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Image 1 of The Kentucke gazette, November 15, 1788

Part of The Kentucke gazette

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UnuB t rr sit. J- 'J - ' ' ' . . S VA1 t- TU RD Y, A" . ' ' . NOVEMBER 15, 1788. - J. - J I,EXINGTONvV Printed by JOHN I jte fh'e, BRADFORD, at his Orncr in Main Street, where Subfcriptiqns, .Jdvertifements, Po iMTlMr JV riv0fl itttifFrtt hvnnrlie An ..'?. fmM of the free Inhabitants of the Comnonahy - Government no rrjan can deprive ust of it but ijy the laws" of the land in themakint; of which-w- e ellclvCit fzsisif- - GgNTLEAJEN and E tfTpHERE is nothing but , X that is hanging- - over f f lenti-tnenf- - thi-39- th clti-2e- s - at oi 1 s ; - have ijegal equal fbri'tefentation. But is a new Government is see un in consequence of the late measures, our property will be thrlill' from us b vfolence and not bv ennfent either by connTcation 01 exo bitan' 'axat on. for as there is so large a majority as 300, to 500, that has not gave their afient to 'he late illegal flep we h.ie reason to believe they are against the fepa.at'On at piefent; theiefore they will not tamely ubmit to such an usurped Government and as such our property as well as lives w II nem ich in danger. As to our liberty we see we a e "hollv de iMVci jfit'nthe"ery ti'ft nft.ince Was theie "ever seen a more arbitiary meaf e; han those ambitious mem have taxen in Fayette, tot about 500 illegal 't - elect ive Reore entatives and hcv to accept fattl election and to meet in Cop- en 'on and ptelume to ha'e 'he voice nd au'hority of the Cpunty 10 bunion i new tjovernmen when so large a majority hai not gave their aflent to. F;om 'Vinch cucumftan e theV aie opposed it. tb it; I say is not this afupu)" orr he rights and liberties of fiee mi'i ?.Any pe son with half an eye nm- - see tint r libeity is gone, is we do not (hike for tieedem for hy the same rule that theMiH'or ty qi 500,10 000 may ;oicc a revolution' a lei's .numbe. is.1,; nay the same principle wtil I'ftify one peuon to do it ;.and so make him-selK;ug at Now is can receive rib idvant e 111 (he fecuiity of the lives; pioperty or libeity ot its Citizens there can be no pub he neceffity why we Ihouid ; especially when we confidcr all those above blefllnfts we enjoy .from Virginia without any ex.'ence to the iliftrtft; and we have reaion to be ievo from pad expenence that is we conduct ouifeivcs well, we may. enjoy 'those bleflings as we have done, so long as the Savaaes continues their dei'iedations on otti fronneis; but is thenewGoveinmenttakei place we thai! pay dearly for bleflings (is we get them ;, 2dly. What arc the advantages of a feparadon and who it '.s that will reaptntm. 1 have ahea dy (he vn thai.cheiC is no public advantage that can poflibiy jultify the measure; but there area num bei ot pi ivate advantages that is to be enjoyed As the honours and dignities that by mdi itluals. is eirentially necelTaiy to a sovereign and inde pendent Gove.nment, this is a very attracting object to individuals; they love to be called of man Ilaboi but this .is pot all theie is the Salaries and proporioneJ to thoia dignified offices Of state, this is also a Wfirabie object and theie is but tew liieh W ho have them in view but is powerfully influenced by,' them; fhole are the only real advantages ana thu:e ae they who will reap them;. I Know of no ot,he a (vantages that is fufficie.it a tepa.aiion it may be said the Le'gulato.-- s meeting 500 miles fiom the dilt-liis a public gnevance; 1 it b.it we see t men willing to iepieie,ut"us and has hi' therto oowined every thirig "that was reasonable for us to expett and that too whilsl: it has cost us nothing . Whereas had we the honors and of fovfiieignty Tixed within thediitriand a Governor a chiet Mfcgiltrate and othei nccella-ryf- r Orficeis ot state and their salaries annexed the ex,)ence would be so intolerable tha- all 'those advantages would be fwallowcd up and lost to the commonalty o. the diltuct add to. this te, other necelTaiy expence that must attend an Ind'epend'-eGoveinment 111 order for its own falety and delcncc; togethei with the diftnfts proportion of the foieign ana uonielt.c debt ; 1 say (uch an expence will "bring on luch heavy taxes that the commopahy ill gioan under the yoke; and lands being diltiainable for taxe.s;will rut it in the power of those who hold the office? of Government, to make themselves proplietois of the soil and grind he, faces of he poor; now Gentlemen the di sad vantages of such enormous and grievous expences is in itself enough to over ba lance every thing tnu can be said in savor of aL this time: especially when we confi-de- r how difficult it is to raise-- a" lit'tfe Cafli "foi our teal nweffitics ; ic&,nocolfible for tho and-frfe- the approaching clanger our heads ; could have ijlduced me to addiefs you in the following manner fas I am a man of about 45 years. of age and never accepted of but one co nmiflion from the fta'ei never foiigtit popular applaule and never republic pay in my life; but ceived one milling-ohi'hewo havehvedon my own mduftry ; as mv course-pfther poor neighbours have done ; wjiich Jiving I mean to pursue. I have lived almoll .pine years in the D:ftri& and have born my part of the burthen and heat of the Jay) but I am now sensibly (truck with the impending danger the D ftnct. Us in, of violence, and oppreffion ; andcauld jyifliif pofllbleto avert the danger that threatens lis, and and knowing t is in your power to dispel the gathering storm I address vou on the fo'emn occasion and hope you will feel the same with my self,- now is the time or never. Providence has put. a favorable opportunity rnio our hands, is we do not let it (lip. I have day of OSoU'er 788, (taken up mv pen) with determination jo Vindicate the libeity and frecf !pm of the PUtrift,: and do not mean to lay it down unti) the, pi ize is gained .or lost ; the ground on which I Hand and mean to defend s, that a,Se-- , paratjqn of thepiftfict at prefentfrom the Eaftcrn part of theState; is not for the ,oo& of the at .large-thil lay down a a fitft' piinciple $nd mean to hold it upas a prime objeft. 'In the first place 1 fliall inqujre aster the neceiTity: of a separation at present. 2ndly The aH'mta ges. thereof; and who" it is that will ieap them. Andr3dly Compare' the advantages and duadvan-- ' tages together and see which will over balance., jft Then l am to enrfinYe aster the necefllty of a at present and for my part I am at a loss to, poipt outonereafonof a public nature that would, jiiftify The measure. What is it thai'Government Can-jdforjus-(htends to make us happy) is the seat thereof was fixed' at Danville; that we-ilnot,enjoy. 1 pre '"ume nothing that would juftl-- . (y a fepnration. i I do not suppose that our lives-pioperty or liberty would be better lecured than, thoya;c;at present.(if so well and it we receive no advantages in the security osthefe: rheieis no necelfity we mould Jeparate; for these ihouid be Ihe grea' objects of ail Governments. As t the fecu ityof our lives, ". har better provision could-Vdxpeel than we have ? Is not the Ijws- n punift any. who flull make an ayemft on tncmP N,iy, 'would not a Sepatation endanger oui lives? Can it be supposed that anew Government forced upon us by the illegal mca fuies latefy taken vill not endang'er the lives of thousands of our bed friends as foi mftance Faye'te County conta ns about 3500 see inhaui-- . tantsand only about 500 Voted in the. late legal Elestion: Now dmh reaion diclateth'at 3000 freemen will Oi ought to Iook upon what the of 500 mail do as ob'igatoryon Is. they, ought, where is lihe-.them Oj; equal lepre entation sled ? Is the new Government is J)i ought on by 01 in consequence of the late then theie will be about 3000 freejnha bitants in l ayette that on American pi inciplcs cannot be bound to fubinit to .it; became there has cieen no legal door opened foi them to give their Jiffent or diiTent to (uch a meafuie. ; Therefore any Juch Government brought on ,is tyrannical and opprefllve : N"r can fiee ipirirs Ifubmit to such aibitraiy meafu-esnow think a 8eparation at "present cleaily points out that the great objeft.of sec irin4 the- lives' of the Citizens Will be fiuft.ated; which proves that we ought joot to leparate until a Maiority of the free Iphabi-ant- s g've their lenal voice for it ; as so' proteling ourselves againfl the lavages; no advantage can will jultify themcaf.ae; as the. Militia law is 'ufficient to enib!e the Officers to repel any inva ?flon the Indian Tribes is able to make upon the Diftnft andxo puifue them is necelTary : as to the iectiiIt"yoroUr property will that be bettered by ftSepaution under tho piefcot 1 i . . . e eJ . . our-bes- dig-nuic- S - is. sc. for this paper, art thankfully trtft in its present situation to pay the expences ,rjf a re.wr.ite Government withoutjthegreateft difttrefs and as for moderation it is' not' to be expecVed in usurpers. We have already feeh whata prln-cip- le of moderation prevails in this diftrift with) rhofe that have the rule over us. What is tho County levies? What are they in 'effei (on ? lorJk are they not extravagant for at the Court-housa new Country ? VVh.u will the state ; and Gr?-v-e nors houses ne and what m id the public salaries be, is proportioned to County expences ;mjr 'dear'fiiends and fellow citizens it is tune for itfs to awake; here are disadvantages let us compare them with the advantages and see which Will o er balance; and in whose savor doth the scale turn the publicks or individuals ? Belides all this1; the fcparation is brought aboat by the late illegal measures will be an usurped Goveinment a majority of the fiee inhabitants (whicfi constitute the' public vo ce) appears to be againlt it; therefore it will be at the expence of a free and equal representation wh ch is an inconfola-'-blloss; the fpint of fieedom and liberty is too deeply rooted in the Ameiin free born to sub mit to such oppieflion and usurpation ; therefore intestine division and civil war mist be the natu ral conferences and is much to be tcaied. Al tho' the opprefled ma,1 exercise a degiee of pati ".nee sir a time, yet when their perions and property is attacked thei. rcfentment will burst forth in a dreadful storm ; add this to the scale of disadvantages and 1 think you must be roused. Gentlemen upon the whole doth any thing ofFei 07 a ieparation for public advantage; allmatter duly confldeted; I am petfuaded you willanfwci in the negative; then as all civil power originates from the people at large and power 'otlierwiie aflumed is arbitrary and oppreflive : step fmwaidl and claim your rights a? freemer?. my Country-me- n se VALERIUS ' LONDON ; luly 7 Extract of a letter fiom Vienna June 14'. " General prince de Lichtenftein has deli ed that,tbe battalions which are fenttohis adift nee may maich night and day: from this we may1 prcfume that he is in daily appiehenfoti of an attack from the Turks encamped ne.11- - Dub'czan. ' ',' The war has already cost us an immense sum even (according to some calc'ufation) more than two campaigns under prince Eu'gerie. there seems to be no want of money, and all the banks, both public and privatej keep their credit in the highest estimation by the promptitude 'of their paymenr. - Sweden is certainly in earned in her'difpute with Ruflia. The empress provoked the quarre , and may think the can ecede. The King, however thinks it is time to speak his mind freely. Not a ship is permitted to sail from :iny port in Sweden without being duly examined, lest flie may con tain fto'es or ammunition for Peteiftwrg. Two officers lately arrived from Pe'tei (burgh, who are going to Ttaly to make iotne arrangements there concerning the Ruffian sleet, have brought some lette;s for the Ruffian ambaffador residing there, which seem. in some measure, to have mformed him of the approaching motions oT the Ru'fG 111 armic-.- , as directly as he received the said- letteis, he declared prince Kaunitz, in a conference, that the troops of his sovereign would soon begin to acl so as to convince thi9 couit flie had the common cause at heart. Ic must undoubtedly have been very agreeable ro the ambaffador to have been authorized to makefucri communication, as it 'has no doubt been extreme! ly difagreeablc to him to hear the daily murmuri of the pubhc concerning the inactivity of the Ruffians. We are at present aflured, that field marftial couin Romnrzow is maiched with' his troops, who were a N'nic ow, to pass the Nie per, and that the corp of Ruffan troops which have hitherto been in Poland, will likewise pass that river to join the field marAal, and they do not doubt but that- 4000 Ruffians will 'soon agairj join prTncc' Cobourgki prt'-vd- te

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