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Image 8 of Mountain eagle (Whitesburg, Ky.), April 14, 1960

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Caudill committee report deserves serious study by entire public There's no question now but what the 1900 session of the Kentucky General Assembly will go down In history as one In its actions of almost any other of the most similar session. Those who have strong feelings about the sales tax, the terms of the veterans' bonus, or the dangers of the proposed constitutional convention might say these Issues alone make the 1060 session one not soon to be forgotten; but we feel that the single most Important action of the session was the brief Investigation into public education by the iCaudlll Committee, the "findings" of that Committee, and tho setting up of the Citizens Committee on Public Education by the Assembly. No organized group In Kentucky outsido the immediate educational lobby groups has given more moral or political support to the cause of good public education than has Farm Bureau. We were the first major organization in the state to come out for the three percent sales tax for the purpose of improving public education. But at the same time, our leaders and members have long insisted that Increased funds a lone will not solve our educational ills. g Charges Are Serious The Caudill Committee was made up of serious minded and sincere members of the Legislature. They are personally concerned about conditions that have'been allowed to develop within our public education system; but most Important of all, they are reflecting the views and fears of the people that elected them to office; and this indicates a widespread trend towards a lack of confidence in the administration of our public schools on the part of the general public. These charges by the Committee are not new. They are topics of ordinary conversation In all walks of life. Everyone knows how much political maneuvering has become a governing consideration in the running of local school systems. Many of us have become concerned about the "soft" nature of educational requirements in the schools. In short, most students are not fully challenged, their minds are not on the processes of learning. Instead, too much of their time and effort is taken up with sports, band practice, or other forms of play. Most of us have known for some time that the quality of teachers has been on the decline. We have witnessed the development of a public attitude where teachers are no longer considered leaders in the community and no longer command the wholehearted respect of the public. AIL of us can see and hear with our own eyes and ears the products of our public school Why is it that students go to 12 years of school and stillfdo not speak correct English or cannot basically communicate in their native language? Why is it that students are allowed to shy around the "tough" courses such as mathematics, foreign languages, and basic sciences? - so-call- . Committee Report Helpful We believe the General Assembly was wise in setting up the Citizens Committe to study the whole public school system; and we believe the Caudill Committe was wise in recommending that a similar citizens committee be set up within each school district to study these problems at the local level. A few months ago, we established an Education Committee as one of the standing committee's of Farm Bureau at the state level; and we have recommended that such a committee be set up by each county Farm Bureau. These committees should cooperate fully with the citizens committees, and we hope that agricultural repsesentatives will be appointed to these citizens' committees at both the state and local district levels. We are sure that the members of the Caudill Committee do not claim their findings to be absolute. That Is why they have called for an extensive study, and even recommended a special session of the General Assembly to take up this problem. But if the report of the Caudill Committee serves no other good purpose than to arouse the general public on this serious problem, it will have been quite worthwhile. Public apathy has been the root cause of most of the educational abuses. Attitude of Educational Leaders We hope that the rash statements made by some of the leaders of educational organizations immediately following release of the Committee report will give away to more sober and thoughtful statements and attitudes as time goes on. If the educational leaders are sincerely concerned about tho state of education in Kentucky; and if they really want a public interest in education, they will cooperate fully in the work of the citizens' committee, and not be a hindrance. The people of Kentucky have agreed, through their elected representatives, to put a hundrd million more dollars a biennium into public education mostly for increases in salaries of teachers. They have a right to assurance that these funds will not be wasted through poor leadership, corruption, petty politics, or lack of direction. For too long, the professional educators have blamed the public for whatever happens in education. They have top often failed to exercise the kind of leadership such a profession should exercise. Some way or other, we will have to restore public confidence in the administration of public education. Merely increasing funds will not be enough. In My Opinion PINE TREES PERISH To tho Editor: A sad sight my eyes bheld as I came Into Whltesburg tho other day and saw those brown, burned, and twisted pine trees . vision of Forestry $5,000. per day to fight forest fires. This, of course, was taxpayers' mon- ffllje JWumtiam IE agu? THE EA3LI ESTABLISHED 1107 Entered m secern! clM mail matter Aufett M, 1907, at Um ey. The damage caused by forest Pectofftee at Whttesbwrg, Kj., under the act ef Congress la fires goes on for generations In Afuft t, 1173. The week's events: at tho mouth of Graveyard Hol- the form of soil erosion, dlMM PuMbfc4 Ivery ThurWay low. Only a few days ago these and Insect attacks, production Tho Whltesburg Parent-TeacTHOMAS GKH, Kilter and FuMisaer trees word swaying gaily to and of cull timber, etc. SIR from cr meeting will be held In the fro as the wind caressed their eroded areas washes into the Subscription price: grado school auditorium Tuesscented boughs. Not so any- stream to aggravate flood conta Lttefcer County, a year day, April 10, at 3:30 p. m. more. They aro a charred mass, ditions. Plato said, "to control eutsMe Letcfeer County, $5 a year a dead monument to careless- the mountain is to control the Stafle cep?: It cents A meeting of Letcher Counness. Before they were a living, river." ty Republicans wil be held SatPAGE 8 THURSDAY, APRIL 14, I960 The three greatest causes of green monument to one of our urday, April 16, at 1 p. m. at fine and noble deceased citi- forest fires are men, women, the courthouso to elect deleWhitcsburg, and a great-granand children. One troo will zens, Mr. Gordon Lewis. Mrs. gates to the party's district con rlllM .Tamna Wlnrtiie ITIltmnl burning of these trees, mako a million matches, but one The Mrs. Cora DcLilllan Williams, Tho body lay In state at tho . mm a of course, was accidental, but match may destroy a million 85, died April 0 at the residence Craft Funeral Homo ehnnnl tn. UUVUIO April we as a general populace must trees. Tho "head" behind most at Whitcsburg. A native of lowed by the funeral service .. . become alert, aroused, and forest fires which best serves Clut notary Whltesburg alarmed public in order to stop the purpose for which it was Letcher County, she was the thorn Anrii ii Tuesdays at noon in the widow nf William "Billy" Wil- the Rev. Charles Carter. this gross misuse and wanton created can usually be found on room 01 U1 uuy wie' waste of our forest resources. the end of the match stem. Let liams, who died In 1040. She f' Burial was, in the Williams , a,n,"s was the daughter of Joseph cemetery, with Craft Funeral Forest fire prevention is my us rise up and take positive acWhitcsburg Lions Club meets business, your business, good tion before we become labeled Dick and Martha Polly Williams. Homo In charge. Thursdays at 7 p. m. at the business. Every time timber and known far and wide as the She was a member of the First City Cafe. burns we are hurting our coun- "Land of The Woods Burners." Baptist Church. .. Wells She is survived by three sons, When Mr. Lewis set these try economically thereby makWhitcsburg Junior Homcmak-cr- s (Continued from Page 1) ing it a less desirable place in trees he fully realized that he Hiram. Windus and Lovcli Wil- Club will meet Monday, bar and tho people concerned, which to live. One billion dol- would never reap benefits from Iiams, all of Whltesburg; a Let us the living not be J brother, Howard Williams, of we have cleared out the dead-wo- April 18, at 7:30 p. m. at the Ken- them. lars went up In smoke In We settled a lot of law- homo of Mrs. Walter Owens. tucky last year. Enough timber ungrateful toward those who la-- ! Mayking; a sister, Minnie Bell suits without long litigation." two of Farraday; was burned In one year to make bored with forethought for on-- 1 Williams, Whitcsburg Junior Chamber On tho criminal docket In I grandchildren, Peggy Hidvegl homes. At coming generations. one thousand meets Monday, 1952 there were about 300 cases, of Commerce Cecil Hensley. and Julia Faye Williams, of times it costs the Kentucky Di Judgo Wells noted. "But eight April 18, at 7 p. m. at tho City of them wero murder cases Cafe. (there were 12 murder cases In Mayking Homcmakcrs Club Perry County at the same time). will meet Tuesday, April 19 at "There is not a murder case REGARDING V. RECOMMENDATIONS school term not be extended until such time as on this docket today." 7:30 p. m. at tho home of Mrs. h the present term is fully utilixed for SCHOOL FINANCE arc 58 cases on the Myrtle Kinccr. There 14 The Committee recommends that each instruction. The foundation program has had the effect docket of Circuit Clerk W. L. district be audited annually by State Auditor Whltesburg Woman's Club Stalard, Jr. Oft these, there aro that such audit be published with the auditor's of equalizing the length of the school term 20 cases Involvnlg tho welfare meets Saturday, April 23, at districts. Nearly all districts now provide comments, and that the costs of such audits be 7:30 p. m. at tho homo of Mrs. y a full term. It has been brought to of children. There are 20 provided from the Common School Fund. Zcnncth Bentlcy. cases the attention of the Committee, however, that ors, Judge and 18 misdemeanThe evidence presented was sufficient to conWells noted. vince the Committee that the audits conducted optimum use is not made of the school term. Blackcy Missionary Baptist Tho jurist took occasion to In the words of one witness, teachers "think fh."nV thn nnnnln nf 1 rttuhnT Church will hold its Sabbath by the State Department of Education have failthey have too many extracurricular activities ed to disclose illegal and improper expenditures and W0"nP scrv,.c" at going on in school, and what they needed was County for first electing him to,?001 - . on Sundays, starting which were made by local districts. The Com!l:39 Pthe bench nine years aV mittee noted the practice of employing a super- more time to teach school." "My opponent In Perry de Easter, Instead of In the morn intendent In one county to audit a neighboring A survey by the National Education Associa- feated me by 10 votes," he said, ing. school system during the summer months. Such tion found that the average teacher spends a "but Letcher gave me a margin an audit can hardly be expected to be either total of thirty-fivWhitcsburg Chamber of Comhours a week in school, and of 475 votes. I have ever since completely objective or technically sound. merce meets tho second Thursthat ten hours of this time is spent in been very grateful to you." The Committee believes that school districts work other than teaching. (National In his charge to tho grand day of each month at 8:15 pjn. should be subjected to audits of the same typo Education Association, The Status of the Ameri- Jury, Judge Wells Instructed the at city Hall. as other agencies of government. Annual audits can Public School Teacher, 1957). With the great panel to look into all the usual Thornton Homcmakers Club of all school districts by the State Auditor would shortage of qualified teachers, the Committee categories of crime, and laid Comcost approximately $150,000 a year. The believes that personnel could special stress on the problem of moots Thursday at 0 p.m. at tho mittee believes that regular savings would far perform such duties as clerical work, monitor- traffico in Intaxicating bever- homo of Mrs. N. H. Webb. exceed this amount. Such audits would be pering playgrounds and lunchrooms, sponsoring so- ages in Letcher, a dry county. Blackcy Homcmakcrs formed by trained personnel, would reveal any cial clubs, and similar duties, thus 'The county's condition Is meets tonight at 6 p. m. atClub irregularities, and would create a basis for pub- enabling teachers to devote more time to classes. good, may the say, In this regard. home of Mrs. F. C. I lic confidence in local school administration. The Committee also believes that the number Cornett. It Is not perfect, of course, but The cost of such audits should be paid from the of days during the school term set aside for has been kept under comparaTwo .. Common School Fund. attendance at professional meetings and confer- tively firm control," he said. (Continued from Page 1) 15. The Committee recommends that the Deences be kept to a minimum, and that such "May I urge upon you steady tied a blanket rope to lower partment of Education attempt to reduce the practices as dismissing school on election days and continuing control of the themselves from the second-floo- r cost of school construction as much as possible. be be abandoned. whiskey traffic. It is a continuwindow. As one step in this direction, the Department 17. The Committee recommends that the ing menace. If the traffic Is al Tho break was discovered by could develop standard plans that could be made Department of Education purchase transporta- lowed too free rein, it leads to Mrs. Sexton and Mrs. Boll available to districts and be used for more than tion equipment for local districts. power and influence In the Gibson, who wore in Mary Sextho one school. The 195G General Assembly directed tho hands of bootleg bosses. ton living quarters on the first Rapidly increasing enrollments, a backlog of Superintendent of Public Instruction to secure "This leads, of course, to floor of the jail. Jailer Sexton unmet needs, plus normal replacements will re- price contract agreements for the purchase of other evils also, which wo could was attending a gathering at tho quire a tremendous amount of school construcschool busses by all districts. The Division of not tolerate." r Presbyterian Church. tion in the future. The state now grants dis- Purchases in the Department of Finance was re- After swearing In the grand Tho Jailer was to present tho tricts $400 per classroom unit each year to help quired to make price contract agreements estab- - jurors and turning them over to escape case to the grand finance capital outlay; House Bill 437 would In- lishing sources of supply, maximum prices, and (Jailer Bob Sexton to serve them, which Is currently sitting jury, for crease this amount to $600. The School Buildthe length of time for which the contracts would Judge Wells excused the petit the April term of Letcher Ciring Authority will involve the state even more be valid. The term "school bus" was defined Jurors until tho July term. cuit Court. closely In local school construction, by issuing to include "accessory equipment and supplies bonds for districts. In light of this increased and replacement equipment considered to be state participation In school building programs, reasonably adaptable for purchase from price the Committee recommends that the Depart- contract agreements." The law further providment of Education assume leadership In planed that any district board of education may ning for schools, take its own bids and purchase busses, if the built at the lowest possible cost. district purchase price is lower than that set An unpublished study by a consultant to tho forth in the state contract. (KRS 150.152 - 150. Legislative Research Commission analyzed tho 154). cost of Kentucky school building in the 1958-5This law has not achieved the intended effect school year, and found that the total average of reducing bus prices. The Department of Educonstruction cost was approximately $22,000 per cation Report for the biennium ending June classroom. This amount is well below estimates 1959 explained the situation as follows: "Due of the average classroom construction cost for largely to the lack of a firm commitment to the nation as a whole, partly because construcpurchase a specified number of vehicles and the tion costs are lower in Kentucky than in many fact that the law was not designed to encourage states. However, Kentucky could, through probidders to submit realistic bids, they were much gressive planning, reduce this cost considerably. higher than the bid prices received for the same Georgia, for examp'e, has a State School Build-ingequipment by local boards of education. As a Authority, which participates directly In result of the unfavorable bid prices received planning schools and has been building schools in 1950, no attempt was made to secure bids in at a cost of from $13,000 to $14,000 per class1957." In 1958, the Superintendent of Public room. Prefabricated schools have been conInstruction called a meeting of fifty district sustructed in other states for less than $18,000 perintendents, who agreed to purchase a least per classroom. There are Innumerable examp139 busses. The Division of Purchases took les of states and communities constructing adebids, and an estimated $130,000 was saved on quate, functional and schools at purchasnig 217 bus chassis. The bus body bids well below the usual cost. (See; Roger A. Freeagain wero unrealistic and wero rejected. The man, School Needs In the Decade Ahead, the same situation occurred In 1959. Institute for Social Science Research, 1958, ApA 1955 study by tho Legislative Research pendix G). Commission found that a number of states had In Kentucky, the Department of Education re- sucssful plans for state bids or state purchase views school building plans to see that they cJ school busses which effocted substantial savmeet state specifications and inspects the school ings. There is no apparent reason why such a after It Is constructed. The Department's plan cannot work equally well Is Kentucky, plus optional equipment, transportation, state and local taxes. In plannnig schools Is limited to seeunles the permissive feature of the Kentucky ing that they meet certain minimum specificaplan leads bus manufacturers to tray and sub'572 less lowest price tions. It has no program for studying methods vert the state bid plan directly with districts. of any Ford, Plymouth or Chevrolet wagon of reducing costs through Investigation of more Tho Committee, therefore, recommends that tho modern and less costly techniques. This limit- Kentucky law be carefully and Seats six Hauls y ton of cargo ed ro'e may have been necessary when districts strengthened, probably by requiring that all "Captive-Air- " White side-wa- ll Safety Tires largely financed tholr own buildings; now. when school busses be purchased through the state.' and choice of two-ton- e finishes, at no extra cost, the state pays the largest share of the cost of This would ensure a sufficient number of busies education, the Depaiimont should take a moro to justify discounts for quantity, and would posltivo rok in planning to of feet oconomlos. Vehicles by Willys Motors vondors making lower bids to districts The Committee recommends that the Depart' than to the state. The Committoc also recom. Sea it! Drive it! ment of Education Increase Its architectural mends that the Superintendent of PubBq In. ' staff, ami assume leadership in helping districts structlon. In cqmnllance with KRS 150.153, take POTTER MOTORS loftg nyawy. bui'd bids on bus equipment and suppUos, as weU g whoal for U5 Ky 16. Tho Com miff 00 recommends that tho on bus chassis and bodies. EYE h i Williams dies d 7m u. i, nnmi..t holds d. Private school audits wanted nine-mont- fel-onl- nine-mont- h e school-directe- d non-academ- escape next-doo- well-designe- A d NEW! "MAVERICK SPECIAL" Jeep STATION WAGON 9 g well-designe- d I ONLY The Rural Situation The rural and farm people of Kentucky have more at stake in this whole Issue than any other group. of our people still live in rural areas and a large percentage of children are born and educated in "rural" areas. And yet all agree that it is in the rural school districts that education Is the poorest and administration of education is the most corrupt. Somo will reason that such facts of life call for centralization of control over our educational system. Some will take this to the extreme and argue more forcefully than ever for federal aid to education and the federal control that will naturally follow such aid. If centralization is tho answer to all of our social, political, and economic problems, then dictatorship should be substituted for our republican form of government. Tho answer lios not in centralization of support or control; but in a better Informed and more active cltlzonry at the local lovel; and the proper exercise of loadorship on the part of professional educators. Two-third- s (Kentucky Farm Bureau Nows) $1995 par-ticipati- on than the pro-ve- blor list nt . 23 Jenkins,

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