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University of Kentucky materials are on ExploreUK. This item: Image 162 of Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 336.

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Image 162 of Circular (Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station) n. 336

Part of Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station

{ l { __- c 162 Kcntuc/ty Extension Circular N0. 336 333 al out the warmer portions of the Old \lVorld for 1nany centuries. A { The cowpea is particularly adapted to the South, as it requires warm weather for its best growth, and a long growing season for maturity. i Cool, wet weather checks its development and may stunt the plants permanently. lt is adapted to practically all types of soil, pro vided they are well drained. It never should be planted on cold, wet soil. The cowpea occupies much the same place in the agri culture of the South as the soybean, but is perhaps more widely yiigl used for planting with corn, either for seed production or soil L improvement. Varieties. These differ in habit of growth, shape and color of the seed, and length of growing season. Some have an erect habit of growth, with little tendency to vine, while others vine ji`} freely. The \\lhippoorwill is the bestknown variety and is popular thruout the South. It grows fairly erect, matures early, and is pro- ductive of seed. The mottled, reddish seeds are of medium size. ` The iron variety has yellow seeds and is distinguished for its im- munity to cowpea wilt, a common disease in the South, and to row! ' knot, a knotting on the roots caused by a small worm known as tht? nematode. It has been crossed with other varieties, and the nett l varieties obtained also are resistant to wilt and root knot. Two ol these are Brabham and Victor. The Iron is a trailing variety. Tllt New Era and Groit are early varieties with a bushy habit of growth. In the South numerous varieties are known under a single namf y given solely on account of the color of the seed, Some of the nami are Clay, Black and Red Ripper. vvhippoorwill, New Era and GYOH are the best varieties for Kentucky, For cooking, the soC21ll(l "BlackEye" variety (or varieties) is extensively grown. Culture. The cultural methods followed with the cowpea HTC practically the same as with the soybean. Cowpeas should DOY llc planted until the weather is warm, or not earlier than May 15.11* KntllClCl1C(l. $lioCl< Curing is almost necessary [or cowpeas, for the he is damaged badly by rain and the leaves drop readily. As Smell i.

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