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Image 548 of Kentucky : a guide to the Bluegrass state

Part of Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications

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430 HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS 1. Left from Hyden on an unimproved road to WENDOVER (open), 4 m., the di- recting center and residence of Mary Breckinridge. The modern two—story log { house with stone foundation is built on a steep slope overlooking Middle Fork of I the Kentucky River. In the garden below the terrace is a collection of wild flowers from the mountains, and a stream from the spring on the hill above the house _ flows through. ] 2. Right from Hyden on an unmarked, unimproved road that follows Middle Fork of the Kentucky River to DRY HILL, 6 m. (34 pop.), where the Presby- ( terian Church maintains a community center. ( The surrounding region is watered by two creeks, CUT-SHIN (R) and HELL- ] FER-SARTAIN (L), both confluents of Middle Fork of the Kentucky River near . Dry Hill. Tradition is that when an early pioneer was coming through here with I his oxtrain he found one of the creeks swollen by recent rains and the crossing I difficult. While driving his oxen over, he cut his shins on the sharp rocks; hence * the name, Cut-Shin. The following day he came to the other stream, more rugged, ( more swollen, and far more difficult to cross. When he realized his predicament he exclaimed, "Wel1, by jeeminy, this is hell-fer-sartain!" and the name has clung to t this usually limpid beautiful mountain brook. On Devil’s Jump Branch of Hell-Fer-Sartain Creek is the mountain Home or ' WILLIE SANDLIN, the only native Kentuckian to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor for World War services. Sandlin, also a recipient of several foreign medals Q including the Croix de Guerre, is now a farmer. REDBIRD CREEK, 89.8 m., offers good fishing. The high ridges, ` with steep sides above the narrow valleys through which the route Q passes, are heavily timbered with oak, hickory, maple, beech, and other ` hardwoods. In GARRARD, 102.8 m. (43 pop.), salt was made at a lick as early as 1803. A few of the old salt kettles remain at the site of the salt works. At 103.1 m. is the junction with State 21. Right on State 21 to MANCHESTER, 2.3 m. (860 alt., 900 pop.), seat of Clay County; it was named for the great cotton—manufacturing center in England. Built on a hill overlooking Goose Creek, a tributary of the South Fork of the Ken- tucky River, this town has changed little from generation to generation. Shortly after the Revolutionary War, ]ames White of Abingdon, Virginia, pur- chased the salt spring here and established a salt works. Prior to the coming of the white man, the place had evidently been known to the Indians, for the ground around the spring was littered with the shards of their clay kettles. Soon settlers were toiling over the trails from their log cabins to carry back their year’s supply of salt. About 1808, when the demand outgrew the supply, wells were drilled. With the enlargement and multiplication of salt works, the Goose Creek area be- came an important center. Pipes, necessary to carry the brine from outlying wells to the works, were made of the trunks of small trees, bored with long augers, ntted end to end, and carefully calked. Cooperage plants were established in the near—by region, and the salt was shipped down the river from Manchester to Clay’s Ferry in Hatboats having a capacity of 500 to 700 barrels. During the War . between the States, and for a number of years thereafter, Virginia and Tennessee, as well as Kentucky, were supplied in great measure by the Goose Creek works. On State 21 is BURNING SPRINGS 8.3 m. (225 pop.), named from the natural flow of gas that burned with a steady flame for many years after its discovery in 1798 and was regarded by the pioneers as a phenomenon perhaps connected with the devil. The flame has since been extinguished; the gas that once fed it is piped to Lexington. The development of this large held began in 1907, when the century- old salt industry of the area was abandoned.

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