Page 4 MouNrnrN LIFE AND WOKK July,
years most of our schools have run the state's gauntlet in order to become accredited institutions. For many it has been a real struggle to attain the required equipment, the required qualifications of teachers, and the required courses in the curriculum. It has meant bending every energy toward building up the institution itself; having a restricted budget and a limited staff, we have in many cases neglected the service to the community in which the institution is located.
One of the strange paradoxes of the situation for the past two or three years has been that we are turning out high school and college graduates as leaders whom we have not been able to place in positions of leadership. No one expects this abnormal situation of unemployment to continue just at it is, but I do believe that by facing the reality we can check on the course we are pursuing.
No one will dispute the fact that we need to train young people for places of leadership, but some questions which I have asked myself over and over this year I should like to ask you tonight.
What have we done to .prepare these young people who can not find positions to teach-and I think we all agree that teaching is the vocation upon which we have focused most of our attention-what have we done to prepare them for richer, more satisfying lives back on the farm or in the little community where they are now awaiting the opportunity to get jobs? Are they educated just for one purpose or are they educated for life? Will they for their education show more resourcefulness during these hard times and and the better develop "live-at-home" programs? Will they not only be able more effectively to grapple with the problems of making a livingwhether it be on the farm or at some trade-but will they also use that education for making a richer social and cultural life for themselves and their communities?
After the Conference last year one of our Berea workers returned enthusiastic to start a general campaign on the campus to train our students for summer community service. Preparation for such service was initiated as an extracurricular activity. Through the Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A., the Literary Societies and voluntary groups, many young people learned how to organize a Sunday
School, how to tell stories well, how to conduct community singing, how to teach games to children and adults, how to interest boys and girls ii: nature study and other outdoor crafts. This year the project has grown to much greater proportions; in all three schools-college, academy, and foundation-junior high-groups with student chairmen and faculty advisers are working along these lines. Mimeographed material is being prepared and compiled into community service notebooks, and suggestive booklets and bulletins are being collected. As a result without any additional ins estment of money we are hoping that stronger morale, good cheer, and courage will be carried to groups remote from the campus, and that our students will find that wherever they are there are real jobs of usefulness awaiting them. Other schools I am sure are doing these same things. More and more I feel that we must place greater emphasis upon these types of extracurricular education which unfortunately are not emphasized in our standard credit courses.
Those who left the mountains to go to Detroit, Toledo, Hamilton, and other cities have crowded back this year to the little, old mountain farm as a shelter in the time of industrial and financial storm. One of our Berea boys is reported as saying that the way his family had felt the depression was that his ten brothers had come home to live.
To me it is a tragedy to think that with money gone, with the barest subsistence to be wrested from the poor, rocky soil, our unemployed in the mountains have just been "settin' " around, losing courage and morale, growing dull and apathetic, because they have had no understanding or appreciation of what makes life outside of food, shelter, and clothing.
We face not only economic poverty-and in some sections that poverty has been more acute this winter than I have ever known it beforebut we face a poverty of recreation, of good literature and the desire to read it, of music, of art, of appreciation of the cultural resources about us, and of a dynamic religion that will motivate all of life.
When one thinks of little Denmark, far-seeing and wise enough to subsidize the unemployed to get further education, one realizes how impotent and foolish we have been as a nation. What have we done better to prepare our fifteen million un