HISTORY OF THE OP.PHAN BRIGADE.
Learning that an attack on Dug Gap was certain, and in too great force either to be resisted or developed by his advance, Col. Breckinridge sent information to Gen. Wheeler, who ordered the remainder of Grigsby's brigade to his support. This was drawn up along the mountain side the advancing enemy being delayed in his march as much as possible by the Ninth Regiment till two o'clock in the afternoon, when Gen. Geary, of Hooker's corps, attacked with two brigades and two battalions of his division, about four thousand five hundred men, and drove the Kentuckians across Mill Creek and slowly up the mountain side till they took position in line with Grigsby. It is estimated that, making allowance for horse-holders and including Williamson's Arkansas troops, there were about 1,050 Confederates, without artillery, to confront more than four times their number. From three o'clock till after dark the enemy made assault after assault; but he was repelled with an aggregate loss of more than three hundred killed and wounded and about fifty prisoners. The Confederate loss was small, less than twenty being killed and wounded.
The fighting had been desperate, as the" Federal soldiers were of manifestly unsurpassed daring and determination, and made repeated attempts to ascend the face of the ridge. The prisoners alluded to above surrendered within a few feet of the line held by the First Regiment. The nature of the ground concealed them from the view of the Confederate troops until they approached within close rifle range, and they came more than once so near that the pistols carried by the cavalry were effective. The First Kentucky occupied a position favorable to the use of stones, which they used with such effect as to contribute materially to the discomfiture of the enemy hurling and rolling the loose bowlders of various sizes down the declivity, especially after the enemy began to give way under musket and pistol fire, and when they observed the consternation produced by them, as they bounded down the slope, crashing through brush and branches, and difficult to be eluded by the retreating lines. Even with this unusual auxiliary the ammunition ran so low that the First Kentucky had to dispatch a detail to their ammunition wagon, more than a mile away, for a supply, which was brought to them about the time they had fired their last round and while the gallant and persistent enemy was forming for another determined effort. After the final repulse, Gen. Granberry's Texas brigade, sent by Gen. Hardee, reached the ground and relieved Grigsby's brigade, which retired to the other side of the mountain and down the valley for about two miles, where they went into camp.
Their rest was of brief duration. Before 10 o'clock Col. Grigsby received an order to remove his brigade during the night to Snake Creek Gap, notwithstanding the Ninth Kentucky had been on duty