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Page 16 of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal v.11 n.1

Part of Kentucky Negro Educational Association Journal

5. Rural Education. The child who lives in a rural community in Kentucky fre- quently does not have available to him opportunities for schooling on a par with those of the city child. In regard to the Negro rural child, he suffers inequalities for being both rural and Negro. The contin- ued migration of the Negro popu- lation from the farms to the cities has only served to aggravate -the situation by creating a sparsity of Negro school children. This Asso- ciation must continue to keep the facts in this situation ever before those who make our laws and ad- minister our educational system. 6. Poorer School Districts. There are a number of school districts in the State of Kentucky which, although levying the max- imum school tax upon its citizens, are able to raise an amount of money for each school child that is only one-fourth or one-fifth the amount which some richer school districts are able to raise for each child by levying only a small tax upon its citizens. A remedy for this situation should be sought and found. The 1940 Legislature has proposed that the people of the state vote upon a constitution- al amendment that would permit one-tenth of the state school fund to be used as an equalization fund for the poorer school districts. This proposal should meet with the hearty support and approval of this Association. 7. Job Education. The economic status of the Ne- gro in Kentucky is low. This sit- uation exists because to a large extent Negro workers are able to find most of their employment in those jobs that pay the lowest 1 wages, are not organized for col- lective bargaining and fall out- side the benefits of the Social Se- curity laws. This entire problem is a matter that presents itself for the consideration of this Associa- tion, and it is most forcefully pre- sented at this time because the job situation within the race seems to be getting worse instead of better. In this connection the appoint- ment by Governor Johnson of a state* commission on Negro Em- ployment is noted with pleasure. It is hoped that much tangible benefit will accrue to our group. as a result of the work of this commission. 8. Health Education. There is a great need for more Health Education among Negroes in Kentucky. For the period 1927- 1931 the death rates among Ken- tucky Negroes were twice as high as among Kentucky whites, and the Negro birth rates were con- sistently lower than white birth rates during the same period. Teachers can and should become distributing agents for health in- formation in our schools and com- munities. They should do every- thing possible to bring about bet- ter health opportunities and in- formation in the entire state. One state of our Union on this same subject, has this to say, "Slightly more than half of the population of Mississippi (2,010,000) is Ne- gro. Members of the Mississippi Senate are, in keeping with South- ern views, all white. Last week a law passed by the Senate and. awaiting final enactment did noth- ing to foster good feeling between 16

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