OCTOBER 18. 178?.
WANTS A SCHOOL.
05. 8, 1788.
Boilings solution of the queflion concerning a Settlement and Preemption, published in our paper
y?the breadth of the Settlement.
3y. the lengtn tnereof.
poieszsL breadth of
of Sett client
Nojv let the'diftance from-ih- e
' Settlement to the Preemption
o.xly -- ouAti the length
)X abftio a
by x gives zxxyxXi gives
nj 1 te. Preemption X
Axv6yx the content of the two Parallelograms
Ah and mc, Tht'i ag y tlien yX vXi ziyx content of
Parallelogram M and N whicii added to- 6,xx6xy
Settlement X 3438--
2 from whence we have the
00 00 poles
oj first furjn,
yy a compleat
3 ijy-jio- i.fi
Pules,' the length
of the line rtqwred.
sei 60000 4 -- 40000
yy 146 ojX'45-0-
Theorem hi words for all fuchque-Jlions- .
To one fourth part of the poles in the preemption
add the jquare of the breadth of the settlement,
cf the Jum extract the Jquare root, torn thatronde-die- !
the breadth of the jettlement. the remainder is
Xhe length of the tine required- -
liunired ac es of land for Tale
foik of Hickman, about
eight, miles from Lexington, equal to any
in the diftncTt.
There is about foit) a
cres cleared, about six y under a vry
good fence, very well w
and oner good cabbins. and a fmail
p. v.c'n orchard. For t rms arplv to the
lublcn er living near
V e Mitec
$, IX able negroe men, to be ein,i!o cd n the
W neigh!iouvhor.d of Lexington, for which Caih
John Whitledg? departed this life
luiuioay tn' wn inn. atter a te.
dious illness mu-- lamented by ap affectionate wile and children. He was a tender Husband, an affectionate father, a good
neighbour and an. honest tpan. He declared ,to his
bis aftifance of redemption, and cheerfully resigned hfrnfelf
into the hands of Providence.
r a man in my humble flyle and ftati.
the public thiough your prefr .
I may not be methodical, I shall
some facts and make some observations that
mav- - be worth attending 10.
At the supreme court in November 1 784, Co!.
Benjamin Logan called together at Danville a
large number of the Inhabitants from all parts of
this Diftricl who were auendhg there on bufi-ncf- t,
and informed them that he had.lately been
to the Cherokee Nation to enquire about certain
hostilities that had lately been commiteed on this
Country; and from 'he information he gave of the
milchiefs that had been done, and the then
intention of the Savages, it was thought
immediately in carry an expedition against
them. The meeting adjourned till the next day,
when a large number met to devise way? and
means for carrying on the said expedition ; But
finding there wa? no law to cafl out the Militia
or procure provifidns, they were obliged to de'
Alarmed at this situation, every one prefentfaw
tb&abXblutp-ncceflit.together ibo.wif-- .
dom of the Diftricl in a general Council to tafce
the then fta:e of our detached
and diftreffed Country: and they directed tb'dt e
very Captains company lhould elect a man for
This was the first Convention, which met in
Danville in Decern iei 1784: mdifter ten days
deliberation lefoived that the District laboured
under many inconveniences which .might be
iv applying. ro the Leg'flauve of Virgi-nia- ;
and many orber- - which from our loci
could never be redrelfed till this Diflrili
fbntld becomi aSiparate Government; wiiich leve-ra- l
grievances they enumerated
Poplicola is mif
taken in fuppofmg this Convention de'erminedon
the expedience iof a Separate ST.te; a motion
was made to that purpose, but it was notfeconded.
The Convention thend'ffo.ve t themfelvcs, and
directed an election for a new Convention ; and
recommended it to tire gooH people of the Diftrict ferioufiy to consider whether it would be
proper to apply for a Separation.
This new Convention met in May 178S, arid
aster abour ten days deliberation resolved (I think
unauimoufly) that a Separation was neceffary. But
as we had no press in the Country, and searing
the good people in general had not sufficient notice, and would not be sully satisfied with the mea-futthey resolved to publilTi their relblutions in
writing as well as they could at the Courr-hotife- s
and elsewhere; and ordered a new Election, recommending it to the people (as before) ferioufiy to consider of Jhc expediency of the measure
Convention elected agreeable to this
resolution met in August 1785, ind were nearly
the same nenbetj as befoie; who unanimously
resolved that it was the interefl of the Diftricl to
become a Se arate State; and petitioned the
of Vngmiato pafsan Act for that purpose.
The trembly did pafs'an Act for our Separation, in which it was declaicd on what terms we
might obtain it provided the people of the Diftrict woui t accept of the terms offe;cd; and this
,Law directed a convention to be chosen to meet
in Seprember 1786 to de'eimine the matter; but
this Convention was prevented fiom meeting at
that t.me by two expeditions then going against
ihe Saage. They met however e !y in 187
and by a majority of moie than thiee to onsoeieed
Square root of 61330.6025
347.6- 5- yss 101.6 poles
Ji general Jiuleor
where Subscriptions. Advcrtifcments,
in its different branches dsns with Care and Expedition.
Office in Main Street,
who can be well recommended
to Tench R'nd'tng. Writing, Arithmetic and
Book keeping ; A'.Jo Geometry, Trigonometry
ji'gebra. aster the most concise and expeditious methods extant. He wll engage in a private family
br comfiaS neighbourhood ; He would aljo engage
os a Deputy in the Surveying bujmefs, he being veil
converjani in ilie pratl'c- - 'of that branch. . Gentle-r.ie- n
who would wifb to employ him in Surveying may
be will affured to have their lands regularly run,
and will return accurate plotts with their content
aster the the moll modern methods of projeSion and
A sew lines diretled to Col Patterson
or the Printer will be duly attended to by
of the Ffiaicr.
&c. for this pater, ere thankful
to, the proposals made in the At of Jffembly for
A member ofihe Convention so Mccer
had, (with the fiffftance of & friend of frs
and with much industry and privacy had
to which he got about 70
fubfenbers,. which petition he flily Ooie away'
.with andpicfcnted to the A(T;mbly at Richmonrj.
ThTs petition wasTngenuouflv fraught with much
injurious falfhood. both acainft rbp
ed, and the m inner of conducting the elccrionsin
the District; which, together with this Genrlri.
man's industry among the members of the Affera-bl- y
in theOctobei Seffion 1786. gained fech credit as to make them really doubt th t our leading
men weic designing, and had petitiored for a se
paration contrary to the general wish of the people: and the Affembly, (ever attentive to, andde-firou- s
to piomote ou inteiefts) were induced to
pass a Law for electing another C'orver.nV
meet in Sepiemher 1787, to de'ermine the said
quefticn. This Gentleman-arri- i
cd ac Danville
with this new Act, just as the Convention had
determined in savor of a Separation, and pe.ee
that the conduct which had occsfinned n
much reprobated, and knowing himelf to he lu"
fpectcd; HE. (truck with the difingcnuity (, f
pioceedmg?, declared ;n Convention ' That he
had no hand in the matter, but merely to be
hearer of the petition at th: particular request
his conflitucnts." The Convention, not knov mg
where-tlay the blame, and fear-'ntheir proceedings might be thought illegal 01 unjustifiable
broke up and p oceeded no furthc.
Aritth Convention (elected under rh's new law)
met in September 1787 and unavmoufly agreed
to a Separation on the terms prop ojed, ard addef--fe- d
far as tliey though; they 'had any power
meifure, lefoived unanimously that it wac
and recomnended .so the D ftn'cr
to pwfw vh
measures as might effetl it.
The Acts for a ie; aration ponded that sin
case thti Cong.efs ig.eed to the term t ,e
xhtiz Convention lTiould oider ano-he- to
be eleued for thepuipofe of cany ng the '"aid
new Government into effect, which they accord-ingl- y
This sixth Convention rcer in July
hat find.ng th.-- Congress had
only confentsd to oui Separation b. had
not ratified the compact entced into hetw x
and Virginia becauie pievions to
'h? ivne fta es
had ucceeded to the new Tcederal Constitution,
and it was improper to pass he Act
of ratification at that time; Ucj concluded ir would be proper to ordei a new Convention 10 be ch fen, arid
leave the whole matter again w'th the people
large; and lecommended that we liquid 'efl. th's
new Convention with full powers to effect this
wished for Separation
snd admifilon into the
l cederaf Union, and to foim a Confti ution for
the new Government when obtained . or to take
such other Jleps as on mature de' iteration will m
their opinion befl promote the interefl of the Diftricl
This measure was adopted by the unanimous'
voice of the Convention, and I think a very prudent one.
I was much surprised to find in vour
some body sin the daiki hath
ci led on:
REBELLION1 TREASON! And dcfiied a publication of thcT.eafon law.
f that man's hens
and comcienceis.is pure and honest a.. the intentions of the late Convention appears to me
have been: he might rest in quiet him elf, and
so much pains to alarm i,b neigh-bour- s.
need not take
We have etected six Conventions without giving them any paiticulai inft
they 'ha ve-(.-
their own exnence) attended clofeiy to their
bufinef- - at all times and
have always been verted with full powers to do
what they thought would promote our m'eicft;
and as they have uniformly conducted so as to (.o
honor to themfoives and gne general
to their conftitucn's,-ir highly proper
eWt a foerth ef'ed w h 'c;aiff powers, aid
Without any particular inftruBiom.