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Appleton Sturgis papers, 1862-1874

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Author

Finding aid prepared by Dorothy Houston

Title

Appleton Sturgis papers

Date

1862-1874

Repository

University of Kentucky Special Collections

Arrangement

Collection is arranged chronologically.

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

1997ms469: [identification of item], Appleton Sturgis papers, 1862-1874, University of Kentucky Special Collections.

Extent

0.45 Cubic Feet

72 items

Abstract

The Appleton Sturgis papers (dated 1862-1874; 0.45 cubic feet; 72 items) consist of 70 letters written by Appleton Sturgis, who served for ten months on a Union transport steamer, the Achilles, in the Peninsular campaign in Virginia and Maryland.

Biography/History

Appleton Sturgis was born June 2, 1842, in Baltimore, Maryland. Immediate family includes father Captain Russell Sturgis, mother Margaret Sturgis (maiden name: Margaret Dawes Appleton), older brother Russell Sturgis, younger brother Edward Sturgis, and younger sister Kate Sturgis. The family’s home residence was located at 164 East 10th Street in Ward 17 District 9, New York, New York. Sturgis' father was involved in the family shipping company, Sturgis, Clearman and Co. The company was owned by Appleton Sturgis' uncle, William C. Sturgis, and George M. Clearman. During the Civil War, Sturgis served as a lieutenant aboard the Union transport steamer, Achilles, in the Peninsular Campaign, which spanned across Virginia and Maryland. In December of 1862, Sturgis was assigned to work for the Ordinance Office at the Headquarter for the Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, Louisiana, serving there for six months. His initial duty was as a clerk for the Ordinance Office, but he was later promoted to Assistant Chief of Ordinance. Sturgis joined the 3rd division of the 19th Army Corps after his service for the Ordinance Office was complete and was injured in the battle of Fort Hudson. After the war, Sturgis married Emily Lamb Elliot and had four children: Elizabeth, Russell, Dawes, and Arthur. Sturgis died in August of 1900.

Scope and Content

The Appleton Sturgis papers (dated 1862-1874; 0.45 cubic feet; 72 items) consist of 70 letters written by Appleton Sturgis, who served for ten months on a Union transport steamer, the Achilles, in the Peninsular campaign in Virginia and Maryland. These lengthy letters contain detailed descriptions of military life, battles, strategy, and a variety of hand-drawn illustrations and maps. They also include Sturgis' personal observations of a tour of the ironclad Monitor (Box 1, Folder 19); of President Abraham Lincoln (Box 1, Folder 21); and various military personnel, including Admiral David Farragut, General Nathaniel P. Banks, General Benjamin Butler, General Ulysses S. Grant, and General William T. Sherman (Box 1, Folder 43). Sturgis also describes in these letters the work he does on behalf of his father, obtaining charters and certificates for company ships to be contracted out to the Union. Additionally, the collection includes one telegram and one general release document.

Subjects

  • United States. Army. Department of the Gulf (1862-1865).
  • Maps
  • Baltimore (Md.).
  • New Orleans (La.)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Equipment and supplies.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Naval operations.
  • Banks, Nathaniel Prentiss, 1816-1894
  • Butler, Benjamin F., (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893
  • Farragut, David Glasgow, 1801-1870
  • Grant, Ulysses S., 1822-1885
  • Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
  • Sherman, William T., (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
  • Sturgis, Appleton, 1842-1900
  • Letters.
  • Peninsular Campaign, 1862
  • Soldiers--Correspondence.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Correspondence.
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical and sanitary affairs
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Collection Inventory

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Washington D.C., 1862 March 18
[Box: 1, Folder: 1] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The Achilles and crew are scheduled to depart from Washington for an unknown destination. The Townly is to accompany them. Lieutenant Colonel Ingalls is among the crew, and friend of Sturgis. Provides a drawing of boats on the Potomac River, going past Alexandria. The South America was lost on Hay Island upon it's return home. Gives an account of ships, and mentions May Queen, Arrowsmith, State of Miami, Nanshon, and Cononicus. They were fired upon in Alexandria and Sturgis describes what happened. Relays that Major Tiffany, A. Quarter Master, and Major Perry of the 15th Regiment N.Y. wish to be remembered to his father.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Washington D.C., 1862 March 21
Page one of the letter is covered in a mylar sleeve due to poor condition. [Box: 1, Folder: 2] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The ship and crew are in Washington pending orders, though Sturgis does not think they are more likely to move anytime soon. Barges they were scheduled to tow were deemed not to be sea worthy, and now they only have the ponóten. Mentions Captain Hennessey and the steamer James Guy. All boats ordered down to Alexandria, except for the Achilles and Townley. They were ordered to take on Gen. Franklin’s division to Fortress Monroe. Pistols fired off every morning like the Fourth of July. Sturgis took time to see his cousins and aunt. Has not seen the Illinois, May Queen, or South America in a while, and supposes they are lost.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Washington D.C., 1862 March 24
[Box: 1, Folder: 3] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The Achilles and crew were docked in Alexandria, and scheduled to be ordered away Tuesday. Sturgis went to visit the city, and the Achilles sent away to retrieve barges in his absence. Met Captain Wilson of the Nanshon and watched regiments embark on the ships Metamora, John Brooks, Nanshon, South America, C. Vanderbuilt, Arrowsmith, and Kennebeck. Gen. Smith’s division and a few thousand of McDowell’s men were among those who left. Sturgis makes the aquaintance of Captain Lopes, and discovers the Achilles should be back before night, so he decided to wait on the Golden Gate, but went aboard the West Kent first to see Captain Kirby. Met a Mr. Clearman, son of Mr. C. on board the War Kent. Mr. C. is likely George M. Clearman of Sturgis, Clearman, and Co. They eventually took a dispatch boat to Washington and met the Achilles. May Queen reported to be at Fort Monroe, the South American reported to have left carrying troops, and the Illinois, Long Branch, and John Farrow reported to have arrived safely.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard Achilles, Chesapeake Bay, VA., 1862 March 26
[Box: 1, Folder: 4] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Travelling along the Chesapeake River, just passing Smith's Point on the way to Fort Monroe. Towing three schooners, the Mary Anna, Dan C. Higins, Joseph Home and brig J.W. Drisko, carrying a total of four companies of artillery; part of General Porter’s division. Ordered to follow steamer Washington Hunt. Anchored at Swan Point to allow the Washington Hunt to pass them due to its slowness. Sturgis met some soldiers from the Pennsylvania regiment in one of the schooners. The Achilles eventually overtook the Washington Hunt and towed them with the rest of the boats, and arrived at Fort Monroe. Illustration of how the Achilles towed the seven vessels.

Letter to Edward Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Potomac River, VA., 1862 March 28
[Box: 1, Folder: 5] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To younger brother, Ed. The Achilles is on its way towards Alexandria pulling two brigs and three schooners. While they were at Fort Monroe on Wednesday there were about 200 other vessels anchored. Toured the iron clad Monitor, and mentions the Atlantic and Vanderbuilt. Sturgis had hoped the Merrimac would show up, but it did not. During their stay at the fort, Sturgis took time to see the Union Gun and Lincoln Gun, which were pointed towards Norfolk. Describes four gunboats they passed in the bay.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Alexandria, VA., 1862 March 29
[Box: 1, Folder: 6] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis writes about friends, relatives, and their whereabouts and doings. The Achilles is at the docks awaiting orders. A letter came via Lieutenant Colonel Ingalls, who gave it to Major Tiffany, who gave it to Capt. Hennessey, who finally gave it to Sturgis. Inquires about photograph from Addie Foster. Captain Francis of the May Queen visited the Achilles and went with Captain Andrew. They passed the Arrowsmith going down the river loaded with troops bound for Fort Monroe.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, entering the Chesapeake Bay, VA., 1862 March 31
[Box: 1, Folder: 7] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The Achilles is on the way to Old Point with a tow. There was a heavy snow while they anchored at Mt. Vernon. They were delayed in their travel due to having to tow the Dency and three schooners: the Jas. Johnson, West Wind, and R.S. Dean, as well as two barges: the Wallkill and Cedar Hill. Sturgis mentions seeing the steamship Constitution coming out from Alexandria, after obtaining General McClellan and his staff. Describes the cost of goods in Washington and what he has been spending.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, anchored below Fort Monroe, VA., 1862 April 1
[Box: 1, Folder: 8] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The Achilles left Alexandria with heavy tow and arrived at Fort Monroe. Q.M. Captain Hunt sent them off to assist the steamship Constitution, who had run ashore on the Potomac. They then proceeded up the bay to Smith’s Point to locate ship, and met the Constitution. Relays news that the Flushing sunk March 28 or 29. Mentions seeing May Queen, Arrowsmith, Illinois, Townley, Nanshon, John Brooks, Elm City, John Farrow, Daniel Webster at Fort Monroe. Most ships had troops on board and bound for Hampton.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Potomac River, travelling to Alexandria, VA., 1862 April 5
[Box: 1, Folder: 9] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Travelling along the Potomac, just off Indian Head, on the way to Alexandria. Nine or ten heavy guns were fired at Achilles from the shore north of Cherrystone Light, towing five schooners. Sturgis thinks it was possibly a U.S. Union battery who mistook the Achilles for the enemy. The Cononicus was stranded, and the Achilles with the State of Miami and Atlantic try to pull out the ship with no success. Afterwards, they took the Handy, Malony, and three schooners in tow with them to Alexandria. Sturgis located the 20th Massachusetts and meets with friend, Nate Hayward.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Alexandria., 1862 April 6
[Box: 1, Folder: 10] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. A rumor that rebel troops are nearby is circulating, and the Union only has 30,000 troops in Alexandria under General McDowell. General Hooker’s division is ready to move out in four days to the mouth of Rappahannock. The Elm City, C. Vandervbuilt, John Brooks are located on the Maryland shore of the Potomac waiting for troops. Sturgis reports that General McClellan has 130,000 troops to march to Richmond, and he suspects there will be a fight at Norfolk. Describes finances, payment for crew, and repairs that will be done to ship.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Shipping Point, VA., 1862 April 15
[Box: 1, Folder: 11] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Arrowsmith, Elm City, C. Vanderbuilt, John Brooks, Croten, Sea Shore, and R.J. Spalding transporting troops and on the way to Alexandria to get more. General McClellan and 60,000 troops have rebel forces surrounded and trapped near Yorktown. General Franklin’s division started to arrive, and gunboats are waiting up York river. Sturgis describes the 100,000 men and wagons that stretched four miles long, the conversation he had with men from the 69th New York about their movements, and General McClellan’s narrow escape from a rebel trap. He also lists the acquaintances he has made that may be useful for his future in the shipping business, and some of the jobs the Achilles and the crew have been doing. Transcription of a copy of an incident report.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Alexandria, VA., 1862 April 17
[Box: 1, Folder: 12] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Around 300 boats waiting in the river waiting for troops, including the Constitution. Sturgis describes his visits with family: Aunt Kate, Aunt Lottie, and Uncle Charles. General Franklin’s division leaves the city to go support General McClellan, and Sturgis describes their send off, including the band and songs that played. He also discusses the strength of the rebels in Yorktown, possible battle strategies or siege, and the troops high opinion of General McClellan. During this time, one of the crew members lost a toe in an accident while oiling the engine.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Washington D.C, 1862 April 20
[Box: 1, Folder: 13] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis left the Achilles for a few days to finish up business about the charter for his father, and is staying at his Aunt Lottie’s residence. Describes what he has been doing while on land, and asks after the rest of the family and whether they dyed eggs for Easter Sunday.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Washington D.C, 1862 April 23
[Box: 1, Folder: 14] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis mailed his father the certificate and charter, and telegraphed to inform him. Visited the Capitol, President’s House, Patent Office, and Smithsonian Institute. Relays that Richmond may be won before Yorktown. General McDowell is marching upon Richmond, while General Franklin and General McCall are at the mouth of Rappahannock to march across the York river. Describes possible military strategies, and issues they may face with rebels.

Letter to Edward Sturgis, Washington D.C, 1862 April 23
[Box: 1, Folder: 15] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To younger brother, Ed. Sturgis is waiting for the Achilles to return, and estimates 7-10 days passage from Alexandria to Ship Point or Fort Monroe. Writes about fishing, the price of fish, and life on the Seim. Asks about friends, including one killed at Pittsburg Landing, his older brother, Russ, and Uncle William. Requests to be sent fishing hooks, and provides a drawing of the hooks he wants.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Washington D.C, 1862 April 27
[Box: 1, Folder: 16] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis expects the Achilles to return that day, and is travelling to Alexandria to meet it. Complains of life on shore, and his desire to be back at sea. Acquainted himself with the Captain of the Saturn. Visited cousins, Callie and Emma Kassen, and Aunts, Kate and Lottie. Wrote a personal letter for a deck hand who could not write. Asks about new clothes and handkerchiefs.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, at the docks waiting for Achilles,Washington D.C.., 1862 April 27
[Box: 1, Folder: 17] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Preparing to travel to Cape Henry. Sturgis describes his dissatisfaction with the ship’s cook and requests that his father send them a better one from New York. Sturgis is unsure of what the ships movement will be, since orders are given on very short notice. The boiler blew out, and had to be repaired. The ship's whisky supply ran out at Ship Point, and Sturgis sent a request for more. Father approved of certificate.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Chesapeake Bay, VA., 1862 May 2
[Box: 1, Folder: 18] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The Achilles will be at Fort Monroe by tomorrow. Sturgis attempted to find a new cook in Washington, but had no success. The ship was ordered to tow several vessels bound for Hatteras: Condor, Susan Duncan, four schooners G.C. Morris, Dean G. Higgins, Maryland, and John Farrow. The vessels held troops for part of Van Allen’s, 3rd New York Cavalry, and the Achilles is scheduled to stop at Fort Monroe to pick up soldiers from General Wools to reinforce General Burnside. The Achilles is currently under the order of Lieutenant Colonel Mix and staff, who are aboard the John Farrow. Sturgis describes the men of the 3rd N.Y. Cavalry, and how they drill and spar on the decks of the ships. While the ship and crew were anchored at Piney Point, they took leisure time and ate oysters.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Fort Monroe, VA., 1862 May 4-5
[Box: 1, Folder: 19] browse
Scope and Content Note:
Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Hatteras, NC., 1862 May 7
[Box: 1, Folder: 20] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Achilles is named Flagship of the Hatteras Expedition. They were ordered to drop their tows at Cape Henry, and then return to Ft. Monroe, however Colonel Mix requested to have the Achilles under his orders for a while longer, and the ship and crew will continue to follow the orders of Colonel Mix. Sturgis transcribed a copy of the order the ship and crew were given.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Fort Monroe, VA., 1862 May 11
[Box: 1, Folder: 21] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis just returned from Norfolk, which was taken by Union forces. The Achilles was ordered up to Norfolk shortly after the city was taken, and was the second ship to arrive after the Victory. As the ship travelled up Sewells Point, they passed President Abraham Lincoln aboard the steamer King Phillip. The crew gave the president three cheers as they went by, and President Abraham Lincoln took off his hat and bowed. Sturgis describes the celebration when they arrived in the city, and the view of the guns on Canary Island. Upon passing the Monitor Sturgis found out from the crew that the Merrimack was sunk just below Canary Island. Sturgis describes what the crew of the Monitor said about the battle that occurred as well as the look and price of various food items after going ashore and the appearance of the city.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Fort Monroe, VA., 1862 May 14
[Box: 1, Folder: 22] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The Achilles is in the process of coaling up for a trip to Baltimore, and will be towing the Nelly Baker to repair leaks after it ran ashore. Richmond was taken and the city surrendered to the Monitor and Galena. The rebel army is in a trap. The news may change the direction of the Achilles, and they may possibly be sent up river towards Richmond. Sturgis assures father he will work on getting a second charter certificate.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Hampton Roads, VA., 1862 May 14
[Box: 1, Folder: 23] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The Achilles received official written orders to tow the Nelly Baker to Baltimore and report to Major James Belger to receive barges, but they were delayed until the next day. Sturgis spoke to Captain Thomas about the certificate, and he will go from Baltimore to Washington to get the certificate while repairs are being done to the ship. Sturgis goes on to further discuss charter business and dates. The crew is getting homesick, and Sturgis does not think they will stay after their contract months are up.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Chesapeake Bay, VA., 1862 May 15
[Box: 1, Folder: 24] browse
Scope and Content Note:
Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, Chesapeake Bay, VA., 1862 May 15-16
[Box: 1, Folder: 25] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. May 15: Currently in the Chesapeake Bay, and Captain Andrews arrived safely. Sturgis will pay some of the crew tomorrow and discusses the possibility of getting new hands to replace those that leave when their time is up. Notes that all mail going to Old Point is opened by the Provost Guard, and lists things he needs to purchase for the ship. May 16: Sturgis arrived in Baltimore, reported to Q.M. Major Belger, and then went to the government ship yard to have boiler repairs on the Achilles, which should take two to three days. Sturgis requests more money from father and lists his expenses. Will send a telegraph to father explaining where to send money.

Telegram to Captain Russell Sturgis, 1862 May 16
[Box: 1, Folder: 26] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The telegram reads: City Department, American Telegraph Company, General Office, 145 Broadway, with a disclaimer and the charge amount for transmissions underneath. Received at the New-York Hotel, May 16 1862. From Sturgis to his father requesting money be sent to him via Mrs. Burnaps. The back of the telegraph features a map of New York City Stations for the American Telegraph Co.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, Baltimore, MD, 1862 May 18
[Box: 1, Folder: 27] browse
Scope and Content Note:
Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Baltimore, MD, 1862 May 19
[Box: 1, Folder: 28] browse
Scope and Content Note:
Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 May 22
[Box: 1, Folder: 29] browse
Scope and Content Note:
Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 May 22
[Box: 1, Folder: 30] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Several boats have been sent home. The Achilles will be sent up James River eventually. Major Belger made a request for the ship to be sent to Baltimore. Sturgis has not heard much news about the other ships, only the May Queen and Herald.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 May 24
[Box: 1, Folder: 31] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis volunteered as an A.D.C. with Mrs. Balestien and Iriss Bradley, friends of his mother’s, on board the Elm City. Remarks that tending to wounded soldiers is not appropriate work for ladies and discusses learning how to do his own laundry. Weather has been hot, and the water is making the crew sick.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House VA., 1862 May 25
[Box: 1, Folder: 32] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis decided to stay aboard the Elm City and help with the wounded. Relays to father that Mr. Weed is returning home, and apologizes for the delay. More boats are returning home; the Secor and Nantucket have already gone, and the Pioneer, Columbia, and Catskill will follow soon.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 May 27
[Box: 1, Folder: 33] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The sick men were moved from the Elm City and only the very sick were not moved. Sturgis attends a soldier's funeral, and upon returning received orders from Colonel Ingalls to move all men aboard the Knickerbocker. Describes the confusion from none of the men knowing how to proceed, which forced Sturgis to take charge and give orders, and was then appointed Ward Master. He lists some of the remedies given to the soldiers, such as brandy punch, milk punch, beef tea, and explaines how they were administered. The Daniel Webster arrived from New York safely.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the floating hospital ship Knickerbocker, White House, VA., 1862 May 29
[Box: 1, Folder: 34] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The United States transport and headquarters of the sanitary commission, currently laying the Panduskey River, two miles below the White House, VA. Sturgis thinks the patients have seen good results from his nursing, and believes many of the patients will be sent home. Visited the Achilles while it was being painted.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 June 1
[Box: 1, Folder: 35] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis describes nursing and watching patients all week and lists things he needs from the commissary stores. The crew of the Achilles went aboard the Daniel Webster to prepare it for sick and wounded men to be brought aboard. Head of Commission, Mr. Olmstead, and Dr. Knapp headed the project, and ordered Sturgis to act as Quarter Master. Sturgis describes the surgeons, doctors, and ward masters on the ships for the wounded. He also provides a copy of the list given to Dr. Knapp regarding the preperations, and provides names of people from New York he met while working. Sturgis asks his mother to remember him tomorrow for his 20th birthday.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 June 1
[Box: 1, Folder: 36] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis engaged another two men to replace the ones that left but still needs a deckhand and engineer. The crew is well and satisfied, and the cooks are clean and use up the stores efficiently. Sturgis thinks they will be staying until Richmond is taken and then ordered up the James River. He has decided to wait on the third certificate, since the ship may be sent home. The decks of the ship began to open from the heat and had to be varnished. Sturgis expects a great battle will soon commence, based on the amount of wounded men coming in every hour.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, aboard the Achilles, White House, VA., 1862 June 5
[Box: 1, Folder: 37] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. The Achilles has been idle in the river, occasionally running to Cumberland, West Point, and Yorktown. Captain Andrews wants the ship to continue working throughout the summer. Sturgis has fallen ill, but will send a memorandum of May expenses soon. Provides a list of amounts paid to dismissed men, amounts he paid to others, and will send a list of the current crew later. Inquires about the money for the second certificate.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the North Star, Baton Rouge, LA., 1862 December 18-19
[Box: 1, Folder: 38] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. December 18: General Banks and staff entered the steamer to go up to the city. General Banks appointed to succeed General Butler. When they reached the levee Lieutenant Hill received orders to establish a depot at Baton Rouge, and ordered to take possession of the Ordinance Office. Sturgis visited the new St. Charles Hotel, and later met with with Colonel Chickering to volunteer for the 1st Massachusett. He describes his uniform and what occured during drill. Illustrated map of the area near Baton Rouge where the battle field was located. December 19: Sturgis was kept awake with false alarms throughout the night and describes sleeping in the field. The Pocahontas arrived with stores and horses.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 January 1-2
[Box: 1, Folder: 39] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis returned to New Orleans from Baton Rouge, and will now take up duties at the Ordinance Office for the Headquarters of the Department of the Gulf. Discusses money and his expenditures, and asks his mother to send clothing, describing in detail what she should send and what the the clothes should look like. Gives opinions on the importance of the Union Depot in New Orleans, and other stations that have been established. Writes about daily duties, and gives a map of the medical director’s office.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 January 5-6
[Box: 1, Folder: 40] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. January 5: Sturgis gives a detailed account of the battle at Galveston: all the soldiers in the 240th were killed, and the Westfield ran aground and was blown up by the Mary Bradshaw, killing Commander Renshaw and his officers. Sturgis lists the ships lost in the battle and the number of men killed. January 6: The Ordinance Office was nearly blown up the previous night. Sturgis describes how the plot to destroy it was discovered and foiled. Sturgis provides drawing of store room area; explains what weaponry was there and its value; and describes how the bomb was made.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 January 13
[Box: 1, Folder: 41] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis dismissed some staff after the near explosion, has taken sole charge of the storehouse, and describes the difficulty of running it. Received telegrams from Brunswick Bay requesting ammunition and thinks there may be an attack soon. General McClellan has been appointed to command. Sturgis requests to be sent maps of Port Hudson, Vicksburg, and Mobile. Describes how scraps of paper and torn bill are passing for money.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 January 19th
[Box: 1, Folder: 42] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. General Weitzel has advanced on the 13th from Brunswick Bay to find out confederate whereabouts and destroy the gunboat Cotton. General Emery’s division under orders to move out, and Sturgis gives an account of what the army is doing. Sturgis describes the difference between General Banks and General Butler and complains about the high cost of goods in the south. The Sparkling Sea went ashore on the reefs of Florida. Rumors that the rebel ship Alabama captured the union ship Roanoke. Sturgis is rooming in a house with some soldiers and describes the living situation.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 January 24-27
Page one of the letter is covered in a mylar sleeve due to poor condition and some disintegration. [Box: 1, Folder: 43] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. January 24: Sturgis requests to be sent military style clothing for work and a number of other items, describing in detail what the uniform should look like, down to the details on the buttons. Provides a lists the names of the officers he is living with and transcribes a verse of the song Bonnie Blue Flag. Sturgis describes his dislike for General Sherman's character when the general visits the Ordinance Office, and quotes what General Sherman said to him and to Lieutenant Hill. January 27: Sturgis asks to be sent a rubber blanket and leather straps; provides an illustration of a knapsack with straps.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 February 3
[Box: 1, Folder: 44] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To older brother, Russ. The department has been busy, and officers are coming and going all the time with requisitions, invoices, and receipts. Sturgis describes what they do in the office. Received a request from Ship Island for supplies, and Sturgis went aboard the Hartford to see Admiral Faragut (sic. Farragut) for approval of the request. Sturgis describes sitting and drinking with the admiral, and his own impressions. Upon his return to the office, Stugis sees a lady with a counterfeit five dollar bill.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 February 6
[Box: 1, Folder: 45] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Received a letter from the Adjunct saying that the regiment is encamped two miles from where Sturgis left them on the road, and expecting an attack from the rebels. Arrested a group of young rebels and took action against confederate sympathizers. Lost the Sparkling Sea on the shores of Florida, and have fortified the city as a result.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 February 12
[Box: 1, Folder: 46] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis describes the discouraging news they received from the North. Burnside may have resigned, Porter was dismissed, and Sumner and Franklin were removed from the army. Sturgis discusses the government's current state of affairs, and his own predictions of what will happen politically and who should be placed where. General Emery is on an expedition, and General Weitzel was last heard to be going through Berwick Bay on the way to Donaldsville. A siege train is being armed, and Sturgis describes the cargo it is taking. The men Sturgis lives with had a stag party at the house and he describes what they did.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 February 20
[Box: 1, Folder: 47] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis describes mail and mail travel and the return of General Emery’s expedition. There is discord in the city from the lack of discipline on the part of General Banks, and had difficulty keeping the rebel citizens in line during a prisoner exchange at the levee. Sturgis writes about his opinions of slaves and darkeys, the treatment of black officers and the hard feelings between them and the white officers. The rebels attempted another bombing, this time in the navy, but failed.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 February 26
[Box: 1, Folder: 48] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Mail steamer Ella Warley was lost, but the Roanoke arrived. Sturgis tells his father why he will not accept an oppointment to supervise a black officer regiment, and explains his reasoning. Gives an account of the Billinghurst and Regina Gunn, it's ability to fire 25 rounds 16 times per minute, and what they will do when they receive the gun. Lieutenant Mumford was assigned demonstrate the gun a trial. The Captain of the Laurel Hill played a prank on the rebels who were crowded on the ship and Sturgis describes what happened.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 March 3-4
The first and last pages of the letter are covered in mylar sleeves due to poor condition and some disintegration. [Box: 1, Folder: 49] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis writes about his work, the dealings he has with other officers, and the levee of ordinance officers from all over came to the department. Orders from General Banks for the 18th N.Y. Batt. to leave for Baton Rouge, along with two others. Sturgis does not think the Union will be able to hold Baton Rouge, the rebels having captured two of the union's best gunboats: Queen of the West and Indianola. The rebels have four or five ironclads which could drive out the fleet at Port Hudson. Sturgis discusses battle scenarios, soldiers, and describes the contents of a package received, comparing what those items would cost in New Orleans.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 March 7
[Box: 1, Folder: 50] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis thinks this will be his farewell letter from New Orleans. The Union is planning to lay siege to Fort Hudson, and General Grover was in the city to consult with General Banks, General Sherman, and General Emery. Sturgis discusses the possibilities of battle, and various outcomes that may occur. Plans on leaving by boat on Tuesday or Thursday.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, between Port Hudson and Baton Rogue, LA, 1863 March 14
[Box: 1, Folder: 51] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The army is advancing to draw the fire from the field battalions, and to distract the rebels. Sturgis is with a section of the 18th Batt. They were ordered to hold their place as long as possible, and then retreat to town.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 March 19
The first page and the last two pages of the letter are covered in mylar sleeves due to poor condition and some disintegration. [Box: 1, Folder: 52] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis has returned from Baton Rouge, and responds to his mother’s inquiry about the shooting of General Banks. Describes army movements and strategies concerning the 41st Massachusetts, 173rd and 175th New York, 18th N.Y. Batt., 12th Massachusetts, 21st Indiana siege train, and 3rd Louisiana. Helped perform a review and inspection of troops, and describes the landscape he saw while out riding. Sturgis acted as Chief Commissioner during review of the 18th Battalion, and was later fired upon by rebels after discovering pickets. Provides illustrated map of the roads he travelled on. Sturgis witnesses rebels using lights in their houses to send signals to one another, and describes altercation he had in one particular house. Receives letter from Lt. Hill to return and learns that the Mississippi was destroyed.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 3
[Box: 1, Folder: 53] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis writes that he has been very ill with acclimating fever.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 8
[Box: 1, Folder: 54] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis describes the recovery from his illness, the doctors he saw, and the treatments he received. Met the Assistant Surgeon USQ and Assistant Chief Medical Director. The army has been away from Baton Rouge, General Banks has taken to the field again, and the Union lost another gunboat.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 13
[Box: 1, Folder: 55] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis writes about his endeavor to gain a charter with Colonel Shipley, and describes the comings and goings of the ships in New Orleans. Hopes to keep the Thames employed by the Navy and has been looking for housing for the Achilles to do work. Gives details of what they might be able to do with the Achilles.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 15
[Box: 1, Folder: 56] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The top of the first page has a drawing with hands pointing at the word Private. Sturgis has taken a holiday from the office due to a relapse with his illness, and is receiving a tonic of port wine, wild cherry bark, and some other substance. Requests that his mother to send him port wine and sherry for medicine. He also describes using homeopathy prescribed by Mrs. Russell, and a staphysagria medicine. Mentions the Thames had an accident.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 21-22
[Box: 1, Folder: 57] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. April 21: The words Read to yourself are written at the top of the letter. Sturgis writes that he has a fever, and mentions the current treatments he is taking. Lieutenant Mumford and Sturgis purchased a case of wine from a merchant, and Sturgis lists types of wine he currently has and how he uses them for his illness. April 22: Sturgis describes how General Banks has almost succeeded in cutting the rebel line of supplies, and is currently heading towards Alexandria on the Red River. General Banks may starve out Port Hudson and Vicksburg in 4 months. General Sherman was ordered to sieze all private horse equipment, and is currently sending it to the depot's storehouses in New Orleans.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 24
[Box: 1, Folder: 58] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis has made several inquiries about towing business in New Orleans, and explains how it is different there than it is in New York. One line of boats belongs to Stanton and Co., a rebel company. Discusses quality of other boats, their rates for towing, and official dealings of the ships. Unable to find safe housing for the Achilles and suggests to his father to consider selling it. Mentions General Banks and the rebels, and how they were expecting an attack that never came.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 28-29
[Box: 1, Folder: 59] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. April 28: The illness prevented Sturgis from going with Banks on an expedition. Queen of the West was blown up when the gunboat Calhoun fired upon it. Captain Shunk returned to the office, and Lieutenant Hill has gone to take the captain’s place. Sturgis changed rooms in the boarding house and provides an illustration of the layout of the new room. April 29: Sturgis asks his mother to remember him to Miss Gardener from Elm City, gives details about clothes, and asks for a steel collar.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 April 29
[Box: 1, Folder: 60] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The word Private is written at the top of the letter. Sturgis responds to his mother’s inquiries for him to come home, and does not think it right to go home while the war is still going on. Older brother Russell just settled into business, and brother Ed is still too young, so Sturgis feels this is his duty. Discusses possibility of yellow fever in summer. The rebels are evacuating Port Hudson, and Banks may move his army across Baton Rouge to follow them.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 May 5-15
[Box: 1, Folder: 61] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. May 5: Sturgis was promoted to Chief temporarily. Writes about the slowness of the mail, and the lack of steamers. General Grant is sending about 2000 men, and General Hunter will send 5000, along with several ironclads. Lieutenant Mumford resigned and went home. Sturgis met a Mrs. Richards, friend of Miss Betsy Sturgis. Asks for mother to send Harpers Weekly. May 15: Sturgis expresses his desire to fight in the army on the Potomac when General McClullen returns and tells his mother to remember him on June 2nd for his 21st birthday.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Ordinance Office, New Orleans, LA, 1863 May 20
[Box: 1, Folder: 62] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. The office has been slow, and Sturgis writes that he has been bored. Sturgis thinks Port Hudson will likely fall within the week. General Banks has been crossing a force towards Bayou Lara, while General Anges will advance from Baton Rouge, and General Grant is within 50 miles of the city. Relays news that there are 1000 rebels at Port Hudson and the railroad line was cut from Clinton. Sturgis expresses concern that New Orleans has less than 5000 troops in the city, since most have been sent to battle.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, 19th Army Corps, New Orleans, LA, 1863 May 26
[Box: 1, Folder: 63] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Captain Shunk went to Brasheirs, leaving Sturgis in charge. He received a package from home, with what the southerners call Yankee Sugas, clothes, socks, and a steel collar, which Sturgis describes in detail. Visited Mrs. Russell and gave her a pistol. Lack of news from Port Hudson, and thinks the road to Vicksburg will open up by June 1st. General Banks is at Baton Rouge but doesn’t have enough men to hold it. Colonel Chickering and his force were attacked and pushed back to Franklin.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, aboard the Besbille, travelling towards Port Hudson, LA., 1863 May 30
[Box: 1, Folder: 64] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis asks for his mother to let Mrs. Balatine know he will be going to the front. Sturgis is on the way to Port Hudson, and only given 20 minutes to pack. He will go to Springfield Landing and from there on to the front.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, on the battle front, Port Hudson, LA, 1863 June 8
Letter is covered in a mylar sleeve due to poor condition and some disintegration. [Box: 1, Folder: 65] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis was assigned as acting aid to General H.E. Pain, and has been with him nearly a week, and just returned that morning from an expedition to Clinton, trying to catch rebels who drove Colonel Greisson into an ambush. He describes the expedition, the loss of 200 men to sunstroke, and the burning of Clinton. They have been under sharpshooter fire several times while carrying out orders, and a ball broke one of the spurs on his new horse.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, 3rd Division of the 19th Army Corps, Port Hudson, LA, 1863 June 15
[Box: 1, Folder: 66] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis is in a hospital bed in the tent of Captain Porter, Chief Q.M. to the division. He was shot in the right leg the day before during a battle he fought in along with General Pain’s division. General Pain and Lt. Pearce fell as well. Sturgis gives details about his injury and the battle. Believes he will be sent down to New Orleans in a few days. Describes the current battle going on, how they are being attacked in the rear by 4000, General Weitzel's march out into battle, and the truce that was refused by General Gardener.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, Officer's Hospital, Baton Rogue, LA, 1863 June 25
[Box: 1, Folder: 67] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis describes his current health, the battle at Port Hudson, and the loss of troops. His division lost 823 men. Plans to stay with Mrs. Ropers as soon as possible and will return home from there. Writes about expenses he has accrued and asks for help to pay them.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, Officer's Hospital, Baton Rogue, LA, 1863 June 27-29
[Box: 1, Folder: 68] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Describes the appearance of the Hotel de Fonlie; what other patients are like; daily routine and life in the ward; and the continued fighting at Port Hudson. Gives his opinions about General Banks and the war, General Sherman’s protest, and the many failing of the siege attempt. Provides a detailed account of what he was doing after leaving New Orleans; his time on the front; the battle; meeting General Paine and his staff; his injury; and being pulled off the field by men from the 38th Massachusetts.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 July 6
[Box: 1, Folder: 69] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis thinks he looks like a mummy, and describes the ice treatments to his leg, the kinds of meals they serve, and how he is being cared for. He was visited by the District Attorney, Mr. Whaples, along with his wife. Gives details of his journey on the steamer that brought him to New Orleans. During the passage Sturgis saw the aftermath of the battle at Donaldsville. He discusses possible strategies the Confederates might use to take New Orleans and what kind of response strategy the Union would have.

Letter to Captain Russell Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 July 7
[Box: 1, Folder: 70] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Father. Sturgis responds to his father about business matters, his impending passage home, medical treatments he is taking, and describes how he is being cared for.

Letter to Margaret Sturgis, New Orleans, LA, 1863 July 14
[Box: 1, Folder: 71] browse
Scope and Content Note:

To Mother. Sturgis intends to leave on the steamer Columbia between the 19th and 21st of July and thinks he will reach New York by the 28th of July. Describes the doctor’s opinion on his health for travel, settling debts, and things he must do to prepare for his departure. General Sherman is to travel north on the Columbia with Sturgis, since the general was badly injured in battle. Sturgis describes visits with different generals and officers to obtain a pass to leave.

General Release: Appleton Sturgis, Russell Sturgis, and Albert M. Da Costa, 1874 May 9
Document is covered in a mylar sleeve due to poor condition and some disintegration. [Box: 1, Folder: 72] browse
Scope and Content Note:

Official document regarding Appleton Sturgis, on behalf of Russell Sturgis, and Albert M. Da Costa, for money paid in the amount of $643.10 from Sturgis to Da Costa, absolving Sturgis of any claim made by Da Costa concerning commission owed him for steamship Teazer. Witnesses are Da Costa and John Cropper, Notary Public.

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