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Page 11 of Mountain Life & Work vol. 34 no. 1 1958

Part of Mountain Life and Work

4. Expand the program of forestation. Objective: To expand the nursery and tree-planting program so that the areas in need of reforestation will be planted in 20 years. About ten million acres, an area equivalent to nine per cent of all the timberlands, need planting to become productive within a reasonable time or to make desirable readjustments in land use. At the present rate of nursery production and planting, it will take many years to reforest these lands. 5. Develop a program of forest pest control adequately supported by legislation and appropriations. Objective: To provide adequate facilities, supported by necessary legislation and financing, to reduce materially timber losses resulting from insects and diseases. Most of us can remember the blight which wiped out the im portant American chestnut tree in the nation. Today, our forests are threatened by such disease and insect pests as the oak wilt, southern pine beetle, pine tip moths, and others. As more land is om reforested artificially, the threat grows. The damage from forest pests could easily become heavier than present fire damage. her- Legislation and money are needed: legislation to enable foresters to take preventive and remedial action on lands of a pri vate individual; money to buy the chemicals, provide detection ser )n- vice, and employ entomologists and pathologists to supervise the work. 6. Strengthen and maintain forest product utilization and marketing activities. Objective: To provide woodland owners, timber processors, and others concerned with timber utilization and marketing with in formation and guidance in this field. Present methods of handling timber from stump to the fin ished product need to be improved. Producers of forest products should be advised of efficient utilization methods of mechanized equipment that can be used to remove much of the merchantable es material from woodlands at a profit. .o- Methods of selling stumpage and timber products have devel ,s oped haphazardly and are complicated by small ownerships and lack of interest on the part of the owners. Such things as log grades, l~~, lumber quality, value and prices of various products have received i- little attention. Woodland owners and producers need to be advised of existing markets and market conditions.

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