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Image 1 of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789), April 11, 1799

Part of Kentucky gazette (Lexington, Ky. : 1789)

"V-wr-- v. THE KENTUCKY GAZETTE. Ll0. THURSDAY, April 6J5-- J printed LEXINGTON: by position, and as a friend to slavery My difpofltion ought to be judged of by my conduct, and I appeal .CONSIDERING inyfelf as accountable to my fellow citizens for my po- to it, from tile time I firfl became the owner of a slave, to prove tharthis litical conduct, I fliall, for your answer the charges which charge is altogether groundless. a number ot slaves from my have been brought againtt me, by fefatbrr, and I have since purchased othderal anonymous writers. ers, at their particular requell. I have I am charged with having been guil ty of incoiTfiltcncy in the speeches sold none, but fucli as weie of a temper that could not be governed withwhich I delivered laftfunimer, in Lex ington, and lalt winter, at Bryan's. out fevcrity ; or such as my removal o enable you to judge properly of from one pait of the state to another, induced to with, although unwilling, is charge, the lubltance of those ipeechcs fliould be Hated. In the firll, ly, to part with me, ratherthan be ated from their nearest connexions. alierted, that in a republican govnever owned a slave, who, would ernment, those who were appointed from choice, have belonged to anothby the people, to adminifler that government, were the lervants. and not er mailer, and am frequently folicitrd the mailers of the people that as they to become the purchaier of those who derived all their auchority from the belong to others. 1 never did appeople, they could not traufcend the prove of slavery, bnt I have thought powers velted in them by the people that the removing of it in a proper manner, would be attended with grent that their acts wei e alid so far only as they were in conformity to those difficulties ; and thrt the doing of it powers, and void, when they exceeded in an improper manner, would 'prothem that the alien and ledition bills J duce gi eater evils to the country, than were tyrannical in their nature, and it would remove. As a citizen, I ajn being not only not autnorizen uy uic willing, I always have been willing, conllitution, but exprafsly prohibited to pay my full proportion, to carry by it that they were unconftitution- - any proper plan into execution, which al and void, anil theiefore ought to be can be adopted fortius pnrpofe ; provided a eal and jtiit couipenfation is opposed. made to the owners; but I never will In my fpeerh at Bryan's, I endea vored to iinpreO, on the minds or my voluntarily content to place the bull ness on such a tooting as will put it hearers, the neceflity of having a in the powepof one part of the comwhich Ihould contain in it, certain great and important munity to be generous at the expence ot the other part ; or, to depiive a principles, and atnongll others, the inpart of their fellow citizens, vithont ot evei y I pecies of proper violability ty, as eltablihVd by law. In the do- making them a leal conjpenfatioii for ing of this, I dwelt largely on the at- it, of a species of property which has tack which was thieatened againlt our been held as such. under the laws of property in Haves, and endeavored to the land, for more than a century and prove, that admitting slavery was an a half. It is iinnecellary to say any evil, and that the policy of the llate thing as to rhe propriety of permitrequired that it Ihould be done away, ting owners to emancipate their slaves that as that evil had been introduced when thry tire inclined to do it voluntarily ; becanfe you know that our and eltabliflied by law, ami as the proof Oaves had acquired their pielent constitution, as well as the reprietors right to them, under the fnniftisii of solutions adopted at Biyan'j, declares laws which had been in force more that all owners of slakes, fliall have this than 150 yeais that that evil could privilege. But notwithltanding this not now be jullly removed by the, is the tact, it is made a charge against means of laws acting compulfonly on m, that " at a period nhtmhe of my coiintiymen was willing the ownert, without the Hate's mato lacriiice prejudice at the Ihrine o king tne oivneis a real anil jtVd In the courie ol mv rea dmv, was wining to attempt 10m e plan for their deliverance, 1, unfeelingly foning on this subject, I exprelled free ly, my opinion ot the sentiments and ftept forwaid, and rivetted their r chains. That I oppose the conduct ot those who declared friends to emancipation, but whole heai recently wa'inedhj the who would not consent to its taking genuine influence of humanity, atmanner by which they tempts to dojtiftice tohisfellow-men.It i said that in my opposition to (onie would be called upon to contribute to of the menfures of the getieial gov. bear the expence which would be by it. The efolutions - hich weie ernmcnl, as well as in that which then adopted, contain ot have given to the proposed plan of tne ideas which I delivered at that emancipation, I hue been actuated time, to them I refer you. You will I'olely by private and improper mos tivesln my oppnfttion to those find that they contain uojullificatinnot ot the general government, my nery, nor h prohibition to emancipation : so far from it, they admit the object w as to unite you in the opinion idea that the legislature ought to have that they were tyianjiical and neon power to direct it to take 'place upon Ititiuional : my efforts, with those of fair and juil terms. vou will now be others, who thought with me, were able to judge, whether theie was that crowned with success. What have inconliltency in these two speeches, gained by it ? Nothing, nnlefs some with which they hive been charged. advantages hath been gained by it to Is it inconliUent to argue at one time the community at laige, and then only in common with you : but I have in savor of the persona! rights of freemen, & at another time in savor of the by this part of my conduct, brought on inyfelf the resentment of those who Tights of property ?' Or is it more improper to allert tire right of property, adminiller the general government, in slaves, than it is to allert it as to any and the curses of ajl their partizans, some of whom arc now making use of other species of pi operty ; ihore when the queftioii is between the prcfent occasion, as a pretext, to the owner ami the community, which vent their spleen againll me. Jf this is made that Have pi operty, on what my htuationnow, when nave attained my object, vi hat would it have been terms that community ought to declare that the (lave ihould cease to be is I had sailed in it? You willrecol-lec- l that at the time when I commenconsidered as property Is there is an -- iiiconiittency in thele lpceches, all the ced my oppoiitiori to thol'e measures, patriots in the fouthem Hates, who the arm of government had been made were Have holders, have been guilty doubly itrong ; that all opposition to ot the lame incoufiftency, from '76, to those meafnres seemed to have ceased this iHy ; and all of you, who are in the Atlantic llates; that the citis zens of this llate had then declared no n uv slave holders, and .leclaie friends to repubjican principles, opinion as to them. And it is a fact, equally guilty of it; for in those that some of those who had been ellce-meour warmetl republicans, then speeches, only cxprcfl'rd what yon, as republicans and slave holders mull declared that " it wa6 time to taper off, and the same inconfiUency in our oppofitition to those measures." Is then, I bad sailed in my attempt, wo'ild attend you, is you were voluntarily to emancipate part of your what would have been my situation ? slaves, so long as you continued one of I fliould probably have lolt my perfo-nliberty for a time at least, and the n in bondage ; and this incorifilten-ca pnit of my fortune. It mult is Hill more glaring, in theconduct of emancipators, ho, contrary to their be evident therefore, that I could. not nvowed aiid much boalled principles, have been actuated by private and improper confederations, in adoptirjg,a now keep many in llavery. line of conduct, which, is I succeeded I am reprefeilted bythefc writers, as a man of a. tyrannical and cruel dif-- in, could bring me no private advan f. n, 1 fe-p- ii 1 I 1 them-fclv- jlavc-holde- es I; pla-eina- " ny can-fe- d 1 1 mea-fure- 11 11 -- 1 efpe-cnll- ? jour-iclve- a-- 1 al v Vol. XII. 1799. JOHN BRADFORD, on main streetj price fifteen shillings per annum. To the Freemen of Kentucky. fatii-laciio- u, tage ; and which, is 1 sailed, would involve me in ruin. What arc the e piivate advantages which I can inyfelf, by oppofmg the present plan ot emancipation ; it that oppofition, proceeded from a sear that that plan would rob me of my property, I do not think, that this would make the opposition itfelt criminal ; but, it that had been the only cause of that opposition, could easily, instead of making that opposition, have (asb?t ethers have done) sold that part of my propel ty, so as to have been prepared (or the event. But it was the consequences which would inevitably follow, from admitting the principle, that the community could touch any private property without making the owner a proper compensation for it, which induced me to oppose the principle itself. But it is said, that my conduct in this business, has proccedecf from a delire of acquit iug popularity. Most of your political characters, whoar: known to be in feaicll of popularity, have taken the other side of the quef-tiowhich was gencially thought to be the popular one. It is flrange then, is I bad the same object in view, that I fliould make so different a choice from that which they have done. Betides, popularity is never impropetly sought aster, nnlefs it is intended to be applied, is acquired, to answer some private purpose. But,M have nothing t hope or sear from you : I want nothing you can give, and you can, so long as law and juftics prevail, take from me nothing which I now .have. Yourefteem is all that I covet, and I know that I cannot long poilcTs that, without metiting it. There is an incoufiftency in the charges which have been brought a gaintt me, which does not speak much in their savor. hen I was declaring my opposition to those meafnres of the general government, it was said that I was in desperate circumllances, and that I wanted to thro vj every thing in 10 a (late of anarchy and confulion, that in the fcullle might obtain which I could rot hope for while order and regular government it is declared, were ipr'eferved. what f.ain "so completely absorbed by " onlii(crations of property, that I am not only willing to yield up liberty, but life itself, to the protection of Lan theie contradictory char it. ges, especially when they irc bro't io short a tiine,tnat no forward change can have taken place n my situation, between the time of making the firfl and second, be both true ; and is one of them is certainly false will it not give you strong leafon to believe that both are so. It is obvious that the personal attacks which are made upon me at this time, proceed cither fi om perlonal enmity to me, or from a with to draw off your attention from the quellion itself. But your good sense will prevent you from ever losing sight of the quellion, by the means ot any artifices of this kind. Is I was the befl of men, you ought not to pursue my advice, is it is contrary to your real interefl ; and is I am the worst of men, you onght to follow it as far as it is conformable to that interelr. As lo myself, attacks of this kind give me no concern, because I feel a confeioufnefs that I have discharged my duties as a citizen, inthat manner, which my judgment has told tne would be moflfl to the ad vantage of my country. And although have not enquired aster the authors of these publications, I have no doubt, but it will appear, when they are known, that they are a partof thatdefcription of men, whose ltrongell censure ought to be considered as the highefl praise. Before I conclude, permit me to to you, that is you with to have a conltitution formed on such principles as will secure to you your property, happiness and liberty, yon ought not to take council from beard-les- s bays, nor from those of riper years, who have, or think that they have, an interetl separate from yours : but, inftead of doing this, when you wifli for a'dvicej apply for it to those whose judgment has been matured by time ,and experience, and who, from having one common interefl with you, in till THE CAT pro-mif- 1 fome-thir-- 1 g, 111 1 re-ne- at '(iiikorfwivi-uiithj.ou- .. . Lexington, 2Urcb 30i, 1799. Is at laft let out of the Bag, Fellow Countymcn is Fayette, yovf CAsV-anyo- f guess within half a score, tejiymber of publications which have appeared within three months, reprobating tfie meeting at Bryan's l'tauoii in January lair ? Can any of you conceive a reproach, which has not been heaped upon them? And for what? For attempting to unite in feledting men for the convention, whole judgments they could rely on, and . ho entertained sentiments with them on fonie of the most important principles aiid regulations of every government. They were called arijtecrats ; high toiled politicians-- , and men who carried their schemes not by fair argument, but by prcjejjiotiat dexterity ; 1 hey were charged with an attempt to cramp jree fuffrtige : with jorging chains for those who might repietenC them ; and of combining with what they called Chrijlians to circumvent the good people of this county ; in short, the very place of their meeting was termed a politics I den. What mult your furprize have been, my fellow cotmtyinen, when in the Kentucky Gazette ot tne 28th inft. you find thefa emancipators advcrtifing that they had the day before done that very atffc which the people at Bryan's had been, so much reproached by them for doing As the thing cannot be right, for the emancipating pai ty to form a ticket, and for the opposite party not to do so, I have spent a great deal of thought on the subject, and cannot for my life, discover the criminality on the one fid, and rhe propriety on tho other except something in the different manner in which the business was done ; and this, I will endeavor to examine, without claiming any ? dexterity. ill. The meeting at Bryan's stations was advertijed in the public papers fev-e- ral weeks, and all the inhabitants off the county requested to attend. The meeting of the emancipators, they inform us, was "in confequencc of a previous verbal notice" Now, it is poflible that the Bryan's Ration people were here guilty of an error, for, by advcrtifing the meeting in the public papers , and requesting all to attend, , might be admittag, rag and ted, and the deliberations impeded or defeated, by such a numerous motley collection. Moreover, every ona knows that important matters can ba more ably difcufled, by a sew long, wise heads, than by a mob of five or fixhundied. Aga'n, there seems to be more dignity etiquette and ceremo-ni- e, in a verbal nytice, than in an ; for that is the mod common and vulgar vehicle of communi- -' cation, of all others, being used by every man who has lost his hog, or bob-tail- his horse. adly. The Bryan's station people appointed their meeting at a large and commodious church, expecting a great: collection of people, and wilhing all who did attend, might partake in the difcuflion of whatever might be propsfed. The emancipators thought ic best " to convene at Col. Robert Here again, I expect the people at Bryan's erred, upon the , same principle they did with respect. to their general, public invitation ; for as the church was not a private house and every man had a, right to enter, therefore, there was no way of difcri- -' mina'ting ; especially as there is bun one room in the whole church, and not even a. garret, where a select retire to. But in the house of a private gentleman, where there is a varrety of rooms, garrets, &c. and who may admit whom he pleases ; and in fliort, being a private house, into which every man knows he has no right to enter, without invitation, the company no doubt, was as select as could be wiihed. But, I don'rfo welL underlland in what manner a verbal ' notice to meet at a private house, r on public business, is to be served I think, however, and by whom. the people at Bryan's ought not'to have been so fevcrely handled, for afl'embling in a public meeting-jioufe- . instead ofaprivete gentleman's house, and with, for the sake of peace, the Pat-terfon- 's." sew-mig- .

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