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Image 529 of Kentucky : a guide to the Bluegrass state

Part of Kentucky Works Progress Administration Publications

` ·roU12 1 6 413 ponds that abound with fish. Lining the shores of the lakes are thousands of ? cypresses, their hne foliage outlined in the deep, clear water. Several of these lakes ‘ are used by the Federal Government as rearing ponds. At intervals along the . banks are screened cabins of trappers, hunters, and nshermen who rent cabins ~ and render service to those who visit the lakes. WICKLIFFE, 286.2 m. (332 alt., 1,108 pop.), seat of Ballard » County, is at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. An eminence near the northern entrance to the town offers a view of this meeting of great waters. » An ancient BURIED CITY (open daily, adm. $1) is here on a lofty V bluff above the junction of the two streams. Some mounds made by a prehistoric race are still intact, while others have been opened with 2 such care that all remains are in their original positions. The burial · mound, now sheltered by a modern building, contains 153 uncovered · skeletons. Burials were upon, rather than within, the soft alluvial soil; . and charcoal found here indicates that fire was used in some manner N in connection with the burials. There are five layers of burials, one " superimposed upon the other. The lower layers are in a better state » of preservation than the upper ones. Three modes of burial were used: 8 some bodies were fully extended, some were in bundles, and some ‘ had been cremated. Many articles of use and adornment found be- side the bodies indicate that the race who lived here had reached a I high degree of culture. Charred remains of Indian corn, the remnants of timbers used in house construction, the still existing fireplaces, and fragments of wooden furniture, all tell of a non-migratory life. No z weapons, except one flint dagger, have been found. Apparently there was a flourishing trade center here before the coming of the white man. i · Wickliffe is at the junction with US 51 (see Tour 10) and US 62 . (see Tour 14). ‘ Between Wickliffe and East Cairo US 60 and US 51 are united. At 288.5 m. is a junction with a trail. Right on this trail to HUNTERS’ POND, 0.9 m., one of the chain of lakes in Ballard County; this lake is large and filled with water plants and trees. In the _` autumn sportsmen from many parts of the region stand hip-deep in the chilly . waters to bring down wild ducks and geese. West of Hunters’ Pond is SWAN ‘ POND covering an area of about 1,000 acres. Between Swan Pond and FIRST LAKE, the lake nearest the Ohio River, are LONG POND and MINOR LAKE, used as rearing ponds. ` ; I At 291.3 m. US 60 crosses the Illinois Line and a tip of Illinois to the Missouri Line, 291.8 m., 16 miles east of Charleston, Mo., by way J of bridges over the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers (combination toll $1 ). L , , ( I. il

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