ARTICULATION IN A FULL PROGRAM OF
Address by EDGAR P. WESTMORELAND, Supervisor of Industrial Arts and Voca-
tional Training, Washington, D. C., before Kentucky Negro Education Associa-
tion, Louisville, Kentucky, April 20, 1949
It is a great honor to be asked to participate in this public meeting of the
Kentucky Negro Education Association.
In coming to you from the nation's capitol, I bring greetings from the Wash-
ington School Club, the Columbian Education Association, and from our First
Assistant Superintendent of Schools, in charge of Divisions 10-13, Dr. Garnet C.
Wilkinson. He heartily indorses the principle of mutual exchanges of ideas
and opinions. We, too, in the District of Columbia, are very much interested
in the theme of this convention-"Education for a fuller realization of democracy.'
That this theme also has a national and international interest is evidenced by
the liberations now going on in Congress; the development of the Atlantic Pact,
the crisis in China, the work of the United Nations, and such far-reaching problems
whose final solutions will depend upon the direction and leadership of an edu-
1. On the national level we are now making some headway. According to
Dr. Earl J. McGrath, recently appointed Commissioner of Education,
"It has been the view of the large majority of Americans that all children,
regardless of their origins or social status, should have the chance to de-
velop their abilities to the fullest."
2. Federal Administrator Oscar R. Ewing recently expressed this opinion,
"We in America have something unique. I don't mean wealth or power,
or any material thing. I mean the part of our democracy that is still
largely a dream-but a very, very real one. I mean the ideal of equal
opportunity. . . . We all know it hasn't been achieved. Millions
of children have the cards stacked against them merely because their
parents happen to be poor or because they happen to be Corn in the wrong
part of the country. Millions more are denied equality of opportunity
for purely arbitrary reasons-race or color or religion."
3. Vice President Barkley, speaking last month to the National Conference
of Christians and Jews, challenged the American people to form a united
front against intolerance and bigotry. The theme of this convention is,
therefore, very timely.
The history of education in America presents a panorama of emphasis in the
educational process. In the earlier years, the focal points were the mastery of
skills and the memorization of facts. There was little else. Little, if any,
attention was given to the student as a personality, to his moral, social, and civic
consciousness, to his health, or his use of leisure time. Little, if any, attention
was given to the development of the students' judgment, discernment, initiative,
and ability to analyze and solve basic problems of living. In short, little, if
any, attention was given to Articulation-the process of relating the use of
skills to life, and of the inter-relationships among the facts learned as between
those facts and life. (For example, the difference between H20 and H2SO4.)