THE MOUNTAIN EAGLE
NOTICE OF SALE
of TV FRANCHISE
CITY OF JENKINS
On the 31st day of March,
To the Editor:
This evening, my eratic student's
life allowing, I picked up the
6 edition of The Mountain
Faale and came acton Marie F.
Day's article on Cowan (p. 4). I
tnrougnt aooui ner couiiiicuu,
checked my U. S. Army wall
map of Eastern Kentucky to get
a better grip on things, and . .
plunged into this reply.
I can appreciate the deep frus- - ,
nation that many east Kentuck-aln- s
must feel about the dismal .
portrayal their region has received. Appalachla has been
held up as a "moder depressed
area by journalists, muckrakers,
and government officials alike.
The motivation for this behavior
ranges from the deepest sincerity
and conviction to the worst hypocrisy. The merit of these efforts varies from constructive
to mere sensationalism.
What can be said about the significance of thlscampalgn to expose the Appalachian region?
Leaving aside sensationalism,
let us consider the meaning of
more serious efforts to describe
the conditions of life In the
The history of the U. S. economy has been one of periodic
rises and falls of business activity. Despite numerous business
cycles since the Depression, we
have experienced a continuing
Improvement in our standard of
living. In the past six years we
have experienced the longest continued expansion of our economy
since the turn of the century. Unemployment Is at extremely low
levels, so much so that some
labor markets are experiencing
labor shortages. But what of life
In the "Mountain Region"? Has
eastern Kentucky shared In this
abundance? All the data on my
bookshelf say, "Nol"
Why has the Appalachian region
not kept up with the rest of the
country? The economic reasons
have been reviewed again and
again: continuing decline In the
coal Industry, mechanization of
the mines, the difficulties of Importing new Industries, and so on.
The abuses of the lumbering and
coal companies have been documented as well. But what are
the political reasons for this ever
present depression? Why has pur- -
1967, the City Council of Jenkins, Kentucky, adopted a resolution directing the sale at public
outcry of a city cable television
franchise. This resolution is in
words and figures as follows;
there is a continuing
public demand for adequate ser
vice of cable television to the
citizens of the City of Jenkins,
WH EREAS, it appears that it is
to the interest of the public that
a franchise be advertised and sold
granting and entitling the grantee to use the public streets,
thorough fares and other public
places for the erection and distribution of cable television,
NOW THEREFORE, be It resolved by the City Council of the
City of Jenkins, Kentucky.
There is hereby
created a franchise or privilege
to operate a home service television network in the City of
Jenkins, Kentucky, which home
service television network is defined as the transmission of television waves gathered at a central point and transmitted into
private homes by wire, transmission lines and or coaxial cable
instead of by direct reception of
television waves by individual
antenna; subject to the terms and
conditions hereinafter set out.
SECTION It This franchise
shall commence on the date that
the sale thereof Is confirmed by
the City Council of the City of
Jenkins, Kentucky, and shall extend ten (10) years thereafter.
SECTION III: The holder of
this franchise shall be entitled to
construct, maintain and operate
wires, transmission lines, coaxial
cables and other television devices and such other appliances
as may be proper, useful or necessary to the construction, maintenance and operation of a home
television network in all the public ways, streets or places in the
City of Jenkins, Kentucky.
SECTION IV: The holder of this
franchise shall purchase, construct and maintain such equfp-men- t,
wires, transmission lines,
coaxial cables, towers and other
transmission facilities as may be
necessary to supply those inhabitants of this city subscribing to
the service with good reception of
and In flvc(5) other consplclous
SECTION V: The holder of this
places in the city for at least 15
days before the time of sale and
franchise shall furnish upon deby causing the publication of such
mand and upon the payment of
fees to be fixed by the City Counnotice notice in a newspaper of
cil and the holder of the franchise general circulation published In
direct service for any television
Letcher County, Ky. , for not
set in the City of Jenkins.
less than three (3) consecutive isSECTION VI: The holder of
sues next before the date of tale,
this franchise shall furnish a deto offer for sale at public outcry
posit of fifty ($50. 00) dollars to
to the highest and best bidder at
the clerk of the City of Jenkins
the front door of the city hall in
before commencing removal of
the City of Jenkins., between the'
any pavement on any street or
hours of 10:00 o'clock in the
alley. This deposit will be remorning and 2: 00 o'clock in the
turned only Upon replacement of
afternoon on some convenient
the pavement and Inspection by
date to be named In such notice
official of thf r ty who is designand advertisements and upon
by the City
ated for that
conditions herein stated; and
receive bids for franchise and
SECTION yiu The holder of
authority herein directed to be
this franchise shall provide suitsold.
able indemnity insurance for all
losses resulting from the conduct
The Clerk will report her acts,
of said home television network,
together with all bids received by
and save the city harmless from
her for such franchise to the City
any action which may arise as a
Council at its next regular or
result of this service.
called or adjourned meeting held
SECTION VIII: The holder of
after such sale, .
this franchise shall have the right
Pursuant to the direction of the
to charge users according to the
City Council of Jenkins, Kentucfollowing schedule:
ky, as set forth In the foregoing
Monthly service charge. . .$4.50 Resolution, the undersigned will,
Penalty of delinquent accounts
on the 6th day of May, 1967, at
of 15 days
57 the front door of the city hall in
SECTION IX: In June, 1969, the the City of Jenkins, Letcher Coun
City Council of the City of Jenkins ty, Kentucky, at 10:00 A.M.,
shall be all iwed to examine the
and 2: 00 P. M. , offer for public
complete accounts of the holder
sale at public outcry to the highof this franchise, andon the basis
est and best bidder, a cable teleof profits or loss of the holder,
vision franchise on the public
may Increase or decrease the
streets and thcrofares ol Jenkins,
month' rate by as much as fifty
Kentucky, which cable television
cents. v$. 50).
franchise shall be In the terms set
SECTION X: The City of Jen
forth in the foregoing Resolution
kins reserves the right to reject
and said sale shall be made in all
any and all bids.
respects in accordance with the
Resolution set forth above and all
The Clerk of the City of Jenbidders will be required to comkins is hereby directed after havply with the terms of such Resoling advertised the time, place
and terms of sale and the rights
WITNESS, Oily Hoback Carter,
to be sold by posting written or
Clerk, tills 31st day of March,
printed notices in six (6) public
places in the City of Jenkins, InOily Hoback Carter,
cluding the door of the city hall
City Clerk of Jenkins, Kentucky.
'THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1967
have added swings, improved the
court, and repaired
equipment. With the financial support which was given by
the community dances, shooting
matches and other sponsored
these men certainly did a
, Although we received this much
support, there have been' many
"Arm Chair Critlct" who have
not been as liberal with their
support as they have with their
Our basic purposes with the community center have been to provide organized recreation for the
young people, and to promote
total community development.
My husband and 1 did not have
organized actlvitet as we grew
up and we know what a disadvantage this can be. We want
the young people of Cowan to '
have the tame opportunities
youngsters in other communities
have. Why shouldn't Cowan have
Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, H
Clubs, dances, play guilds, and
why should boys and girls have
to leave Cowan to share tuch experience!? Why shouldn't the
youth of Cowan know that the
community it Interested in their
well-beiand it willing to devote time for planning and organizing for their benefit?
Along with our Interest in the
youth we have been interested In
total community development
such as garbage collections, sewing classes, library services, and
other worthwhile projects. To
date our only success has been
In Folk Dancing and outside recreation. These acti vires have
brought out orderly crowds and
poteful exploitation been Allowed
to persist? Why have the conditions of waste and destitution
brought on by exploitation not
been remedied? In order to answer these questions we must ex- -amine the very fabric of American political life.
In general, American politics
can be characterized at pluralistic: a wide range of participants
compete with one another over a
wide range of issues. To the
that various groups and interests can participate in the political arena, expressing their
need and concerns over issues,
.we think of our political system
at democratic and fair. But what
about the groups who cfginot or
do not participate? What about
the issues that ate not raised?
The fact is that our society it
basically middle-clas- s.
neither good nor bad. But It does
mean that our political tystem
revolves around the problems
and concerns of the middle class.
And most middle class people are
not concerned about working condition! In cmI mines. They do
not know anything about coal
mines. Unitl a few years ago,
most people did not know anything about Appalachla. John F.
Kennedy was shocked at the working conditions of Appalachian
coal miners--bnot until he
went to West Virginia for the
Presidential primary In 19601
The values and procedures which
underlie our political system--"th- e
rules of the game"
suited. to the needs of a middle-clas- s
society. When problems
arise 'that are strange to the middle class, such as violence In
our urban slums or poverty in Appalachla, they tend to be
someone it against slum dwellers
or mountain people, but because
these problems disrupt the system.
Alliances between groups are
threatened! confusion prevails;
people become afraid that they
will not be able to get what they
In short, the problems of Appalachla and of our cities never become Issues. They are not raised for public debate. No one
can take tides. There can be no
political struggle in order to solve
them. Therefore, they remain
have been well chaperoned. (I
expect the ".arm chair critics'
tfould approve the county Sheriff
at a proper chaperon. )
But in a recent. survey conducted
in the community regardlng'the
Community Center, such corn-meas these were received:
Community Center a good idea
but no time to helpj dances are
wild affairs, not chaperoned;
activities need more supervision!
not serious enough in efforts; all
play no work; never have attended, but will not attend nor let
This Is what so depresses me.
How can people make comments
tuch as these when it takes about
three evenings of work to get tlx
Interested persons out for an organizational Boy Scout Meeting,
or to get enough people out to
start a garbage collection tystem.
How can these people sit back and
criticize others who are buy try-ln- g
to initiate some worthwhile
activites, even if It does involve
a few mistakes? Isn't It better
to be making mistakes and doing
something than to do nothing?
How can people justly say that
activities are not properly chaperoned when they (the Cowan
citizens in this instance) ate the
ones who should be chaperoning.
Why don't the parents of youngsters come out to these affairs and
see that they are properly chaperoned? Why do they expect everyone else to carry out their responsibilities; and if they are going to
give this responsibility to others
why don't they quit criticizing
and support those others?
Mr:.. Kendell Ison
Your Telephone Manager
DID YOU KNOW?
The need is to draw attention to
the problems of Appalachla in
order that they may become Issues, so that those who want to
solve these problems can oppose
those who wish to stand in the
way, This is why it is important
for writers and government officials to portray life In Appalachla,
to point out the injustices and the
hardships, and at the same, time,
to point out the worthiness of the
But to point out the Wrongdoing
and disaster Is not enough, Nor
Is It enough to complain that
you're being "run down" when the
truth is exposed. Rather, It it
necessary to be realistic, to survey the damage-and--Mrs.
Day has done to point out the
vlotorles. Then you must get
to work: with all the realities In
mind, you must set out to make
403 College Avenue
Ithaca, New York
INFORMATION IS NOW REACHED.
When the need arises for you to call Information
be sure to dial the new number shown above. Do not
call operator, as faster service can be provided If you
use the special information number.
In case you should forget the new information can- be found on page 3 of the new 1967 telephone directory.
To the Editor:
Recently an article appeared
in The Mountain Eagle about the
Cowan Community. I thought
this was very interesting. I share
in Mrs. Day's belief that Cowan
and other Letcher County communities have many blessings.
I am a life-lon- g
Cowan. My husband and I taught
for three years In the Cowan community and ptesently are social
workers. We have been involved
for the last four years in what is
known as the Cowan Community
Along with other community
members we have received cooperation and support in our efforts to establish a community
center. There have been four
unemployed fathers assigned to
the center and their work Is certainly very evident. The building
has been painted, the grounds
have been landscaped, picnic
grills have been built, and they
There has been no change In the
number to call for REPAIR SERVICE.