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Dudley-Clay Family Photographic Collection, ca. 1875

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Author

Processed by: Jason Flahardy; machine-readable finding aid created by: Christian Trombetta

Title

Dudley-Clay Family Photographic Collection

Date

ca. 1875

Repository

University of Kentucky Special Collections

Lexington, Kentucky 40506

Conditions Governing Access note

Collection is open to researchers by appointment.

Preferred Citation Note

[Identification of item], Dudley-Clay Family Photographic Collection, 2004AV43, Special Collections, University of Kentucky.

Extent

.25 cu. ft. (1 box): 75 items

Biography/History

Eldred Simpkins Dudley (1811-1881), prominent Reverend and farmer in Bourbon County, Kentucky was the son of General James Dudley (1777-1870) and was born in Fayette County, Kentucky. E. S. Dudley (as he was commonly known) was ordained a minister in the mid-1850s and served as the Reverend of Stony Point Church (Baptist) in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

In 1835, E. S. Dudley married Mary Ann Clay (1816-1839) and they had two children, Thomas Dudley (1836- ) and Mary E. Dudley (1838-). After his wife's death in November of 1839, E. S. Dudley married his wife's older sister, Henrietta Clay (1811?-1860?) in February of 1840. E. S. and Henrietta Dudley had at least five children, including Henry Clay Dudley (1840 - ), Nancy Dudley (1842 - ), Letitia Dudley (1843 - ), Henrietta Rebecca Dudley (1845 - ), and James Ambrose Dudley (1847 - 1920).

Mary Ann and Henrietta Clay were daughters of Henry Clay (1779-1863) and natives of Bourbon County, Kentucky. Henry Clay (1779-1863), commonly known as "Colonel Henry Clay," was the 2nd cousin of U.S. Senator Henry Clay (1777-1852). In 1861, a widower for a second time, E. S. Dudley married Hattie Bassett. The couple had no known children.

Scope and Content

The Dudley-Clay Family Photographic Collection, ca. 1875 consists of seventy-three albumen cartes-de-visite and two tintypes originally presented in a mid-1870s era photographic album. A few of the individual images have information about their subjects written on either the front or back of the image itself, or below the image on the album page. All information of this type has been entered as part of the collection inventory. Based on the identifiable photographs, the album concerns the immediate family of Eldred Simpkins Dudley of Bourbon County, Kentucky and his wives, Mary Ann Clay and her sister, Henrietta Clay (2nd cousins, once removed to U.S. Senator Henry Clay).

The compiler of the album is unknown, but the hand-written image descriptions point to a child of E. S. Dudley. Henry Clay (1779-1863) is referred to as "Grandfather Clay," Mary Ann and Henrietta Clay's brother, Henry Clay (1798-1890) is referred to as "Uncle Henry Clay," and the brothers and sisters E. S. Dudley are all reference as "Aunt" and "Uncle." Nancy Dudley's (1842- ) absence as an identified image suggests that she could be the creator as all other children of E. S. Dudley and Henrietta Clay are present and identified. All other possible or probable identifications were made based on Clay and Dudley genealogies and internal evidence from the images.

Subjects

  • Clay Family
  • Clay, Henry, 1779-1863
  • Clay, Henry, 1798-1890
  • Clay, Mary C., 1840-1876
  • Dudley Family
  • Dudley, Eldred Simpkins, 1811-1891
  • Dudley, Henrietta Rebecca, 1845-
  • Dudley, Henry Clay, 1840-
  • Dudley, James Ambrose, 1847-1920
  • Dudley, John J., 1817-1878
  • Dudley, Letitia, 1842-
  • Dudley, Mary, 1814-1881
  • Dudley, Maurice Jeptha, 1823-1888
  • Dudley, Nancy, 1842 -
  • Dudley, Nancy Ferguson, 1804-1874
  • Dudley, William Ambrose, 1824-1870
  • McClellan, George Brinton, 1825-1885

Related Material

Perrin, William Henry. , Kentucky. Chicago, O.L. Baskin & Co., 1882.

Clay, Mary Roger. . Louisville, Ky.; Filson Club, 1899.

Collection Inventory

"E. S. Dudley" written under image on album page; Eldred Simpkins Dudley (1811-1891) (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 1] browse
"Clay Dudley" written along bottom of image; Henry Clay Dudley (1840-?) (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 2] browse
"Letitia Dudley" written along bottom of image; Letitia Dudley (1843-?) (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 3] browse
"H. Rebecca Dudley" written along bottom of image; Henrietta Rebecca Dudley (1845-?) (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 4] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Graham's Photo Palace, Mexico, MO), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 5] browse
"James A. Dudley" written under image on album page; James Ambrose Dudley (1847-1920) (Photographer: James Mullen; Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 6] browse
"Grandfather Clay" written along bottom of image; Henry Clay (1779-1863) (Photographer: R. J. Carpenter, Paris, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 7] browse
"Uncle Henry Clay" Henry Clay (1798-1890) (Photographer: R. J. Carpenter, Paris, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 8] browse
Unidentified man; image has printed notation as "American Bank Note Co." and includes the number "14" (Photographer: American Bank Note Company), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 9] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 10] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Bogardus, New York, NY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 11] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Bogardus, New York, NY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 12] browse
Unidentified infant (Photographer: J. C. Elrod; Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 13] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 14] browse
Unidentified boy (Photographer: Klauber & Campbell, Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 15] browse
Unidentified boy (Photographer: Klauber & Campbell, Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 16] browse
Unidentified girl (Photographer: Klauber & Campbell, Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 17] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 18] browse
"Joseph P. Cunningham" written under image on album page; husband of Mary E. Dudley (1838-?), daughter of Eldred Simpkins Dudley by first wife, Mary Clay (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 19] browse
Unidentified man in Union officer's uniform (Photographer: Porter's Gallery; Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 20] browse
Unidentified man in Union 14-button officer's shell coat; shoulder boards indicate a rank of Colonel; possibly Colonel Ethelbert Ludlow Dudley (1818-1862), U.S.A.; 21st Regiment Kentucky Infantry (Photographer: Webster & Bro., Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 21] browse
"E. S. Dudley" written under image on album page; Eldred Simpkins Dudley (1811-1891) (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 22] browse
"Elder J. J. Seibert" written under image on album page (Photographer: Bogardus, New York, NY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 23] browse
Unidentified boy (Photographer: D. B. Elrod, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 24] browse
Unidentified boy (Photographer: D. B. Elrod, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 25] browse
"Uncle Booth" written under image on album page (Photographer: Mrs. Reed, Quincy, IL), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 26] browse
"Aunt Mary Booth" written under image on album page (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 27] browse
Unidentified girl (Photographer: Campbell & Ecker, Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 28] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Campbell & Ecker, Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 29] browse
"Parmela Clay" written along bottom of image; [possibly Pamela Clay] (Photographer: Peckover's Excelsior Gallery, Paris, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 30] browse
"Bessie (Petty) Kelly" written along bottom of image; probably child of subjects in images #32 and #33 (Photographer: Wenderoth, Taylor, & Brown, Philadelphia, PA), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 31] browse
"Margaret H. Kelly" written along bottom of image; probably Margaret Helm Clay, niece of Eldred Simpkins Dudley through 1st wife Mary Ann Clay and 2nd wife Henrietta Clay (Photographer: Morgan & Brusstar, Philadelphia, PA), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 32] browse
"Mr. Kelly" written along bottom of image; probably Edward P. Kelly, husband of subject of image #32 (Photographer: Morgan & Brusstar, Philadelphia, PA), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 33] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 34] browse
"Mary Clay" written along bottom of image; probably Mary C. Clay (1840-1976), niece of Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: Peckover's Excelsior Gallery, Paris, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 35] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Peckover's Excelsior Gallery, Paris, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 36] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Carpenter & McCann, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 37] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Carpenter & McCann, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 38] browse
"Nannie Ray" written under image on album page (Photographer: Hoag Quick & Co., Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 39] browse
"Dr. Ray" written under image on album page (Photographer: Walter & Heuck's Gallery, Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 40] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: R. McReynolds, Maysville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 41] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: R. McReynolds, Maysville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 42] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Porter's Gallery; Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 43] browse
"M. J. Dudley" written on back of image; Maurice Jeptha Dudley (1823-1888), brother of Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 44] browse
"your friend Blanche" written under image on paper frame (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 45] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Wykes, Quincy, IL), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 46] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: A. F. Smith, Charlotteville, VA), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 47] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 48] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Mrs. W. A. Reed, Quincy, IL), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 49] browse
Unidentified girl (Photographer: Stansbury & Co., Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 50] browse
Unidentified girl (Photographer: A. B. Rue, Harrodsburg, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 51] browse
"Aunt Nancy" written under image on album page; "Mrs. Nancy Carr my sister" written on back of image; Nancy Ferguson Dudley (1804-1874), sister of Eldred Simpkins Dudley, married Thomas Carr in 1824 (Photographer: Leon Van Loo, Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 52] browse
"Uncle John Dudley" written under image on album page; John J. Dudley (1817-1878); brother of Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 53] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 54] browse
Major-General Alexander McDowell McCook (1831-1903), U.S.A.; led the First Corp of the Army of the Ohio in the Battle of Perryville, blamed for the Union defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga (Photographer: Webster & Bro., Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 55] browse
"Mrs. Mary Russel" written on back of image; Mary Dudley (1814-1881); married Felix G. Russell (1809-?) in 1831 (Photographer: J. S. Doan, Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 56] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Yosemite Art Gallery, I. W. Taber and T. H. Boyd, San Francisco, CA), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 57] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 58] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Porter's Gallery; Cincinnati, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 59] browse
"Wm A. Dudley" written on back of image; William Ambrose Dudley (1824-1870); 1st cousin to Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: Brady's National Photographic Portrait Galleries, New York [City], Washington, D.C.), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 60] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 61] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 62] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 63] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 64] browse
Unidentified woman; "For Mellissa Johnson, Lex KY" written on back of image (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 65] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 66] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: Elrod Bros, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 67] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: Elrod Bros, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 68] browse
Unidentified man in Union 9-button officer's shell coat; shoulder boards indicate a rank of Captain; possibly Captain Matthew Martin Clay (?-?), U.S.A.; 21st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry, nephew by marriage of Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: Morse's Gallery of the Cumberland, Nashville, TN), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 69] browse
Major-General George Brinton McClellan (1825-1885), U.S.A.; commander of the Army of the Potomac, ran as the Democratic Party U.S. Presidential candidate in 1864 against Lincoln, carried only three states, including Kentucky (Photographer: E. & H. T. Anthony, New York, NY [noted as being from a Brady negative]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 70] browse
Unidentified man in Union 14-button officer's shell coat; shoulder boards illegible; possibly 1st Lieutenant James Dudley (1834-1882), U.S.A.; 21st Regiment, Kentucky Infantry; nephew of Eldred Simpkins Dudley (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 71] browse
Unidentified woman (Photographer: J. C. Toler, Oxford, OH), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 72] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: J. C. Elrod; Louisville, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 73] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: [no information]), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 74] browse
Unidentified man (Photographer: W. R. Phipps, Lexington, KY), [n.d.]
[box: 1, item: 75] browse

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