.
It was a common saying in Leicestershire, before deep draining, clean cut
fences and increased sheep feeding had
improved agriculture at the expense of
fox hunting, after one of those
runs at best pace that are
now so rare, "It found out the horse
that ate old beans and best oats." In
fact, they made experiments they did
not understand, which it was left for
the modern chemist to explain.
When we feed a bullock, a sheep, or
a pig for sale, after it has passed the
store stage we want to make it fat as
quickly and as cheaply as posible ; but
with a horse for work the object is to
give him muscle in common language;
the iqth hard flesh. There are times when it is
profitable to make a horse fat, as, for
$140; 142 commou sheep, $2.85 per head;
FEEDING VAl-Uinstance, when he is going up for sale
58 Cotswolds, $4.05 to $6.20; two year old
after a severe hunting season.
heifers, good stock, $3.32 per cwt; 57 two
Every good groom knows that sound this purpose, an addition of about a
year old steers, $41.50 per head; stock hogs,
oats and beans, in due proportion and pound and a half o'f oilcake to his ordi$4.06 per cwt.
at least a year old, are the very best nary food has a good effect. It is esBOYLE.
Mule traders say the prices are getting too food for a galloping horse
the only-foo- pecially useful when a horse that has
high for them to make anything by taking
on which it is possible to get the been closely clipped or singed is in low
Mr. W. L. Caldwell
condition out of a
condition. It helps on the change to
bought, last week, five small blocky mules at very best
Mr. Nelson Kimberton or a hunter. It has also recently be- the new coat by making him fat.
$55 per head.
lost 26 hogs, from suffocation, in one of his come known that horses do slow work horse in low condition changes his coat
Danville court day: and get fat indeed, too fat on maize, very slowly.
Now, oil cake is comthere were 400 cattle on the market ; the best Indian corn, which is frequently one posed of
t. 4c, common
brought 4C. medium
third cheaper than the best oats. In Moisture
3J2C ; 10 head ordinary mules sold at $59.50
per head. The range for mules was as high the East, horses are fed on barley, and Oil
it is a popular idea with English officers Mucilage and compounds.
as $125 per head for the best.
A. J. Yewell, near Betland, sold to
Alfred Xall 900 bushels of corn at
KENTUCKY FARM NOTES.
the most Healthful, most Useful, and most Noble Employment of Man. Washington.
LOUISVILLE, THURSDAY, DECEMBER
In a private letter from Dr. J. H. D.
Bowmar, of Vicksburg, Miss., he informs us that he has a new fig tree that
he thinks will be hardy in Kentucky.
He says :
"I have a fig that I believe will stand
the climate of Kentucky. It differs
from the ordinary figs, in its fruitinp
only once a year, and that in July.
After the fruit ripens, the tree stops
growing, loses its sap, and is like any
ordinary tree. The common figs bear
three crops a May and June crop, a
July, and an October crop, and the tree
is green and full of sap when winter
sets in. This new fig is of the finest
Over 6,000,000 acres of Irish land is
owned by less than 300 individuals,
twelve of whom are in possession of
1,297,888 acres between them, while
5,000,000 of the Irish people own not
a solitary acre.
THE POUTER PIGEON.
The cut on this page represents the
pouter pigeon with the crop inflated
with air. This breed of fancy birds is
very popular with fanciers, and generally bred in yards, when there is any
attempt to keep up a variety.
Except the power which they possess
of inflating the crop until its s.ze equals
the whole body, we know of nothing remarkable about them, and this is of no
practical value. However, when you
go to buy them, the price will be high
THE FEEDING OF CALVES.
At a recent meeting of the Elmira
Farmers' Club, the subject of feeding
calves was discussed as follows :
Dr. Cuddeback I find trouble with
my calves. If any person can tell me
how to treat calves dropped in April or
May, to insure growth and hardy constitution, I shall be very glad. What
food shall I give? How shall I manage
the calves ? My practice has been to
feed skimmed milk after the first few
days, and then buttermilk mixed with
it, say after the calves are three or four
weeks old. I have added wheat middlings or shorts, with but poor success.
J. S. Van Duzen I would not expect
to fail with such food and good care.
beH ffeding ground 'raiii when the
calves are not more than a fortnight
old, and have no trouble in raising
Mr. Lyon When dairy products are
as low as they are now, it is a good way
to put two calves on a cow and let
them run with her, feeding on her milk
and what grass they can graze.
W. A. Ward I think Dr. Cuddeback
attempted to force growth. That will
not do with calves. It causes many
In' my judgment,
calves designed for dairy purposes
should be fed only lor good, healthy
For show purposes heavy feeding may be admissible.
My calves are put on buttermilk and
skimmed milk early
when they are
hours old for it is less difficult to get them to take sour milk
early, than after they have had sweet
milk a long time. With such feeding
they make all the growth that I think
If I feed too liberally,
sometimes they make too much growth.
I have had calves gain eighty pounds
in a month.
If I were feeding steers I
For the thoroughmight prefer grain.
bred bull calves the same treatment
that the heifers have is satisfactory until about this time of year, when I add
a handful of chopped stuff for each.
Mr. Wixom, of Schuyler county I
feed sweet milk, and after the calves
are a month old, I add a little oil meal
with very fair success. You will say,
I suppose, that I should have fine
calves from such feeding.
J. S. Van Duzen I have seen Mr.
Wixom's stock, and can assure you that
he has very fine animals. There is a
reason for his success, which you have
not heard. He feeds only Shorthorn
grades, for he procures the best Shorthorn bull he can find; and besides the
care in breeding, he feeds liberally.
President Hoffman Colonel Piollet
has informed me that the whole corn
fed to his calves through the first winter
has given good satisfaction.
Mr. Belles Would it not be better
soaked six or eight hours ?
Lewis Fitch No; the best way is to
fee? whole and dry. Last season I had
ten calves and I sold milk, so I could
not feed that. The calves had the new
milk for two or three days, and then
anything I could get them to eat, with
very little milk. Of course they did not
look very well in the fall. I gave each
a gill of whole corn a day, with good
fodder, all they would eat, and they
came out in spring good, strong calves.