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Page 3 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 15 no. 4 January 1940

Part of Mountain Life and Work

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Winter, 1940 MouNwwv L1PL AND WORK 1'agc 3 1. It is the obligation of this generation to work out some solution to the economic muddle in which we find ourselves in order that our children can live and marry in relative security. It is the obligation of this generation to be the kind of parents and to provide the kind of parent education that will enable us to make it possible for our children to really become mature, so that they may enter marriage as adults with emotions in control and judgments based upon reason and intelligence. It is the obligation of this generation to provide education for our children in preparation for marriage, in order that they may be aware of the demands that marriage will make upon them and that they may rid themselves of the romantically idealistic conception of marriage which is so prevalant and replace it with a more realistic, but none-theless attractive, conception. It is the obligation of this generation to provide the next generation with desirable knowledge both negative and positive per taining to the control of conception in order that they may decide when they will have children and how many they will have in the light of their individual circumstances, and in order that they may be made aware of the joys and privileges of planned parenthood. 5. In addition to the foregoing, it is the obligation of this generation to provide education in preparation for marriage in order that the next may have knowledge of the personal adjustments they will be expected to make, of their domestic obligations, of financial adjustments, of sexual adjustments, of pregnancy and childbirth and parenthood. With such knowledge they will be prepared for marriage and will have a good chance of meeting its demands. 6. It is the obligation of the present generation to provide such laws as will allow the foregoing program to be effected and stabilize the marriage institution. Persons who have had the benefit of the educational privileges would not have to depend upon legislation, but those who had missed the educational 2. and preparatory program would be prevented by proper legislation from entering marriage at too early an age, too hastily, or under the handicap of disease or mental weakness, and would thus be prevetited from contracting a marriage foredoomed to failure. Rupert B. Vance, also of the University of North Carolina, rendered a most scholarly paper on "A Desirable Policy for the Conservation and Development of the South's Human Resources." He said in part, "On the one hand we need the further extension of the birth control movement; on the other we need increased measures for economic security and well being. Both of these questions have their private and their public aspects and both belong inevitably in any statement of population policy." "If in this year of grace 1939," he continued, "we were called upon to submit a minimum policy for the conservation and development of the South's numan resources, we would suggest: I. Equalization of the freedom to space pregnancies in so far as class differentials are the involuntary results of the ignorance, poverty, and isolation of under-privileged families. If we accept the view that the moderately well-to-do will increasingly rely on the advice of family physicians, we may finally come to accept the view that contraceptive services for mothers too poor to employ family physicians should be accepted by the state as a public health function. Increased emphasis on health in both public and private fields to further reduce infant and maternal mortality, in order to conserve the life lost by deaths of potential mothers. 3. Added emphasis on parenthood and family conservation among the fortunate group able to provide for more children than they now have. 4. Further equalization of opportunities for educational and vocational training as between country and city, and as between the nation and the region, so that regardless of place of birth and residence, maturing youth may be prepared for participation in our complex economy. 5. A final emphasis on expanding economic opportunity, so that by adding to our total

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