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Page 3 of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.2 n.2

Part of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal

ILLITERACY The statistics of illiteracy presented as a result of the Fifteenth Census show that there is a steady decrease in the Negro illiterates of the United States, in the population ten years of age and over. In 1900 the percentage of illiteracy was 44.5; dropping to 30.4 in 1910, and 22.9 in 1920. As a result of the tabulation of the returns taken as of April 1, 1930, the total Negro population ten years of age and over is shown at 9,292,556 with 1,513,892 illiterates, or a percentage of 16.3, a decline of 6.6 per cent. In 1920 the total was 8,053,225, with 1,842,161 illiterates or 22.9 per cent. On April 1, 1930 there were 98,723,047 persons 10 years of age and over in the population of the United States, of which number 4,283,753, or 4.3 per cent, were returned as illiterate, that is, not able to read and write, either in English or in any other language. Of the total, 2,407,218 were white, 1,513,892 were Negroes, and 362,643 were of other races. ** * * * * * *8 OUR STATE SCHOOLS Elsewhere In this Journal will be found an outline of the program of the K. N. E. A. legislative committee for 1932. It will be noted that an effort is being made to have the two state schools placed on a permanent financial basis, similar to the other institutions for white persons in Kentucky. The latter institutions receive a definite amount e-ach month from the inheritance tax and road tax funds. State schools for Negroes desire a similar consideration and it is believed that our legislators will join hands with others in authority to insure such an adjustment. In addition to the above desire concerning our state in- stitutions, the Negro teachers and friends of education are anxious that our state Institutions be removed from politics. The white nor- mal schools tof Kentucky and the University of Kentucky are not af fected by changes in the state administration and there is no reason for our colored schools to figure so prominently in a political way. We can not do effective work in educating the Negro youth of our state until the presidents of our state institutions for Negroes feel unhamp- ered and unmolested by political influence in the pursuit of their duties toward raising these institutions to the proper standard and toward maintaining the proper type of educational -program. We speaking the sentiment of the vast majority of the Negro teachers of Kentucky, request the Governor and all those concerned to remove our state schools from politics and allow us to continue the progress which we are making under the efficient leadership which we now have. IN MEMORIAM JULIUS !ROSENWALD Died January 6, 1932 Philanthropist and Benefactor of the Negro Race I I , * .~~~~~

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