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Page 384 of Annals of the West : embracing a concise account of principal events which have occurred in the western states and territories, from the discovery of the Mississippi valley to the year eighteen hundred and fifty-six.

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384 COLONEL CRAWFORD TORTURED. 1782. " Col. C. My fate is then fixed, and I must prepare to meet death in its worst form. " Sachem. Yes, Colonel. I am sorry for it, hut I cannot do any thing for you. Had you attended to the Indian principle, that good and evil cannot dwell together in the same heart, so a good man ought not to go into evil company, you would not have been in this lamentable situation. You see now, when it is too late, after Williamson has deserted you, what a bad man he must be. Nothing now remains for you but to meet your fate like a bravo man. Farewell, Colonel Crawford! They are coming. I will retire to a solitary spot."* On turning away from his friend, whom it was not in his power to assist, it is said the old Sachem was affected to tears, and could never afterward speak of the incident without deep emotion. The moment the chief had left the colonel, a number of the executioners rushed upon him, and commenced the work of torture, which was in progress three hours before the victim fell upon his face, and expired with a groan. During the proceedings against him, he was continually and bitterly upbraided for the conduct of the white men at Gnadenhutten. If not himself a participator in that atrocious affair, they reproached him for having now come against them with the worst kind of murderers such as even the Indians had not among them. "Indians," said they, "kill their enemies, but not their friends. When once they have stretched forth their hand, and given that endearing name, they do not kill. But how was it with the believing Indians on the Muskingum ? You professed friendship for them. You hailed and welcomed them as such. You protested they should receive no harm from you. And what did you afterward to them ? They neither ran from you, nor fired a single shot on your approach. And yet you called them warriors, knowing they were not such. Did you ever hear warriors pray to God, and sing praises to him, as they did ? Could not the shrieks and cries of the innocent little children excite you to pity, and to save their lives ? No! you did not! You would have the Indians believe you are Christians, because you have the Great Book among you, and yet you are murderers in your hearts ! Never would the unbelieving Indians have done what you did, although the Great Spirit has not put his Book into their hands as into yours. The Great Spirit * Heckewelder's Indian Nations.

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