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Image 1 of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789), August 17, 1801

Part of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789)

mSESm urtMinw iiJk.kJj'MifUtf iiTEarTairrCTP. vyv tm-j- yj THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE. No. 778. ri LEXINGTON: Vristzd MONDAY, August 17, 1801. by JOHN BRADFORD,, (On Main Street J Hope by the Indja ships just arrived, state, that commodore Sir Home Popharn, asTalk ter landing the new regiments which he (Secretary! Reply to tbe Indian took out, embarking the 28th andi&ift reabicb appeared in our last.) In reply to their representations the giments, and. the rest of the garriibn, in transports, were to proceed, on the 28th "secretary ftated-f- 1. That the lands now belonging to of February from thence on a secret exthe- Indians had been ascertained by the pedition, supposed to be against the pbifeflions, on the running of the boundaries agreeably to river de Plata. A large quantity of the treaties: that the United States all beyond the line? as belonging horse furniture was (hipped, to equip a absolutely to the Lndians, and not to be body of light dragoons on the horses of taken from them, or fefled upon by white the' country. June i. people, without the full and fair conAdmiral Joyeufe w(ho""was defeated by tent of the nation being first obtained : that from the increase of population in earl Howe on the first of June, has arrivthe United States, it was natural that ed at Brfcft, and taken' the chief command they ihould be delirous to buy land when of the French sleet, which according to the Indians were willing to spare it; but the dispatches received yesterday morning that unless they were perfectly disposed at the admiralty, was lying ready for sea in the outer road It consists of twento sell, none of their land Ihould be requity nine sail of the line, but altho' more red of theVn. The Secretary further observed, that numerous, it is not so powerful as that under the command of admiral Cornwal-lis- . where lands,whjch thelndiansare unwilThe Britiih squadron is composed ling u psrt with,"lie between fettlemerits sail only,'but we count of the whites, so that they can neither of twenty-twvisit nor trade without palling thro' them inong uiem 110 leisman 13 tnree and those of the enemy do not exthe United States would wish to have ceed six. Admiral Cornwallis will also be paying the Indians for the indulgence, to open roads across such lands, soon reinforced by thcarrival of sir Robert and eftablilh houses here and there for the Calder's division, which is every day exaccommodation of the travellers- - That pected, on its return from the on this subject the President had directed June 3. commiflioners on behalf of the United Lord 'Nelson. States, to meet the Indians in treaty at South-wes- t It is (Vjd to be determined that lord point, in the State of Tennef-fee- , on or about the first day of August Nelfonistobe immediately superceded .in the command of the Baltic sleet. The next. health )f the gallant admiral being very 2. That they ought not to entertain apprehenlions on account of the re- much impaired, an intimation was made any moval of same of the United States, troops to himin the most delicate manner, on feom their frontier ; that a sufficient the past of government, that he might, number would still be continued there to without any scruple, resign the command prefcrve peace and prevent intrusions on which he hadexercifed with so much hotheir lands, or bring the intruders to le- nor to himself and to his country. His lordftip at first hesitated, but has at length gal punifliment ; and that the agent-o- f the United States and the commanding we understand, agreed to return to Engefficer of the troops .had been directed to land. Lord Nclfon is fucteeded bv admiral nfe their best endeavors to effect thole tends. The secretary also delivered to Pole. thenr, agreeably to their request, and by June 4. Admiral Pole lest town yesterday for his affuranc;s, direction of the Prefide-iitdeposiYarmouth, to proceed to the Baltic. He written on parchment, and ted in- the nation, that the Cherokee? was accompanied by captain Nicholls, might continue to rely in full confidence who is appointed his captain in the n theprotectibn and friendship of the St George, in which fliip , admiral Pole United States, and on the justice and hoists his slag. A letter received this morning from an fuTthfulnefs with which all 'engagements fliould be observed on their part; and officer cruizing off Brest, states that the that he would never abandon them- nor French sleet is full of troops, but very ill their children so long as they Ihould act manned with sailors, owing to desertions justly and peaceably towards the white and dislike to the service. This intelligence was obtained from the crew of a . people and their red brethren. These aflurances were accompanied boat picked up by sir James Saumerez. It was reported in the French, sleet, that by a preferitof a golden chain, as emblematic of the ufualftpetaphor of the the hrit coniul was toon to be at Brest to friendship," and expedite its sailing. "the chain-o- f expreflive of the desire of the government, that the chain by which the Uni- London Gazette Extraordinary, June 5. Downing-Streeted States and the Cherokees are held in June 4, 1801. friendship, may continuebright and like Copy of a letter from Lieut. Gen. Sir gold never raft. John Hely Hutchinson, K. B. addreflT-ed't- o the Right Honorable Henry That a map, descriptive of the 3. boundary lines, Ihould be provided for Dundas, dated camp before Alexandria, them immediately. 20th April, 1801. Sir, 4. That the government rejoiced to It is with great pleasure- I am to inhear of their progress in manufactures andhufbandry, and wojld cheerfully aid form you of the success of a corps of it, by furnishing them with the neceflary Turks and Britiih, under the command implements, and by sending persons into of col. Spencer. They were ordered their nation to instruct them in all the from hence about ten days ago, for the arts neceflary to their further progress in purpose of forcing the enemy from the procuring to themselves means of fubfift-anc- e town and castle of Rosetta, which much more certain than by hunthe navigation of the Nile. This operation has perfectly succeeded. ting. 5. That it was the determination of We are now masters of the western the United States to punish all persons branch of that river, and of course have who Ihould commit offences against the opened a communication with the Delta, red people, is they could be detected ; from which we (hall derive all the nebut that is the mischief fiiould be perpe- ceflary supplies as the French have trated so secretly that the offenders could scarcely any troops there, and none capable of making a serious resistance. , not be discovered, or is they fliould The enemy had about 800 men at Rofrom justice, satisfaction mould be faithfully given according to the ftipula-tion- s fetta when they were attacked. They made but a feeble effort to sustain themof the treaty. The deputation lest the seat of gov- felves, & retired to the right bank of the ernment on Friday morning last, on their Nile, leaving a sew men killed and They lest a garrison in the sort, return hojne exprefling great satisfaction at the reception they had met with. Their against which our batteries opened on the 16th, and it surrendered on the roth conduct whilst here was so signally prudent, quiet and sober, as to merit the inft. The conditions are" the same as granted to the castle of Aboukir. (warm approbation of the government. I have many obligations to col. Spencer for the zeal, activity and military tat European Intelligence. lents which he has displayed in the conduct of this important service ; and England. I beg leave to recommend him as and most excellent officer. I LONDON, May 27. have the honor to be, &c. Qca letters from the Cape of Good J. H. Hutchinson, Lieut Gen. WASHINGTON (City,) July 15. - Spa-nil- h South-Americ- con-fider- o a- aecK-ers- 1, per-miflio- n, West-Indie- s. , I.,! to-b- e - - t, - com-mande- th ef-ca- s. ? H ade-fervin- g prjlge Two Vol. XIV.' Dollars per annum, paid in atjvakce. Copy of Lord Elgin, to Lord Hawkefbun?) dated Conftantino- ple, May"o, i8oi. My iLord, Mr. Morier having returned from I have the satisfaction of being able to lay before your lordfliipafar more particular account of the affairs and proceedings in that country than it has hitherto beenin my power to communicate. He lest, the camp before Alexandria on the 22d ult. At that time the enemy remained in their strong position upon the heights near the eastern wall of Alexandria their numbers about six thousand men. They were still in anxious expectation of receiving reinforcements, particularly that which had been announced to them as coming from admiral Gan-theum- is it is neceflary to reduce them by force General Hutchinson has further re ceived a favorable letter from Murad Bey, saying he is ready to join us when we come into his neighbourhood. I am happy to add that our army are inthehigheft health and spirits. ELGIN; e. The loss of the enemy, according to the numerous reports which had been collected, certainly excee'ds five thousand men, and a great propdrtion ef officers sour generals are known to have been killed. Every encouragement seems to have been given and held out to the French army to ensure their utmost exertions. Among other thiags they were taught to expect no quarter from the British. The prisoners agree, that in no part of this war had such hard sighting or determined bravery ever been seen, as they had met with from our ar my in ligypt. I prcfume that Sir Ralph Abercrom-bie'- s e absence from the camp, in of his wounds on the 21ft ef March, had created a momentary of our operations ; and the irreparable lfs occasioned by his death, must neceffarily have checked the n of plans, in the formation and execution of which he had always borne so leading a part. The captain Pacha did not arrive in time to see Sir Ralph ; but it appears that general Hutchinson followed his excellency's intention relative to the troops on board the Turkifli sleet, by them against Rosetta, and accordingly directed colonel Spencer, having under him a corps of about 800 Britiih, to proceed with the Turks to that expedition. The town was cvacuted without resistance. Some guns were then brought to bear upon the sort of St. Julien, which commands the entrance of the river. The garrison of three huTdred and sixty eight men surrendered on the 19th ult. Rahmanich was still in the hands of the French. They had fortified it, both in a view to secure their communications from the upper part of the Delta and Upper Egypt, whence they received their confe-quenc- fuf-penfi- profe-cutio- Aber-cromb- ie provisions. Under these circumstances, general Hutchinson has very much strengthened his position between Aboukir and Alexandria, not only by a range of rocks in front, but particularly by opening the iluices which kept in the waters in the lake on their lest ; and is as is supposed, the inundation fliall entend over the whole of the plain, to the eaftof the lake Marcotis, the communciation between Alexandria and Ramanich, which is the enemy's nearest point, will be eight or nine days journey without water. Having taken these measures, general Hutchinson was to transfer his headquarters to Rosetta on the 23d ult. to1! which place he had already sent forward a strong detachment, amounting to above 4000 Britiih, including col. Spencer's corp's ; & he was immediately to proceed from thence, with nearly anequal number of the captain Pacha's troops, against Rhamanich, where the French were to have affembled 3000 men. On the other hand advices had been received several days before from the Grand Vizier, dated at Belbeis, from which it appeared that his highness, reinforced by nearly 5000 . men from Djezzar Pacha, had pafled the defart, and had advanced so far towards Cairo, without meeting with opposition either at Salahich or at Belbeis. He had also detached a corps which has taken pofieflion of the town of Damietta, though the sort of l'Efbe is still in the hands of the French. It is not expected that His highness will experience any material resistance at the town of Cairo. And I find it is the determination of general Hutchinson to afford his highness such aid as maybe requi- site towards the attacklhgthefortifications which the French occupy near the town, The climate and weather had hitherto been most propitious. The natives had acquired the greatest degree of confidence from the proclamation ifiued by our army i and Were Continuing to bring in horses and provisions in great plenty Nearly 1000 of our cavalry are now well mounted there ; and we have still above 1 1,000 infantry in the field. The utmost degree of unanimity prevails between tha Britiih andTurkifli troops. I have the honour to be, &c.N June 6i Private letters, which accompanied the late dispatches from conftantinople, say, that Alexandria surrendered to the Britiih troops on the first of May. They add, that as the Turkifli army advanced the inhabitants of the country rose every where in its savor. June 8 By private letters from oflicefS in the Britiih army at AbdUker, we learn that the plan of operations in Egypt is chang'd The force which the French have at Rhamanie, amounting to three thousand men,is not a force collected in the country but is detached from the army at Alexandria. They have lest Only such a garrifon there as they think sufficient to the defence of the place; and by polling a strong body of troops at Rhamanie, they hope to be able, by means of their cavalry, to keep the greatest part of the Delta in their power, preserve the communication with Cairo, and be ready, in case Gantheaume fliould arrive at any point, to facilitate the debarkation of the troop, which they expect, and which of course will not attempt the port of Alexandria In consequence of this movement, gen. Hutchinson has determined to move, and in fact to take the field. Instead of merely keeping his position before Alexandria, and waiting for the arrival of reinforcements,, he has resolved to attack the French at Ramanie, and for this purpose he has detached general Craddock with z strong body of troops to join gen. Spencer. He is to follow himself, and begin a regular campaign in the field a plan certainly more hazardous than that of Alexandria; but is profper-ou- s, a plan which is likely to bring the contest to a speedier conclusion. The French are so strong irt cavalry, that more than one half of the Delta ia compleatly in" their power ; and we underftand that the horse arc too powerfurto-battacked by the very inferior horse Which we have been able to collect. The war, thsrefore, has so far changed its character, that instead of its depending on which party fliall first receive fuccours, it; is to depend on the superiority of military (kill and valor, as well as on the choice of battle. It is thought that Gantheaume's squadron will endeavor to avoid sir John Warren by taking a very northern course to the north, for instance, of the illand of Candy ; and that in this way it is highly pofiihle they may make good" their landing. We are sorry to hear that gen. Moores wound will oblige him to remove at lcaft from Egypt,' is not to return home. The London Gazette of June 4, contains a letter from gen. J. H. Hutchia- son, K. B. to the right honorable Henry Dundas, dated Camp before Alexandria, an account of the taki20th ng of Rosetta 368 men who were in the garrison surrendered prifohers" b war. A letter from Lord St. Vincents, dated May 27, announces that the embargo laid on Britiih (hips in the pott of Ruflia had been taken off. Accounts from Llfbon, received in London, state, that war betwen Spain and Portugal had commenced with a battle between the main bodies of the Spanilh and1 Portugefe armies, in which the former were defeated with the loss of one thoufand five hundred men. The advanced guard of of the French army were within two or three days march of the Spanish and on their junction it was expected that another attack would be made on the Portuguefc. April,-givin- head-quarter- s, g ;

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