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Page 11 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 16 no. 2 Summer, 1940

Part of Mountain Life and Work

Summer, 1940 MOUNTAIN LIFE AND Wont: Page 11 gram can be merely glimpsed by the mention of Women's Clubs, Kiwanians, Rotarians, Farm Bureau, American Country Life Association, Parent-Teacher Associations, American Association of University Women, and League of Women Voters. Youth has contributed through Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, Young Citizens' League, club and church groups. Many other organizations and groups have nobly helped to foster library pro­gress. It was entirely opportune that this far­reaching citizen interest should crystalize into or­ganization. "The underlying philosophy of the Citizens' Library Movement is the underlying philosophy of every civic movement in a democracy," says a South Carolina leader. "It is that permanent growth and improvement must grow out of an in-­formed public opinion and that the duty is upon those assuming leadership to create such informed public opinion. Where this course is followed a proper basis is laid for achieving the goal of all workers in the library cause-the placing of books and ever more books in the hands of every man, woman, and child who wishes to read."' The attempt to consider the Citizens' Library Movement as a factor in the changing of our southern library map brings us face to face with the influence and accomplishment of other factors in this process of change. Missions, community centers, private and de­nominational schools have contributed generously in spirit and usually from limited resources; they have helped to reveal the great need for library service, especially in the mountain areas. The Southern Association of Colleges and Sec­ondary Schools, by its adoption of library stand­ards, gave great impetus to developments in library service in colleges and secondary schools. Result­ing disparity in opportunities between high school; and elementary schools turned attention to im­proving elementary school libraries. Grants received in various states from the Gev­eral Education Board and the Carnegie Foundat~o.1 made possible new library enterprises. The .Jullus Rosenwald Fund, through its library demonst-:t­tions in eleven counties cf seven states, its grants to library extension agencies and library schools, aod 1 Marion A. Wright, "The Citizens Library Move- ment," Bulletin of the American Library Associ­ation, July, 1936. its library service to Negroes, helped raise the standards of library service and to relieve book impoverishment. The Work Projects Administration has initiated library service in remote regions through its Pack Horse Library and other facilities. By thus search­ing out the more unfortunate areas, the WPA points the need and the way for permanent service. It also provides library assistance of various types in public libraries. Through its regional libraries and its integration of library service with social planning and informal education, the Tennessee Valley Authority is mak­ing valuable contributions to library developments in seven states. Among the southern states there are more state- Z7) wide Citizens' Library organizations than in any other section of our country. Any one in attendance at a conference of southern library leaders becomes finely conscious of their frank self-measurement and their far-sighted judgment. They recognize that their situation has unusually difficult problems and that a court ensurate degree of clear-cut forceful planning is necessary. The nature of some of these problems is revealed by facts presented in Libraries of the South by Tommie Dora Barker, in 1935: 21,894,514, or 66 percent of the population, are without access to public libraries; of this number 19,484,562 live in rural areas, constituting 89 percent of the people without public library service; $2,558,262 was spent for public libraries last year, or 8 cents per capita; there are 7,830,353 volumes in public li­braries, or .2 per capita; 33,931,539 volumes, or 1 per capita per year were circulated; 127 out of MOIJLRN BOOK-TRUCK-1940

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