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Image 1 of Daily Louisville Democrat, December 19, 1861

Part of Daily Louisville Democrat

AIM VOLUME XVIII. LO.UISVI LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY: THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 1861. the direofion of Enoxville, Tennessee, made and at a cost for grading and bridging of in pursuance of an ordinanoe of the City about four thousand three hundred dollars Councils of Louisville, passed last Novemper mile. From the mouth of Hatter's ber, for the purpose of ascertaining the Branch the lioe would follow up Enob practicability cf constructing, and the Lick Creek five miles to its heal, at the W (1213 OK DAILY UK310CKAT TO TUB approximate cot-- of, a railroad from the Widow Humphrv'tson the "divide" between present terminus of the Lebanon Branoh the waters of Green River and those of the of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to Cumberland, thence Rock Lick eight n 3 04 the proposed northern terminus of the mi'es to its mouth indown Fithing Creek, thence lhr Month.., 1 SO Oh MolUi 40 Enoxville and Eentnoky Railroad at the following down the latter stream four miles Ko ratwcrlpUoM takon for lea. to the mouth of Big Clifty, a branoh of State line. thaa one month. The map of the State shows three routes Fishing Creek coming in from the northby which thia object can be attained. The east. From the mouth of Big Clifty the The Railroad to East Tenneisee. We lay before our readers this morning first route would lead from Lebanon to or line would still follow the course of Fishnear Bradfordsville, thence over Muldraugh's ing Creek, but gradually ascend its the able report of Mr. George Macleod, the Hill towards Liberty, the county seat of with a grade of thirty or thirty-fiv- e feet per engineer of the Louisville and Nashville Casey, thence in the general direction of mile for three miles, till it rose npon the Railroad, under whose superintendence that Somerset, the connty seat of Pulaski, and table land, when it would cross in three to the bluffs of the near and a half miles magnificent line of communication with the after crossing the Cumberland River would Cumberland River, over Waite's Landing. below the month of Big South Fork, it South wm opened up. ascend and follow quite to the State line a From thence it would acend the river for After Tery earnest and untiring exertions, high ridge, the "divide" between the main two and a half miles to the mouth of the Big South Fork, occupying the face of the Mr. T. C. Pomeroy, then a member of the Cumberland River and its south fork. The eecond route would be common with bluffs above high water, and crossing in Council, succeeded in baring a resolution the first as far as Bradfordsville. From that distance the mouth of Pitman's Creek passed through both boards of the Citv thence it would follow up the south fork of by a bridge one hundred feet long and eighty Legislature authorising a full and complete the Rolling Fork quite to its source in Mul- feet high. In this distance, twenty-thre- e draugh's II ill in Lincoln county, thence miles, from the mouth of Hatter's Branch reconuoissance of Ihe most eligiole routes for after passing through or near Hustonville it to the Big South Fork, will be found woik a railroad from Lebanon to (he State line, in would cress the headwaters of Green River of a heavier oharaoter than has heretofore the direction of Kuoxvftle. In NoTember, In the' direction of Waynesburg, and then been encountered. The crossing of the divide" at Widow Humphrey's will give 15C0, the Council passed the resolution, follow the course of the "divide" between the drainage of Fishing Creek on the west, eix and a quarter miles of line, estimated and on the 4 h of December following Mr. and the drainage of Pitman's and Buck at one hundred and seventy thousand dolMacUod started on his reoonnois9anee. Creeks on the east, through the town of lars. The ridge is high and broad, and will trobably require a tunnel of twelve The recocnoiMsanci dieclosea the faot that Somerset, toils junction with the first route hundred or fifteen hundred feet in length. in the Cumberland River near the mouth of there are three good routes from Lebanon Pitman's Creek. A modification of a por- Much heavy graling will also be found on to the State line. By the rst, the distance tion of this second route could be made by both sides of the ridge in rising to and fallis one hundred and two or three miles, and leaving Lebanon in the direction of the ing from it. The grading and bridging on Danville turnpike, and after heading the Rock Lick has been estimated at eight its cost would be $2,408,000; by the seoond north fork of the Rolling Fork and leaving thousand dollars per mile, whilst the same the distance is one hundred and six miles, Ilnstonville three or four miles to the south, items on Fishing Creek have been placed and the cost would be $2,309,750; by the pass through Blane's Gap, and thence along at twelve hundred dollars per mile. These third route the distance is about one hundred the ridge to fallofinto the second route a streams are very tortuous, with bold reeky cliff and high points extending into their Waynes! ug few miles north "and twenty miles, and the cost would be The third route would follow the course valleyp,and will require frequent crossings by $3,150,000. of the Danville turnpike beyond Hayeville, briJges. From Fishing Creek to the Big The advantages each route possesses and thence in an easterly direction to it near South Fork the gradiog would not be heavy, a large expenditure will be required for the difficulties it presents are very clearly Stanford, the oounty seat of Linooln; then but Pitman's Creek Bridge. By extending veering southeast and leaving Crab Orchard the and satisfactorily set forth by Mr. Macleod and Mount Union to the east, it would cross its span to one hundred feet the masonry Tie local trade of the road when built could Rockcastle Run noar Line Creek, then, with item can be greatly reduced, but in that eoarcely be expected to be heavy; yet all a southerly course, through Williams- case even the structure will cost neventeen burg to the State line. This third route thousand dollars or twenty thousand dol who bate any experience in such matters whilst it is longest of the three by many lars. Within one hundred feet of the know that a line of road which has euoh im miles, has the merit of reaching the State mouth of the Big South Fork the line would portant termini as this road would hare, line at the northern terminus of the Enex-vil- le cross the main Cumberland on a bridge five P.oad, whilst the first and seoond routes hundred feet long and seventy five feet high never fails in creating a trade. fall upon the lioe about twelve miles west of The river here affords a fine site for a bridge, But it is not the local trade in coal, iron s&ia terminus, and would require a change possessing a firm rock bottom, fordable at or, which Louisville wants ; it is that in the loeation of the Enoxville Road for a"i low water, and with a high rock bluff on its immense, incalculable wealth of commerce portion of its length to. effeot a junction north side, by means of which an abutment, with the exception of masonry, sufficient for which would flaw into her control from the with them With the intention of examining these the bridge seat can be dispensed with. I rice and cotton fields of the South, and the several routes in succession, I left Lebanon estimate this structure, built in the style of etill richer, more extensive command such on Tuesday, December 4th, aooompanied by the Barren River Bridge, at Bowlinggreen, a connection would give her over the trade Mr. John U. Broadhead, of Nelson county. at seventy thousand dollars. From the crossing of the Cumberland of the We6t In JieB and South Amerioa. It An ioepeotion of the country between Leb River the line would asoend in one and anon and Bradfordsville showed that the a would render Louisville the great central most practicable route in that direction half miles along the bluffs of the South Fork, with a grade, probably, of seventy reservoir for the West the great central would leave the Lebanon Branch one mile metropolis of the Union. By building this below Lebanon, near Wathen & Miller's pork feet per mile, to the plateau. Immediately cross Hardin's Creek, near Wimsate's, above that stream, and after oooupying this road to Enoxville, Louisville would have houss, and ascend the ridge between Hardin's trench of land for a few miles, with unduimmediate connection with a large portion Creek and the Rolling Fork, passing near lating grades and much curvature, for the of the South. It will be seen by referring the dwelling of W. T. Kaott. After pursu- purpose of overcoming its inequalities, and to the table of distances in Mr. Macleod'a ing the ridge one and a half miles, the line avoiding the knobs that infest it, would would descend to the valley of the Rolling make the ascent of the main ridge in fire report, that the distance from Louisville to Fork at Kelly Abells, by Wittingly s on miles, to Hiten's, a point about ten miles Charleston via Enoxville (long route), and Paunchey Creek the whole distance being from the mouth of the Big South Fork. The the Blue Ridge railroad, is only 707 miles ; about four miles, with very moderate grid- grade in this ascent would be about sixty from Louisville via Cumberland Gap, leaving ua'ion. good alignment, and grades of about feet, or possibly as much as seventy feet per 52 teet per mile, ascending to and de- mile. From Hiten's the line would follow Enoxville to the West, the disUnoe would scending from the ridge. From mouth of the crest of the rilge for twenty-thr- ee be only 613 miles ; and by the Cumberland Msttingly s Creek the line would pursue the miles, till it entered Tenuesseo in Soott Gap route only C78 miles to Wilmington, valley of the Rolling Fork six and a half county. I estimate the cost ot the gradua. miles to Bradfordsville. thenoe up its south tion for the thirty. three miles south of the North Carolina. fork, nine and a halt miles to the mouth of Cumberland River at three hundred and fire , After reaching either Enoxville or Martin's Creek, generally occupying the thousand dollars, being about nine thousand roads already constructed, or in the river bottoms with very light work, except three hundred dollars par mile. There will be no bridging in this distance, and but course of construction, would bs found, at a few points on the South Fork its little masonry beyond ordinary by culverts grades conforming te the fall of the streams giving us command of Norfelk, Va , Wilwith small bridges across Caney Run and and open drains, and yet the estimated cost mington, N. C, and Charleston, S. C , and Pope's Creek one bridge of one hundred per mile above stated, high as it may appear, but a comparatively trifling outlay weuld and fifty feet span and eighteen feet high cannot be maintained without resorting frequently to high undulating grades and to be requiiite to change the termini from over Rolling Fork, and probably three curves wi'h radii of eight huadred or nine bridges of one hundred feet span each ani Wilmington to Beaufort, N C , if it should fifteen feet high over the South Fork. At huu tred feet. TUa ridge for a long distance prove to be a better harbor, and from the mouth ot Martin's Creek would begin siulh of Hiten's is narrow, winding, and broken by the draining of Charleston to Beaufort, 8. C. Indeed, the ascent of Muldraugh's Hill, with a and the main Cumberland. the South Fork The sources of graie of about seventy feet per mile. In there is railroad connection already existing three miles the summit wsuld be reached Beaver and I adian Creeks on the east, and between Wilmington and Beaufort, on the The ridge at the head of Martin's Creek is Cooper's Run on tho west, interlock and North Carolina coast; and Beaufort, S C , high, and to pass it a summit one thousand occasion a tortuous and expensive line for length would probably be required. many miles. is at not mure than 15 or 20 miles distanos fret in would The entire distance from Lebanon to the also be expensive graduation for There from the Charleston ani Savannah railroad, the three miles on Martin's Creek, and for Tenneesoo State lice, upon the route above described, has been placed at one hundred already in operation. It would be desirable two miles on Runnel's Creek descending toaud two to Lave the connection made direot, but wards Green River. I estimate the cost of for this and a half miles. Without claimiug estimate perfect acouraoy, I feel graling these five miles at one hundred and until the authorities of North and South twenty thousand dollars. The remainder of confident it will not be found to vary from Carolina would authorize euoh direot con- the distance to Green River, being two miles the actual distanoo, ascertained from a sur nections, thoee already existing could be along the bottoms of Runnel's Creek, and vey, by more than two cr three miles, aad five miles along the bottoms of Brush Creek there is greater probability of its filling used. within the true than of exceeding it. The to its mouth in Oreen River, two and a Louisville olcri advtn'ages, as the miles below the town of Liberty, affords half following is an estimate of the cost of the an Northern terminus of euoh a road, which no excellent line in respect to cost, alignments line, based upoa a careful comparison with other point in the We3t can equal. She is and grades. The divtanoe from Lebanon to the value of work of eioiiUr character cn of Brush Creek would be about the Louisville aud Nashville Railroad and at the great turning point in Western navi the mouth miles. I will here thirty two make mention its branches: gation. She has command of a water of another route to Green River in the vi- One hundred an J twoanl a hull' grading, btdjui;, ami injsourv, at tl'i.'.uo per power, for manufacturing purposes, un- cinity of Brush Creek that promised a very mil $l.aJ5,0t) and ra favorable line for twenty miles, but was One liuadred on man mile otana lwav siicr- equalled on the continent ; she has already vru'jiure vract suing! at 913.0i.iO ts.JJU direct connection with tha West via St. abandoned on account of difficulties encoun F.Tia ntcriii aud torinU'iidMii e lun.ooi tered in the last tea miles cf it. Instead of 3 n'oul and ruliintr Lou:s, with the Likes via Chicigo and following the Rolling Fork to Bradfordsville, Motive power Motions, audblock bouses LicpiiH, water engine 5 311,000 Land Michigan City, and will be in connection at the line would cross that stream near the Oitice damages salaries, .. Ac expeDsma, 50,100 Run, two and a half Sanduky City, with Lake Erie, and with mouth of Medlock's Mattinglj's Creek ascend Med One hundred and two an tialf miles at $Jl.fOO $2,403,000 In the other miles above two V"st mile the East via Cin.'Insati. lock's Run milts te its source at foot of The estimates for motive power, rolling direction eh: has command of the trade of Muldraugh's Hill, then alone base of the Nashville and Memphis, aid through them, Hil." to Old Liok Creek, a branch of the stock, depots, &o., are considered sufficient iu view of the Jine being merely an exten-sio- n of Savannah, Mobile, an I New Orleaas; and South Fork Ascending Old Lick Creek it of the Lebanon branch would pass Muldraugh's Hill by Old Lick and Nashville Railroad, andof the Louisville by means cf the Memphis and Little Rock Gap, that it will be a remarkably low depression in the worked in connection with that branoh. Railroai, when completed, will have direct ridge, which can be overcome at that place No large or expensive structures will be trade with Arkansas ani Texas ; and by the wua a graue less man seventy reet per mile, required along the line, whilst expenditures Southern Pacifis Railroal, which will be and with an open cut of moderate depth. at Enoxville for these purposes can be It was through Old Lick Gap built, will make h;rself the Northern ter- liminary survey was made some that a pre- male iu connection with roads departing years ago minus of the road to San Franoisco. In all ior a roaa irom uanvuie to Nashville by from that place. The estimate for railway superstructure is from the following way of Glasgow. After pass'ng the ride, items of cost : derived that nature coull do for a city, Louisville is the line would descend a fork of Robert- blessed beautiful location, fine water, tons rail bars, at $60 M per ton $5, 100 eon's Creek for two miles, then ascend tasteniugK ami Bpiken ... 6U healthful climate, surrounded with the another branoh of the same stream coming Jointthousand six hundred wo at 2j ccuis .. f. richest producing lands the present center in from the southeast, pass over a low sum Bal each .:ui) 700 of the tobacco market; the strongest rival mit on to the waters or Casey Creek, and Tract laying and repairs, for six months descend a fork of that Creek te DanrH $3, 30J of Cincinnati in ha; produots, with a large Licken's twenty miles from Lebanon. Thus The country manufacturing business already established, far the line presented features the most fine ohance for along tho routo affords a obtaining crossties at the and, but for the present distracted condi- favorable. In alignment and grades it was stated price, whilst abundance of grant for tion of the country, raj i lly increasing. fully equal to the route by Bradfordsville, ballasting can be procured along the whole wnust in cost it was greatly superior the route. Give her but command of this outlet to the crossing of the "Hill" at Old Lick Gap in The second route will be common with the southeast Atlantic seaboard, and she will volving an expense not more than one half first twenty miles to the mouth of Martiu's at the head of Martin's Creek, whilst Creek. At that point they diverge, anJ the draw to" her, from other localities, untold of that bridging of the South Fork three times second takes its wy up the valley of the wealth of capital, mioufaituriog skill and the would be avoided. But the country from the south fork of the Rolling Fork, ten miles to will rapidly and certainly head of McLure's Fork of energy, aud Casey Creek to i s tource, in Muldiavgh's Hill. For seven advanoe to a position of cpulenoe seoond to Green River was found, upon examination, miles of this distance the line would oooupy to be so elevated, and also so deeply seemed the bottoms of the streams, occasionally no inland city of the Union. drainage with deserves that she should ning other at right of Caseyto Creek, run- cutting hard into the projecting points from Anl nearly angels our course, the adjacent hills, with occasional bridging the mstropolis of that it was deemed impossible to rise to it of the stream. It will then begin the ; is have this outlet this atate, and State pride should prefer her from Lacker's with our maximum grade, or ascent of the IIiU" through Neeley's Gap, line upon it, without enormous which can be overcome with a grade of fifty to bcr rival, Cincinnati ; ehe has done more maintain aFurther expense. examination of the route feet per mile and a tunnel five hundred than any other point in the State in build was consequently abandoned, and we pro- feet long. After passing the 4,nill" it will ing the roaia now in operation in the State; ceeded to carry on the line already brought descen t to Hustonville bv a branch of the ehe has alvancei her connections already as far as the month of Brush Creek. From flanging Fork of Dick's River in three miles. two routes offered by which the The Muldraugh's Hill npon in that direction as far as Lebanon ; she has this point Fishing Creek could be reached. routecrossing ofmore favorable than this waters of by much rejonnoissanoe of the best rjute One would pasa down Green River to paid for a the Martin's Creek, as well in respect to grades from Lebanon to the State line ; and that mouth of its south fork crossing the river as cot t The approach to the summit on road can be built without nay new organi there, it would pass up the South Fork to both 6ides is upon very favorable ground, Turkey Creek, and up Turkey to its and will not materially exceed in oost any zalion, as an extension of the Lsbanon source, in the Green River Creek and other portion of the route. I estimate the Enobs, Branch of the Louisville and Nashville thence over on to the drainage of Fishing oost of grading and bridging from Martin's Creek. The other would pass up Green Creek to Hustonville at seven thousand five Bailroad. We trust that the Legislature will at onoe River, through Liberty, and thenee, by hundred dollars per mile. From HustonDoe Creek and Enob Lick Creek, over to ville the line would follow f own the dr linAdopt all measures necessary to put this Rook Lick Creek of Fishing Creek. The age of the Hanging Fork fer two and a half great enterprise at onoe in hands; and we latter route was selected for examination. miles, and asoend another brnoh of the have no doubt they will do so. We call Upon it the line would ascend Green River Bame stream two and half miles to the on its north side two and a half miles to "divide" belween the waters of Dick's River cspeoially npin the Louisville members to Liberty, thence fonr miles further on same and Green River at McEinney's Station. push the proposition to a successful issue side, eroeslng the river near the mouth of Toe "divide" here is very low, and the apDoe Creek by a bridge one hundred and proach to it on both sides very gradual, reNothing at this time is of so much import low grades and moderate work. feet long ance te Loaisville, in a commercial point of fiftythe valley and eighteen feet high, thenoe quiring of grading these five up of Doe Creek four miles to its The cost miles would lew head, then passing through a low gap on not exoeed twenty thousand dollars, but as Macleod's report: W append Mr. te Enob Lick one mile further to the mouth it may be found necessary to bridge the of Hatter's Branch. In this distance, eleven s reams at a few points, I estimate the cost LouiivriLi, Et., Dec. 81, 1860 and a half miles, is obtained a line perfeot of preparing the line for the superstructure Ban. T. II. Crateor J, Mayor of Louisville. in alignment, grades, and cuts. It would at six thousand dollars per mile. A modibetween Hustonville to gj; I herewith submit my Report of an consist of long reaches of straight line. fication of the lineoan made, be and the disconnected by cnives of large radii, with Mc Kinney Station lamination if the country between Lena von, Ky , and the Tennessee State line in grades conforming to the fall of the streams, tance reduced to four milea at the same in mmmt . -- hill-side- s 8-- Ashe-ville- Fifty-eig- '1 crosa-Ue- 1 se DEM OCRAT. crease in the cost of construction and with the breaking up cf the grads. It is worthy of examination should a survey bo ordered. From McEinney's Station the line would descend McEinney's Ernoh to Green River here an insignificant stream; croising Green River ou a bridge fifty feet long and eight or ten feet high, it would follow along its bottoms to Flint's mill, four miles from McEinney's thenoe by the Little South Fork in four miles to the ridge north of Waynesburg and thence dae south through Waynesburg aud Somerset, along the "divide" between the waters of Buck Creek and Pitman's Creek on the east, and Fish ing Creek on the west, to its intersection with the first route on the Cumberland River, near Waite's Landing. I estimate the cost of the eleven miles from McEinney's to Waynesburg at four thousand fire hundred dollars per mile; of the seventeen miles from Waynesburg to Somerset at fire thousand dollars per mile; and of the seven miles from Somerset to the mouth of the Big South Fork at eight thousand four hundred dollars per mile. The estimated distance from Lebanon to the Tennessee State line on this route is one hundred and six miles, with the following estimate of oost : O ie hundred and six and masonry, at $7,.m) per mile -- ..........! One hundred and thirteen and a half miles of railway superstructure ou main tract aud aiding, at $x,5d() EtiKineei iug and kupeilntendeiice Motive power and rolling stock Irepots, water atalions, aud eugiue houses Laud damages. Otlice expeuies aud alanea.. SG.730 PKI.MK) 3Hi,iHjn fio.otu S",UUt way superstructure and land damages have a higher estimate on the second route than upoa the first. This arises from the faot that the second route passes over some twenty five miles of country entirely devoid of gravel or stone suitable for ballasting, whilst i. must bo expected that large damages will be demanded for eighteen miles of the lioe on the south fork of Rolling Fork, and on the hanging fork of Dick's River.' The bottoms of these streams are narrow and the lands valuable, whilst from Muldraugh's Hill quite to the State line on the first route it is likelj that releases can be obtained except for a few miles on Fishing Creek. The second route possesses advantages over the first route in the following particulars : It is cheaper by one hundred ht and thousand two hundred and fifty dollars. Its maximum grade from to the Cumberland River is twenty-fiv- e Lebanon feet per mile less. For twenty five miles of its distance it passes over a greatly superior agricultural country than is found upon the first route beyond Muldraugh's Hill, and it also commands the trade of a large region of equally fine country that would otherwise go towards Lexington and Cincinnati. In connection with this second route I examined a cross line from Somerset to Williamsburg, with a view to falling upon the Enoxville and Kentucky Railroad at its northern terminus on the State line, in case taat Company should find it impracticable to meet the first and second routes at their termini on the State line twelve miles further weat. This cross line would encounter Titman's Creek, Buck Creek, Rockcastle River aad Laurel River. The two latter particularly difficult to manage from their cloBe proximity and the highridga between them. The line, howevsr, is well worthy of an instrumental examination, as it may be practicabla to strike the Cumberland River just below the mouth of Rockcastle and pursue the former stream east of the mouth of Lturel, In thia way the high ridge between the Laurel and Rockcastle would be turned. In a comparison of cost with the second route south of Somerset, it would present a fair exhibit. The item of per mile would be less than upon the second route south of the Cumberland, whilst the expense of bridging Pitmanj Buck Creek, Rockcastle, and Laurel, would be te eoni9 extent baUnced by the reduced cost of a bridge over the Cumberland at Williamsburg and by dispensing with the bridge at the mouth of Pitmaa's Creek. The orotfs Hue will have the merit of passing within a very short distance of the coal banks on the Cumberland river. The serious objection to it is the greatly increased distance it will give from Lebanon to the State line one hundred aud tweuty.four miles an objection sufficient to defeat its aioption, unless itba found utterly impracticable to connect the first aud seoond routes with the Euoxville road within the State of Tennessee. I was relieved from the necesaity of examining the third route mentioned in this report, by finding in the possession of the Enoxville railroad company, at Enoxville, the profile of a line upon this route, mda by Col. M. B. Prichard, in the year 1853 The examination extended to Loaisville, from the terminus of the Kuoxville road at the State line south of Waynesburg. The Enoxville and Kentucky road, as located, passes through the Cumberland Mountains, by a noted gap, called Wheeler's, Walker's or Elk Gap It is a remarkable depression in the mountain, cutting it nearly asunder, and affording a passage through it upon iow graies at a moderate coat. The Enoxville road, as I was informed, ascends to this gap with a grade of thirty-fi- re per mile. After passing the gp, the line jts the side of Pine Mountain to the valley of Elk Fork to its mouth in Clear Fork, tLei down Clear Fork to the State line, miles from Enoxville. Col. Prichird's survey takes up the line at this point and follows the valley of the Clear Fork to the Cumberland River, near Williamsburg. Crossing the Cumberland e River by a bridge feet high, the line abends Blake's Fork to the summit at its head, then passes over to Spruce Creek, and descends that stream to Laurel River, which it crosses by a bridge one hundred and fifty feet long and seventy-fiv- e feet high. From Laurel River the line follows Mill Creek to the summit at its Roger's or source; then, after crossing Indian Camp Branch, White Oak Creek, and other drain ings of Rockcastle River, it reaches that stream near the mouth of Line Creek. At this point the profile shows a crossing of Rockcastle two hundred and fifty feet long and ninety feet high, with a tunnel between Rockcastle River and Line Creek nineteen hundred feet long. The line then ascends Line Creek to a summit at its source, and after crossing the country drained by the headwaters of Buck Creek, it passes over to the drainage of Dick's River, crossing Stanford Branch, the Hanging Fork, and Clarke's Run, to Danville The profile shows work cf unfavorable character from the State line to the commencement of the descent towards Rook, castle River. The fall from the level of the Flab Woods country to the river was found by Col Prichard to be three hundred and fif y feet, and could only be overcome by very heavy work along Ihe precipitous cliffs Expensive work tributaries is also required north of Rockcastle River for some distanoe towards Danville. The distance from the State line to Danville, upon this route, is stated to be ninety-fiv- e miles, with maximum grades of sixty feet per mile. Assuming this distance to be correct, and that a line to Lebanon by this route would pass six milts Bouth of Danville, we should have for the entire distance from Lebanon to the Tennessee State line about one hundred and twenty miles. Col. Priohard'a estimate of the cost of his line is stated to be two million six hundred thousand dollars. Add to this estimate twenty-fiv- e miles from the vicinity of Danville to Lebanon, at twenty-tw- o thousand dollars per mile, and we have for theeost of a line upon this route the sum of three million one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. This line, though longer and more expensive than either of the two heretofore described, possesses advantages that should not be overlooked. Its course through the rich counties of Boyle and Linooln will draw a large hoal trade and travel over it, and also over the Lsbanon Branoh and thirty miles over the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, addiog largely to the re ceipts of those roads. It is not unreasonable, also, to look for a Urge subscription from those counties, and alio from Rock fifty-eig- t i'ol-l- o fifty-fiv- of-i- ts castle and Whitly,towards its construction IOCWTIUI TO CHARtlSTO VU CCXBIBLaaO flAf. tion of a neutral fla?. Ha is quite ignorant . The two last named counties may not be Louisville to Cumber',! Cup : fn nil lei ' of the decision cf his government, but b)S Gap to : Ht do able to contribu'e so largely as Boyle and Cumberland tVilumbiAhellle : . Aaheville to it is necessary to preserve good relations i..t : Lincoln, yet the signal advantages they will ColumbiatoCuuitKtoa : : L do between Americt ani EogUnd. 11 o hope derive from our improvement passing both governments will agree on a eoluikn (Ai dJ through them and terminatingupon the Ohio to soaFotz tia ccmberhjd gap. of the question whether the prisoners wer River will doubtless draw a liberal sub- Louisville (o Cumberland Gap : : 210 mile. contraband or not. If the were stents tf ,s : ! scription from each. Upon the route pass- Cumberland Gap to Bristol t : lirKtol to Lynchburg ; ; do the rebels, he says it will be difucul: ing through Casey and Pulanki counties, 1 I.Tnclibur w Hfitersburj : ; i"j ju convince even impartial miads that thoy : : ) : do believe that fifty thousand dollars of sub- Petersburg to Nortollt were less contraband of war tbia ret cl scription could be obtained from the former 712 soldiers or canon, la conclusion. General and its citizens, and two hundred and fifty tOClSVIUJI TO WILVIVQTO.V m CtTXBZBLAXD GAPScott expressed the conviction that war ber thousand dollars from the latter and its Louisville to Cumberland Oan tin tween America and England, without 13S do citizens, and may we not look for at least Cumberland to Ashevllle: : : Asneviiie l Wilmington more serious : 330 provocation than is at do double these subscriptions, or six hundred present given, is impossibl . 674 do thousand dollars from the four counties of The London Star minks Gen. Scott's letBoyle, Liccolr, Rackoastle, and WLiily? ter will receive a hearty epousl in Eoglacd as a message of peace. The Times says tier. It is to be understood that the estimates Scott, like mos. cf Lid couutrymen, is given above only cover the ecuh cost of con etruction npon the several routes. It is also From Yasterday'a Evening News." rather inclined to disavow the conception of the cutrage than to repudiate it. presumed that the work of construction, It is reported that rebel and Federal prionce commenced, will be prosecuted without F RANKING PRIVILEGE TO BE ABOLISHED! vateers are cruising at the entrance of ii serious detention, and be completed within Eng.ish Channel. a reasonable time say three years. The It iasaid that the Almirality has order;-examination of the country for the pnrpese SZEXS.XVXXSXX on the POTOMAC s to proceed immediately to tha of fixing the final location npon the most West Indies to act as a convoy to the mail eligible route will require a carefnl and elaborate instrumental survey, and ample Appropriation for Western Flotilla and steamers. The Paris correspondent of tha In ly time, with a liberal expenditure of money, Coast Defenses! News says that Slidell's dispatches were should be devoted to these preliminary entrusted to his wife, as he was leaving tuo operatiens, too often hurriedly executed, to the serious and permanent injury of public llfport oftht Invftisalimf Commute! Trent. The Paris Patrie says that the San Jar.n-timprovements. As two of the routes desearched a French, Dnih and Portugese pend upon the practicability of connecting Letter from Gen. ve?seL These facts, says the Pa'rie, are of three southern termini with the Enoxville Further from Europe n mora importance as proving that the road, by an alteration in the location of Scott! Cabinet fancies it haa power to exthat road on its last twenty or thirty milee; of search to the full extent. ercise the right it will save much time and money to ascerSpeculations from France represent ihe tain if such alteration can be made before Searcliln? Another Vessel! predominant tone of feeling as faroTaMe t any examinations shall be instituted in a reconciliation between EngUnl ani AmerEentucky. Should it be found impracticaLONDON PAPEIt.4 TRYING TO FOUCK A ica. It is reported that the French MinUt r ble to make such aohange in the location of 3IORK SENSATION! WAtt at Washington reported to his Government the Enoxville road as will bring it in cona refusal on the part cf tha Washington nection at the State line with the termini of Washington, Deo. 17 A man came Cabinet to deliver up dispatches addressed the first and seoond routes, it will lead to the rejeotion of the former and so muoh of vitbin General Heintxelman'a lines to day from Paris to the French Consuls at Charlesthe latter as extends south of Somerset, who left Alexandria in July for more distant ton and New Orleans. Ilostila demonstrations were male in vawithout an instrumental examination of Southern quarterp. He stated that he had either of them, and will confiae the surveys been living at Charlottesville for some time; rious parts of England on the occasion cf that no rebel troops had recently gone the departure of an Armstrong ba'.tery to the third route and the second, in connection with the cross route from Somerset South from the army of the Potomac, but thence for shipment to Canada. In the Italian Chamber of Deputies, R;t. to Williamsburg. In behalf of the Direotors that during the last three weeks two Georgia of the Enoxville road, I am authorized to regiments had been added to it ; that the taizi explained the failure of negotiator:: state that they will cordially unite with sickness in the armj was great, anl aver relative to Rome, stating he was convin:ei Louisville in establishing a oonneotion be aged, from Manassas and Centerville, a cart that the French Government wished to tertween the two cities upon the most eligible load of invalids a day, conveyed to the hos- minate its occupation of Rome, and was a sincere friend to Italy. route, and if it be found necessarv to pital at Charlottesville. 1G Liverpool, Timet Dispatch December Cotton Tha The House PostofSoe change the location of their road north of brokers' circular reports sales of th week Committee unanimously decided to introCoal Run, to secure that object they will duce a bill to abolish the franking privilege. of 25,000 bales; market closing at a dec'ins promptly aooede to such change, provided per pound. At one time the tne same oan beeueoted without unreasons. The committee have also concluded to grant of ble expense. The efforts of the Enoxville no further privileges in the case of soldiers' decline was nearly 2d, but tha market Company are for the present directed to ex letters other than that now given that of rallied. Breadstuff steady. Provisions steaJy. tending their road to Coal Run, in Campbell sending their letters forward without preErie shares 24(7? 2: discount. county, thirty and a half miles north of payment. Lalett via Londonderry JIeral(ft Dispatch. This afternoon tie An admiralty Enoxville. In the bluffs of this stream are first encountered those immense deposits of pickets of Blenker'a division were driven in notice was issued yesterday, requiring ail men absent to return immediately to their coal that extend northward as far as the by the enemy. The rebels were soon driven respective ships. mouth of Rockcastle River. By this time back, and many of them were killed. frigate Warrior is eoa'ing The iron-clThe Secretary of War has submitted to the track has been laid to Beaver Creek, Congress a statement of Q iar ermigter for service on the North American coaat, u mues irom nnoivme, ana in one General Meigs, ten needed. asking the early appropria year more the graduation will have There was quite arise yesterday in sugar oi ?i,uvu,vuu 10 complete ana pay for been completed and the traok extended to tion gun boats, mortar-boa- ts and tug boats and saltpeter. and acroes Clinch River, near Clinton. the No charters are now being taken for Within the same period, also, it is expected of the Western floti la, so that they may not oe delayed at at. Louis until the interrupAmerican vessels. the remaining ten and a half miles to Coal tion of Several cf the morning papers have lendnavigation by ice. lie states that Run will be ready for the rails, and the on Mr. Bright'a speech. The Times track immediately pushed on to that stream the $1,500,000 appropriated by Conzress at ers There they will pause until they perceive the last session is sufficient only for the says: "Let Americans judge by the speech some sure prospect or securing a connection construction, equipment and maintenance of her greatest admirer how little can ba of seven of the and without said for her outrage upon a friendly and with Louisville or Cincinnati, by way of altogether neutral country." expressing any opinion as to the uanviue or Lebanon, it is as an important tne neet ordered to be built necessity of Liverpool, December G. Warlike by General link in the chain of improvements between Fremont, he thinks continue to be made. A coasideraMd the Government is bound Louisville and the seaboard, between Nor- to pay for them, and that if armed, quipped number of troops are unde orders to l?rvve folk and Charleston, and in opening up to ana they will add to the for Canads. The Persia Das been chartered your oity the trade of East Tennessee, that 6treugth of by tha government aa well as the army in the a connection with Enoxville invites your success of the expedition West, and to the asia. The London Daily News tha Australthinks that intended to open serious attention. In respect to local trade the Mississippi. if the American government will treat (Li and travel, it will not compare favorably The report difficulty sp:rit Scott with the Nashville Road. For two thirds which has just of Chief Engineer Barnard, urges. th in themay be which General Amerwar avoided. been submitted of its length it will traverse a country rich by General Cameron, shows to Congress ican shipping interest is already Tha uinitroasly that the de indeed in mineral wealth, but thinly popu. around consist of 40 affected- lated and incapable, from its sterile soil and fenses mounting Washington that London, Dec. G. It is reported that V.r. 300 guns; works, broken surface, of yielding agricultural defenses occupied are about 35 the whole Adams regards his call inevitable. Several miles, exproducts beyond its home consumption. Its ceeding by several miles the famous works leaoing raris papers Diame me ta;i.i!i coal, superior as its quality may be, cannot Government for having yielJei to the presTorres Vedras, enter into competition at Louisville with the oi ion of tho kind the most extensive fort oat known in modern times sure of public opinion, as represented lower priced article brought here by the General Barnard asks the appropriation of merely by Manchester and Livtrpocl. ar i Ohio, and will only supply the local demand 1,500,000 dollars from the for having acted too hastily in tha Trent as far north as Danville and Lebanon; completion of the works. Congress forCam. affair. whilst he is indeed visionary who seriously cron has also submitted Secretary to Congress a Nsw Yoae, Dec 17. Tha steamer Jar calculates upon iron derived from its ore, report in favor ot an appropriation of though rich and abundant, forming an im $170,000 for putting our coa9t defenses in arrived at Portland thia mornitg ft on Liverpool 5 h, and Londonderry t; h. S!es portant artiole of transportation to the val order, from the lakes around to San Franley of the Ohio within any reasonable period cisco, a large portion of which is lo be of cotton for the week, cn'y 2'.,0CO b iles. The market at one time was nearly 21 lower, or time. l. ist lenneesee draws its supplies devoted to the defenses of New York harbor. but rallied Breadstuffs steady. Proviaiois of groceries from New Orleans, by way of Washisqtos, Deo 17. Mr. Van Wyck's steady. Consols W(7,00; the Cumberland River to Nashville, and IlABBiS3rno, December 17 The sulje t thence by rail over the Chattanooga and Investigating Commitiee to inquire into East Tennessee and Georgia Railroads, Government oontracts, ia their reporf, say of the defenses of Philadelphia is b- -i they have examined 2G5 persons. The re urged upon the National Gjvernm?at by whilst its manufactured articles come Ila id abo actively from Pittsburg, Cincinnati and Louisville port embraoea 1,100 pages, and their labors Oovernor Curtin. by the same route. A connection by rail are far from being finished. They propose to engaged in preparing aras fcr tate de. push the investigation vigorously, so long fense. from Louisville to Enoxville would doubt, less draw the whole of this trade to itself. as they are demanded by the public inter- Bostov, December 17. The bark Ishc I and would encounter no competitor unlets et is. City sailed iy from Fort Monroe, with The affair of the steamer Cataliae was 250 by the ooustruotion of a road from CinHatteraa prisoners, released by Govthoroughly sifted. Th;re was a great con ernment. cinnati through Danville. In oonneotion with other roads now in progress, it will diet in the evidence as to what would be a PiTTSBisa, Dec 1$ River five feet by offer the shortest route to Charleston and fair price for the charter and the cost of pier mark and falling. Weather clear ani Wilmington, and by meana of the East running her. The Committee especially call mild. Tennessee and Virginia Road it greatly attention to the arrangement between the reduces the distance to Norfolk. With Secretrry of the Navy and Wm. Morgan, for Col. Lan(lram'3 Regiment, Nineteenth Dalton and Atlanta, Georgia, the route purchasing vessels for the Government. The committee next devote themselves to through Enoxville compares favorably with Kentucky. the subject of the purchase of arms. The that by your Nashville Road, through extraordinary demand for them resulting Nashville, and in the event of such a conLoeisviLLi. Kv., Djc. 17. tingency again rising as was the case last from the conspiracy to overthrow the Union Editors Democrat Gju'lauen: Tha has resulted in an extraordinary expendiseason, it will render efficient aid in carryRegiment of Kentucky Volunteers ing off the surplus of freights that may ture, and exciting the cupidity of large conoentrate in y our city. I append a few numbers of persons both in Europe and was organized at Camp HarreJ on Thurstables of distances from Louisville to America, has opened a eystem of unprece- day last aa follows: prominent points, via Enoxville, Nashville, dented speculation, The government has Wm. J. Landram. Garrard county. Col and the Cumberland Gap. In connection been the victim of more than one conspiracy, onel; John Cowan, Boyle county, Lieuteu nt with the system of surveys above described, and remarkable combinations have been Colonel; John R. Duncan, Mercar county. I would recommend that they be extended formed to rob the Treasury. The profits Major. to the Cumberland Gap, and the cost of a from the sale of arms to the government CoL Landram immediately appointel tha route through that noted pass in the Cum- have been enormous, and realised, in many berland Mountains be ascertained. Should instances, even by our own citizens, through following officers: the route in the direction to Danville and a system of brokerage as unprincipled and Richard Lewis Cochran. Garrard cennty, Stanford be selected, the extension of that dishonest, as unfriendly to the success and Adjutant; George II. McKinney, Lincoln Cumberland Gap would be but welfare of the nation as the plottings of oounty, Quartermaster: J B. Sparks. Merline to the fifteen or twenty miles longer than to the aotual treason. The government and the cer county. Surgeon; J. W. F. Parker, State line at the terminus of the Enoxville several States entering the market in a close Pulaski county. Assistant Surgeon; Prof. road. From the Cumberland Gap to Bris- and direot competition, stimulating, it is James Matthews. Center College. Chaplain; tol, situated on the line from Enoxville to true, to seme slight extent, and temporarily, James A. Tomlinson, Mercer county, Serthe improvement and manufacture of arms, geant Mnjor; Eherly Wilson. Quartermaster Richmond, a road is in course of oonslruo miles.' but scarcely compensating for a general Sergeant; George Rua. Mercer ounty. tion, the distance being ninety-fiv- e By this route Louisville would be nearer to profligacy in the expenditure of the public Commissary Sergeant; Wm. Kioj, Liacolu The committee examined oounty, Wagonmaster; V. B. Norfolk and Wilmington by one hundred treasure. Carter, Mercer and four miles. This whole matter of a into army supplies, and say, in the Wt3tern county, Sutler. department especially, requisitions have connection with the seaboard is one of CoL Landram is now ia tha city getting exceeding interest to your city, and de- supplied the place of contracts. The commands a full investigation and a careful mittee say that in the purchase of cattle complete outfit for his regim?nt, and will comparison of the merits of the two routes there has been gross mismanagement, and have the same ready to march at the vary before a decision in favor of either is de- in the purchase of horses and wagons in earliest period practicabla. New York they find great irregularities. termined upon. Respectfully. 0. II. McKixuiy, The committee also say that a man by the Q M. l'.UhReg Ky. Vola. I close my report with an acknowledgment name of wood, enjoying me connuence oi of the very efficient aid rendered me during the President, was appointed Commissioner the exploration by Mr. Jno. C. Brodhead, of of Publio Buildings, a place requiring not A ExrissiYt Mistakk Twi letters to Nelson oounty. To his sound judgment and only great businees capacity, but unflinchthe New York Herald and New York Tribune experience in matters pertaining to the selec ing integrity, and that Wood, from his own tion of a railroad route I am greatly indebt- declaration, made himself an instrument were given to the army courier by tho ed I take this ocoasion also of returning my for plucdeTing the government. The com Springfield (Ilia ) correspondents of tho thanks to the following gentlemen for their mittee, in the discharge of their duty, made two papers, intended for the mad under friendly aid as guides: Messrs. ii. Spalding a representation of the facts to the Execu- Oven Lovej'oy's frank. The account states : y and W. S. Enott, of Lebanon; Messrs. tive, but before any action was taken the By some accident, instead of putting them and Grundy, of Marion oounty; Mr. government was relieved by his reeigna-- t in the Tipton postoffice, aa he should have E. White, of Brush Creek, and Mr. Oeo. on. Sweeney, of Liberty, Casey county; Esquire The committee next approach the subject done, the oourier managed, in some unexplained manner, to get the letters in tha Waite and Judge Fitzpatrick, of PulaskL To of fortifications at St. Louie the ciicum-BtaicMessrs. Powell and Swan, of Enoxville, surrounding this work being of the telegraph office. Supposing it was ellriM, and Col. C. A. Mee, Chief Engineer of the most extraordinary character, and marked the operator broke the seals and telegraphed both letters. Th MeralPe letter went Enoxville and Eentucky Railroad, I am by extravagance, recklessness, insubordinaindebted for important information in rela- tion and fraud. They express the hope that through to New York, at an expense of $255 61. The Tribune's letter was teletion to that work. some meana may be found to make the par. Respectfully submitted, ties to the atrocious contract disgorge the graphed aa far aa St. Louis, when the Govcensor found something ia U of Gkoiuk Macliod sums cut of which the Government has been ernment defrauded, and that the laborers who have contraband character, and stopped it. So the Tribune did not have luck to pay done the work on tha faith of the Govern, for letter not written tothe illtelegraphed, TABLE OF COMPARATIVE DISTANCES. be ment will not longer be delayed in receiving and only TO OfiAIUMOl VIA II ASH ILL B. TKOM LOUISVIlXa ia the telegraph ofS';e by accident. their just dues. The committee found thai : : : 135 wiles. Louisville to Nashville : .M : do most astounding and unblushing frauds had Nashville to Chattanooga : : : 134 do Chattanooga to Atlanta t9Mr. Russell's recent letters to lie been perpetrated in the purchase of horses : 171 : : do Atlanta to Auuata London Times will not add to his high : : : Auguata to Columbia 11 do and mules. : : Columbia to Charleston J30 do PoaTtAiD, Dec. 17. The steamer Jar', reputation aa a journalist. Ia the absence 913 do from Liverpool on the afternoon of th of battles and sieges on the Potomac he has 5th and Londonderry tha 6th, arrived her taken to speculations on the future of thia this morning. The excitement relative to to Knoxvllle (long route) 253 miles. Louisville : : : KnoxTllle to Cha'tanoogo lni do Trent affair continued unabated. The Republic, which, the New York World says, : : : Chatunooea to Atlanta in do the market on the 4th was mora heavy are about aa much eut of his Una aa writing stock : : 444 : do Atlanta to Charleatou and unsettled than ever. Greek tragedies or doing the Ilanlon feata. W7 do The United States Consul at Paris bad TO ClAftLSaTOW VIA EKOXT1LLI LOCISTILLB BLOl fclMl eommunicated to the French papers a letKAIIBOAD. IxBowea & McNamee'a white marble 255 mile. : oulsvllla to Knoxvllle (Um route) ttrfrom General Scott, In whiohhe declares building, ia New York, : do Knoxvllle to Anderson : : tfa sold on Thursreport that the that there is no truth in the 127 : do : Anderson to Columbia i 130 ; do : Columbia to Charletou : cabinet had ordered the teiiure of the day for $22G.00O. The firm impended some lw t Southern Cemmissioners under the proteo- - months since. a - TELEGRAPHIC. two-ship- o VVab-iagto- One hundred and six miles, at $21,790 per iulle...$:,,3i!),7.'iO It will be observed that the items of rail- sixty-thre- NUMBER 130. l2d ad gun-boat- fl- to-d- Nidi-teent- V A7VD T 1 h

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