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Cora Wilson Stewart Papers, 1900-1940

details | guide | text

Author

Finding aid prepared by Heather J. Burke

Title

Cora Wilson Stewart Papers

Date

1900-1940

Repository

University of Kentucky Special Collections

Arrangement

Collection is arranged by format.

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

58M25: [Identification of Item], Cora Wilson Stewart Papers, 1900-1940, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Extent

36.0 Cubic feet

ca. 40,000 pieces, 70 boxes

Biography/History

Cora Wilson Stewart was an educator and author, born 17 January 1875 at her parents' farm in Powell County. She was the daughter of Dr. Jeremiah and Annie Eliza (Hally) Wilson, and was educated at Morehead Normal School, National Normal University in Lebanon, Ohio, and the University of Kentucky. She began her teaching career in Rowan County in 1895, becoming so highly regarded that she was elected to the post of school superintendent for the county in 1901. In 1904 she married Rowan County school teacher Alexander T. Stewart, and five years later was reelected as school superintendent. In 1911 she became the first woman president of the Kentucky Educational Association.

In that same year she began her groundbreaking work in adult education, establishing the first " moonlight schools" in order to remedy adult illiteracy in Rowan County. The program made use of county school buildings after hours and employed as a text the Rowan County Messenger, an educational newspaper Stewart founded expressly for the purpose of developing an adult literacy training program which could avoid the stigma associated with primers. By 1913 moonlight schools had spread to seven other counties, and an institute in Morehead a year earlier had examined the problems and techniques of drawing and instructing illiterate adults.

During this time she generally received support from the state, as well as the press in Kentucky, attested to by the numerous letters in the collection. Diaries and scrapbooks chronicle her successes and failures: they teem with both glowing praise and sharp criticism of her efforts. Stewart's papers also illustrate how she capitalized on patriotic sentiment during the First World War and the Russian Revolution. She encouraged the education of illiterate soldiers and warned of the susceptibility of unlettered individuals to communism. Revealed in the vast amounts of correspondence and documentation are her efforts on behalf of the Illiteracy Commission of the National Education Association, the National Illiteracy Crusade, the World Federation of Educational Associations and other agencies active through the 1920s and the 1930s. Correspondence from the period includes letters from Franklin D. Roosevelt, William Jason Fields, Calvin Coolidge, James M. Cox, Alben Barkley, and Herbert Hoover.

Minorities were not neglected by Stewart: she sought to establish standards of literacy in the African American and Native American populations as well. Several boxes of materials relate directly to the education of the latter group, including photographs and examples of writing. By the 1930s she had become less involved with education, devoting her attention to the Oxford Group, a religious organization which believed that an individual's life should be guided directly by Divine Instruction. Cora Wilson Stewart died 2 December 1958 in North Carolina

Scope and Content

This collection of papers consists of about 40,000 pamphlets, articles, unpublished manuscripts, correspondence, and other papers relating to the work and life of Cora Wilson Stewart.

The collection consists of 31 boxes, which are presently divided into two large groups: boxes 1-16 contain biographical information (Box 1 only) and correspondence covering the period from 1900 to 1940; boxes 17-30 contain various materials which are not in chronological or thematic order, having been left in the arrangement in which Mrs. Stewart used them. Their eventual processing, however, is a much hoped-for eventuality.

Subjects

  • Kentucky Illiteracy Commission.
  • National Education Association of the United States
  • National Illiteracy Crusade
  • Oxford Group.
  • World Federation of Education Associations
  • Powell County (Ky.)
  • Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956
  • Beckham, J. C. W., (John Crepps Wickliffe), 1869-1940
  • Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933.
  • Cox, James M., (James Middleton), 1870-1957
  • Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D., (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945
  • Stewart, Cora Wilson, 1875-1958
  • Educators.
  • Evening and continuation schools.
  • Literacy--United States.
  • Moonlight Schools
  • Notebooks.
  • Papers
  • Rowan County (Ky.)
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.
  • Stewart

Related Material

PA58M25, Cora Wilson Stewart photographs, ca. 1900-1940, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

OHCWS, Cora Wilson Stewart Oral History Collection, University of Kentucky Libraries Special Collections.

Collection Inventory

Autograph Albums, undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 1]
First Book, 1884
[Box: 1, Folder: 2]
Biographical Materials, 1908,1919
[Box: 1, Folder: 3]
Biographical Materials, 1849,1918,1924-1926,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 4]
Biographical Materials, undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 5]
Biographical Materials, 1917,1925-1930,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 6]
Biographical Materials, 1910,1923-1925,1929,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 7]
Bunyan S. Wilson, 1917,1927,1934-1938,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 8]
Diary of Ann Eliza Halley Wilson, 1869-1871
[Box: 1, Folder: 9]
Publications, 1922-1923,1925,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 10]
Family, 1900,1928,1936,1940,1946,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 11]
Genealogical Materials, 1900,1917,1925-1927,undated
[Box: 1, Folder: 12]
Obituary, 1958
[Box: 1, Folder: 13]
Correspondence, 1908-1909
[Box: 2, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1910
[Box: 2, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1911
[Box: 2, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1912
[Box: 2, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1913-1914
[Box: 2, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1915-1916
[Box: 2, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1917
[Box: 2, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1918
[Box: 2, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1919
[Box: 2, Folder: 9]
Business Papers, 1920
[Box: 2a, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1920 January-1920 June
[Box: 3, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1920 July
[Box: 3, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1920 August
[Box: 3, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1920 September-1920 October
[Box: 3, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1920 November-1920 December
[Box: 3, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1921
[Box: 3, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1921 January-1921 April
[Box: 3, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1921 May-1921 June
[Box: 3, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1921 July-1921 September
[Box: 3, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1921 October
[Box: 3, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1921 November
[Box: 4, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1921 December 1-1921 December 15
[Box: 4, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1921 December 16-1921 December 30
[Box: 4, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1922 January
[Box: 4, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1922 February
[Box: 4, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1922 March 1-1922 March 14
[Box: 4, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1922 March 15-1922 March 31
[Box: 4, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1922 April
[Box: 4, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1922 May
[Box: 4, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1922
[Box: 4, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1922 June
[Box: 5, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1922 July
[Box: 5, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1922 August 1-1922 August 21
[Box: 5, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1922 August 22-1922 August 31
[Box: 5, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1922 September 1-1922 September 14
[Box: 5, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1922 September 15-1922 September 30
[Box: 5, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1922 October
[Box: 5, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1922 November 1-1922 November 15
[Box: 5, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1922 November 16-1922 November 30
[Box: 5, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1922 December
[Box: 6, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1923 January
[Box: 6, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1923 February
[Box: 6, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1923 March
[Box: 6, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1923 April
[Box: 6, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1923 May 1-1923 May 20
[Box: 6, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1923 May 21-1923 May 31
[Box: 6, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1923 June
[Box: 6, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1923 July
[Box: 6, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1923 August 1-1923 August 19
[Box: 7, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1923 August 20-1923 August 31
[Box: 7, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1923 September 1-1923 September 15
[Box: 7, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1923 September 16-1923 September 30
[Box: 7, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1923 October 1-1923 October 15
[Box: 7, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1923 October 16-1923 October 31
[Box: 7, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1923 November 1-1923 November 15
[Box: 7, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1923 November 16-1923 November 30
[Box: 7, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1923
[Box: 7, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1923 December 1-1923 December 5
[Box: 8, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1923 December 6-1923 December 10
[Box: 8, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1923 December 11-1923 December 15
[Box: 8, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1923 December 17-1923 December 31
[Box: 8, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1924 January 1-1924 January 7
[Box: 8, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1924 January 8-1924 January 21
[Box: 8, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1924 January 22-1924 January 31
[Box: 8, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1924 February 1-1924 February 15
[Box: 8, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1924 February 16-1924 February 29
[Box: 8, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1924 March 1-1924 March 15
[Box: 9, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1924 March 16-1924 March 31
[Box: 9, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1924 April
[Box: 9, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1924 May
[Box: 9, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1924 June
[Box: 9, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1924 July
[Box: 9, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1924 August 1-1924 August 15
[Box: 9, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1924 August 16-1924 August 31
[Box: 9, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1924 September
[Box: 9, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1924 October 1-1924 October 15
[Box: 9, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1924 October 16-1924 October 31
[Box: 9, Folder: 11]
Correspondence, 1924
[Box: 9, Folder: 12]
Correspondence, 1924 November 1-1924 November 10
[Box: 10, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1924 November 11-1924 November 18
[Box: 10, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1924 November 19-1924 November 30
[Box: 10, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1924 December 1-1924 December 10
[Box: 10, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1924 December 11-1924 December 31
[Box: 10, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1925 January 1-1925 January 20
[Box: 10, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1925 January 21-1925 January 31
[Box: 10, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1925
[Box: 10, Folder: 8-9]
Correspondence, 1925 February 1-1925 February 15
[Box: 11, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1925 February 16-1925 February 28
[Box: 11, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1925 March 1-1925 March 10
[Box: 11, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1925 March 11-1925 March 20
[Box: 11, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1925 March 21-1925 March 31
[Box: 11, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1925 April 1-1925 April 15
[Box: 11, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1925 April 16-1925 April 30
[Box: 11, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1925 May
[Box: 11, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1925 June
[Box: 11, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1925 July
[Box: 11, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1925 August-1925 October
[Box: 11, Folder: 11]
Correspondence, 1925 November-1925 December
[Box: 11, Folder: 12]
Correspondence, 1926 January-1926 June
[Box: 12, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1926 July-1926 December
[Box: 12, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1926
[Box: 12, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1927 January-1927 May
[Box: 12, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1927 June-1927 December
[Box: 12, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1927
[Box: 12, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1928 January-1928 March
[Box: 12, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1928 April-1928 July
[Box: 12, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1928 August-1928 December
[Box: 12, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1928
[Box: 12, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1929 January-1929 May
[Box: 13, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1929 June-1929 December
[Box: 13, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1929
[Box: 13, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1930 January-1930 August
[Box: 13, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1930 September-1930 October
[Box: 13, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1930 November-1930 December
[Box: 13, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1930
[Box: 13, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1931 January-1931 March
[Box: 14, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1931 April-1931 September
[Box: 14, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1931 October-1931 December
[Box: 14, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1931
[Box: 14, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1932 January-1932 March
[Box: 14, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1932 April-1932 July
[Box: 14, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1932 August-1932 December
[Box: 14, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1932
[Box: 14, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1933 January-1933 July
[Box: 14, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1933 August-1933 December
[Box: 14, Folder: 10]
Correspondence, 1933
[Box: 14, Folder: 11]
Correspondence, 1934 January-1934 March
[Box: 15, Folder: 1]
Correspondence, 1934 April-1934 August
[Box: 15, Folder: 2]
Correspondence, 1934 September-1934 December
[Box: 15, Folder: 3]
Correspondence, 1934
[Box: 15, Folder: 4]
Correspondence, 1935 January-1935 July
[Box: 15, Folder: 5]
Correspondence, 1935 August-1935 December
[Box: 15, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1935
[Box: 15, Folder: 7-8]
Correspondence, 1936
[Box: 15, Folder: 9]
Correspondence, 1937
[Box: 16, Folder: 1-3]
Correspondence, 1938
[Box: 16, Folder: 4-5]
Correspondence, 1939
[Box: 16, Folder: 6]
Correspondence, 1940 January-1940 June
[Box: 16, Folder: 7]
Correspondence, 1940 July-1940 December
[Box: 16, Folder: 8]
Correspondence, 1957-1958
[Box: 16, Folder: 9]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Alabama, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 1]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Arkansas, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 2]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Florida, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 3]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Georgia, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 4]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Kentucky, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 5]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Louisiana, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 6]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Mississippi, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 7]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: North Carolina, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 8]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: South Carolina, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 9]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Tennessee, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 10]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Texas, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 11]
Illiteracy Conferences,Southern States: Virginia, 1922
[Box: TBA-1, Folder: 12]
Illiteracy Conferences,Eastern Conference, 1921 November 25-1921 November 26
[Box: 17, Folder: 1]
Illiteracy Conferences,Invitations for, 1923-1924
[Box: 17, Folder: 2]
Illiteracy Conferences, Southern Conference, 1922 April 11-1922 April 12
[Box: 17, Folder: 3]
Illiteracy Conferences, Photocopies, 1921-1923
[Box: 17, Folder: 4-5]
Illiteracy Conferences, Southern Conference, 1923 April 10-1923 April 11
[Box: 18, Folder: 1]
Illiteracy Conferences, Southern Conference, 1923
[Box: 18, Folder: 2-3]
Illiteracy Conferences, Western Conference (not held), 1923
[Box: 18, Folder: 4]
Illiteracy Conferences, Middlewest and Northern Conference, 1922 February 24-1922 February 25
[Box: 19, Folder: 1-2]
Illiteracy Conferences, Northern Conference, 1923 May 1-1923 May 2
[Box: 19, Folder: 3-5]
Illiteracy Conferences, Boston Conference, 1922 July 4-1922 July 5
[Box: 19, Folder: 6]
Illiteracy Conferences, World Conference, 1923
[Box: TBA-2, Folder: 1-3]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Alabama, 1922-1924
[Box: 20, Folder: 1]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Arizona, 1922-1925
[Box: 20, Folder: 2]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Arkansas, 1922-1925
[Box: 20, Folder: 3]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: California, 1922-1923
[Box: 20, Folder: 4]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Colorado, 1922-1924
[Box: 20, Folder: 5]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Delaware, 1923
[Box: 20, Folder: 6]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Florida, 1922-1925
[Box: 20, Folder: 7]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Georgia, 1922-1925
[Box: 20, Folder: 8]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Idaho, 1923
[Box: 20, Folder: 9]
Club Correspondence, Women's Clubs: Illinois, 1922-1925
[Box: 20, Folder: 10]
Club Correspondence, Kansas, 1922-1925
[Box: 21, Folder: 1]
Club Correspondence, Kentucky, 1922-1925
[Box: 21, Folder: 2]
Club Correspondence, Louisiana, 1922-1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 3]
Club Correspondence, Maine, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 4]
Club Correspondence, Maryland, 1922-1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 5]
Club Correspondence, Massachusetts, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 6]
Club Correspondence, Michigan, 1922-1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 7]
Club Correspondence, Minnesota, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 8]
Club Correspondence, Mississippi, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 9]
Club Correspondence, Missouri, 1922,1924-1925
[Box: 21, Folder: 10]
Club Correspondence, Montana, 1922-1925
[Box: 21, Folder: 11]
Club Correspondence, Nebraska, 1923-1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 12]
Club Correspondence, Nevada, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 13]
Club Correspondence, New Jersey, 1922-1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 14]
Club Correspondence, New Mexico, 1922-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 15]
Club Correspondence, New York, 1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 16]
Club Correspondence, North Carolina, 1924
[Box: 21, Folder: 17]
Club Correspondence, North Dakota, 1921-1923
[Box: 21, Folder: 18]
Club Correspondence, Ohio, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 1-2]
Club Correspondence, Oklahoma, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 3]
Club Correspondence, Oregon, 1922-1923,1925
[Box: 22, Folder: 4]
Club Correspondence, Pennsylvania, 1922-1925
[Box: 22, Folder: 5]
Club Correspondence, Rhode Island, 1922
[Box: 22, Folder: 6]
Club Correspondence, South Carolina, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 7]
Club Correspondence, South Dakota, 1923-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 8]
Club Correspondence, Tennessee, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 9]
Club Correspondence, Texas, 1921-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 10]
Club Correspondence, Texas, 1922-1925
[Box: 22, Folder: 11]
Club Correspondence, Utah, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 12]
Club Correspondence, Vermont, 1922-1923
[Box: 22, Folder: 13]
Club Correspondence, Virginia, 1922-1923,undated
[Box: 22, Folder: 14]
Club Correspondence, Washington, 1922-1925
[Box: 22, Folder: 15]
Club Correspondence, Washington D.C, 1922,1925
[Box: 22, Folder: 16]
Club Correspondence, West Virginia, 1921-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 17]
Club Correspondence, Wisconsin, 1922-1924
[Box: 22, Folder: 18]
Club Correspondence, Wyoming, 1922-1923
[Box: 22, Folder: 19]
Moonlight Schools, 1922-1923,undated
[Box: 23, Folder: 1-2]
National Illiteracy Conference, 1924
[Box: 23, Folder: 3-4]
Pictorial Review Award, 1924-1925
[Box: 23, Folder: 5-7]

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