urtMinw iiJk.kJj'MifUtf iiTEarTairrCTP.
THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE.
MONDAY, August 17, 1801.
by JOHN BRADFORD,, (On Main Street J
Hope by the Indja ships just arrived, state,
that commodore Sir Home Popharn, asTalk ter landing the new regiments which he
(Secretary! Reply to tbe Indian
took out, embarking the 28th andi&ift reabicb appeared in our last.)
In reply to their representations the giments, and. the rest of the garriibn, in
transports, were to proceed, on the 28th
"secretary ftated-f- 1. That the lands now belonging to of February from thence on a secret exthe- Indians had been ascertained by the pedition, supposed to be against the
pbifeflions, on the
running of the boundaries agreeably to
river de Plata.
A large quantity of
the treaties: that the United States
all beyond the line? as belonging horse furniture was (hipped, to equip a
absolutely to the Lndians, and not to be body of light dragoons on the horses of
taken from them, or fefled upon by white the' country.
people, without the full and fair conAdmiral Joyeufe w(ho""was defeated by
tent of the nation being first obtained :
that from the increase of population in earl Howe on the first of June, has arrivthe United States, it was natural that ed at Brfcft, and taken' the chief command
they ihould be delirous to buy land when of the French sleet, which according to
the Indians were willing to spare it; but the dispatches received yesterday morning
that unless they were perfectly disposed at the admiralty, was lying ready for sea
in the outer road
It consists of twento sell, none of their land Ihould be requity nine sail of the line, but altho' more
red of theVn.
The Secretary further observed, that numerous, it is not so powerful as that
under the command of admiral Cornwal-lis- .
where lands,whjch thelndiansare unwilThe Britiih squadron is composed
ling u psrt with,"lie between fettlemerits
sail only,'but we count of the whites, so that they can neither of twenty-twvisit nor trade without palling thro' them inong uiem 110 leisman 13 tnree
and those of the enemy do not exthe United States would wish to have
ceed six. Admiral Cornwallis will also be
paying the Indians for the indulgence, to open roads across such lands, soon reinforced by thcarrival of sir Robert
and eftablilh houses here and there for the Calder's division, which is every day exaccommodation of the travellers- - That pected, on its return from the
on this subject the President had directed
commiflioners on behalf of the United
States, to meet the Indians in treaty at
It is (Vjd to be determined that lord
point, in the State of Tennef-fee- ,
on or about the first day of August Nelfonistobe immediately superceded
.in the command of the Baltic sleet. The
health )f the gallant admiral being very
2. That they ought not to entertain
apprehenlions on account of the re- much impaired, an intimation was made
moval of same of the United States, troops to himin the most delicate manner, on
feom their frontier ; that a sufficient the past of government, that he might,
number would still be continued there to without any scruple, resign the command
prefcrve peace and prevent intrusions on which he hadexercifed with so much hotheir lands, or bring the intruders to le- nor to himself and to his country. His
lordftip at first hesitated, but has at length
gal punifliment ; and that the agent-o- f
the United States and the commanding we understand, agreed to return to Engefficer of the troops .had been directed to land.
Lord Nclfon is fucteeded bv admiral
nfe their best endeavors to effect thole
tends. The secretary also delivered to Pole.
thenr, agreeably to their request, and by
Admiral Pole lest town yesterday for
direction of the Prefide-iitdeposiYarmouth, to proceed to the Baltic. He
written on parchment, and
ted in- the nation, that the Cherokee? was accompanied by captain Nicholls,
might continue to rely in full confidence who is appointed his captain in the
n theprotectibn and friendship of the St George, in which fliip , admiral Pole
United States, and on the justice and hoists his slag.
A letter received this morning from an
fuTthfulnefs with which all 'engagements
fliould be observed on their part; and officer cruizing off Brest, states that the
that he would never abandon them- nor French sleet is full of troops, but very ill
their children so long as they Ihould act manned with sailors, owing to desertions
justly and peaceably towards the white and dislike to the service. This intelligence was obtained from the crew of a
people and their red brethren.
These aflurances were accompanied boat picked up by sir James Saumerez.
It was reported in the French, sleet, that
by a preferitof a golden chain, as emblematic of the ufualftpetaphor of the
the hrit coniul was toon to be at Brest to
friendship," and expedite its sailing.
"the chain-o- f
expreflive of the desire of the government, that the chain by which the Uni- London Gazette Extraordinary, June 5.
Downing-Streeted States and the Cherokees are held in
June 4, 1801.
friendship, may continuebright and like Copy of a letter from Lieut. Gen. Sir
gold never raft.
John Hely Hutchinson, K. B. addreflT-ed't- o
the Right Honorable Henry
That a map, descriptive of the
boundary lines, Ihould be provided for
Dundas, dated camp before Alexandria,
20th April, 1801.
4. That the government rejoiced to
It is with great pleasure- I am to inhear of their progress in manufactures
andhufbandry, and wojld cheerfully aid form you of the success of a corps of
it, by furnishing them with the neceflary Turks and Britiih, under the command
implements, and by sending persons into of col. Spencer. They were ordered
their nation to instruct them in all the from hence about ten days ago, for the
arts neceflary to their further progress in purpose of forcing the enemy from the
procuring to themselves means of fubfift-anc- e town and castle of Rosetta, which
much more certain than by hunthe navigation of the Nile.
This operation has perfectly succeeded.
5. That it was the determination of We are now masters of the western
the United States to punish all persons branch of that river, and of course have
who Ihould commit offences against the opened a communication with the Delta,
red people, is they could be detected ; from which we (hall derive all the nebut that is the mischief fiiould be perpe- ceflary supplies as the French have
trated so secretly that the offenders could scarcely any troops there, and none capable of making a serious resistance.
not be discovered, or is they fliould
The enemy had about 800 men at Rofrom justice, satisfaction mould be
faithfully given according to the ftipula-tion- s fetta when they were attacked. They
made but a feeble effort to sustain themof the treaty.
The deputation lest the seat of gov- felves, & retired to the right bank of the
ernment on Friday morning last, on their Nile, leaving a sew men killed and
They lest a garrison in the sort,
return hojne exprefling great satisfaction
at the reception they had met with. Their against which our batteries opened on the
16th, and it surrendered on the roth
conduct whilst here was so signally prudent, quiet and sober, as to merit the inft. The conditions are" the same as
granted to the castle of Aboukir.
(warm approbation of the government.
I have many obligations to col. Spencer for the zeal, activity and military tat
lents which he has displayed in the
conduct of this important service ; and
I beg leave to recommend him as
and most excellent officer. I
LONDON, May 27.
have the honor to be, &c.
Qca letters from the Cape of Good
J. H. Hutchinson, Lieut Gen.
WASHINGTON (City,) July 15.
annum, paid in atjvakce.
Lord Elgin, to
Lord Hawkefbun?) dated Conftantino- ple, May"o,
Mr. Morier having returned from
I have the satisfaction of being
able to lay before your lordfliipafar more
particular account of the affairs and proceedings in that country than it has hitherto beenin my power to communicate.
He lest, the camp before Alexandria on
the 22d ult.
At that time the enemy remained in
their strong position upon the heights
near the eastern wall of Alexandria
their numbers about six thousand men.
They were still in anxious expectation
of receiving reinforcements, particularly that which had been announced to
them as coming from admiral
is it is neceflary to reduce them by force
General Hutchinson has further re
ceived a favorable letter from Murad
Bey, saying he is ready to join us when
we come into his neighbourhood.
I am happy to add that our army are
inthehigheft health and spirits.
The loss of the enemy, according to
the numerous reports which had been
collected, certainly excee'ds five thousand
men, and a great propdrtion ef officers
sour generals are known to have been
killed. Every encouragement seems to
have been given and held out to the
French army to ensure their utmost exertions. Among other thiags they were
taught to expect no quarter from the
British. The prisoners agree, that in
no part of this war had such hard sighting or determined bravery ever been
seen, as they had met with from our ar
my in ligypt.
I prcfume that Sir Ralph Abercrom-bie'- s
absence from the camp, in
of his wounds on the 21ft ef
March, had created a momentary
of our operations ; and the irreparable lfs occasioned by his death,
must neceffarily have checked the
of plans, in the formation and execution of which he had always borne so
leading a part. The captain Pacha did
not arrive in time to see Sir Ralph
; but it appears that general
Hutchinson followed his excellency's intention relative to the troops on board
the Turkifli sleet, by
against Rosetta, and accordingly directed
colonel Spencer, having under him a
corps of about 800 Britiih, to proceed
with the Turks to that expedition. The
town was cvacuted without resistance.
Some guns were then brought to bear
upon the sort of St. Julien, which commands the entrance of the river. The
garrison of three huTdred and sixty eight
men surrendered on the 19th ult.
Rahmanich was still in the hands of
the French. They had fortified it, both
in a view to secure their communications
from the upper part of the Delta and Upper Egypt, whence they received their
Under these circumstances, general
Hutchinson has very much strengthened
his position between Aboukir and Alexandria, not only by a range of rocks in
front, but particularly by opening the
iluices which kept in the waters in the
lake on their lest ; and is as is supposed,
the inundation fliall entend over the
whole of the plain, to the eaftof the lake
Marcotis, the communciation between
Alexandria and Ramanich, which is the
enemy's nearest point, will be eight or
nine days journey without water.
Having taken these measures, general
Hutchinson was to transfer his headquarters to Rosetta on the 23d ult. to1!
which place he had already sent forward
a strong detachment, amounting to above
4000 Britiih, including col. Spencer's
corp's ; & he was immediately to proceed
from thence, with nearly anequal number of the captain Pacha's troops, against
Rhamanich, where the French were
to have affembled 3000 men.
On the other hand advices had been received several days before from the Grand
Vizier, dated at Belbeis, from which it
appeared that his highness, reinforced by
nearly 5000 . men from Djezzar Pacha,
had pafled the defart, and had advanced
so far towards Cairo, without meeting
with opposition either at Salahich or at
Belbeis. He had also detached a corps
which has taken pofieflion of the town of
Damietta, though the sort of l'Efbe is
still in the hands of the French.
It is not expected that His highness will
experience any material resistance at the
town of Cairo. And I find it is the determination of general Hutchinson to afford his highness such aid as maybe requi- site towards the attacklhgthefortifications
which the French occupy near the town,
climate and weather had hitherto been
The natives had acquired the greatest degree of confidence
from the proclamation ifiued by our army i and Were Continuing to bring in
horses and provisions in great plenty
Nearly 1000 of our cavalry are now well
mounted there ; and we have still above
1 1,000 infantry in the field.
degree of unanimity prevails between tha
Britiih andTurkifli troops.
I have the honour to be, &c.N
Private letters, which accompanied the
late dispatches from conftantinople, say,
that Alexandria surrendered to the Britiih troops on the first of May. They
add, that as the Turkifli army advanced
the inhabitants of the country rose every
where in its savor.
By private letters from oflicefS in the
Britiih army at AbdUker, we learn that
the plan of operations in Egypt is chang'd
The force which the French have at
Rhamanie, amounting to three thousand
men,is not a force collected in the country
but is detached from the army at Alexandria. They have lest Only such a garrifon there as they think sufficient to the
defence of the place; and by polling a
strong body of troops at Rhamanie, they
hope to be able, by means of their cavalry, to keep the greatest part of the Delta
in their power, preserve the communication with Cairo, and be ready, in case
Gantheaume fliould arrive at any point,
to facilitate the debarkation of the troop,
which they expect, and which of course
will not attempt the port of Alexandria
In consequence of this movement, gen.
Hutchinson has determined to move, and
in fact to take the field. Instead of merely keeping his position before Alexandria,
and waiting for the arrival of reinforcements,, he has resolved to attack the
French at Ramanie, and for this purpose
he has detached general Craddock with z
strong body of troops to join gen. Spencer.
He is to follow himself, and begin a regular campaign in the field a plan certainly more hazardous than that of
Alexandria; but is profper-ou- s,
a plan which is likely to bring the
contest to a speedier conclusion.
The French are so strong irt cavalry,
that more than one half of the Delta ia
compleatly in" their power ; and we underftand that the horse arc too powerfurto-battacked by the very inferior horse
Which we have been able to collect. The
war, thsrefore, has so far changed its character, that instead of its depending on
which party fliall first receive fuccours, it;
is to depend on the superiority of military
(kill and valor, as well as on the choice
It is thought that Gantheaume's squadron will endeavor to avoid sir John Warren by taking a very northern course to
the north, for instance, of the illand of
Candy ; and that in this way it is highly
pofiihle they may make good" their landing.
We are sorry to hear that gen. Moores
wound will oblige him to remove at lcaft
from Egypt,' is not to return home.
The London Gazette of June 4, contains a letter from gen. J. H. Hutchia- son, K. B. to the right honorable Henry
Dundas, dated Camp before Alexandria,
an account of the taki20th
ng of Rosetta 368 men who were in
the garrison surrendered prifohers" b
A letter from Lord St. Vincents, dated
May 27, announces that the embargo laid
on Britiih (hips in the pott of Ruflia had
been taken off.
Accounts from Llfbon, received in
London, state, that war betwen Spain and
Portugal had commenced with a battle between the main bodies of the Spanilh and1
Portugefe armies, in which the former
were defeated with the loss of one thoufand five hundred men. The advanced
guard of of the French army were within
two or three days march of the Spanish
and on their junction it
was expected that another attack would
be made on the Portuguefc.